Invercargill  is the most southerly city in New Zealand. It is the service city for the farms of the Southland plains at southern end of the South Island. Built in the late 19th and early 20th century, its wide streets and century old buildings give the visitor a unique feeling of stepping back in time to when business was conducted in a more sedate and considered manner and the streets were paved with Otago gold. The wide streets also makes it easy to navigate around the lively bars, bustling restaurants and wide range of shops. But that is not all, along with the cultural attractions, Invercargill has some seriously breathtaking places are just a few minutes away.
Invercargill is named after William Cargill, a prominent pioneer Otago settler.
Invercargill's wide streets bear the names of the rivers of Scotland and Northern England.
The city is the service town for the farmers of Southland's fertile plains.
The inhabitants of Southland, with their Scots ancestry, are the nearest New Zealand gets to having different (English) dialects. Many talk with a Southland burr. The rs are rolled in a distinctive manner.
InterCity  is New Zealand's national bus company and operates over 150 services to more than 600 destinations nationwide. They operate daily services from Dunedin to Invercargill and Christchurch as well as to Queenstown and other places in the southern lakes district, with fares starting from $1 plus booking fee. Another option is nakedbus.com  with competitive prices.
Catch-a-Bus  provides service to Dunedin six times a week. This service will pick you up at your door.
Invercargill is the main focal point of numbered highways in Southland.
Heading south from Dunedin you can follow State Highway 1 to Invercargill, with a travelling time of about two-and-a-half hours. Alternatively you can leave SH 1 at Balclutha and follow the Southern Scenic Route , often called SH 92, through the Catlins. While only a half hour longer to drive, allow a day for this trip at there's heaps of natural attractions to see.
Invercargill is about two-and-a-half hours south of Queenstown via SH 6.
Invercargill Airport is about 3 km from Invercargill's Central Business District. It is served by Air New Zealand with flights from Christchurch and Wellington. A flight from Christchurch to Invercargill takes about an hour in a turboprop aircraft. On a clear day the flight is spectacular, with the Southern Alps to the west of the flight path. If flying south to Invercargill be sure to request a window seat on the right or starboard side of the aircraft (request port or left if flying out to Christchurch.) Mount Cook, which is visible about half way through the flight, is merely the biggest of the many massive peaks of the Southern Alps. A direct flight from Wellington takes around 2 and a half hours.
Buses are an inexpensive and a popular way to get around town. There are a range of services, from luxury coach to minivans. There are multiple routes and some buses even have bike racks for those that want to go even further.
Invercargill roads are wide and easy to navigate as they are predominately straight. Car hire such as Hertz are available at Invercargill airport for those that want a flexible trip with personal space.
Central Business District
The Central Business District main activity is centred on the intersection of Esk and Kelvin streets. However, the overall CBD is bounded by Leven, Tay, Deveron, and Gala streets.
South of Invercargill
Invercargill can be a base to explore southern New Zealand. Visit Stewart Island, Fiordland, Milford Sound, Queenstown as well as the Catlins.WikiPedia:Invercargill Dmoz:Oceania/New_Zealand/Southland/Localities/Invercargill