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Helmstedt

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Helmstedt is a city in Lower Saxony.

Marktplatz.jpg

Understand[edit]

In the Elm limestone was mined in medieval times; limestone from the region was used for the tomb of Henry the Lion as well as for the imperial cathedral of Königslutter. In the Middle Ages Königslutter was among the most wealthy cities of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1576 the University of Helmstedt was founded, which was the largest university of protestant Germany.

The Duchy of Brunswick (deriving from Brunswick-Lüneburg) created administrative districts (Kreise) in 1833; the District of Helmstedt was one of those districts. It was subdivided into the Ämter of Calvörde, Königslutter, Helmstedt, Schöningen, and Vorsfelde. In 1944, the Amt of Calvörde, which formed an exclave, was moved to the District of Haldensleben, Province of Saxony. During the administrative reforms of the 1970s, northern areas of the district were moved to the District of Gifhorn and to the City of Wolfsburg; the district gained areas in the west from the District of Gifhorn and the District of Brunswick (see List of territorial changes to the District of Helmstedt).

During the 20th century, the area between Helmstedt and Schöningen was used for lignite mining by the Braunschweigische Kohlenbergwerke AG. Several villages (Alversdorf, Büddenstedt and Runstedt) were destroyed by surface mining; their inhabitants moved to Helmstedt, Schöningen and to the newly built village of Neu Büddenstedt, later on renamed Büddenstedt.

Get in[edit]

Car[edit]

A2 toward Berlin (Driving east) or Hannover (Driving West). Take exit 62-Helmstedt-Zentrum toward HE-Zentrum/​Bad Helmstedt .

Train[edit]

The station building is located near the city center (walking distance in 3 minutes) and was solemnly opened in 2007 after a long rehabilitation period and a cost of around 4.5 million € for the complete redesign of the station Helmstedt again. In the long-drawn railway station of Helmstedt is a DB travel center. At the station of Helmstedt keep IC, RB and RE, the Deutsche Bahn AG. The station of Helmstedt is considered an important intermediate station on the east-west route between Berlin and Hanover.

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