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Gujarat

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Western India : Gujarat
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Gujarat
Location
Gujarat in India (disputed hatched).svg
Flag
Flag of the Gujarat Sultanate.svg
Quick Facts
Capital Gandhinagar
Government Indian State
Currency Indian rupee (INR)
Area 196,024 km2
Population 60,439,692(2011 est.)
Language Official:Gujarati
Regionally Spoken:Hindi, Kutchi, Sindi, Memondi, Arabic, Farsi, Bhili, Gamit, Marathi, English, Marwari, Sindhi, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Bengali, Oriya, Malayalam
Religion Hinduism 89.09%, Islam 9.06%, Other 1.84%
Electricity 230V/50Hz, Indian (Old British)/European plugs
Time Zone UTC +5:30

The state of Gujarat [1] is in the Western India region of the India. Lothal, near to Ahmedabad and Dholavira, near to Kutch are sites of a Harappan (Indus) civilisation, which were older than 4000 years. Gujarat is known for the Stepped Wells, Jain Temples, Asiatic Lion and business oriented people.

Regions[edit]

Gujarat map.svg.png
Gujarat (North Gujarat, Central Gujarat, South Gujarat)
It contains the three biggest cities of Gujarat state - Ahmedabad, Surat and Vadodra.
Saurashtra
It was never incorporated into British India. Instead it survived as more than 200 princely states until Independence. It consists of districts of Surendranagar, Bhavnagar, Amreli, Rajkot, Junagadh, Jamnagar, Porbandar.
Kutch
The largest district in the state and the largest district of the country. The main city is Bhuj.

Cities[edit]

Below is a selection of eight of Gujarat's most populated cities. Other cities can be found under their specific regions.

  • Gandhinagar — administrative capital of Gujarat, city of Akshardham Temple and the second planned Green City
  • Ahmedabad — Manchester of the East, commercial capital of Gujarat, home of Mahatma Gandhi’s Ashram and the World’s finest Textile Museum
  • Bhavnagar — busy industrial centre, base for journeys to nearby sites
  • Jamnagar — home to the world’s largest Grass-Root Refinery complex
  • Junagadh — city of ancient Ashokan Stone Edicts
  • Rajkot — former capital of the state of Saraushtra
  • SuratDiamond City, famous for mouth watering Surati food
  • VadodaraCultured City, Oxford of Gujarat


Other Destinations[edit]

  • Pirotan Island
  • Gir Forest National Park
  • Dholavira - Harappan (Indus) Civilization Site.
  • White Desert of Kutch - A desert created by nature with Salty soil in Kutchh district.
  • Taranga Hills - Wildlife Sanctuary and Jain Pilgrimage Center
  • Polo Forest - Wildlife Sanctuary and Archeological Site
  • Champaner - UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
  • Lothal - Well planed Harappan (Indus) Civilization Port.
  • Rani ni Vav - A famous stepwell (1304 AD.)
  • The Sun Temple Modhera – 1000 years old famous Sun Temple.
  • The Somanath- Glory of the Somnath temple attracted Islamic looter (Mahmud of Ghazni). That time temple is so wealthy that it had 1000 priest and 300 musicians. The temple is located on beach of Arabian Sea.
  • The Dwarka- The Dwarka is believed to have been built by Lord Krishna himself. The temple must have been erected during the period of Mughal Emperor, Akbar.

Understand[edit]

Gujarat is a dazzlingly diverse state that shakes up the know-it-all Indophile, and reveals treasures hidden from the tourist hordes. Gujaratis are famous for their business sense and entrepreneurship, both within India as well as abroad. Encounter an Indian entrepreneur anywhere, from Wall Street to Wellington, and there’s a good chance they hail from this wealthy, resourceful state. There are many significant sites of God Krishna’s life lie along the coast of Saurashtra.The geographic diversity and strategic location has made Gujarat home to an incredible diversity of people. With 20% of the country's total industrial output, it is the most industrialized state in India.

People[edit]

About 89% of the population of Gujarat are Hindu. Muslims account for 9% and Jains 1% of the population. Most of the Gujarati people are strict “vegetarians”. Amongst Hindus, Lord Swaminarayan is famously worshipped throughout Gujarat. Since Gujarat being a heavily industrialized state of India, attracts lots of outsiders from various parts of India.

Weather[edit]

The Winters are mild, pleasant, and dry with average daytime temperatures around 83 °F (29 °C) and nights around 53 °F (12 °C) with 100 percent sunny days and clear nights. The Summers are extremely hot and dry with day temperatures around 115 °F(46 °C) and at night no lower than 90 °F (34 °C) with sunshine. The time just before the Monsoon, the temperature are similar to Summer but now there is high humidity which makes things feel hotter. Relief comes when the monsoon season starts around mid June. The day temperatures are lower to around 100 °F (38 °C) but humidity is very high and nights are around 80 °F (27 °C). Winter (October to March) is the best time to travel in Gujarat.

Talk[edit]

Gujarati is the language spoken here, although Hindi is widely understood. In main cities, English is widely known.

Get in[edit]

By Air[edit]

Ahmedabad is the only International Airport in Gujarat with regular flights to and from London, New York, Chicago, Singapore, Muscat, Kuwait, Doha Qatar, Sharjah and Dubai.Domestically, travellers can be coming from hubs such as Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bhopal, Indore, Kolkata. Flights into smaller airports of Baroda, Bhavnagar Bhuj, Diu, Jamnagar, Porbandar, Keshod, Kandla, Surat and Rajkot will connect through Mumbai.

By Road[edit]

The route you take depends on where you're coming from:

  • From Delhi Agra, Jaipur Jodhpur, and from other place of North India: Take the National Highway 8 (NH8).
  • From Mumbai and from other place of North India: Take the National Highway 8 (NH8).
  • From Nagpur and from other part of Vidarbh: Take the National Highway 6 (NH6).
  • From Indore Bhopal and from other part of Central India: Take the National Highway 59 (NH59).

Gujarat has 1,572 Km National Highway Network.

By Rail[edit]

India has very big rail network. Indian Rail has total 63,140 kilometres rail track network in India and 5,890 km rail network in Gujarat.


Get around[edit]

By Air[edit]

There is not any flight between any cites of the state.

By Road[edit]

Most people in Gujarat travel by private buses or by Taxi. (These are excellent modes of transport as the roads are among the best in India. Check In Hotel for Travel Agent for private buses. Avoid Government operated public-transport if possible.

By Rail[edit]

Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat, Rajkot, Bhavnagar, Bhuj, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Surendranagar, Porbandar, Kandla are Big Station to access Indian Rail Network.

See[edit][add listing]

Museum[edit]

Participant at International Kite Festival
Foreigners are enjoying in Navratri
Enjoyment in Navratri
  • Sabarmati Ashram (Mahatma Gandhi Ashram), is located at Ashram Road, Ahmedabad, + 91.79.2755.7277 (, fax: +91.79.2756.0569), [2]. Opening hours are 8.00 a.m. to 7.00 p.m. on all days including Sundays and Holidays. Entry is Free.  edit
  • The Calico Museum of Textiles, Located at Sarabhai Foundation, Opp. Underbridge, Shahibag, Ahmedabad-380 004, Gujarat, India., + 91-79-2286 5995 (, fax: +91-79-2286 5759), [3]. Opening hours are 10.30 am to 12.30 pm and 2:30 PM to 5 PM. except Wednesday. (No entry after 11 am in morning.) Entry restricted to 30 visitors – 15 visitors on the basis of first-come-first-served and 15 by group booking. Entry is Free.  edit
  • Lalbhai Dalpatbhai Indology Museum, Located at R Gujrat Universisity, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad-380015, Gujarat, India. Opening hours are 10:30 to 17:30 except except Monday and public holidays. Entry is Free.  edit The Museum covers a wide variety of topics from Buddhism, Jainism and its darshans, grammar, tantra and poetics to Vedas, agama to the different branches of Indian philosophy. It is learnt that this museum has the largest collection of Jain scripts which come around 75, 000 manuscripts with 500 illustrated versions and 45,000 printed books.

Fairs & Festivals[edit]

  • Government Sponsored and organized
    • The Modhera Dance Festival [4]- The three day Modhera Dance Festival is held every year during the third week end of January after the conclusion of Uttarayan festival. The dance festival is frequently visited by art and dance connoisseurs from all across the world. Classical and folk dancers and musicians from different states of the India exhibit their talent and flair while culture enthusiasts become part of the festival to witness this splendid event.
    • The International Kite Festival [5]- The three-four days International Kite Festival is held every year during the second/third week end of January at Ahmedabad during Uttarayan festival (14-January). Visitors come from around India for the celebration and international visitors have come from countless countries, including Japan, Italy, the UK, Canada, Brazil, Indonesia, Australia, the USA, Malaysia, Singapore, France, China, and many more.
    • The Rann Utsav (desert festival) [6]- The three day Rann Utsav is held every year during the Full moon night in the month of December at Bhuj and goes around the district with a grand finale. The festival is visited and enjoyed by more than 8000 tourists from all over the world to celebrate the mystical magic of Kutch and its diversity.
Full Moon Night in Desert (Rann Utsav)
Camp for Rann Utsav
  • Traditional Festival
    • The Uttarayan- The one-day Uttarayan is held every year 14th January at each and every cities and villages of Gujarat. Peoples from all ages go to roof and take full enjoyment of Kite fligting for full day even in night also.
    • The Navratri Festival [7] - The ten days Navratri Festival is held roughly corresponding to dates in the Gregorian calendar in September/October at all cities and villages of Gujarat. Navarati s the dance festival of Gujarat the dance form known as ras garba. Very large group of Youth enjoy dance all nine nights.
    • The Tarnetar fair [8]- The fair is held for three days every year during the Hindu calendar dates of Bhadarva Sud - 4th, 5th and 6th (during the Gregorian calendar months Aug.-Sept). The Tarnetar fair is held 8 km from the town of Thangadh, in Surendranagar District.
    • The Bhavnath Fair- The fair during Mahashivaratri is held for five days commencing from the Hindu calendar date of Magh Vad 11, during the Gregorian months of February-March. The Bhavnath Fair is held at the Bhavnath Mahadev Temple near Junagadh.
    • Rath Yatra - Rath Yatra is a huge Hindu festival associated with Lord Jagannath held at Ahmedabad , Bhavnagar and rest of India during the months of June (Rainy Season).
    • The Vautha Fair - This fair is held during Kartika Purnima, the full moon night of the month of Kartik in the Hindu calendar at Dholka near Ahmedabad, corresponding roughly to the month of November. It lasts for five days.

Itineraries[edit]


Do[edit][add listing]

  • Travel by Royal Orient Train [9]: The Royal Orient train is one of the world's most exotic trains. The journey by the Royal orient train is a rare delight. It is an experience that takes you back to the times of Rajas and Maharajas. You get to explore two of the most fascinating and culturally rich states of India, Gujarat and Rajasthan. The train travel 7 days through Delhi - Chittaurgarh - Udaipur - Junagarh - Dilwara - Palitana - Ahmedabad - Jaipur and back to Delhi
  • Travel by man driven Boat in Nal Sarovar (lake) Bird Sanctuary spread over 120 sq.kms to see over 250 species of migrated birds from Siberia and Europe. Best time to visit Nal Sarovar is Between November and February. In April Birds start to leave the lake.
Nal Sarovar (lake)
  • Safari in Blackbuck National Park to see group of jumping Black Bucks from every parts of the park. There is no wild animal in park, it is also fun to trail or Camping in park.
Jumping Blackbuck at Blackbuck_National_Park
  • Hiking on the Shatrunjaya hill and biking on Hastagiri to see devotion of Jain. There are in total 863 amazing Marble temples (largest cluster of temples in India) on Shatrunjaya hill
  • Safari in Gir Forest National Park to see Remaining Asiatic Lions in the world.
  • Diu is house of lots of good quality of Beach. Administratively, it is not part of Gujarat, so every one can get good quality alcohol.
  • Stay at Rann Riders Resort [10] to see and feel typical rann village life, music and culture. Resort also offer Camel safari to Wild Ass Sanctuary in the little rann of Kutch. It is very important destination of Rural tourism in Gujarat.

Buy[edit][add listing]

  • Beautiful Gujarati and Kutchhy Handicraft from State government promoted Gujarati Handicraft Development Corporation’s Show rooms [11]
Handicraft
Handicraft
    • GARVI – GURJARI SHOWROOM, Ahmedabad, Opp. La Gajjar Chamber,Near Times of India Ashram Road, 079-26589505 ().  edit
    • GARVI – GURJARI SHOWROOM, Baroda, 4/5, G-2/3 Vantage Point Opp: Masonic Hall, Productivity Road, Alkapuri,, 0265-2357575.  edit
    • GARVI – GURJARI SHOWROOM, Bhavnagar, Shop No. 19 & 20, Prithvi Complex, Ghogha Circle.  edit
    • GARVI – GURJARI SHOWROOM, Rajkot, Shop No. 32, Pramukh Swami Market, Malviya Chowk, Opp. Shastri Maidan, 0281-2228172.  edit
    • GARVI – GURJARI SHOWROOM, Surat, L-24/25 Sargram Shopping Center, Parla Point, 0261-2258603.  edit
  • Lashkaraa (Lashkaraa), 821, 8th Floor Golden Point, Falsawadi, Delhigate, Ring Road, [12].  edit


Eat[edit][add listing]

Gujarat is haven for Vegetarian (Lacto-vegetarian) People. Approx. 80% people of Gujarat eat vegetarian foods only. It is very famous for variety of vegetarian and quality food. There are hundreds of Lacto - vegetarian foods verities are offered across Gujarat. Rotli (Chapati/Puri) , Shaak (Subzi/Vegetables/Curries), Mithai (Sweets), Rice and Dal are parts of Standard Gujarati Thali (Meal) in Restaurants. It might be little difficult to find non-vegetarian restaurant in Gujarat.International travellers can find multi-cuisine restaurants serving global varieties.

Delicious Gujarati Meal.

Drink[edit][add listing]

Alcohol is forbidden in Gujarat. Foreign tourists are partly exempted from this restriction. Drinking in public is strictly prohibited. However, if you are going to stay longer in Gujarat, you may apply for an alcohol permit. Ask how to do it in your hotel or the place where you stay.

Stay Safe[edit]

Gujarat is relatively Safe State in India. To Bring or To Buy or To Drink Alcohol is forbidden in Gujarat. However foreign tourist can buy and drink in few Five Star Hotels like Taj and Courtyard by Marriott. Also see in Stay Safe of India.


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