Kagoshima prefecture is located at the south end of Kyushu, which is the southernmost of the four main islands in Japan. Here you can find the majestic cedar forests of Yakushima, active volcanoes such as Sakurajima, abundant hot springs, samurai history, and rich nature. The prefecture consists of two peninsulas, originally separate domains called the Satsuma （薩摩）, to the west, and Osumi （大隅）, to the east, as well as the island chains stretching southward towards Okinawa.
The Satsuma Peninsula
The Osumi Peninsula
In addition to the mainland, Kagoshima includes a spray of subtropical islands open to travelers looking for island adventures, extending south to and culturally strongly influenced by Okinawa. The northernmost group is the Ōsumi Islands (大隈諸島 Ōsumi Shotō):
Next are the tiny and off-the-radar Tokara Islands （吐噶喇列島）.
These are followed by the much larger but still sparsely populated Amami Islands（奄美諸島）:
While initially supportive of the Meiji Restoration of 1868 and a key contributor to the military defeat of the Shogunate's forces, Satsuma soon balked at the new government's attempts to roll back the privileges of the samurai. By 1877, the province had done a U-turn and was now at the forefront of the Satsuma Rebellion (西南戦争 Seinan-sensō), somewhat reluctantly spearheaded by Saigō Takamori (西郷 隆盛), a near-mythical figure whose story was (very loosely) adapted for the Last Samurai movie. Outnumbered and outgunned, the rebels failed to take Kumamoto's castle and were soon hunted down, Saigō dying in the final Battle of Shiroyama in Kagoshima.
With the rebellion over, Satsuma's port was converted into an Imperial naval stronghold that gave birth to Japanese admiral Tōgō Heihachirō.
Sub-tropical Kagoshima is the rainiest part of Japan, experiencing not one but two rainy seasons that stretch nearly uninterrupted from May to July. Parts of Yakushima get nearly 9000 mm — that's nine meters — of rain yearly, or about seven times more than Tokyo!
Hot on the heels of the rainy season come typhoons, peaking in August and September. The shoulder season that follows is one of the best times to visit, as is spring, with cherry blossoms flowering in late March. Winter can be surprisingly cold, with average temperatures on the coast around 7° and snow in the mountains.
However, this prefecture has relatively mild or rather hot climate.
The Kagoshiman dialect of Japanese, called Kagoshima-ben (鹿児島弁) or Satsuma-ben (薩摩弁), is famously incomprehensible to other Japanese. A local legend claims that this is intentional, so spies from elsewhere couldn't understand it, and this was even put to the test: while the American army employed Navajo codetalkers during World War II, the Japanese navy recruited fast-talking Kagoshima-ben speakers! These days, though, virtually all locals speak standard Japanese as well.
Kagoshima-ben stands out with unusual tonal accent and word stress, by distinguishing between ji じ、di ぢ、zu ず and du づ, and above all with an extensive array of local vocabulary. A few samples for flavor:
Kagoshima's airport, about two hours by air from Tokyo, is well-connected to the rest of Japan and has links to Seoul and Shanghai. There are also direct flights to Amami Oshima from Tokyo-Haneda and Osaka-Itami.
Kagoshima is the southern terminus of the Kyushu Shinkansen line. In March 2011, a new bullet train service connecting Kagoshima with Shin-Osaka in 3 hours and 45 minutes launched. With this leg of the bullet train route opened, northernmost mainland Japan and the southernmost point of Kyushu are effectively connected, although to travel the entire distance one would reportedly have to change trains at Tokyo station.
Virtually all ferries heading south towards the Amami Islands or Okinawa call in at Kagoshima. The main operators are A-Line Ferry , aka Maru-A (マルエー) and Marix Line , both of which run between Kagoshima and Naha (Okinawa) on alternating days. The full trip all the way from Naha takes about 24 hours and costs ¥14,200 in 2nd class — not much of a savings over a plane ticket.
This tree is very large cedar estimated 3000 years old. Now we can't go around the tree to preserve the environment.
This is famous for having Whale sharks which is known to the biggest modern fish.
Kagoshima is an agricultural area, known for numerous products:
Special dishes in Kagoshima cuisine include:
Kagoshima's speciality is imojochū (芋焼酎), a strong liquor distilled from sweet potatoes (薩摩芋 satsuma-imo). Manufactured here for over 500 years, it's infamous for its peculiar smell (often likened to gasoline and other unpleasant things), but recent varieties have reduced it to bearable levels, revealing a complex, almondy taste and the humble workman's plonk has been transformed into a high-class tipple now enjoyed in Tokyo's fancy bars. The local custom is to drink shochu mixed with hot water, called oyuwari (お湯割り), but first-timers will probably want to start off drinking it with cold water, "mizuwari" （水割り）, or ice instead.
Kagoshima, like most of Japan, is remarkably safe place with kind people. Of course this is no excuse to forget common sense, so take regular precautions with your valuables and yourself.
With active volcanoes, particularly with the recent activity of Shinmoe volcano in the Kirishima area, it's a good idea to double check with locals before attempting a hike. Similarly, make sure to check about tropical storms or typhoons when making a trip to the southern islands. However, if there is danger, officials should have areas closed off in the case of volcanoes, and ferry travel canceled in the case of storms.
(see the "Get in" section above).