Help Wikitravel grow by contributing to an article! Learn how.

Huashan National Park

From Wikitravel
Asia : East Asia : China : Northwest China : Shaanxi : Huashan National Park
Jump to: navigation, search

Mount Hua (华山 Hua Shan)is a sacred Taoist mountain located in Shaanxi Province, China. It is one of the Five Great Mountains.

Understand[edit]

The 2,154-meter-tall mountain, true to its reputation as the "most precipitous mountain under heaven", is a cluster of five peaks with breathtaking cliff faces and a tough challenge to mountaineers. Hua is popularly known by tourists as the "Most Dangerous Hiking Trail in the World" because even though the climb did not require any technical climbing skills, the hike contains a few steep ascents with via ferrata and narrow passes. The biggest danger to safety is often due to overcrowding in the Summer months. Hua was historically the location of several influential Taoist monasteries, and was known as a centre for the practise of traditional Chinese martial arts. It is also one of the five holy Taoist mountains of China.

Get in[edit]

By Train[edit]

Huashan Huoche Bei Zhan (华山火车北站)- located in the town of Mengyuan Frequent minibuses between the train station and Hua Shan (华山)

  • Luoyang - takes about 4-5 hours
  • Taiyuan Takes about 9 hours
  • Xian - takes about 30min -3 hours, depending on the train and time. Below is a partial schedule of Apr 2012, taken directly from the Chinese Railway website, that only includes the fast D and G trains and the first and last train:
  1. K1295/K1298 Yinchuan Guangzhou 01:55 03:20 0d01h25m
  2. D1002 Xian North Zhengzhou 08:15 08:56 0d00h41m
  3. D1022 Xian North Luoyang 08:40 09:22 0d00h42m
  4. G2004 Xian North Zhengzhou 09:05 09:37 0d00h32m
  5. D1004 Xian North Zhengzhou 10:00 10:42 0d00h42m
  6. D140/1 Xian North Wuhan 11:20 12:03 0d00h43m
  7. G2008 Xian North Zhengzhou 12:40 13:13 0d00h33m
  8. D132 Xian North Beijing West 12:55 13:37 0d00h42m
  9. D1006 Xian North Zhengzhou 13:50 14:32 0d00h42m
  10. D1008 Xian North Zhengzhou 14:35 15:17 0d00h42m
  11. G2012 Xian North Zhengzhou 16:25 16:57 0d00h32m
  12. G2016 Xian North Zhengzhou 17:40 18:13 0d00h33m
  13. G2020 Xian North Zhengzhou 19:10 19:43 0d00h33m
  14. D1010 Xian North Zhengzhou 19:55 20:38 0d00h43m
  15. 2672 Xian Datong 22:48 00:19 0d01h31m

Ticket Price (2nd - 1st class): Normal Trains (K and Non-Letter): ¥18/$3 - ¥104/$17 D Fast trains: ¥35/$6 - ¥60/$10 G Express trains: ¥55/$9 - ¥90/$15

By Bus[edit]

From Xi'an: buses (coaches or minibuses) leave from the East side of the train station's southern parking lot. Buses leave regularly during daylight hours. During peak season there are buses starting at 6am. Look for a sign saying 花山 (Huashan). If you not sure then just ask the other buses and they will direct you. The bus will drop you off at the base of the mountain. The standard buses are mixed in with buses to the Terracotta Warriors, and other destinations. Ride time is about two hours and costs about 33 yuan for one way or 55 for a return. Beware scam buses that try to charge 10x as much.

Be aware if these are independent private companies or just two guys with a bus. They don't operate on a schedule, but will leave when full of passengers. So for the quickest departure, find a bus already mostly full of people, since if you choose an empty bus you could be sitting in the parking lot a while.

The entrance fee for the National Park is 180 yuan, 90 with a student card.

Get around[edit]

The buses from Xian will drop you off in the village. From here, the only option is to take a taxi (typically ¥10 per taxi, regardless of number of passengers) to the East Gate, which is the ticket office. Buy your entrance tickets here, then board buses that depart to the mountain itself. However the East Gate will be closed at night, thus if you are planning to climb overnight, proceed to the the West Gate. After the bus from the ticket office (20yuan) deposits you at the mountain proper, you have 3 options for ascending the first bit. Note that all start, and finish, almost right next one another.

Watch out for scams, especially if you are planning to climb the mountain overnight to watch sunrise at the East Peak. The only transportation available then are cabs. There will also be unofficial "cabs" (basically normal cars operated by locals) called hei che (black cars) parked near the train station. Drivers will approach you offering to bring you to the entrance for a price of around 30 yuan. On the way, if it has rained recently, they will claim that there was been a slight erosion which has caused a blockage of the paths and thus closure of the entrances. To make the story sound more convincing, some may even pretend to call their "brother" or "friend" on the mountain who will then speak to you to confirm that the roads have been closed. If the weather is good, the driver will claim that the roads are under maintenance. Knowing that you would need a visual confirmation to be fully convinced, the driver will then take you to the East Gate, which is always closed at night. At that crucial moment where you are thinking to yourself that your plans have been spoilt, he will recommend that you stay in a hotel before attempting the climb the next morning, and very conveniently, there will be an "affordable" hotel right next to the entrance, which he will point out. If he succeeds in getting you to fork out money to stay the night, he will earn a commission.


1) Climb the North Peak--main route. Plan for more than four hours to reach the North Peak. There will be plenty of shops by the side of the path selling food and drinks for you to replenish your energy. Eating hot noodles in the cold will be a very pleasant experience.

2) Take the cable car (80 yuan one way, 150 yuan for a return) to the North Peak. Be warned - the line to enter the cable car often last over two hours - so try to arrive early. Thankfully, line cutting is surprisingly rare, and most of the line is blocked from the sun and with water misting, so sans boredom, it's still fairly comfortable even in summer. The cable car is only available from the East Gate.

3) Climb the North Peak--alternate route below the cable car. Called "Solider's Way" - it's the more difficult, but faster of the two hiking routes. This takes an estimated 2 hours, and is nothing but steps. It also contains one section with optional ~80 degree steps, for those who have seen the famous photos online. The steepest steps on the mountain (approaching 90 degrees) are also here, though now chained off in favor of a far more forgiving route.

These three routes meet up again just below the North Peak summit. One can of course, take any of the 3 routes up, and then either of the other two remaining down.


From this meeting area (just below the North Peak summit), there is initially only one route to the other peaks. This passes through the area known as the "Heavenly Steps" (上天梯,literally "ascend heaven ladder", "Sun and Moon Cliff" and "Black Dragon Mountain," the latter so called because it looks like a dragon's wavy back. The route is no more than a meter wide at places. This should take about 2 hours.

At the top of this section is the "Gold Lock Pass." Here the route branches. Different paths lead towards the East, South, Center and West Peaks, as well as other points of interest. As most of the elevation gain is done, the final ascent to each of the peaks is not too severe. You likely only have time to climb one (probably the South, the highest) or walk a circuit. In this peak there are temples, lodges and other sites. This includes the infamous Changkong Boardwalk.


From April 2013, a new cable car route (140 yuan one way) to the West peak was opened. It is by far the easist (and the most expensive) way to enjoy the Huashan without too much physical demanding. Since the West peak is nearly at the top of the Huashan, you can hike four peaks (West, South, Center, East) without too much ascending. Then you can either take the same cable car down (if you are not interesting in Chinese culture or you are not confident of your physical strength, you have got most of the beatuity of Huashan already), or descend to the North Peak (one hour) to take one of the 3 routes mentioned earlier down.

See[edit][add listing]

  • Sunrise : Refreshing Terrace, Shuguang Pavilion, Lion Peak, Jade Screen Pavilion, Bright Peak
  • Sunset: Paiyun (Cloud Dispersing) Pavilion, Red Cloud Peak
  • Cloud Sea: Jade Screen Pavilion, Refreshing Terrace, White Goose Ridge, Paiyun Pavilion, Bright Peak
  • Snowscape: Jade Screen Pavilion, North Sea, Pine Valley, Cloud Valley, Hot Spring

Do[edit][add listing]

  • Watch the sun rise from East Peak (Dong Feng) by attempting a night hike. It won't be as crowded as during the daytime, but you will see other hikers ascending as well. Be sure to bring along a flashlight, spare batteries and warm clothing. Such equipment can be rented from a store along the road leading to the West Gate entrance. Check the weather forecast before climbing because a rainy night will result in dense fog in the early morning which conceals the sunrise.
  • At East Peak, prepare yourself mentally as you ascend the famous yun ding, which are narrow steps half the length of your feet, carved into the stone, and stacked up at an angle so sharp that you are virtually climbing a stone ladder. Experience the thrill of clinging onto the iron chains by the side of the path with your arms, while slowly groping for a foothold on the slippery steps.
  • Next morning, walk from East Peak to the other peaks, where the scenery changes from rock outcrops to lush foliage (in spring). The mist will gradually fade away to reveal a breathtaking expanse of valleys if you look over the edge of the cliffs. Indulge in a sense of satisfaction as you survey the arduously long journey you had completed during the night.
  • With a safety harness (since 2005!) walk out on the 长空栈道 (Changkong zhandao, "Vast Sky Plank Walk"). Climb a ladder that's nothing more steel rods driven into a crack in the rock, and walk on planks a foot wide along the edge of a cliff dropping thousands of feet, and in places put you trust in footholds carved into the rock. Note that this is closed during the winter.
  • Other than the "Vast Sky Plank Walk" one can choose to descend to the famous Chess Pavilion next to the east peak via the steep footholdings cut into the mountain. This is the only way to get there and like the plank walk there is now a harness for rent (30¥). In the very beginning of the climb down it is 90 degree steep but in overall it's a little less frightening than the plank walk and the Chess pavilion is a great reward for the few visitors that manage to reach it.

Buy[edit][add listing]

A golden lock at the golden lock temple and add it to the iron railings as a prayer for your family. Couples also often buy locks and inscribe their names on them as a symbol of everlasting love. While people symbolically place their locks at the golden lock pass, many choose to randomly place them on railings by the side.

A gold or bronze medal that you can inscribe with your name to commemorate your ascent of the mountain.

Eat[edit][add listing]

Biang Biang Mian (Noodles) Special Shaanxi noodles available on the mountain. The character for biang is a special character with 57 strokes only used in Shaanxi Province. Small shops also sell typical snacks and drinks.

It is also advisable to bring your own snacks or food. For example, a bowl of instant noodles at North Peak is 17rmb as of Dec 2012, about four times more expensive than back in town, and despite being located right by the cable cars.

In winter the restaurants close early due to low volume. If you arrive at dinnertime it is not uncommon for restaurants to be closed or to only have instant noodles. Cooking can also be difficult for the staff due to frozen water pipes.

Drink[edit][add listing]

Be sure to bring enough water for your hike. You may need to buy water on the mountain which will cost you about 5 Yuan (up to 10 Yuan when furthest up on the mountain). If you buy the water before coming the price should be about 1.5 Yuan. Most people will drink Red Bull from small golden cans. This Red Bull is not carbonated and is a little more watery than those available in the United States.

Sleep[edit][add listing]

Most of the peaks have guesthouses where you can sleep in communal rooms of about 4 to 10 people. The price should be around 60 to 120 Yuan. Non-communal rooms start at around 200 Yuan a night.

Note that the guest houses are not heated, and they can be brutally cold during the winter. It is possible that the provided sheets and thin mattresses will not be enough, so dress warm and/or bring a sleeping bag and insulation for your head, where the most heat is lost. Restrooms are also located outside, so any breaks will require a short walk outside in the cold.

There are no shower facilities or running water in the guesthouses. Bring moist towelettes, sanitation gel, or simply a small towel to douse with drinking water if you want to wash your hands or face.

For a more authentic experience, sleep by the edge of the cliff at East Peak. The ground slopes upwards towards the edge, thus it is relatively safe to sleep near the edge even though there are no railings. Alternatively, huddle up closer to the metal posts away from the edge of the cliff if you would like a safer place to sleep. Prepare enough warm clothes as the temperature drops close to zero at East Peak, with the wind chill.

Contact[edit]

The guest houses do not have WiFi internet access in their rooms. China Unicom has full HSDPA signal at all the peaks so it is advisable to have a phone that can tether if you want to access the internet from your computer. As with everywhere in China, data speeds can vary tremendously regardless of signal strength.

Get out[edit]

In Huashan village, minibuses leave from the intersection of Yuquan Lu and Xitong Gonglu, as well as the East Gate that gives access to the cable car station, on a frequent basis. Although some guides say they stop at 7:00, unlicensed transportation continues. In a worst-case scenario a rickety village taxi could surely be persuaded to make the trip back to Xi'an for ¥300-500.

Bus 608 (3¥) runs between the train station (not the north station) and the big roundabout just outside the new big Huashan visitor center (big glass building). There is no sign that signals it is a bus stop but the pink buses seem to run quite frequently so if one failure to flag it down the next will be around soon.

The last train from Huashan Station to Xian leaves at 23:26. You will need to take a taxi from the mountain to the train station. It costs 20-40 yuan depending on your bargining skills. You can get a full set of informations from the "China Trains" smartphone app

Huashan guide for the poor and fit[edit]

Huashan can unexpectedly become a very expensive trip, up to 500 Yuan for just a day trip. This short guide will help you limit your costs to under 200Yuan

  • Bus from Xian 25 – 36 Yuan each way
  • Slow Train 20 Yuan + 20-30 Yuan taxi from Huashan railway station
  • Entrance ticket 95 Yuan with student ID. Foreign ID’s are also accepted
  • Walk up and Walk down (The long main trail)
  • Bring at least 2L water per person and your own food
  • Walk the plank walk in the sky (30Yuan for harness hire)

From Xian take the first bus to Huashan. During peak season there are buses starting at 6am. Go to the east side of the train station and look for a sign saying 花山 (Huashan). If you not sure then just ask the other buses and they will direct you. Aim to catch the 6am bus and don’t be later than 7am. You want as much time as possible on the mountain.

The Bus takes 2 hours and you will arrive in Huashan town. From here walk straight ahead up the slope to the temple. After a 10min walk through the temple you will arrive at the ticket office.

The walk up Huashan is spectacular. The lack of crowds, combined with the beautiful nature, old temples and views makes one of the best parts of the walk. A fit 24year old male can quickly walk this section to the North Peak in 2 hours. The guide says 5 hours.

As you reach the North Peak you will be reunited with Chinese masses and corresponding noises. From the North peak walk directly to the South Peak, it is well sign posted but slow as your constantly waiting for people to crawl up the hill.

After reaching the South Peak, it is highly recommended to walk along the plank road in the sky. This is near the South Peak. Harness hire costs 30Yuan and you leave your bag there. With the harness it is very safe, but be careful not to drop your phone

If you have time you should walk back to the North peak via the East and Central peaks. If your low on time you can go directly back to the North. (Last bus leaves at 7pm)

If your low on energy and your wallet can handle it you can take the cable car back down (80 Yuan + 20Yuan bus)

On your walk back down you should take a refreshing dip in one of the spring pools along the route.

If your swim takes too long, or you end up walking slowly due to knee problems causing you to miss your bus then it is no problem. There are trains until 11pm from Huashan to Xian. You will need to take a taxi (about 30 Yuan) to the train station and then take the train




This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages

other sites