Karnataka is a state in Southern India and has Bangalore as its capital. It stretches from the north, from Belgaum to the south, of Mangalore. It has various land features, that is in coastal region you will find numerous coconut trees and beautiful beaches and in the interior with mountains, valleys and farmlands. Karnataka is the sixth largest state in India. Karnataka doesn't have a very long coastline, but has some of the most beautiful beaches in India. Some of the popular beaches are Karwar, Gokarna, Murudeshwar, Malpe, Ullal and Mangalore.
Below is a selective list of sites of interest in Karnataka. It is far from exhaustive. For other sites, check regional articles.
Vijayapur also known as Bijapur is the most important place for sight seeing in Karnataka. Gol Gumbaz is the best monument which is built with acoustic features. Nearest Airport to Vaijaypur is Hubli Airport.
Kodagu also known as Coorg a district in Karnataka is the land of the Kodavas. The customs and traditions of the Kodavas are unique and not found anywhere else in India.
Belur. The former capital of the Hoysalla dynasty. Hale Belur is the older capital. Belur and Hale Belur are home to two ancient temples. Their beauty has survived the battles between local rulers and Muslim and later the colonial rulers. They are located in Hassan
Kannada is the official language of the state and the mother tongue of around 70% of the population.
Other linguistic minorities include Urdu (9.72%), Telugu (8.34%), Marathi (.5%), Tamil (3.82%), Malayalam (1.69%), Tulu (3.38%), Konkani (1.78%), and Hindi (1.87%).
English and Hindi are spoken by most educated people.
Travel to Karnataka by Air: Karnataka has seven airports in Bangalore, Mysore, Hampi, Mangalore, Hubli, Belgaum, and Bijapur. These all airports are well connected to the other cities of India and the world. The Bengaluru International Airport in Bangalore and the Mangalore International Airport are the two airports that offer international flights to and from Karnataka.
Travel to Karnataka by Rail: All major cities of Karnataka are well linked to other parts of the country by a wide rail network. Bangalore railway station is the most important railway terminal. Besides, Karnataka also has an intrastate rail network, which connects cities with in the state.
Travel to Karnataka by Road: An excellent network of roads connects cities internally. Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) connects the state to other major cities and states. A number of national highways link Karnataka with Maharashtra, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
Transportation is made easy by the numerous services available from the KSRTC (Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation).They ply not only intra-state buses, but also inter-state buses to neighbouring states. KSRTC reservation counters are aplenty all over the state, and tickets can also be booked online.
Airavath:Semi-sleeper Volvo a/c buses
Club Class Airavath: Volvo Multi-Axle
Ambari: Corona AC sleeper class
Mayura and Meghadoot:Comfortable A/C buses
Rajahamsa:Non-A/C semi sleeper Deluxe buses comfortable for short distances,and cheap for longer journeys.
Also available are private bus services for interstate areas, as well as to neighboring states. The information for booking tickets and available services from various vendors is available on http://www.redbus.in/.
View towards the entrance of Polali Rajarajeshwari Temple
Polali Rajarajeshwari Temple (Shri Rajarajeshwari Temple), Polali, Bantwal Taluk, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka. (The nearest city is Mangalore at a distance of 19 km. Transportation is available from Mangalore to Polali, (via Kaikamba)), ☎ +91824 2266141, . Daily: 0700 Hrs to 1400 Hrs, 1600 Hrs to 2100 Hrs. Polali Rajarajeshwari Temple is a famous temple located in Polali, Dakshina Kannada district in Karnataka. The primary deity of the temple is Shri Rajarajeshwari. The temple was constructed in the 8th Century AD by King Suratha and has been developed by many dynasties which ruled over the region. The idol of Shri Rajarajeshwari is completely moulded from clay with special medicinal properties. The temple portrays Hindu architecture with roofs adorned with wooden carvings of Gods and copper plates. Daily and Special poojas are conducted in the temple under the auspices of the head priest K. Rama Bhat. Annual festivals are held in the temple with much fanfare. Polali Chendu festival is an important festive event where football is played to represent the fight of good over evil. The Chendu festival is followed by the Annual festival in March, which lasts for a month and is attended by people from all over the world. Today, the idol of the main deity, Shri Rajarajeshwari is a stucco image of the deity with a height of 10 feet. The clay used for making the idol was specially prepared with herbal mixtures for added strength. The temple also has smaller idols for other deities including Subramanya, Bhadhrakali, Mahaganapathi and Saraswathi. During a religious event named Lepashta Gandha, the idols are coated with a special soil mixture with eight medicinal properties once every 12 years. The soil used for coating was prepared hundreds of years ago and not prepared freshly on each occasion. Wikipedia article on Polali Rajarajeshwari Temple. Entry free. (12.933954°N,74.955291°E)edit
Pigeon Island ( Netrani Island ) lies about 12 Nm off the coast of Murudeshwar in Karnataka. It is a 4 hour drive from Goa, or can be reached by Konkan Railway, with Murudeshwar and Bhatkal being the nearest stations. The Dreamz Diving is the only local dives centers here. Please check in advance with them as quite a few times due to Navy training the place is closed for scuba diving.
The visibility here is generally in the 15-20m range and the dive sites are between 10 to 30m. Marine life is spectacular, with huge schools of Jacks, Barracuda, Triggerfish and Fusiliers. Many times giant Groupers, Black Tip Sharks, Kobias and Giant Tunas are spotted here, even Whales, Whale Sharks, Orcas, Dolphins, have been spotted by many divers at Netrani Island.
Netrani is considered to be the best dive location from main land India which is accessible within a day's trip to Murudeshwar.
There are plenty of companies in Bangalore who arrange for weekend scuba diving trips to Netrani.
These are a few speciality dishes you can feast on in Karnataka:
Dosa - A thin dough baked until crisp and containing masala. To eat, pieces are broken off and dipped in one of the amazing sauces that accompany the dish.
Bisibele Baath - Made of vegetables, rice and lentils and a lot of spices.
Raagi and Akki Rottis - Similar to tortillas but made of raagi (English: coracan, finger millet) or rice flour and black cumin, asafoetida, fresh coriander, grated coconut, green chillies and finely chopped onions.
Raagi Mudde – A staple food in some South Indian households. It is basically made by cooking raagi flour in water and rolling it into thick-consistency balls. Raagi mudde is swallowed and not chewed after dipping it into ghee and sambar.
Idli - Idli, also romanized "idly", is made by steaming batter — traditionally made from black lentils and rice — into patties using a two to three inch diameter mold.
Jolada Rotti: A thin tortilla made of Jawar baked on both sides for 2-3 minutes, grown in northern part of Karnataka. Preferable to have with brinjal curry.
People of Karnataka will be friendly and they can help you in many ways however common crimes can happen like theft,snatching etc. Avoid traveling at villages at late night and if you have to go, go in group.