One of several major planned cities, Goiânia was founded in 1933. The city plan is generally radial, with Avenida Goiás running north-south and intersecting Avenida Anhanguera at the center. It was planned for about 50,000 inhabitants, but as of 2011 it has over 2 million. The architectural plan was designed by Atílio Correia Lima, who took the art-deco style to the first buildings of the city. It was founded by Pedro Ludovico Teixeira because the old capital, City of Goiás, did not meet the administrative needs of the state capital.
Good air service. Non-Stop flights from Sao Paulo - 1 hour 20 minutes flight time. From Goiânia, there are numerous flights per day to other cities in Brazil, either through Sao Paulo or Brasilia. At Goiânia airport you can do business and exchange, and there are rental vehicles and taxi points.
Goiânia has a very good bus station at Praça do Trabalhador, (worker's square), which connects it to any other place in Brazil. So, taking a bus to or from Goiânia will not be a big problem. If you visit Brasilia, which is 3 hours away by bus (R$35 - conventional bus [approximetely 20 US dollars]) it's even easier to visit. The bus station is on the northern side, about 1km from the central district. The bus terminal shares its location with Araguaia Shopping.
Taxis are relatively expensive, with fares from the airport to the center of downtown at about R$30. Due to the convoluted pattern of intersecting one-way streets, often at odd angles, heavy traffic times (weekdays between 5pm and 7pm) it is best to avoid travelling by taxi or car. Moto taxis are an option for the brave.
Many locals use the extensive system of buses to get around. Prices as of July 2013 are R$2.70 for normal routes (with automatic transfers up to 2.5 hours from your initial fare using your Carta Facil), R$1.35 for the Anhanguera exio that runs from Terminal Biblia near St. Universitario to Campinas and beyond. Plan routes at the RMTC Goiania website (http://www.rmtcgoiania.com.br) or by clicking the metro stops on Google Maps. During peak traffic times, buses can be faster than taxis due to bus lanes. Planning your trip around the exios (the major arteries of the city, for example, T-90, Av. 84, Anhanguera) will save you hundreds in taxi fares in a week if you're going to travel a lot.
During the day, there really much to be seen in Goiânia... but it's most like the urban center of a young region. There are a couple of parks you can visit, shoppings and commercial streets. At the night scenery, you'll find many bars, pubs and night clubs filled with young people. Each of these is attended by very well defined social classes.
Praça Universitária (universities square) - This square is a veritable outdoor museum. Many sculptures can be seen throughout the square.
Centro Cultural Oscar Niemeyer - This center, built by architect Oscar Niemeyer (Niemeyer designed the country's capital, Brasilia), with a theater and a museum dedicated to the culture of the city of Goiania. It is a major cultural centers of the world. Located on Highway GO-020.
Museu Goiano Zoroastro Artiaga (Zoroastro Artiaga's Museum) - The museum guard important works of art of the state of Goiás. Belongs to collection of the architectural center of Goiânia. Located on the north side of Praça Cívica.
Museu Pedro Ludovico Teixeira (Pedro Ludovico's Museum) - This museum, which was the former home to Pedro Ludovico (founder of Goiânia) resident, keeps a collection of objects and furniture of the former governor, even his truck (Chevy 53).
Estádio Serra Dourada (Serra Dourada Stadium) - It is the stage of Brazilian football matches. Considered the best lawn in Brazil. Every Wednesday and Sunday there are games in this stadium.
Teatro Goiânia (Goiânia Theater) - Located in Araguaia Avenue, happen occasionally concerts and theater shows.
Teatro Rio Vermelho (Rio Vermelho Theater) - Located in the Convention Center of Goiânia, concerts and lectures frequently occur in their auditoriums.
Centro de Convenções (Convention Center of Goiânia) - Located in Paranaíba Avenue, occur frequently fairs and cultural conventions.
Bosque dos Buritis, west of the city center. The city's main public park, with a small art museum on the grounds.
Parque Flamboyant Near Flamboyant Shopping Center in the area of Jardim Goiás. Opened in 2007, this is now one of the most visited city parks.
Parque Mutirama, northeast from the center at the end of Avenida Araguaia. Larger than Buritis, with walking trails and hilly terrain.
Parque Vaca Brava, at the rich region of "Setor Bueno", this park is in front of Goiânia Shopping and offers a jogging track around a small lake. From 5PM to 8PM it's quite full of people making daily exercises.
Horto-Florestal de Goiânia (Jardim Zoológico - Zoo)
Feira Hippie (Hippie Fair) (open-air market) Sundays at Trabalhador's Square, on Central Sector.
Feira da Lua (Moon's Fair) Saturday at the Tamandaré Square, on Oeste Sector. This fair you can buy clothes and to delight with the food stand along the square.
Feira do Sol (Sun's Fair) Sundays at Sol Square, on Oeste Sector. You can buy clothes and pictures by popular artists.
Mercado Central (Central Market) In Central, on Rua 3 is the major central market. Mercado Central has some of the best local pastries in the city (empadinha, a Goiania tradition), as well as hand-crafted cheese, artisan cachaca, and handicrafts. On the Rua 3 side of the market are stores where health foods, shoes, clothes, and "ethnic products" (there's an Arabic speaking store owner here) can be purchased, often substantially cheaper than Emporios and Supermarkets. This is open M-F from 8am to 6pm, and Saturdays from 9am to noon.
Mercado Municipal (The Electronics Market) Near the Rua 4 exit of Mercado Central is the electronics market, where you can find any cheap foreign-made electronics goods, for example, phone chargers, headphones, memory cards. Goods here are often fake and are priced accordingly. Piracy is openly practiced here. First-run films can be purchased on DVD for R$3 each.
Mercado Aberto (The clothing market) Chinese, Turkish, and Indonesian made clothes, including any knockoff sports jerseys, can be found here with prices for t-shirts starting at R$5. Go up Avenida Goias from Rua 4 toward the bus station and you will be in the center of the market, which crosses a few city blocks.
Araguaia Shopping, 44 Street, nº 399 - Setor Central, ☎ +55 (62) 3243-4400, . Located in main bus station complex.edit
Bougainville, Rua 9, nº 1.855 - Setor Marista, . Well presented shopping centre in Marista area.edit
Buena Vista Shopping, Av. T-4 and T-61, nº 466 - Setor Bueno, ☎ +55 (62) 3515-0500, . A nuice shopping mall in Setor Bueno.edit
Buriti Shopping, Av. Rio Verde, Qd. 102/104 - Vila São Tomaz - Aparecida de Goiânia, ☎ +55 (62) 3239-0707, . A popular shopping mall in Goiânia. It's located quite far from the old and new center.edit
Flamboyant, Av. Jamel Cecílio, nº 3.300 - Jardim Goiás, ☎ +55 (62) 3546-2000, . The biggest and most famous shopping in Goiânia. It has commercial cinemas and a wide range of stores.edit
Goiânia Shopping, Av. T-10, nº 1.300 - Setor Bueno, ☎ +55 (62) 3237-0500, . Shopping with style in Goiânia.edit
Rua 3 and Rua 4 (3 Street and 4 Street) You can find lots of used books, CDs or LPs stores (called Sebos). It's not as big as the São Paulo's sebos, but usually, it's possible to find quite rare peaces at a very good price.
Avenida 85 (85 Avenue) You can find numerous clothing stores and car dealerships.
Avenida Jamel Cecílio (Jamel Cecílio Avenue) You can find many hotels, supermarkets and shopping malls
Sedna, Av. 136, near Rua 90. Cover charge: R$40.00 (for men) / R$25 (for women)... You can easily get a courtesy so you can consume the amount you paid for entering. This is a nice club, with expensive beer, pop electronic music. There are some nights with open bar, so you better check out all the week line-up and choose the best day.
Café Cancun - Buena Vista Shopping, Bueno Sector / Very different rhythms, beer about R$3.00. It's hard to get in after 12AM because it usually gets very crowded.
Full range of options - from Backpacker to Business Executive.
Hotel Principe, Av. Anhangura 2936 (Right off Araguaia), ☎ +55 62 3224 0085. Single R$ 18-30. edit
Hotel Paissandu - Goiás Avenue, nº 1290, Center Sector (3 stars)
Castro's Park Hotel - República do Líbano Avenue, Oeste Sector. The best hotel in the city, 5 stars rated. If you aren't a budget traveller, you'll enjoy a lot this hotel.
Hotel Rio Vermelho - 4 Street, nº 26, Center Sector. Simple, clean and central in the city downtown. Good prices with parking, wireless internet and a simple breakfast included. Phone: +55 62 3227 2500 - www.hotelriovermelho.com.br - firstname.lastname@example.org.