Glasgow is the biggest city in Scotland, with a population of about 600,000 in the city itself, or over 2 million if the surrounding towns of the Clydeside conurbation are taken into account. Located at the west end of Scotland's Central Belt on the banks of the River Clyde, Glasgow's historical importance as Scotland's main industrial centre has been challenged by decades of change and various regeneration efforts. The third largest city in the entire United Kingdom (by population), it remains one of the nation's key economic centres outside London.
In recent years, Glasgow has been awarded the European titles of City of Culture (1990), City of Architecture and Design (1999) and Capital of Sport (2003). In 2008, Glasgow became the second Scottish city to join the UNESCO Creative Cities initiative when it was named as a UNESCO City of Music (joining Bologna and Seville). In preparing its bid, Glasgow counted an average of 130 music events a week ranging from pop and rock to Celtic music and opera.
The city has transformed itself from being the once mighty powerhouse of industrial Britain to a centre for commerce, tourism, and culture. Glasgow was the host city for the Commonwealth Games in 2014.
Glasgow has become one of the most visited cities in the British Isles, and visitors will find a revitalised city centre, the best shopping outside London without a doubt, excellent parks and museums (most of which are free), and easy access to the Highlands and Islands.
The term “Glasgow” in itself can be ambiguous. Various boundary changes over the years have blurred the distinction between the actual City of Glasgow administrative area, and Greater Glasgow; the contiguous metropolitan area which occupies much of the lower Clyde Valley with the city itself at its core, and surrounding burghs such as Rutherglen, Bearsden, Milngavie and Clydebank, all of which still fall under the Glasgow postcode area and 0141 telephone code. Residents of these areas are often still fiercely defensive of their home towns and may or may not identify themselves as “Glaswegian”, but since many of the city's attractions fall within these areas, for the tourist, they may be considered one and the same.
The area around Glasgow has hosted communities for millennia, with the River Clyde providing a natural location for fishing. The Romans later built outposts in the area and, to keep Roman Britannia separate from the Celtic and Pictish Caledonia, constructed the Antonine Wall, remains of which can still be seen in Glasgow today. Glasgow itself was founded by the Christian missionary Saint Mungo in the 6th century. He established a church on the Molendinar Burn, where the present Glasgow Cathedral stands, and in the following years Glasgow became a religious centre. Its name is derived from the Gaelic Glas chu which translates literally as "green hollow"; over the centuries this has become romanticised to mean "dear green place" which is often cited as a nickname for the city.
By the 16th century, the city's trades and craftsmen had begun to wield significant influence and the city had become an important trading centre with the Clyde providing access to the city and the rest of Scotland for merchant shipping. The access to the Atlantic Ocean allowed the importation of American tobacco and cotton, and Caribbean sugar, which were then traded throughout the United Kingdom and Europe.
The de-silting of the Clyde in the 1770s allowed bigger ships to move further up the river, thus laying the foundations for industry and shipbuilding in Glasgow during the 19th century. The abundance of coal and iron in Lanarkshire led to Glasgow becoming an industrial city, and it eventually came to be known as "the Second City of the Empire". Cotton factories and textile mills became large employers in Glasgow and the local region. Trading allowed Glasgow to become one of the richest cities in the world, and the merchants constructed spectacular buildings and monuments and reinvested their money in industrial development, a municipal public transport system, parks, museums and libraries. As the city's wealth increased, its centre expanded westwards as the lush Victorian architecture of what is now known as the Merchant City area began to spring up. As this new development took place, the focus of Glasgow's central area moved away from its medieval origins at High Street, Trongate, Saltmarket and Rottenrow, and these areas fell into partial dereliction, something which is in places still evident to the present day.
However, the city's industrial dominance would eventually come to an end. Glasgow did not escape the effects of the Great Depression, and though the outbreak of the second world war temporarily arrested the ongoing decline, the period after the war saw the greatest decline in its industrial base. Although ships and trains were still being built on Clydeside (as of today, only three major shipyards remain on the River Clyde, two of which are owned by BAE Systems Naval Ships), cheap labour abroad reduced the competitiveness of Glasgow's industries. By the 1960s, Glasgow had gone into economic decline and Glasgow's function as a port diminished with the introduction of containerized freight.
Facing a future without the dominant heavy industries which had brought it much wealth in the past, the city began to depopulate the overcrowded centre, dispersing the population to outer areas and new towns and building new motorways in order to allow a new service based economy to flourish. The infamous tenement slums (many of which had been destroyed or badly damaged by wartime bombs) were replaced by a new generation of high rise housing and large suburban housing estates (known locally as "schemes"). Whilst the hundreds of new tower blocks changed the city's skyline forever, the high rise edifices broke up long established community relationships and social structures. Coupled to poor design and low quality construction, some of the blocks created as many problems as they solved and became magnets for crime and deprivation.
Since the 1980s, Glasgow has been rebuilding both its image and its architecture, with extensive efforts to clean and refurbish surviving tenement flats, redeveloping the western end of the central area into a financial district and hosting renowned festivals. Glasgow was named European City of Culture in 1990, followed by City of Architecture and Design in 1999 and European Capital of Sport in 2003. Glasgow now boasts the largest contemporary arts scene in the UK outside of London, which is centred around the annual 'Glasgow International' arts festival. Glasgow has also been selected as host city for the 2014 Commonwealth Games.
The speed of the conversation tends to be quite quick in Glasgow. If necessary, ask people to repeat (even slowly!) what they are saying, Glaswegians are generally very friendly and able to communicate in far more formal English than that which is commonly used if it is required.
Standing on a city centre street corner with a map in the daytime is usually a cue for passing Glaswegians to offer help in finding your way.
As with all areas of Scotland, regional dialects are present in Glasgow. The Glaswegian dialect of Scots or "banter" as the more jovial version of it is known, has evolved over the history of the city. As each wave of migration takes place, new words and phrases are added to the Glaswegian "patter". There is a strong Celtic language connection due to the Lowland Scots, Highland Gaelic and Irish Gaelic influences.
"Wean" (pronounced "wayne") - child (Derived from wee-one, meaning small one)
"Wee" - small
"Aye" - yes
"Bam" or "bampot" or "bamstick" - an impolite term for a silly or annoying person
"Eejit" - an impolite term for a person who has done an incredibly stupid thing- an idiot
"Tumshie" - a silly person
"Pure (brilliant)" - Very
"Minging" - bad smelling or bad tasting; similarly a "minger" refers to an ugly person. Can also be used to denote drunkenness; "Ah wis well mingin' on Friday."
"Midden" - an old Scots word for a waste dump, but commonly used to described anything that is untidy or unkempt.
"Haw" - roughly equivalent to "Hey" and used to attract someone's attention
"(to give) pelters" - to humiliate someone
"Ned" - Nicely described by popular backronym "non-educated delinquent". Typically teenage youths who can be spotted sporting tracksuits, drinking cheap alcohol and wearing "bling" jewellery, as well as bright white trainers (sneakers), soccer socks (kneesocks) scrunched down, and a baseball cap, usually from the brand Burberry. Many neds are aggressive. You'll do well to avoid them.
"Buckie" - Real name is Buckfast, a "tonic wine" (this indicates its fortified alcohol content and not any medicinal value.) It is relatively cheap and purple in colour.
"Glaikit" - Means someone is dim or have a blank expression on their face. "When I asked him what 13 divided by 11,212.189 was he looked pure glaikit."
"Teuchter" - Slang word for a Highlander, or anyone from the North of Scotland - often used in a derogatory context. Pronounced like chookter.
"Gallus" - Means someone is cocky, cheeky or self confident
"Bolt" - go away, as in "leave me alone" - kind of means "run" so tends to be used in a slightly aggressive context
"Besom" - a cheeky or 'bold' woman.
"Manky" - unclean, filthy
"Baltic" - Really cold as in 'The Baltic Sea'
"Mental" - Pretty much a synonym for crazy.
"Pished" or "Mad wae it" - drunk or intoxicated.
Glasgow slang is also peppered with various more or less meaningless phrases such as 'by the way', 'man' or 'dead' (very, as an adjective) that can give the answers to simple questions an almost baroque complexity. So "Did you enjoy the concert last night?" might be answered "Aye it was pure dead brilliant man" which means, essentially, "Yes, it was good".
See the 5 day forecast for Glasgow at the Met Office
For the visitor, central Glasgow can be divided into two main areas, the City Centre, which contains the majority of tourist sights and much of the city's shopping and entertainment, as well as its commercial heart, and the West End, the bohemian area of cafés, restaurants and bars surrounding the University of Glasgow and Kelvingrove Museum. The best way to get good vistas of the city is to climb the many "drumlins" (hills) upon which the central area is built.
Outside of central Glasgow, the East End lies east of the City Centre centred along Gallowgate and London Road. The South Side contains the neighbourhoods that lie to the south of the River Clyde, while the North Side is the area north of central Glasgow. Along the banks of the River Clyde west of the City Centre is an old industrial area which is in the process of regeneration and contains many new and impressive structures, such as the Clyde Auditorium, the Science Centre and the Riverside Museum.
The City Centre (known as "town" or "the toon" to locals) is bounded by the M8 motorway to the north and west, High Street to the east, and the River Clyde to the south. This is the area where most visitors will start, and the most notable elements are the grid plan of streets and the lavish Victorian and Edwardian buildings and civic squares which give the area much of its character. The main arteries of the City Centre are Argyle Street and Sauchiehall Street which both run on an east-west axis. They are linked by Buchanan Street which runs north-south. Together, these three streets form the main shopping thoroughfares.
The eastern side of the City Centre is a sub-district known as Merchant City, which contains Glasgow's original medieval core, centred around the Glasgow Cross (the junction of Trongate, Saltmarket, High Street, Gallowgate and London Road). Merchant City extends up to George Square, with many ornate buildings that date back to Glasgow's emergence as an industrial city. High Street north of the Glasgow Cross is the main artery of Old Glasgow and leads uphill to the Glasgow Cathedral and the Necropolis cemetery.
The western area of the City Centre contains the city's core commercial and business district and is dominated by Blythswood Hill, which is centred around Blythswood Square. Running parallel to Sauchiehall Street, Bath Street is the main route into the neighbourhood and has a rich mix of independent shops and bars, as well as distinctive Georgian town house style architecture. South of Blythswood Hill is the city's financial district, with many modern glass and steel office buildings which stand alongside their classical counterparts. Further south, on the north bank of the River Clyde is the district of Anderston, formerly a dockland area, badly scarred by the city's industrial decline and the urban regeneration schemes of the 1960s but now being redeveloped as a residential and commercial area.
To the west of the City Centre, no official definition of where the West End boundary line exists, but it can roughly be defined as being bounded by the M8 motorway to the east, Great Western Road to the north, the River Clyde to the South and Crow Road to the west. The nucleus of the area is undoubtedly the neo-Gothic University of Glasgow, which acts as the anchor for this bohemian district, with its lovely architecture, tree lined streets and quaint shopping areas.
The primary east-west artery is Argyle Street/Dumbarton Road, while Byres Road is the main north-south artery and contains a number of independent shops, bars and restaurants. Ashton Lane connects Byres Road to the University campus and is a cobbled backstreet with distinctive whitewashed buildings, holding an eclectic mix of bars and eateries that make it a tourist hotspot (be careful as the Lane can be a bit of a tourist trap during the summer months when the students of the university are not there to keep the bar prices reasonable). To the east of the university campus and just downhill is Kelvingrove Park, with the tree-lined Kelvin Way as the main avenue through the park, which connects with Argyle Street near the Kelvingrove Museum.
(IATA: GLA). Located 8 miles west of the centre of Glasgow near the towns of Paisley and Renfrew, this is the city's principal airport, and the main direct long haul and transatlantic entry airport into Scotland. There are regular scheduled UK and European destinations, holiday charters, and the airport is the hub for the Scottish island network operated by Loganair. United Airlines operate a daily service from New York (Newark), while Emirates operate 2 daily flights to Dubai. If you are entering the United Kingdom via London, British Airways operates frequent shuttle flights to Glasgow Airport throughout the day from both Heathrow and Gatwick. British Airways also operates a regular business shuttle from London City airport, although it can be considerably more expensive than flying from Heathrow or Gatwick -but cheaper fares are sometimes available if you book via a price comparison site, rather than going to BA direct. Alternatively, KLM flies regularly to Glasgow from Amsterdam-Schiphol which connects with a wide range of international destinations. EasyJet flies from Luton, Stansted and Gatwick.
The frequent Glasgow Shuttle bus departs from outside the terminal building to the city centre, dropping off near both main railway stations (£5.00 single, £7.00 day return, £8 open return). Slower, less frequent, but cheaper is First's route 747 (£4 single, £5 return).
The slowest, but cheapest, option is to use McGill's local bus 66 operating as often as every 10 min to Paisley Gilmour Street train station, where regular trains run to Glasgow Central in as little as ten minutes. Travelling to the airport you can buy an inclusive train and bus ticket from any train station: just ask for Glasgow Airport and show the bus driver your train ticket. Travelling from the airport buy a coupon for £1.50 from the SPT Travel Information counter beside domestic arrivals, show it to the driver and then and use it for £1.50 of credit towards onward train travel from Paisley Gilmour Street station. A single from Glasgow Central to/from the airport costs £3.20, or £1.80 with a National Rail railcard.
Glasgow International Airport has 2 terminals. All passengers arrive in the first terminal arrivals hall. The first terminal is used for Thomson, Emirates, Jet2, Iberia and many more. Terminal 2 is only used for check in for Thomas Cook, Aer Lingus, Canadian Affair and Virgin. Glasgow Airport also has 2 prayer rooms: one in the second set of departure gates and the other in the arrivals hall. Be aware that there are 3 customs "channels." The blue channel is for EU arrivals, EEA Countries and citizens of Norway, Luxembourg, Andorra, Iceland and Liechtenstein. All other nationals should enter through the green channel. The airport generally never gets overcrowded except at check-in and security.
(IATA: PIK). This is about 50 km south west of Glasgow on the Ayrshire coast, is the city's secondary airport and a major hub for Ryanair (see Discount airlines in Europe). Ryanair flies into Prestwick predominantly from Dublin, a variety of Mediterranean resorts (mostly seasonal), Derry and Paris (Beauvais), in addition to some useful routes from various destinations in Eastern Europe. Some holiday charter flights fly into Prestwick rather than Glasgow's main airport.
The airport has its own railway station, with two trains per hour to Glasgow Central (show your flight paperwork to get a £3.55 half price ticket; the journey takes around 45min). All trains from Ayr call at the airport. The A77/M77 roads run directly from Prestwick into the centre of Glasgow if you intend to drive.
The X77 bus also runs from the airport to Buchanan Bus Station throughout the day, and crucially covers the times (early morning and late evening) when the trains are not running.
(IATA: EDI). Although not an immediately obvious choice, the capital's airport is easily accessible from Glasgow since it is on the western edge of Edinburgh, approximately 60km away and about an hours drive via the M8 motorway. Useful as both Ryanair and Easyjet have a number of European routes that are not available from either Glasgow International or Prestwick.
Citylink operate a direct bus service from the airport to Buchanan Bus Station approximately every 30 minutes during the day. The airport can also easily be reached via a connecting bus or tram from Haymarket railway station - all trains from Glasgow call here. See the main Edinburgh article for more details.
Glasgow has two main line railway stations. Trains from the south of Scotland, the city's southern suburbs and all long distance trains from England arrive at Central Station (officially known as Glasgow Central), while shuttle trains from Edinburgh and anywhere north of Glasgow arrive at Queen Street Station. Both stations are divided into a "High Level" (for main line inter-city services) and a subterranean "Low Level" (for local suburban services) - you will see this distinction being mentioned in timetables.
Both Central and Queen Street stations have left luggage lockers. The stations are an easy ten minute walk apart and the route is well signposted, or there's a frequent shuttle bus between them, which is free if you are holding a through railway ticket otherwise a fare of 50p is charged if you don't.
Most trains within Scotland and the sleeper services from London are run by First ScotRail.
Confusingly, there are four rail routes between the capital and Glasgow's two main line terminals. An off-peak return is around £11.50, regardless which route you use, a peak return is around £20. In summary the four routes are as follows - all depart from both Waverley and Haymarket stations:
Fastest: The ScotRail Shuttle via Falkirk High into Queen Street (High Level) - every 15 min on weekdays and Saturdays until 19:15, half hourly outside these times. Journey time 50 min.
Faster:CrossCountry or East Coast trains via Motherwell into Central (High Level) - trains originating from Penzance, Plymouth, Bristol, Birmingham or London King's Cross make the journey at sporadic intervals throughout the day - journey time approx 1 hour. CrossCountry services have the cheapest walk-up one way fare between the two cities, of £7.50 for an Anytime single.
Slow:ScotRail services via Bathgate and Airdrie into Queen Street (Low Level) en route to Milngavie or Helensburgh Central - 4 trains per hour on weekdays & Saturdays until 18:30, half hourly outside these times. Journey time between 60-80 minutes. ScotRail normally recommend that travellers use this route if there is major disruption to the main shuttle service or to relieve pressure on it if large passenger numbers are expected due to events being held in either city.
Very Slow:ScotRail services via Shotts or Carstairs and Motherwell into Central (High Level) - every hour, journey time between 65-90min
Glasgow can be reached from London by either the West Coast or East Coast main lines. The quality and reliability of the rail services has improved a lot over the years, and it can be cheaper and almost as fast as flying once the time spent travelling to airports with their associated security hassles is taken into account.
Faster:Virgin Trains run 13 trains a day from London Euston via the West Coast route. Journey time is 4h30, with one northbound express completing the 400 mile journey in just over 4 hours. Prices Jan 2014: Single one-way fares £21.00 is booked up to 12 weeks in advance, rising to £59. Open off-peak return £130. Virgin also operate a two-hourly service from Birmingham.
Slower:East Coast run 1 direct train a day from London King's Cross to Glasgow Central via the East Coast route (taking in York and Newcastle also). East Coast also operate a roughly hourly service from London to Edinburgh throughout the day, which connects with the Shuttle (see above). Journey time 5h45-6h30 (if connecting at Edinburgh). Single one-way fares start at £21.00 one way if booked on-line and up to 12 weeks in advance. Open off-peak returns are the same as for Virgin Trains.
Overnight: The Caledonian Sleeper is an overnight sleeper train that runs every night except Saturday to/from London Euston via the West Coast route. The journey takes approximately 8 hours, although is deliberately scheduled for a late departure and a reasonable arrival time. Tickets can be booked in the usual manner at any main line railway station in Britain or on-line from Scotrail: the cost of a return journey from London to Glasgow varies from around £100 for two one-way "Advance" tickets rising to the full open return fare of £165 (being the basic fare plus the cost of the sleeping berth in a compartment with either one or two beds). You can also travel in a seated carriage for around £23 one-way or £95 return (full fare). Certain BritRail passes can be used to buy tickets on the Sleeper trains, but supplements are payable for the berth: check before leaving your home country. The best value fares on the sleeper are inclusive (travel and berth) one-way tickets known as "Bargain Berths" available only on-line from ScotRail and are sold in limited numbers for £19, £29, £39 or £49 depending on how far in advance you book. If no fares are available to/from Glasgow Central, an alternative is Westerton, a station on Glasgow's suburban network north-west of the city. It is a calling point of the sleeper to/from Fort William via the West Highland Railway, which otherwise does not call in Glasgow. It is occasionally possible to find "Bargain Berths" to/from here after they have sold out to/from Glasgow Central. Solo travellers may have to share the sleeping compartment with a stranger of the same gender.
Inverness (via Perth): Every two hours into Queen Street (High Level) throughout the day
Stirling: Half Hourly (approximately) into Queen Street (High Level) throughout the day.
Oban, Fort William and Mallaig via the West Highland Railway: Up to four trains per day into Queen Street (High Level). In addition, the overnight sleeper train from Fort William to London Euston calls at Westerton in the late evening, where it is possible to change onto a service into Queen Street.
Stranraer: Four trains per day into Central (High Level).
Ayr (via Prestwick Airport, Troon and Kilwinning): Half Hourly into Central (High Level).
In 2011 the M74 Extension was completed, allowing an alternative route into the city centre via the south side. As of June 2013, many GPS services still do not recognise the new route, so bear this in mind if using sat-nav to navigate your way into the city!
On-street parking in the both the City Centre and West End is limited and expensive, metered bays are available at the side of the road and you pay at an adjacent machine and display a ticket in your windscreen or dashboard. The prices are typically £0.30-0.40 (depending on location) for every 12 min. In general, parking charges are levied M-Sa (this INCLUDES public holidays) and free after 18:30 and all day Sundays. But always check what the controlled hours are - these are shown on the ticket machines themselves and on adjacent signs. If attempting to park on the free periods - get there as early as possible before the locals do. Some parking areas are for residents only - DON'T be tempted to use them as you run the risk of being towed away!
There are many multi-storey car parks in the city centre; they are clearly signposted into "East", "West", "North" and "South" zones on all the approaches into the central area with an electronic display showing how many spaces are left in each. They don't however differentiate between the expensive NCP ones and the cheaper ones inside shopping malls or run by the council.
Park and Ride facilities are limited in Glasgow. Three different Park and Ride facilities can be found on the subway network; at Bridge Street (159 spaces), Kelvinbridge (150 spaces) and Shields Road (800 spaces). The cost of parking at each of these locations is £5 per day, which includes a return subway ticket. For those who already have a Subway season or multi-journey ticket, the charge is £2.40 per day.
Some of the suburban railway stations also have small car parks. A bus park-and-ride is due to open shortly near Hampden Park which allows easy access from junction 1A of the M74.
In general, driving in Glasgow's central area should be avoided if you are not a confident driver, as there are one way systems, bus lanes and pedestrian precincts. Glaswegians are not the most patient drivers in the world, and they particularly dislike hesitancy (taxi drivers being the worst culprits). Parking restrictions are strictly enforced, and vehicles parked illegally or in an obstructive manner will be towed away and the owner of the vehicle will be liable for a £150 release charge to recover it.
As of May 2012, the city has introduced licence plate recognition cameras and extra manned patrols on the bus lanes within the city centre, getting caught will incur a £30 fixed penalty!
If, however, you are confident enough to hire a car or require it to save money on your travel, all the major rental companies and some lesser ones are at the airport. You should book your car rental in advance to avoid disappointment and can do so from price comparison companies such as Glasgow Airport Car Hire. Visitors from the United States and Canada should note that car rental companies will allocate you a manual transmission car by default, unless you specifically ask for an automatic.
Virtually all long-distance, and some short-distance, buses serving Glasgow arrive at the Buchanan Bus Station (in the city centre, close to Buchanan Street and Queen Street train station).
National Express, Scottish Citylink and Megabus are the main long-haul coach operators serving Glasgow. Somewhat confusingly, Citylink and Megabus often combine and merge services, so you may be put on a Citylink bus when you hold a Megabus reservation and vice versa.
Through bus and ferry tickets from Dublin, Derry and Belfast can be obtained through Scottish Citylink or National Express, in addition to Ulsterbus for the latter two. If travelling from continental Europe, through fares to Glasgow (via National Express coach) are available from Eurolines. There are also direct buses to Glasgow from Eastern Europe (mostly Poland), these operators come and go.
Note that the station is huge and very confusing, so you might have to ask for directions.
From Ireland, car and foot passengers have a number of convenient ports close to Glasgow. For those travelling with a car, the nearest ferry ports are Troon and Cairnryan for multiple daily P&O Irish Sea ferries from Larne in Northern Ireland. Alternatively, Stena Line  operate ferries several times a day between the Port of Belfast and Cairnryan.
Through train tickets are available from any railway station in the UK to any railway station in Northern Ireland or the Republic of Ireland via Stranraer. Fares start at £25 one way (£16.50 with a railcard) for Belfast to Glasgow (available on the day of travel from most railway stations) taking about five hours. Similarly, Scottish Citylink  sell inclusive coach and ferry tickets between Belfast and Glasgow and Edinburgh.
Strathclyde Partnership for Transport (SPT) is the agency responsible for the local public transport network, which it describes as one of the most integrated and developed in the UK, not European standards. Nevertheless, Glasgow's public transport system is one of the most extensive in the UK outside of London.
The centre of Glasgow is very pedestrian-friendly with major shopping streets given over to foot traffic. As you move out of the city centre, all areas have proper pavements, and most major junctions have pedestrian crossings. The River Clyde also has several foot bridge crossings. The main difficulty with walking out of the centre of town is finding where the crossings over/under the M8 are. As you head west, some roads appear to go over Charing Cross only for the pavement to disappear. As you head north, the underpasses at Cowcaddens can sometimes feel unwelcoming.
Glasgow walking directions  can be planned online with the walkit.com  walking route planner.
Glasgow's subway runs in a double circle around the Glasgow city centre and some inner suburbs. Contrary to what tourist guidebooks would have you believe, locals never call it the "Clockwork Orange" (that is a fantasy of the media) and most will refer to it simply as "the Subway". The system serves the city centre, the West End (around Glasgow University) and Ibrox Stadium. There are interchanges with surface trains at Buchanan Street (linked to Queen Street) and Partick stations.
The cost for a disposable ticket is £1.60 flat fare, £3 for two journeys or £4 for one day's unlimited travel. Those intending to stay in the city for a period of time or intend to visit regularly can purchase an anonymous Smartcard at any subway station for £3. Smartcard fares are £1.40 flat fare with a £2.70 daily cap. Weekly, monthly, 6-monthly and yearly tickets are also available for Smartcard holders.
No bikes are allowed. Trains generally run every 4-8min from 06:30-23:45 (Sunday 10:00-18:12).
Suburban trains radiate from Central and Queen Street stations to the suburbs and surrounding towns. The network is the largest in the UK outside of London, although there are only two trains per hour on some routes; others are much more frequent. Central serves the dense suburban network which sprawls throughout the southern suburbs of the city, as well as outer suburban services to the Inverclyde and Ayrshire coasts. The underground lower level platforms of both Central and Queen Street stations are hubs for the east-west electric network north of the river which provide useful links to the West End (thus complementing the Subway) and further west to the northern Clyde coast towns of Dumbarton, Helensburgh and Balloch, the gateway to Loch Lomond and the Southern Highlands. More recently, the Low Level line from Queen Street has been extended eastwards to the West Lothian towns of Bathgate and Livingston.
Bikes go free, but many trains have no bike spaces. The SPT Day Tripper ticket (explained below) gives you complete freedom of the network, and the Roundabout ticket (also explained below) gives off-peak freedom of the suburban train network within the city boundary only as well as the Subway.
Buses go everywhere. First Glasgow is the main operator within the city boundary. There is a bus at least every 10min on main routes during the day, making it easy to get into the centre of town, though getting out to a specific destination less easy. However, services on many routes are much less frequent in the evening. In the city centre, buses do not always stop at every stop on their route, so check the sign at the stop. Stops are clearly marked with the services that stop there.
First buses do not give change as the driver has no access to cash: you put your money in a slot that checks the amount and deposits it in a storage box. An all-day ticket that can be used on any First bus costs £4.50 for the city zone, or £5.50 for the entire First Glasgow network. A weekly ticket costs £16.50 for the inner city or £19.50 for the whole wider network which can take you as far as, for example, Loch Lomond. Some other bus operators, however, give change.
Other bus operators within the city are McGill's and Stagecoach West Scotland which operate services out to the outlying towns in Renfrewshire and Ayrshire respectively: note that the day/weekly passes bought on First buses will not be valid on these, with the exception of SPT Day Tripper and ZoneCards (explained below).
One of the current scourges of Glasgow, however (in the opinion of locals, at least), is the myriad of private bus operators that supposedly "complement" the core services operated by First, McGills and Stagecoach. In reality, many merely duplicate the routes that already exist: the net result has been the city centre being clogged up with empty (and often badly maintained) buses, and for the visitor the key thing to remember is that some of these operators do not accept any of the SPT day passes. On the flip side, they keep the somewhat extortionate prices of First Glasgow in check. The situation is currently a political hot potato among locals.
Unless you don't scare easily, it's best to avoid Glasgow buses heading out of town later than 22:00 on Friday or Saturday nights.
Because of its compact size and extensive public transport system, it is not really necessary to drive around the centre of Glasgow. In fact, for the visitor, driving in the central area can be a stressful and very slow experience thanks to the almost unfathomable one way system (particularly in and around the business district around Blythswood Hill and Anderston), bus lanes (monitored by police cameras) and pedestrianised streets. Coupled with impatient and often aggressive drivers that don't make the best use of available lanes at the frustratingly long duration and frequent traffic lights, it is often better for your blood pressure and average journey times to get out and walk! Despite the distinctive American style grid plan of streets (virtually unique among the UK's large cities), the city doesn't have the American street naming system, so visitors from the US and Canada in particular should note talking in the language of "blocks" to a local will only result in confusion.
Strathclyde Partnership for Transport (SPT) is the local agency which operates the subway and co-ordinates public transport in the Greater Glasgow area. SPT offers a number of different daily combined bus/rail travel tickets  aimed at the visitor.
The Mackintosh Trail ticket allows unlimited travel on the subway and First's bus services in Greater Glasgow after 09:30 Monday to Friday and all day on Saturday and Sunday, and costs £10. It also includes entry to all participating Mackintosh attractions in and around Glasgow.
The Roundabout ticket gives complete freedom of the subway and the suburban rail network within the Greater Glasgow area, which includes the city boundary and most of the surrounding towns, for £6.30 after 09:30 Monday to Friday and all day on Saturday and Sunday.
The Day Tripper ticket covers the entire Strathclyde rail network, which extends as far south as Barrhill in South Ayrshire, some 68 mi south of Glasgow, and Ardlui at the northern tip of Loch Lomond, some 40 mi north on the West Highland Railway. It has the added advantage of being accepted by the subway, most bus operators in the Strathclyde region and on the Kilcreggan and Renfrew ferries. Two versions are available; for 1 adult and up to 2 children (£11.20) or 2 adults and up to 4 children (£19.80). You can buy it only from a staffed rail station, SPT Travel Centre or online.
If you are in town for a week or more, SPT's ZoneCard might be useful. It can be used on suburban trains, buses, and the underground and is valid all day, even in the morning. Prices vary depending on how long you want it for (1 week to 1 year) and how many zones that you want it to cover.
"PlanaJourney" is a free integrated public transport journey planner that includes Glasgow and covers much of the Scottish, Northern Ireland and UK public transport network. It includes bus, rail, Glasgow underground, Scottish ferries and flights. It can assist with planning journeys into and out of Glasgow from anywhere in the Glasgow area or more widely from anywhere in the UK. Outside of Scotland and Northern Ireland, bus information is limited.
Like most major British cities, you have two options. Your first option is the traditional London-style black cabs which can be hailed from the side of the road (look out for the yellow "Taxi" sign being illuminated). The fleet is operated by Glasgow Taxis, and can also be ordered by telephone (+44 141 429-7070). There are taxi ranks outside Central and Queen Street railway stations, adjacent to George Square and along the southern end of Queen Street itself. There is also a taxi rank located at Buchanan Bus Station. For a journey from say the centre of town to the West End expect to pay around £5-£6, from the city centre out to the suburbs around £10-£12. Be aware that some drivers will refuse to take you outside the city boundary, but some will if you offer a good price for them.
Your second option is by private hire or minicab. Unlike the black cabs, these cannot be hailed, and you must book by telephone. There is a myriad of private hire operators which are cheaper than black cabs: their phone numbers are clearly displayed on the back of the vehicles. Never use unlicensed private taxis, which can sometimes be seen touting for business outside nightclubs near closing time and near legitimate taxi ranks. Always look for the yellow Glasgow City Council licence plate attached to the rear bumper of the vehicle if unsure. Glasgow Private Hire is one of the biggest taxi fleets in Europe and has thousands of cars, which service all areas of the city. They can be reached on a variety of different numbers (including +44 141 774-3000). Another popular alternative is Hampden Cabs, which services most of the city and surrounding area. Hampden Cabs can be contacted on +44 141 649-5050 (though Irish visitors should be aware they employ a driver who once threw four passengers out of his cab for the 'crime' of speaking Irish).
There is now a River Bus service, which picks up tourists from central Glasgow (Broomielaw Pontoon) and takes them to, amongst other sites of interest, the Glasgow Science Centre, and the Clydebuilt (Maritime) Museum. There is also a ferry from Yoker on the north bank of the River Clyde to the town of Renfrew on the opposite bank which is within walking distance of Braehead shopping centre and the Xscape leisure complex. The Renfrew Ferry now carries only foot passengers and bicycles. It stopped carrying cars in 1984 after the Clyde Tunnel opened just a few miles upriver. From 1984 to 2010 the Renfrew Ferry carried passengers on two smaller-sized ferries, MV Yoker Swan and MV Renfrew Rose. Clydelink took over operation of the Renfrew Ferry in 2010.
As befits a city that was at its richest through the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th, the centre of Glasgow has a fine legacy of Victorian and Edwardian buildings with their lavish interiors and spectacular carved stonework. Outside of the central area the main streets are lined with the legendary tenements - the city's trademark 3 or 4 story residential buildings built from red or blonde sandstone which positively glow during the summer. The controversial Bruce Report of the late 1940s triggered a massive regeneration programme which lasted into the late 1970s and saw huge swathes of tenement housing literally wiped out to make way for soulless housing estates and high-rise tower blocks, whilst in the city centre, many large concrete office buildings were built of often questionable architectural merit. The few surviving examples worthy of note for those fans of Brutalist architecture are the massive twin 30-storey Camlachie tower blocks in the East End (sadly scheduled for demolition in 2014), Sir Robert Matthew's Riverside estate in the Gorbals, and the gargantuan Anderston Centre by Sir Richard Seifert, close to the Kingston Bridge. Many of these buildings are now being replaced by modern glass and steel structures - epitomised by the likes of the Radisson Hotel on Argyle Street and the new BBC Scotland building on Pacific Quay.
Glasgow was also the home of Charles Rennie Mackintosh, one of the "Glasgow Four," a group of leading proponents of art nouveau architecture. Indeed, during his lifetime, Mackintosh was probably better regarded abroad than he was in his native Glasgow, even apparently inspiring Frank Lloyd Wright and was recently resurrected as one of the city's most beloved sons. As well as many fine originals and his magnum opus, the Glasgow School of Art, many other knock-offs and impersonations exist. However, despite the 'cult' of Mackintosh, Glasgow produced many other fine architects, the best known of whom is probably Alexander 'Greek' Thomson.
The following list is a selection of significant buildings in Glasgow, roughly arranged starting in the City Centre and moving west and south:
Glasgow Cathedral (Cathedral of Saint Mungo), Cathedral Square, Castle Street, ☎ +44 141 552-6891, . Summer: M-Sa 9:30AM-5:30PM, Su 1PM-5PM; Winter: 9:30AM-4:30PM, Su 1PM-4:30PM. A fine example of Gothic architecture dating from medieval times and built on a site first consecrated in 397 AD. Behind the cathedral atop a steep hill is the Necropolis cemetery – dominated by the statue of John Knox and described by Victorians as a literal “City of The Dead”.Free. edit
The City Chambers
City Chambers, George Square (train: Glasgow Queen Street), ☎ +44 141 287-2000, . Guided tours M-F at 10:30 & 14:30. This imposing structure in George Square was built in 1888 in the Italian Renaissance style and is the headquarters of Glasgow City Council. Tours of the building are available daily, and visitors can see the magnificent marble staircases, lobbies, see the debating chamber and the lavish banqueting hall. In front the building, George Square, the city's notional centre, is populated by several statues of civic leaders and famous figures from history and is often used for outdoor events.Free. edit
Glasgow Cross, At the junction of Trongate, Saltmarket, High Street, Gallowgate and London Road. This intersection marks the original medieval centre of the city and is dominated by the clock tower of the original City Chambers (destroyed by fire in 1926), and the small hexagonal building known as the Tolbooth. Just to the west on Trongate is the Tron Theatre, a former church that was turned into a prominent theatre.edit
St Enoch Subway Station, St Enoch Square, Argyle and Buchanan Streets (subway: St Enoch). Always visible. The original subway station, a quaint building now used as a coffee shop, sits in the middle of St Enoch Square.Free. edit
Glasgow Central Station, Gordon Street, between Union and Hope Streets (train: Glasgow Central), ☎ 08457 11 41 41, . M-Sa 04:00-00:30, Su 07:00-00:30. The city's principal railway terminus, which is worth entering for its grand interior, which you can access from Gordon Street on the north side of the building. On the exterior, a feature of note is the massive glass walled bridge (known as Hielanman's Umbrella) which spans Argyle Street and holds up the tracks and platforms.Free. edit
Willow Tea Rooms, 217 Sauchiehall St, ☎ +44 141 332-0521, . During the temperance movement, the idea of "tearooms", places where you could relax and enjoy non-alcoholic refreshments in differently themed rooms, became popular in Glasgow. This one, designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh in 1904, was the most popular of its time and has been lovingly restored.edit
Glasgow School of Art, 167 Renfrew St (subway: Cowcaddens), ☎ +44 141 353-4526, . Tour schedules vary by season. Seen as one of Charles Rennie Mackintosh's finest buildings, housing one of Britain's pre-eminent schools of art, design and architecture. Guided tours of the building are available (you must book in advance), or if you want to create your own art in the building, you can enrol for evening classes or the summer school.£8.75 adults, £7 students/seniors, £4 youth. edit
Mitchell Library, North Street (train: Charing Cross), ☎ +44 141 287-2999, . M-Th 09:00-20:00, F-Sa 09:00-17:00, closed Su. One of Glasgow's best public buildings, it is the largest municipal public reference library in Europe. The imposing structure houses a spectacular reading room, although it has to be said much of the Mitchell's extensive collection is housed in the rather ugly 1970s extension attached to the rear. You can easily lose a day in here!Free. edit
Tradeston Pedestrian Bridge, the "Squiggly Bridge"
There are a number of interesting bridges over the River Clyde in the City Centre. The Tradeston Pedestrian Bridge crosses the river east of the M8 motorway and is nicknamed the "Squiggly Bridge" by locals because of its distinctive S-shape. Nearby, the Kingston Bridge carries the M8 motorway across the Clyde. Built in 1969, the bridge is far more spectacular to stand beneath than drive over, with an almost cathedral-like vista and a strange aura of calmness that betrays the likely traffic chaos that is going unseen directly above your head. Further west, the Clyde Arc, locally referred to as the "Squinty Bridge", is a relatively new and prominent bridge over the River Clyde that has an elegant curved design and is unique for how it crosses the river at an angle.
Clyde Auditorium, Exhibition Way (train: Exhibition Centre), ☎ +44 141 248 3000, . Affectionately known by Glaswegians as the Armadillo, this building is a concert hall which forms part of the Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre complex. Designed by Sir Norman Foster, and contrary to popular belief, not inspired by the Sydney Opera House, it is in fact supposed to represent ship's hulls. The auditorium has now garnered some world fame for being the place where the Susan Boyle audition - one of the most downloaded YouTube video clips in history - was filmed.edit
Glasgow University, University Avenue (subway: Hillhead), ☎ +44 141-330 5511, . Exterior and campus always visible; Visitor centre M-Sa 9:30AM-5PM. Founded as an institution in 1451, the University itself is the fourth oldest in the entire United Kingdom, and one of the most prestigious academic institutions in the country. Contains the Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery, including a reconstruction of Mackintosh's house. The exterior of the main building is fine in its own right; the current main University building is neo-gothic and dates from 1870, designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott (the man who also designed London's St Pancras railway station). The main building has an interesting visitor's centre (open all year round) which is free and sits atop a drumlin with commanding views over Kelvingrove Park and the western fringes of the city.Free. edit
In Search of Raintown
Fans of the Glasgow band Deacon Blue have often made the pilgrimage to the top of the Granite Staircase to recreate the cover photograph of their famous 1987 album Raintown. Sadly, neither of the two cover photos from the album is now possible to reconstruct. Two decades have seen Kelvingrove Park's trees grow to obscure the view of the Clyde and the Finnieston Crane from the top of the Granite Staircase. Equally, the rear cover shot of the M8 motorway approach onto the Kingston Bridge (adjacent to the Mitchell Library) was taken from a disused bridge upon which an office building has now been constructed.
Atop a steep hill across Kelvingrove Park from the university is Park Circus, an area of Georgian town houses laid out in a radial pattern similar to the English city of Bath. This neighbourhood has made the transition from originally being an upmarket residential area to a prestigious office district for mainly legal and consultancy firms, although in recent years there have been moves to encourage the companies back into the city centre and return the buildings to residential use. If you make the effort to walk through Kelvingrove Park, go up to this area as it is worth descending down the grand Granite Staircase, on the south side of the hill facing the river.
Scotland Street School, 225 Scotland St (subway: Shields Road), ☎ +44 141 287 0500, . Tu-Th and Sa 10AM–5PM, F and Su 11AM–5PM, closed M. Charles Rennie Mackintosh's last major building - thoughtfully designed, with an excellent museum covering both Mackintosh and the changing faces of schools.Free. edit
House for an Art Lover, Bellahouston Park (train: Dumbreck or subway: Ibrox), ☎ +44 141 353 4770, . Opening times vary. Built in the 1990s to Mackintosh's original 1901 entry for a design competition.£4.50 adults, £3 youth/students. edit
Holmwood House, 61-63 Netherlee Rd (in Cathcart, in the South Side of the city), ☎ 0844 493 2204, . Summer months only, Th-M 12PM-5PM. Now run by the National Trust, and currently in the process of being renovated, Holmwood House is one of the best examples of the work of Glasgow's other great architect: Alexander 'Greek' Thomson.£6 adults, £16 family, £5 concession. edit
If this just whets your appetite for information on Glasgow's architecture, try and get hold of a copy of Central Glasgow: An Illustrated Architectural Guide, by Charles McKean and others. There are various editions (ISBN:1873190220, ISBN:1851582002, ISBN:1851582010).
The Victorians also left Glasgow with a wonderful legacy of museums and art galleries, which the city has dutifully built upon. The following list is only a selection. The city council alone runs several museums and galleries. Visitors should be aware that most of the galleries appear to be closed on Sundays, and that - to the understandable annoyance of many visitors to Glasgow - most of the museums shut their doors at 17:00.
Burrell Collection, 2060 Pollokshaws Rd, Pollok Country Park (train: Pollokshaws West, then walk through Pollok Park), ☎ +44 141 287 2550, . M-Th, Sa 10:00-17:00; F/Su 11:00-17:00. This is a collection of over 9,000 artworks gifted to the city of Glasgow by Sir William Burrell and housed in a purpose-built museum in the Pollok Estate in the south of the city.Free. edit
Gallery of Modern Art, Royal Exchange Square (on Queen Street in the City Centre), ☎ +44 141 287 3050, . M-W, Sa 10:00-17:00, Th 10:00-20:00, F/Su 11:00-17:00. This gallery houses a terrific collection of recent paintings and sculptures, with space for new exhibitions. In the basement is one of Glasgow's many public libraries, with free internet access and cafe.Free. edit
Glasgow Police Museum, 30 Bell Street, ☎ +44 141 552-1818, . Summer: M-Sa 10:00-16:30, Su 12:00-16:30; Winter: Tu 10:00-16:30, Su 12:00-16:30, closed M and W-Sa. The Glasgow police force is the oldest in Britain, dating back to 1779. It has dealt with a number of famous cases, and many of the paraphernalia relating to some of these are in this museum; there is also a section dealing with the history of police forces throughout the world. Recently opened up in new premises (2010).Free. edit
Glasgow Science Centre, 50 Pacific Quay (train: Exhibition Centre or subway: Cessnock), ☎ +44 141 420 5000, . Summer: Daily 10AM-5PM; Winter: W-F 10AM-3PM, Sa-Su 10AM-5PM, closed M-Tu. Has hundreds of interactive science exhibits for children, an IMAX cinema, and the 125-meter Glasgow Tower, the only tower in the world which can rotate through 360 degrees from its base.£10 adults, £8 children/seniors; add £2.50 for planetarium or IMAX cinema. edit
Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery, University Of Glasgow, University Avenue, ☎ +44 141 330 4221, . Tu-Sa 10AM-5PM, Su 11AM-4PM, closed M. The art gallery contains a world famous Whistler collection, and various temporary exhibitions. It also contains The Mackintosh House, a reconstruction of the principal interiors from the Glasgow home of the Scottish architect and designer Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1868-1928). The separate museum is the oldest public museum in Scotland and has a variety of exhibits, including a display on the Romans in Scotland (featuring items found in the Roman Fort in Bearsden), one on the various dinosaur discoveries found on the Isle of Skye, and various temporary exhibitions.Free; Mackintosh House £5 adults, £3 concessions. edit
The Spitfire in the Kelvingrove Museum
Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, Argyle Street (subway: Kelvinhall), ☎ +44 141 276 9599, . M-Th, Sa 10AM-5PM; F, Su 11AM-5PM. The city's grandest public museum, with one of the finest civic collections in Europe housed within this Glasgow Victorian landmark. The collection is quite varied, with artworks, biological displays and anthropological artifacts. The museum as a whole is well-geared towards children and families, with "discovery center" rooms of interactive exhibits and all the displays labeled with easy-to-understand descriptions. The "Life" wing holds fossils, wildlife displays, artifacts from ancient Egypt, exhibits on the Scottish people, a hall of arms and armor, and even a Supermarine Spitfire hanging in the main hall of the wing. The "Expression" wing holds a fantastic collection of fine and decorative arts, including Salvador Dali's celebrated "Crucifixion of St. John of the Cross" painting and select works by renowned artists like Van Gogh, Monet and Rembrandt, as well as a hall of period Glasgow furnishings by Mackintosh. The main hall has a functioning organ, and daily recitals are played in the afternoon.Free. edit
Old Govan Church and Govan Stones, 866 Govan Rd (Subway: Govan), ☎ +44 141 440-2466 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Summer: check website; Winter: by appointment. Discover the unique collection of early medieval stones carved in the 9th to 11th centuries to commemorate the power of those who ruled the Kingdom of Strathclyde. One of Glasgow’s most important historical and cultural assets, explore the 31 monuments within the beautiful setting of Govan Old Church.Free. edit
People's Palace and Winter Gardens, Glasgow Green, ☎ +44 141 276 0788, . People's Palace Tu-Th, Sa 10AM–5PM, F, Su 11AM–5PM, closed M; Winter Gardens Daily 10AM-5PM. The People's Palace is a great folk museum, telling the history of Glasgow and its people, from various perspectives, displaying details of Glasgow life (including one of Billy Connolly's banana boots). The Winter Gardens, adjacent, is a pleasant greenhouse with a reasonable cafe.Free. edit
Provand's Lordship, 3 Castle Street (opposite Glasgow Cathedral), ☎ +44 141 276 1625, . Tu-Th, Sa 10AM-5PM; F, Su 11AM-5PM, closed M. Glasgow's oldest remaining house, built in 1471, has been renovated to give visitors and idea what the inside of a Glasgow house was like circa 1700.Free. edit
But a sampling of the Riverside Museum's collection
Riverside Museum, 100 Pointhouse Place (subway: Kelvinhall), ☎ +44 141 287 2720, . M-Th and Sa 10AM-5PM, F and Su 11AM-5PM. A recently reopened museum with an excellent collection of vehicles and models to tell the story of transport by land and sea, with a unique Glasgow flavour. Besides the usual rail locomotives, buses, trams, cars and planes, the museum also includes a recreated subway station and a street scene of old Glasgow. Behind the museum is the Tall Ship, the Glenlee, built in 1896 and one of only five Clydebuilt sailing ships that remain afloat in the world today, now restored and open to the public.Free; Tall Ship £5 adults, £3 children (first child free with paying adult). edit
Sharmanka, Trongate 103, ☎ +44 141 552 7080, . Performances Th and Su 7PM or by individual appointment. A kinetic gallery / theatre. It consists of a number of strange machines created by the Russian artists Eduard Bersudsky. The machines perform stories and the light and sound during the performance adds to a really unique and amazing experience.£8, £5 concessions, children under 16 free. edit
St. Mungo's Museum of Religious Life and Art, 2 Castle Street (next to the Glasgow Cathedral), ☎ +44 141 276 1625, . Tu-Th, Sa 10AM-5PM, F, Su 11AM-5PM, closed M. This museum features exhibits relating not only to Glasgow's patron saint and the growth of Christianity in the city, but numerous exhibits pertaining to many faiths practised locally and worldwide.Free. edit
Street Level Photoworks, Trongate 103, ☎ +44 141 552 2151, . Tu-Sa 10AM-5PM, Su 12PM-5PM, closed M. An alternative art gallery/installation space.Free. edit
Tenement House, 145 Buccleuch Street, ☎ 0844 493 2197, . Summer months only, Daily 1PM-5PM. A National Trust for Scotland site, a middle class Glasgow tenement house preserved in pretty much the way it was in the early 20th century.£6 adults, £16 family, £5 concessions. edit
Transmission Gallery, 28 King Street, ☎ +44 141 552 7141, . Tu-W, F-Sa 11AM-5PM, Th 11AM-8PM. A gallery set up in 1983 by ex-students of the Glasgow School of Art as a hub for the local art community and to provide exhibition space.Free. edit
If you should fall in
Glasgow Green is the home of the Glasgow Humane Society. The Society was founded in 1790 and is the world's oldest practical life-saving body. Until June 2005 the society volunteers were responsible for rescuing those unfortunate to fall into the River Clyde. Unfortunately modern heath and safety regulations require two lifeboat men on duty and a lack of volunteers has forced the sole lifeboat man, George Parsonage, to stand down the service after 215 years. The rescue service is now performed by the Strathclyde Fire Brigade.
For a large city, Glasgow has a surprising number of parks and green spaces; there is more parkland here than in any other British city.
Botanic Gardens, . A major park in the West End (the most popular aside from Kelvingrove), the Botanic Gardens contains extensive tropical and temperate plant collections from around the world.edit
Glasgow Green, (train: Bridgeton or Argyle Street, then walk or take the bus along London Road), . The most famous of the Glasgow parks, Glasgow Green was founded by Royal grant in 1450 and has slowly been enclosed by the city and evolved from grazing land into a modern public park. "The Green" as its known to the locals is one of the major venues for concerts and open air events in Glasgow. Among the highlights are the People's Palace and Winter Gardens (covered above), Nelson's Memorial, an obelisk or needle: built to commemorate Nelson's victory at the battle of Trafalgar, the Templeton Carpet Factory, with its ornate brick work (now a business center), and the Doulton Fountain, the largest terracotta fountain in the world. There is limited official parking in or around the green and the area is notorious for car crime. Be aware the council will tow away illegally parked vehicles and charge you up to £250 pounds to get them back!edit
Kelvingrove Park, . In the city's West End, this is also a very popular park, particularly with the students from the nearby University. The most prominent landmark here is the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum (covered above) on the banks of the River Kelvin which runs through the park. It also contains a recently constructed skate park.edit
Fossil Grove, Victoria Park, ☎ +44 141 276 1695, . Summer months only; Daily 10AM-4PM. The remains of an ancient forest, around 330 million years old. This is the only example of a preserved forest from this period on Earth.edit
Tollcross Park, 254B Wellshot Rd G32 7AX, . Tollcross Park is internationally famous for its unique Rose Garden and impressive Winter Gardens. The park has many hidden gems including the Glen Nature Walk, Children's Farm and Courtyard Visitor Centre. The park is full of points of interest and offers a welcome retreat from the busy surrounding streets.The park is open from dawn until dusk. However, the specific facilities in the park may differ.Free. edit
Glasgow's been famous for its music scene(s) for at least 20 years, with some top acts literally queuing to play at venues such as the Barrowlands or King' Tuts. There's plenty of venues where you're likely to see a good band (and lots of bad bands too); on any day of the week there should be at least several shows to choose from throughout the city, with the number increasing to a even greater variety on Thursday, Friday & Saturday. In no particular order, here follows some pop/indie/rock-orientated venues:
Nice 'n' Sleazy on Sauchiehall St. Open til 3AM every night of the week, with bands on practically every night also. Gigs are downstairs and bar upstairs plays a variety of alternative/rock/punk. Over 18's only (both bar and gigs), .
The Barrowland Ballroom (Gallowgate, 0.5km from Glasgow Cross),  The Barrowlands, as it is commonly known, is arguably the city's most famous and most respected live venue - famous for its sprung floor and excellent acoustics
King Tut's Wah Wah Hut on St Vincent St,  where both Oasis and, local favourites, Glasvegas were discovered.
Stereo City centre venue with regular indie gigs downstairs, bar and cafe upstairs .
Glasgow O2 Academy on Eglinton St (nearest Subway: Bridge Street), .
The Arches on Argyle St (underneath the "Hielanman's Umbrella" of Central Station), . Running one of the UK's best techno nights; Pressure. Recently celebrated 10 year anniversary. Note: this is also a theatrical and arts venue, a pub and restaurant.
Sub Club on Jamaica St (nearest rail: Central Station) . Recently celebrated 20 years, rated one of the best clubs in the world from house to techno to whatever takes your fancy.
The Tunnel on Mitchell Street: with the Sub Club and the Arches one of Glasgow's premier dance clubs: frequently hosts top DJ's from round the world, although doesn't quite have The Arches' or the Sub Club's 'underground' reputation.
The Vale on Dundas St (adjacent to Buchanan Street subway/Queen Street railway station).
QMU at University Gardens (West End; nearest Subway: Hillhead), .
The Classic Grand on Union Street/Jamaica Street (adjacent to Central Station), a former adult cinema now re-purposed as an alternative music venue. Serves the rock/metal/punk/alternative scene 4 nights a week with drinks as low as £1.
The Scottish Exhibition & Conference Centre (rail: Exhibition Centre) is the city's premier music venue for major headline acts, even if the acoustics of the halls have always been questionable. More intimate gigs are held in the neighbouring Clyde Auditorium (or Armadillo). SECC Tickets  sells tickets for these.
The Glasgow Royal Concert Hall, Sauchiehall Street (nearest Subway: Buchanan Street). This is the home of The Royal Scottish National Orchestra, one of Europe's leading symphony orchestras. It also produces the world famous Celtic Connections Festival every January.
The Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama (RSAMD),  100 Renfrew Street, is primarily a teaching college but also puts on theatrical and musical performances. It puts on mainly contemporary music, modern dance and jazz.
The Theatre Royal, 282 Hope Street, , was first opened in 1867. It puts on mainly 'serious' theatre, opera and ballet.
The Tron, 63 Trongate, , specialises in contemporary works.
St Andrews in the Square, St Andrew's Square, , a restored 18th century church turned Arts venue. It puts on classical music and folk.
The Citizens Theatre, 119 Gorbals Street,  is one of the most famous theatres in the world, and has launched the careers of many international movie and theatre stars. It specialises in contemporary and avant-garde work.
The King's Theatre, 297 Bath Street,  is Glasgow's major 'traditional' theatre. It is over 100 years old, and in the midst of a major refurbishment.
The Pavilion, 121 Renfield Street,  is the only privately run theatre in Scotland. It was founded in 1904 and has seen many of the greatest stars of music hall perform there: most famously Charlie Chaplin. Nowadays it features mainly 'popular' theatre, musicals and comedy.
The Panopticon Music Hall, off Argyle Street, Trongate, is the oldest surviving music hall in the world (it opened in 1857). It most famously held the debut performance of Stan Laurel (of Laurel and Hardy fame) in 1906. It now shows mainly music hall orientated shows: e.g. magic, burlesque and comedy, but also occasionally puts on classical and world music.
Oran Mor 731 Great Western Road. Restaurant, pub, nightclub, theatrical and music venue. Due to its late opening hours, this venue now lies at the heart of the West End social scene.
The Glasgow International Jazz Festival is held every year in June. Other arts or music festivals of note include The West End Festival, the Merchant City Festival and numerous others. As always, consult the listings magazine The List for further details.
Supporters of Celtic and Rangers display their banners at half time in a derby match
Glasgow also has the 3 biggest football stadia in Scotland. The major events in the football season are the clashes between the two major clubs; Celtic and Rangers. Known as the "Old Firm", with their sectarian undertones, these 90 minute matches produce a profound effect on the city, occasionally, but less frequently in recent times; resulting in violent clashes during or after the game. The Old Firm Derby is generally considered to be one of the best derby matches in the world, in terms of passion and atmosphere generated by both sets of fans, and is considered by many neutrals to be the most intense rivalry in all of Britain. The match itself is always highly anticipated and much talked about before and after. Cup (non-league) ties between these two giants are quite frequent, raising the tensions further. Be aware that getting tickets for "Old Firm" games can be difficult and cup ties near impossible. Following Rangers' well publicised liquidation in 2012 and its subsequent demotion to the lower leagues, it looks likely that an Old Firm derby match at the highest level will now be some years off - this may a blessing or a disappointment depending on your point of view! If you do go to one of these matches it is advised that you do not wear team colours (blue/red/white for Rangers, green/white for Celtic) after the match.
Hampden Park (Home of Football) (Nearest Rail: Mount Florida - depart from Glasgow Central) Scotland's national stadium , capacity 52,063. Hampden hosts many large sporting events and concerts and also houses the Scottish Football Museum. The Scottish national football team plays its home games here. Is also home to Queen's Park Football Club. It is probably most famous for hosting the 1960 European Cup Final between Real Madrid and Eintracht Frankfurt. In more recent times, the UEFA Champion's League Final was held in 2002 between Real Madrid and Bayer Leverkusen and the UEFA Cup Final in 2007 between Seville and Espanyol. It is possible for visitors to have a tour of the Stadium and the Scottish Football Museum. Please refer to  for more information.
Celtic Park (Kerrydale Street, Parkhead - First Bus 40/61/62/240/262 go past the stadium) Home of Celtic Football Club, which has a capacity of 60,832 - making it the biggest "club" stadium in Scotland and the second largest in the UK, behind only Manchester United's Old Trafford ground. By visiting the Celtic Visitors' Centre, you can take a guided tour of the stadium as well as taking a trip through the history of the club through our various informative and impressive exhibitions and auditorium. To experience Celtic take one of our guided tours available from Monday to Sunday 11am, 12 noon, 1.45pm and 2.30pm (except home matchdays). Saturday Matchday tours available at 9.30, 10.00, 10.30 and 11.00. Adults £8.50, Concessions £5.50 Family Ticket £20 (2 adults and 2 children or 1 adult and 3 children) Under 5’s are admitted free.
Ibrox Stadium, (Subway: Ibrox) This is the home of Rangers Football Club , capacity 51,082. Ibrox tours run every Friday, Saturday and Sunday (non match days only!)) and are priced at just £5.50 for kids, £8 for adults and £24.50 for a family group (2 adults and 2 children). On the Ibrox tour, you will get exclusive access to the home dressing room and hear a recorded message from Walter Smith and Ally McCoist. Climb the marble staircase, visit the illustrious Trophy Room, the Blue Room and Manager's Office. Take a virtual tour of the Club's state of the art training facility at Murray Park and even run down the tunnel before taking the Manager's seat in the dugout! Tickets, except for matches against Celtic, are easily available online from the club's website, ticket centre at the stadium and club outlets at JJB Sports Stores in Glasgow city centre. Club merchandise is available from the JJB Rangers Megastore located at the stadium and JJB Sports stores in Glasgow, with unofficial merchandise readily available in the environs of the stadium on matchdays. Food is available at the stadium in the Argyll House restuarant and the various burger stands in and around the stadium concourses. The Sportsmans Chip Shop on the Copland Road adjacent to the Stadium is also popular with the supporters. There are various bars beside the stadium, the Louden Tavern on the Copland Road being the closest. Along the Paisley Road West are numerous bars sympathetic to the Rangers cause, such as the Louden Tavern, the Grapes Bar, District Bar and the Kensignton Bar to name but a few.
Firhill,  - Home of Partick Thistle Football Club, also known as "the Jags" (and not actually in the suburb of Partick - the club is actually located in Maryhill). It has a capacity of 10,887. Partick Thistle matches are a good way to see the Glaswegian passion for 'fitba' (football) without the unpleasantness of the Old Firm rivalry, or the high prices for their games.
University of Glasgow. Located in the west end of the city, this university has served Glasgow since 1451 and is the fourth oldest in the United Kingdom, and also one of the country's most prestigious.
University of Strathclyde is situated in the north-east of the city centre and was originally founded in 1796 as Anderson's University, and later became the Royal College of Science and Technology (affectionately nicknamed "The Tech" by Glaswegians) before finally gaining full University status in 1964. In 1993 it absorbed the former Jordanhill College of Education, and gained that institution's campus in the West End.
Glasgow Caledonian University, to the north of the city centre, is Glasgow's newest university. It was formed from the merger of Glasgow College of Technology and Queens' College in 1992. Literally a couple of minutes away from Buchanan Bus Station.
Jobs in Glasgow can be found through the government-run JobCentres. Be aware that you will need a National Insurance number and, if you are not a citizen of the European Economic Area or Switzerland, the correct type of work visa to work legally in the UK. Your employer should require this to ensure you pay the correct rates of income tax. However if you ask around you'll find a lot of bars and nightclubs offer work cash-in-hand. Some of the many temp agencies in the city centre aren't too fussy about immigration niceties either. With the city's growing financial services industry, there are quite a lot of opportunities for office temps, though this has changed with the global economic downturn of the last few years.
Glasgow has positioned itself as an upmarket retail destination, the shopping is the some of the best in Scotland, and generally accepted as the No.2 shopping experience in Britain after London. Buchanan Street is the 7th most expensive place for retail space in the world, which means that there's an increasing number of designer clothes shops in areas like the Merchant City. Alongside this, the Council is putting pressure on more traditional shopping centres like the Barras where you can get remarkably similar-looking clothes for a more sensible price.
The nucleus of Glasgow shopping is the so-called "Golden Z", made up of the continuous pedestrianised thoroughfares of Argyle Street, Buchanan Street and Sauchiehall Street. Here, virtually all of the major British big name retailers are represented. Buchanan Street is the most upmarket of the three, with prestigious names such as House of Fraser, Apple Store and Zara and other specialised designer stores. Ingram Street in the Merchant City has seen a boom in recent years for attracting more exclusive, premium brands like Bose, Bang and Olufsen, Ralph Lauren and so on.
Bath Street and Hope Street run parallel to the main pedestrianised streets, and if you want to get away from "chain store hell", they have a fine selection of more quirky, local independent retailers selling everything from fine art, Scottish clothing, antiques and specialist hi-fi.
There are larger shopping malls on the city outskirts at Braehead, Silverburn and Glasgow Fort.
The Barras in the East End is the essential Glasgow shopping experience. Hundreds of market stalls selling everything you could possibly want and a load of other stuff too. Free entertainment available from time to time when the Police raid the place for counterfeit goods. All year Sa-Su 10:00-17:00; weekday opening in the weeks immediately before Christmas. This market is notorious for counterfeit good; especially DVDs and clothing. Pirated DVDs should be avoided at all costs, as the quality is often very poor.
The Buchanan Galleries, Buchanan Street, is a large shopping mall in the heart of the city centre which has all the usual British high street stores, its anchor tenant is John Lewis.
The St Enoch Centre. Europe's largest glass roofed building - this huge mall is on St Enoch Square between Argyle Street and Buchanan Street, and a major extension and refurbishment programme was completed in 2010.
Princes Square is an upmarket mall just off Buchanan Street in the city centre. Specialises in designer clothes shops, jewellery and audio equipment. Note, Grande Dame of British Fashion Vivienne Westwood has a store as well as a separate jewellery concession in Princes Square.
The Argyle Arcade is the city's jewellery quarter housing Scotland's largest collection of jewellery shops. The L-shaped arcade connects Argyle Street and Buchanan Street. Shops here vary considerably - there are a selection of cheaper jewellery shops and a selection of luxury prestigious jewellers. Very commonly used as a short cut for shoppers between Buchanan Street and Argyle Street.
De Courcy's Arcade is an unusual little shopping arcade with lots of second hand music and book shops and independent gift shops. Located just off Byres Road in the west end (subway: Hillhead)
Byres Road. Check out the chichi shops and vintage stores in the West Endedit
Fat Buddha Store, 73 St Vincent Street, ☎ +44 141 226 8972, . 9.30-6pm. Fat Buddha has become an institution in Glasgow since it opened its doors back in 2006, the only streetwear store in the city, it also stocks a wide range of books, magazines, homewares and carried the over 400 colours of spray paint, featured in the New York Times and appears in the Taschen Book 48 hours in Europe. Open every day, offering free Wi-Fi and coffee in the Book section, its a great place to whittle away a few hours.mid. edit
The city has won the title "Curry Capital of Britain" two years running and has a huge and dynamic range of restaurants, Indian or otherwise. Despite Glasgow being the home town of culinary hero Gordon Ramsay, there are no Michelin-starred fine dining establishments in the city (Glasgow's sole Michelin starred restuarant, Amaryllis - owned by Ramsay himself - embarrassingly folded in 2004), nevertheless there are scores of highly regarded eateries in the city. The restaurants below are some of the culinary highlights of Glasgow.
The Ubiquitous Chip (12 Ashton Lane, West End; Subway - Hillhead). Of all Ashton Lane's establishments, "The Chip" as it is popularly known by locals is certainly its most celebrated and most famous. Established by the late great Ronnie Clydesdale - a local legend - this local restaurant has been serving up top quality food using Scottish produce since the early 1970s and is frequently lauded as one of Scotland's finest restauraunts. On the expensive side, but well worth it. Booking absolutely essential.
Arisaig,  (1 Merchant Square, Candleriggs - Merchant City, nearest railway: Queen Street). Another celebrated Glasgow eatery, bar and brasserie notable for its extensive list of wines and Scottish malt whiskies. Also has music nights.
The Red Onion,  (247 West Campbell Street, nearest railway - Central/Charing Cross). Perched high up on Blythswood Hill, this locally owned restaurant uses local produce within international dishes produced by recognised chef John Quigley.
The Grill Room at The Square (29 Royal Exchange Square, - nearest railway: Queen Street), just along from Roganos, this classy establishment has made a name for itself under the leadership of chef David Friel. Quite pricey but worth it.
The Chardon D'Or,  (176 West Regent Street, Glasgow, G2 4RL) Owner and head chef Brian Maule is a former business partner of local hero Gordon Ramsay. When Ramsay began his TV career as a celebrity chef, Maule took the chance to branch out on his own and is now a very highly regarded local institution. The result is Chardon D'Or, opened in 2001 and widely recognised as one of the very best quality restaurants in Glasgow. Owner Brian Maule is also well known for strong links with musicians and entertainers, and his restaurant often offers deals combining concerts or shows with fine dining for one fixed price. A popular choice with local businessmen.
Cafe Gandolfi,  (64 Albion Street). A real Glasgow institution, serving fine locally sourced food in a relaxed and relaxing atmosphere. Great food and great service make this Cafe a must-visit on any trip to Glasgow.
Glasgow has taken many different cultural foods and combined them into a unique dining experience. Most takeaways offer Indian dishes (pakora), pizzas and kebabs as well as the more traditional fish and chips or burgers. This has resulted in some takeaways offering a blend of dishes like chips with curry sauce, the donner kebab pizza, the battered and deep fried pizza to name but a few.
Fish & Chips (aka "Fish Supper") is a perennial favourite, and there are a healthy number of fish and chip shops around the city. As mentioned above, many will also offer Asian or Italian dishes alongside the traditional chip shop fayre. Given the Glaswegian's famous fondness for anything deep fried - "bad" establishments don't usually last long. In the centre of town, four of the best "chippies" are:
Jack McPhees, (City Centre - Hope Street, near Theatre Royal, West End - Byres Road). Chain of sit down restauarant with table service. Slightly more expensive than a takeaway, but excellent quality.
The Coronation, (Gallowgate, just beyond Glasgow Cross under the City Union railway bridge). A Glasgow institution sitting at the gateway into the Barrowlands area - the usual friendly Glaswegian reception and competitively priced.
Da Vinci's, (City Centre - Queen Street). 24 hour dining in this handily positioned sit-down takeaway near many of the city's nightclubs.
On a side note, the now infamous deep fried Mars Bar - served up in many Glasgow chip shops - did not originate in the city, contrary to popular belief. It was in fact invented in Stonehaven in Aberdeenshire.
Oriental Yummy Menu and prices , 96 Queen Margaret Drive, - arguably one of the finest Chinese takeaway in the West End with a proud record and loyal following. Home Delivery Fri-Sat: 5pm-11pm (Sun-Thurs til 10pm- CLOSED TUESDAYS). Order Online to save,(OY2 - £2 off next online order).
Yumla, 80 Miller Street, (Merchant City). Located in the heart of Glasgow, close to George Square. This delightful restaurant will captivate your taste buds with Peking and Cantonese cuisine. Freshly prepared with unrivalled skill, dishes are served by friendly, attentive staff.
The Ho Wong, 82 York St. Close to Central Station. Excellent Chinese Restaurant.
Dragon's I, 311-313 Hope St. In the Theatre District. 'Hitlisted' in The List (2008).
Amber Regent, 50 West Regent Street, . Equidistant between Queen Street and Central Station.
China Sea Restaurant, 12 Renfield Street, . Right in the heart of Glasgow City Centre, within 1 minute's walking distance from Glasgow Central Station.
Mings Restaurant, 2nd Floor, Princes Square, 48 Buchanan Street, . Chinese, Japanese and Thai food.
Panda House Menu and prices , 665 Pollokshaws Road, - arguably one of the finest Chinese takeaway in the South Side with a proud record and loyal following. Home Delivery daily 17:00-23:59. Order Online to save £2 off next online order).
Brel, Ashton Lane, Glasgow G12 8SJ (In the West End off Byres Road - nearest Subway: Hillhead), Tel. +44 141 342 4966, . M-Su 12PM-Late. Located in the dynamic Ashton Lane in the West End of Glasgow, this restaurant is well known for its Belgian fare particularly their Moules (Mussel) Pots in a variety of flavours. This Bar/Restaurant is set over 3 levels and sells a range of Belgian beers, including Banana and Raspberry, along with a few of the local Scottish favourites. During the warmer weather there is a large Beer Garden at the rear. There is often free live entertainment. Prices: à la carte menu, starters: £2.95-£4.95 and mains: £8.95-£15.50. Also great deals at Food Happy Hour M-Su 5PM-7PM!
Stravaigin , (28 Gibson Street, West End - nearest Subway: Kelvinbridge), Tel. +44 141 334 2665,  Established by Ronnie Clydesdale (of Ubiquitous Chip fame), and located adjacent to Glasgow University and Kelvingrove Park, this award winning gastro-pub offers a wide selection of both European and World cuisine made from Scottish ingedients. Also renowned for its creative cocktails.
Sloans, Argyle Arcade (Morrison Court; off Buchanan St or Argyle Street), . Boasts to be 'the oldest bar and restaurant in Glasgow'. You can sit outside if you wish, or try the bistro or other menus. They offer other activities, such as a cinema-EAT experience, ceilidh dancing and more recently various music nights in the upstairs ballroom.edit
Glasgow has, arguably, the finest Indian food in the United Kingdom, and indeed many Glaswegians now joke that the Indian Curry is their "national dish". Historically, the city's finest Indian restaurants have been clustered together in the Charing Cross area, just beyond the "main" section of Sauchiehall Street, but in recent years the Merchant City has seen a boom in new establishments. Take your pick from Panjea, The Wee Curry Shop, Mother India's Cafe and more. Check out the Ashoka West End (1284 Argyle Street, near Kelvingrove), the Ashoka at Ashton Lane or Kama Sutra (Sauchiehall Street) - all of which are owned by the local Ashoka chain. Glasgow's top Indian restaurants include:
Balti Club Menu and prices , 66 Woodlands Road, - arguably one of the finest Indian takeaway in the West End with a proud record and loyal following. Home Delivery 7 Days til Midnight and 4am on Fri-Sat. Order Online to save,(code BC2* - top get £2 off when ordering online).
Mister Singh's India (149 Elderslie Street, Charing Cross - nearest railway: Charing Cross) The flagship branch of the Ashoka/Harlequin chain and is notable for its waiting staff who wear kilts. Booking is advisable Thursday-Sunday evenings.
The Shish Mahal (66-68 Park Road, West End; nearest Subway: Kelvinbridge) Affectionately known simply as "The Shish" by its regulars, this family run establishment has been here for over 50 years.
Chicken Tikka Masala - A Glaswegian Invention?
The Shish Mahal is widely believed to have invented Chicken Tikka Masala, recently voted the UK's favourite Indian dish. According to one Glasgow MP ,the Shish responded in the 1960's to complaints from Glaswegians that traditional Indian curries were too dry by soaking the chicken and spices in tomato soup, resulting in the first incarnation of the 'wet' style of curry commonly enjoyed today. This MP is now known to be seeking formal EU recognition that Chicken Tikka Masala is a unique Glaswegian creation, and that the Shish Mahal is the origin.
The Dhabba (44 Candleriggs, Merchant City) Authentic North Indian restaurant located in the Merchant City and has won numerous awards.
The Dakhin (89 Candleriggs, Merchant City - above the City Merchant) Sister restaurant to The Dhabba, about 50 yards further north on the same street, but this time specialising in South Indian cuisine it has some great pre-theatre deals and is lauded as much as its sibling.
Cafe India (29 Albion Street, Merchant City) The original Cafe India in Charing Cross was a Glasgow institution before it was burned down in 2006. Now reborn in the Merchant City area, it's re-established itself as one of the city's top curry spots.
Killermont Polo Club (2022 Maryhill Road; nearest railway: Maryhill). Upmarket Indian restaurant on the main route out to the affluent north western suburbs of the city. Set in a clubhouse setting, it has won numerous awards and accolades.
Chillies West End, 176-182 Woodlands Road, West End. In a fantastic location just outside the city centre, but not quite in to the west end. Offers a unique way to sample many Indian dishes with a tapas style menu.
There are also literally hundreds of takeaway Indian restaurants around the city on nearly every main street, although the quality of these can be very variable. Some are excellent - comparable with anything you'd find in the city centre, whilst others can be rather poor. To be on the safe side, only go on local recommendation.
Esca near the Tron Theatre is good and inexpensive but often busy.
Sofias (337 Byres Road) Formerly Antipasti. Excellent quality restaurant; does not offer table bookings -- just show up and ask for a table. You won't be waiting long.
Di Maggio's (Royal Exchange Square, Merchant City; West Nile Street, City Centre) Locally owned chain of family-friendly Italian restaurants with several outlets in the city and outlying towns. Good value and usually no need to book.
Dino's (35-41 Sauchiehall Street, immediately opposite Cineworld and Royal Concert Hall) One of Glasgow's oldest and best known Italian restaurants. Good quality and friendly service.
L'Ariosto, 92-94 Mitchell Street, Glasgow G1 3NQ (3 minute walk from Central railway station). One of Glasgow's top Italian restaurants - expensive but award winning and offers its own courtyard and live music.
Jamie's Italian, 1 George Square (Adjacent to the City Chambers, nearest rail: Glasgow Queen Street) Glasgow branch of the Jamie Oliver empire, although there is little chance of seeing the man himself. No bookings policy, but there have been stories of people being turned away due to overly casual dress.
La Parmigiana (447 Great Western Road). One of the best of the West End's Italian restaurants, but more upmarket than most.
Amarone (2 Nelson Mandela Place, Glasgow +44 141 333 1122 ) Stylish restaurant with excellent menu. Highly rated. Mains £8-20.
Little Italy (205 Byres Road). More of a cafe than a restaurant, the pizzas, coffee and hot chocolate are phenomenal. Authentic Italian feel to it. A great place for lunch or an informal dinner, or a pizza after a night out in Ashton Lane. A must if you are in the west end of Glasgow.
Il Pavone Restaurant, Courtyard, Princes Square, 48 Buchanan Street. is regarded as one of the most established, hospitable and fashionable Italian restaurants in Glasgow (within 2 minutes walking distance from Glasgow Central Station).
Zizzi have two restaurants: 2nd Floor, Princes Square, 48 Buchanan Street in the city centre , and 8 Cresswell Lane in the West End 
Pancho Villas, 26 Bell Street, Glasgow G1 1LG (in the Merchant City area opposite Merchant Square), Tel. +44 141 552 7737, . M-Sa 12PM to Late, Su 5PM - Late. It is often very busy of an evening especially towards the end of the week, so it is best to make a reservation. Prices: Set Meals are available Mo-Th between 12PM-5PM for 2Courses - £6.95 and 3Courses - £8.50. A-la-carte Menu, Starters: £2.50-£7.95 and Mains: £8.50-£12.95.
As befits a port town, Glasgow excels at seafood and fish.
Gamba (225a West George Street), Winner of The List's (local listing magazine) 'Best Restaurant in Glasgow' award, 2003 and 2004. Two AA rosettes.
Mussel Inn (157 Hope Street), Good quality fish restaurant: has a sister restaurant in Edinburgh.
Rogano (11 Exchange Place), Sumptuous 1930s style architecture for a total dining experience. Rogano is a Glasgow institution, but beware, especially if you get sucked into their vintage wine list, this place can be extremely expensive.
Patisserie Valerie,(19 West Nile St, on corner of Drury Street), The legendary London patisserie has now stretched its tentacles far from its native Soho, and is now expanding nationally. Its fans nickname it as "Pat Val's", and the range of fine cakes and gateaux is legendary. Both your bank balance and your waistline will suffer if you get too indulgent!! There is a smaller branch within Central Station
The Fast Food Shop, pakora place on Woodlands Road is ideal for guilt-free snacking on the way home from the pub.
13th Note, on King Street, . Looks like an anarchist squat when you walk in, and has a full bar, and serves very good veggie (mainly vegan) food. Try the vegan haggis, neeps and tatties, served with a pink-peppercorn cream sauce. Also worth trying are the risotto balls.
Mono, over the road in King's Court, is run by the people who established the Note. It has a lighter, airier feel but with an exclusively vegan menu, beers prepared on-site and two shops (food and records).
Stereo, vegan pub in the Renfield Lane near the central station.
The 78, organic/vegan pub & restaurant in Kelvinhaugh Street (off the west end of Argyle St).
Tchai Ovna tea houses with veggie food, located in West End (off Bank St) and Shawlands.
Glasgow is a city of immigrants and has a thriving international food scene.
Khublai Khan's: A unique Mongolian Barbeque restaurant that allows you to create your own stir-fry dishes over and over while sampling meat from around the globe. 
Also Try Mzouda (Moroccan), Cafe Argan (Moroccan), Shallal (Lebanese), Kokuryo (Korean), Koshkemeer (Kurdish), Café Serghei ,Konaki(Greek) Alla Turca (Turkish) La Tasca (Spanish), Ichiban (Japanese) and the numerous Thai, and Malaysian and Chinese restaurants, including the Yumla, the Thai Siam, the Thai Fountain Rumours and others.
Pubs are arguably the meeting rooms of Scotland’s largest city, and many a lively discussion can be heard in a Glasgow bar. There is nothing Glaswegians love more than "putting the world right" over a pint (or three), whether it’s the Old Firm, religion, weather, politics or how this year’s holidays went. You are guaranteed a warm welcome from the locals, who will soon strike up a conversation.
There are three (or arguably, four) basic drinking areas: these are also good for restaurants. First, there is the West End (the area around Byres Road and Ashton Lane), second there is the stretch of Sauchiehall Street between the end of the pedestrianised area (near Queen Street Station) and Charing Cross (and the various streets off this area). Thirdly there is the Merchant City, which is near Strathclyde University's campus. This is the most 'upmarket' area to drink and eat in, although it still has numerous student dives: start at the University of Strathclyde and wander down towards the Trongate (the West part of this part of town is the gay area). Staying in the city centre, there are also several hidden gems in and around the Blythswood Square area and the streets between Hope Street and Charing Cross: this being the city's office district however it can feel quite deserted on evenings and weekends.
Finally, and up and coming, is the South Side (i.e. South of the Clyde). This used to be very much 'behind the times' socially speaking, but the relocation of the BBC to the South Side and the whole area generally moving 'upmarket' has improved things greatly. Try the area round Shawlands Cross for restaurants, bars, and The Shed nightclub.
Be warned though about dress codes, particularly in some of the more upmarket establishments in the city centre and West End: sportswear and trainers (sneakers) are often banned, and some door staff are notoriously "selective" about who is allowed in, with arcane "sorry, regulars only mate" entry policies which they will never explain. If confronted with this, take your custom elsewhere. The general "boozer" type pubs have no dress codes, but football shirts (regardless of team) are almost universally banned in all: particularly on weekends. One rule to be aware of is that some clubs and upmarket pubs enforce an unwritten policy of not allowing all-male groups of more than about four people. For this reason, it may be advisable to split into groups of two or three. Some pubs in Glasgow are also exclusively the haunt of Old Firm football fans: again, these will be very crowded on football days, can get very rowdy, and should be avoided. Fortunately they are easy to spot; for example, a large cluster of Celtic-oriented pubs exist in the Barrowlands area, while one or two bars on or near Paisley Road West are favourite haunts of Rangers fans.
The following is merely a selection of the many bars, pubs, wine bars and clubs throughout the city.
An increasingly popular pastime in the city is the 'Subcrawl', a pub crawl round Glasgow's underground system, getting off at each of the fifteen stops to go to the nearest pub for a drink. It is advisable to go with a local especially since in some parts on the south side the nearest pub to the underground station is not immediately obvious, but it is a good way to see the different neighbourhoods and pub cultures of the city.
Like any major British city, the central area of Glasgow has its fair share of chain and theme pubs, with establishments from the likes of Whitbread, Yates and of course the ubiquitous JD Wetherspoon:
The Counting House (George Square – near Queen Street station) formerly a flagship branch of the Bank of Scotland, you can drink here in the splendour of this old Victorian banking hall. Converted into an open plan bar by the Wetherspoon chain, it’s popular with tourists and locals alike, with quirky features such as the bank vault now being used as a wine cellar.
The Crystal Palace (Jamaica Street – near Central Station and the Jamaica Bridge) Another Wetherspoons establishment, good for evening football; and good place to meet up if you are heading across to the O2 Academy or the Citizen’s Theatre on the other side of the river.
Waxy O'Connors (Within the Carlton George Hotel on West George Street, next to George Square/Queen Street station); vaguely Irish themed bar with its curious 'Lord of the Rings'-like setting. Spread over six bars, nine rooms and three floors. The premises is a fun place, with steps and stairs running up and down through the maze of rooms and bars, and a rather ecclectic mix of "tree trunk" and church gothic interior décor.
Glasgow has many options for whisky, though many may not be immediately be obvious for the passing tourist. Here are some good starting points:
The Whisky bar in Oran Mor on the corner of Byres Road and Great Western Road has a large selection of whiskies. It's a great starting point for the beginner; if you make yourself known to the staff as something of a newbie, then somebody in here will certainly be able to guide you through the different regions and tastes.
The Pot Still at 154 Hope Street, a few blocks north of Central Station. It stocks over 300 single malt whiskeys (as well as other drinks, of course), and the staff really know their stuff. It's also an excellent example of a traditional British pub, with a great atmosphere.
Other great options are:
The Ben Nevis, 1147 Argyle St, towards the West End.
Bon Accord, at 153 North Street, near the Mitchell Library at Charing Cross, with over 230 whiskies.
Republic Bier Halle(9 Gordon Street; off Buchanan Street – 2 mins from Central Station) Quirky beer pub (as the name suggests), where beers from all over the world are served to you after ordering from a menu. This chain is quickly becoming famous for it's 2-for-1 stonebaked pizza deals, and its recently introduced £5 all-you-can-eat buffet midweek (the main branch on Gordon St will service weekends, but not the sister branches!) While the beers can be quite expensive, you'll be hard pushed to find better quality food for the price in the city centre. A must-visit.
Beer Cafe (Candleriggs – Merchant City; inside the Merchant Square complex) Wide range of local and imported beers both in bottles and draught form.
The Three Judges (Partick Cross, West End – on the intersection of Byres and Dumbarton Roads – nearest Subway: Kelvinhall). Lovely West End establishment with a continually changing board of ales from all over the UK on tap as well as a cider. They also have a fantastic selection of imported bottled beers in the fridge and Frambozen on tap.
West Brewry Bar (Glasgow Green, East End in the Templeton Building). A Restaurant and micro brewery serving traditional food and German style larger beers.
Pivo Pivo (Waterloo Street). This bar has a very good selection of beers both on tap and bottled. It is also popular for live music as well. Just round the corner for hope street and they proudly don't sell Tennent's.
Other Real Ale bars can be found at the Bon Accord on Charing X, Clockwork BeerCo near Hampden Park, and also The Three Judges on the Dumbarton Road, at the bottom of Byres Road, which has won the CAMRA award (Campaign For Real Ale) most years for the past 2 decades. Also check out The State off Sauchiehall Street is a similarly good ale venue and a cosy proper pub if you're sick of trendy bars.
The city’s large student population means there are no shortage of student bars, with large concentrations around the Merchant City area (for nearby Strathclyde and Glasgow Caledonian universities, aswell as several nearby colleges), and of course Byres Road and Ashton Lane in the West End for Glasgow University. Another cluster (near Glasgow School of Art) exists along the western reaches of Sauchiehall Street, just beyond the pedestrianised section. Some of the most popular student bars are:
The Ark (North Frederick Street – close to George Square) and The Hall (457 Sauchiehall Street - rail: Charing Cross, Subway: St. George's Cross), catering for Strathclyde/Caledonian Universities and Glasgow School of Art respectively are both part of the Scream chain of student pubs with their famous "Yellow Card" promotions. Note that entry may be restricted to NUS cardholders only during peak times.
Strathclyde University Union (90 John Street, Merchant City – short walk from George Square) Notable for once being officially Scotland’s largest pub with 6 bars spread over 10 levels. Entry: £2 for non-members (NUS cardholders - entry fees for event nights may vary, and may be restricted to Strathclyde students)
Glasgow University Union / Queen Margaret Union (GUU – at the bottom of University Avenue nr the junction with Kelvin Way, QM – University Gardens at the top of Ashton Lane) The University of Glasgow's two official student unions are very different, from the “establishment” GUU to the more quirky and laid back QM. Open to matriculating students from any one of the city's three universities.
Nice N Sleazy. (421 Sauchiehall Street – nearest railway: Charing Cross) A great student institution known locally as "Sleazy's" it's a favourite among Glasgow School of Art students, it’s a cross between a bar and a nightclub, and even a coffee shop by day - one of Glasgow’s best established student venues. Live music in the evenings, and just across the road from the seminal Garage nightclub.
ClubClassBus This converted double decker bus with fancy sofa style seating, fancy sound system and Led lighting, visits 3 great central bars on its tour of Glasgow, ending up at one of Glasgow's top nightclubs. It is a great format for Students as well as groups just out to have a great night out. Pre-booking is essential with the tours running most Fridays and Saturdays.
Bath Street has a constantly shifting array of "style bars", which become more numerous as you walk up towards the financial district on Blythswood Hill. The quality varies wildly depending on your taste and tolerance. Some of the best are:
Bar Buddha (408 Sauchiehall Street) – The original branch on St. Vincent Street is now closed - and mourned by its fans for being arguably far more atmospheric than its successor, but still a quirky style bar with bags of character.
Corinthian (Ingram Street – Merchant City – nearest railway: Queen Street) – Wickedly pretentious bar/restaurant converted from and old bank in the centre of Glasgow’s designer shop district with beautifully restored interior fittings. Food served is of a high standard, although drinks can be expensive. Note that a dress code (smart/casual - no sports footwear) is strictly enforced after 6PM.
Hummingbird (186 Bath Street) Newly opened bar/club/restaurant with extremely stylish, avant-garde decor and 4 floors.
Bunker (on the corner of Hope Street and Bath Street) Popular bar with office workers from the nearby financial area, and a good base to start a night out from.
Kushion (158-166 Bath Street; nearest rail - Charing Cross) Meditterrenean basement theme bar, restaurant and nightclub. Close to King Tut's Wah Wah Hut. Student friendly.
Apart from Stravaigin and Brel in the West End (see the Restaurant section above), there are a few gems in and around the city centre.
Strata (At the southern end of Queen Street, near Argyle Street) Award winning gastropub split over two levels. Well known for its cocktail bar.
Babbity Bowsters (16-18 Blackfriars Street – Merchant City; nearest railway - High Street) – Notable for its fine range of imported lagers, the bar meals are excellent. You can even sit outside in the quaint little beer garden (when it is not raining)
As the city centre and West End's bars become ever more sanitized, off-the-peg and tourist-oriented, finding a traditional “boozer” in Glasgow is getting harder. For the tourist who wants to make the effort, they can be great places to discover what many would call the “real” Glasgow, the Glasgow where Glaswegians hang out. The other advantage is that the cost of a drink is often a lot cheaper. Common sense should tell you which ones to try out, and which to avoid!
The Horseshoe Bar(17-19 Drury Street – short walk from Central Station) – Possessing the longest continuous bar in the UK, the rock band Travis used to rehearse upstairs before hitting the big time; as a token of thanks, one of their Brit Awards is displayed behind the bar. Billy Joel has been another famous customer of this establishment when playing in the city.
The Saracen Head (209 Gallowgate – near Glasgow Cross) – nicknamed the “Sarry Heid” by locals, this old school pub (began in 1755, although in a different building) lies at the gateway to the Barrowlands area and the East End. Like all pubs in the area it becomes an exclusive haunt of Celtic fans on match days, and gets very rowdy.
Failte (St Vincent Street; nearest railway: Glasgow Central) - independent Irish themed pub and a good place to have a banter with the locals. Like most Irish themed pubs in the city, it gets impossibly crowded on Celtic match days.
The Scotia Bar (Stockwell Street) One of Glasgow's oldest bars (established 1792). Famous for its folk music and 'traditional' ambiance.
The Clutha Vaults(167 Stockwell Street). Pub specialising in traditional folk and blues: live music five nights a week.
The Alpen Lodge (25 Hope Street). Great little bar with classic fast service and local banter.
Glasgow has a lively scene which centres around the Merchant City area (the so called "Pink Triangle" formed by Revolver, Bennets and the Polo Lounge). The city is gay-friendly, which is shown in the annual "Glasgay" celebrations in October .
AXM (formally Bennets), 80-90 Glassford Street, Glasgow G1 1UR, ☎ +44 141 552 5761, . 6W-Su 11:30PM-3:30AM. This venue is situated over two levels with all you could want from a gay club. Recently taken over by the same company that run the popular AXM nightclub in Manchester.£3-W,Th,Su £5-F&Sa. edit
The Polo Lounge, 84 Wilson St, Glasgow G1 1UZ, ☎ +44 141 553 1221, . M-Th 5PM-1AM, F-Su 5PM-3A. The upstairs bar is tastefully decorated in a Victorian style and is a great place to relax with friends. Downstairs boasts two dance areas, one playing all your pop favourites, the other chart and dance tunes. The crowd here is very mixed.Entry Fee on Fri & Sat Night. edit
Riding Room, 58 Virginia Street, Glasgow G1 1TX, ☎ +44 141 553 2553, . M-Su 5PM-LATE!. Attached on to the Polo Lounge, this newly themed bar is home to live cabaret acts most nights of the week and has a Wild West Saloon theme.edit
Revolver, 6a John Street, Glasgow G1 1JQ (Opposite the Italian Centre and downstairs next door to the 'Gay Chippie'), ☎ +44 141 5532456, . M-Su 11AM-1AM. Mixed and relaxed crowd. Small and friendly bar with a great Pub Quiz on a Sunday afternoon.edit
Milk, 17 John Street, Merchant City, . 7 days, early to late. Cheap and cheerful bar below the Italian Centre. edit
Glasgow, like any other major British city has a multitude of accommodation options to suit all budgets and tastes. Hotel prices in Glasgow are on average, cheaper than Edinburgh (which makes Glasgow a popular choice for staying in during times of high demand in the capital—for instance the annual Festival/Fringe), although there are periods of volatility when Glasgow hotel prices also increase markedly—for example high profile rock concerts, or major Scotland football fixtures, so it pays to try and avoid these periods. Note that the two weeks surrounding the 2014 Commonwealth Games from July 23 to August 3, has made hotel rooms in the city practically non-existent, and exorbitant prices are currently being charged for what little space there is left.
The city is well represented by the major international chains such as Hilton, Holiday Inn and Marriott - and of course the ubiquitous budget motel chains Premier Inn and Travelodge - both have multiple properties in the city centre and on the main arterial roads on the outskirts leading into the city.
Craigendmuir Caravan Park, ☎ +44 141 779-4159, . Stepps, to the east of the city, is probably the nearest camp site and charges about £12.50/night for a two people in a tent. A train journey from Stepps to Glasgow Queen Street takes about 20 min.about £12.50/night. edit
Accommodation in this section is Stag and Hen friendly and, therefore, best avoided by those looking for a quiet night.
Smith's Hotel, 963 Sauchiehall St. G3 7TQ, ☎ +44 141 339-7674, . checkin: 11:00-23:59; checkout: 11:00-11:30. Warm and friendly family-run hotel set in an elegant Victorian town house a short walking distance from Kelvingrove Park. Bond system in place in which as you arrive everyone pays a bond and it is returned once the rooms have been checked and satisfactory.£30-35. edit
Amadeus Guest House, 411 North Woodside Road, Kelvinbridge (Kelvinbridge Underground, just off Great Western Road, M8 Junction 17), ☎ +44 141 339-8257 (email@example.com, fax: +44 141 339-8859), . checkin: 2 pm; checkout: 11 am. At the heart of Glasgow's West End, offers family run friendly guest accommodation and breakfast, in bright, clean and airy rooms. Wifi available at a small charge.from £24.00. edit
Holiday Inn Express Glasgow City Centre Riverside, 122 Stockwell Street, ☎ 44 141 548-5000 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . In the heart of Glasgow, a modern hotel with 128 air conditioned guest rooms, licensed bar, free hot breakfast and WiFi.edit
Glasgow Youth Hostel (SYHA), 8 Park Terrace (Catch the number 44A bus from Hope St. Get off at the first stop on Woodlands Road. Go up the hill at Lynedoch St and follow the road to the left. The hostel is on the right hand side on Park Terrace.), ☎ +44 141 332 3004, . checkin: 2PM. 150 beds split into dorms and family/private rooms (all en-suite).From £13. edit
Euro Hostel, 318 Clyde St, ☎ +44 141 222 2828, . Right in the centre of town. Has dorm beds, private rooms, doubles and twins.Starting at £10.00. Private rooms from £20.00. edit
Blue Sky, 65 Berkeley St, ☎ 44 141 221 1710, . Hostel with dorm accommodation. Dorm beds and double rooms available.£10 to £15. edit
Bunkum Backpackers Hostel, 26 Hillhead St, ☎ 141 581 4481, . Hostel with dorm accommodation from £12. No curfew or lockout, free linen is provided. Moderately equipped kitchen. Small independent hostel on a quiet street near the vibrant West End.£12 and up. edit
1883 Guest House, 58 Glenapp St (100m Pollokshields East Rail), ☎ 07775 832 461, . Small friendly guest house 3 km from city centre, easy public transport and on-street parking.£25-40. edit
Beersbridge Lodge Guesthouse, 50 Bentinck Street, ☎ +44 141 338 6666, . Overlooks the Kelvingrove Park in Central Glasgow, just 50 yards from Sauchiehall Street. Full central heating and a friendly atmosphere. All rooms are double with en-suite facilities, tea/coffee making facilities and colour TVs with Sky Satellite.edit
Campus Accommodation – University of Strathclyde, 50 Richmond Street, ☎ +44 141 553 4148, . checkin: 13:00; checkout: 10:00. These budget ensuite or standard (shared bathroom and toilet) rooms are provided by the university. These rooms are extremely popular for budget travellers. The rooms are basically for university students but are open to the public during vacations. The location is excellent and next to Glasgow Cathedral. The nearest train station is Glasgow High street, and therefore links to Glasgow Central and Exhibition Centre stations. Very handy for conference participants. Local supermarkets and resturants are within 1/4 miles walk. Unfortunately the rooms don't provide internet access, and you may have go to either internet cafes, local pubs or chained restaurants to get access to internet.£36.50 per en-suite room. edit
Ibis Budget Glasgow, 2a Springfield Quay, G5 8NP GLASGOW, ☎ (+44)0141 429 8013, . Ibis budget Hotel Glasgow is a low-cost hotel situated in central Glasgow. This Glasgow hotel puts you close to the shopping and nightlife of the city centre, 15 minute walk to the SECC and easy access to the M8.edit
Ibis Glasgow City Centre, 220 West Regent Street, G2 4DQ, ☎ (+44)1416199000 (email@example.com, fax: (+44)141/2256010), . Ibis Glasgow City Centre hotel is a stylish budget hotel, located in central Glasgow.edit
Park Inn by Radisson Glasgow City Centre, 139 - 141 West George Street G2 2JJ, ☎ 0141 221 1211 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: 0141 225 0021), . Fairly central, the hotel offers amenities like Free high-speed, wireless Internet, individual climate control, tea and coffee provisions and flat-screen television. Enjoy international favourites and local fare at the all-day restaurant. From £66. edit
The Victorian House, 212 Renfrew St. Small Hotel.Beds between £25-40. edit
Holiday Inn Express Glasgow Airport, St Andrews Drive, Glasgow Airport, ☎ 44 141 842 1100 (email@example.com), . Modern hotel, 2 minutes from Glasgow Airport, providing comfortable air conditioned guest rooms, free breakfast and WiFi.edit
Ibis Glasgow, 220 West Regent Street (Near Blythswood Square - nearest railway station: Charing Cross), ☎ +44 141 225 6000, . Glasgow branch of this popular French 3-star chain.£55-60 per night for a double room. edit
Jurys Inn, 80 Jamaica Street (Nearest Railway - Glasgow Central, Nearest Subway - St Enoch), ☎ +44 141 314 4800. Popular chain hotel centrally located near Central Station and Argyle Street.£70-80 per night for a double room. edit
The Devoncove Hotel, 931 Sauchiehall St. A non-too-modern hotel located at the further end of the street from the city centre. Double rooms, including Scottish breakfast from £25. Clean and comfortable, as one would expect for that price, but don't expect 5 star treatment! Buses to the city centre for £1.10.Double rooms starting at £25. edit
Swallow Glasgow, 517 Paisley Road West, ☎ +44 141 427 3146 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Situated near the SECC and Glasgow Airport on the outskirts of Glasgow offering restaurant and leisure facilities.edit
City Inn Glasgow, Finnieston Quay, ☎ +44 141 240 1002, . A central boutique hotel offers a restaurant, bar, meeting venue and events.
SACO Apartments, 53 Cochrane Street, ☎ 0845 122 04 05, . Great alternative to a hotel and perfect for business travel; also a stone's throw away from a number of trendy bars and restaurants.edit
Mercure Glasgow City Hotel, 201 Ingram Street G1 1DQ GLASGOW, . Mercure Glasgow City hotel is a 3 star hotel close to the vibrant hub and cultural attractions of the city centre. The hotel is near Ingram Street in Glasgow's upmarket Merchant City.edit
Crowne Plaza, Congress Road, Finnieston (Next to SECC/Clyde Auditorium - nearest railway: Exhibition Centre), ☎ +44 780 4431691, . checkin: 2.00PM; checkout: 12.00PM. 4-star hotel on the riverbank and next door to the SECC complex.Double rooms from £80-£90/night. edit
Glasgow Grand Central, 99 Gordon Street (Adjoins onto the side of Central Station), ☎ +44 871 508 8768, . This grandiose olde worlde railway hotel - once one of the city's most prestigious hotels - has been recently refurbished and restored to its former glory.from £79. edit
Marriott Glasgow, 500 Argyle Street (Next to Kingston Bridge - nearest railway: Glasgow Central/Anderston), ☎ +44 141 226 5577, . 4-star hotel in the financial district, with good access to the city centre and West End.Double rooms from £70-£90/night. edit
Radisson Blu Hotel, 301 Argyle St (On the corner of Argyle Street and Hope Street/Oswald Street, nearest railway - Glasgow Central), ☎ +44 141 204 3333, . 5-star hotel located on the edge of the financial district and literally next door to Central railway station - noted for its distinctive copper facade.Double rooms from £140/night. edit
Carlton George Hotel, 44 West George Street (Next to Queen Street railway station), ☎ +44 141 353 6373, . 4-Star Boutique hotel located in the heart of the city - on George Square and near Buchanan Street and the City Chambers.Double rooms from £125/night. edit
Hilton Glasgow, 1 William Street (Nearest railway stations - Charing Cross/Anderston), ☎ +44 141 204 5555, . 5-Star luxury hotel in the centre of the financial district, with easy access to the M8 motorway and Glasgow Airport.Double rooms from £130/night. edit
Hilton Grosvenor, 1-9 Grosvenor Terrace (On the corner of Byres Road and Great Western Road - nearest subway: Hillhead), ☎ +44 141 339 8811, . Hilton's other Glasgow branch in the heart of the West End with easy access to centre and local attractions.Double rooms from £140/night. edit
Hotel du Vin at One Devonshire Gardens, 1 Devonshire Gardens (Great Western Road) (About 1/2 mile from the intersection of Byres Road and Great Western Road), ☎ +44 141 339 2001, . One of Scotland's most exclusive hotels - popular with celebrities.Suites from £250+ /night. edit
Malmaison Glasgow, 278 West George Street (City centre, short walk from either Central or Queen Street stations), ☎ +44 141 572 1000, . Modern boutique hotel located in a former Episcopal Church.Suites from £195/night. edit
Blythswood Square, 11 Blythswood Square (nearest railway Charing Cross/Central), ☎ +44 141 208 2458 (email@example.com), . Brand new 5-star boutique hotel and spa converted from the old Royal Scottish Automobile Club headquarters in Blythswood Square.Rooms from £125/night, Suites from £315/night. edit
Novotel Glasgow Centre, 181 Pitt Street, G2 4DT, ☎ (+44)141/6199001 (H3136@accor.com, fax: (+44)141/2045438), . The 4 star Novotel Glasgow Centre Hotel is a comfortable and stylish base to visit the best of the city's nightlife & shopping and the SECC.edit
The emergency contact number in Glasgow is the same as the rest of the UK: 999, but the (newly re-organised) Police can be contacted for "non-emergencies" by dialling 101 from anywhere within Scotland.
Glasgow is like any other big city: it has safe areas and less safe areas, and the basic common sense rules apply. The centre of Glasgow is very safe and you should not encounter any problems. All of the city centre and tourist areas are well policed. During the day, the City Centre also has many 'information officers' in red hats and jackets who should be able to assist you if needed. Despite what its local reputation may be, being a Western European city, Glasgow ranks among one of the safest cities in the world. Glasgow does indeed have some very dangerous areas - particularly in some northern and eastern suburbs - where drug related crime for instance is rife, but these are well away from the centre and it would be impossible to venture into them unless you were making a conscious effort to do so.
Crime in the city centre is usually limited to drunken and rowdy behaviour late in the evenings - hotspots include the southern end of Hope Street next to Central Station, and under the 'Heilanman's Umbrella', the railway bridge over Argyle Street adjacent to Central Station; and the western end of Sauchiehall Street which have large concentrations of bars and nightclubs. There is usually a heavy police presence anyway in these areas on Friday and Saturday nights to defuse any problems. The West End fares better, but be aware that the back streets off Byres Road and around the University can quickly disorientate a stranger unfamiliar with the area in the hours of darkness.
Although you'll see it being worn everywhere by the locals, if you buy any piece of Celtic or Rangers-related clothing as a souvenir, be wary of wearing it in public as it can lead to confrontation - particularly in the evenings. Most bars and clubs in the centre of the city universally ban all football colours, regardless of team. In the past, there has been violent encounters and even killings with locals, so it is always best to wear them away from Glasgow. Either way, football shirts from any club have been banned in schools across the city.
Whereas prostitution/sex work is legal in Scotland, both 'soliciting' (ie prostitutes accosting potential customers in public) and 'kerb crawling' ('punters' driving or walking around obviously looking for sex workers) is illegal; so avoid driving/walking around obvious red light districts. The main trouble spots in the city have historically been the Blythswood Hill and Anderston areas close to the M8 motorway - a busy office district by day, but usually deserted in the evenings and on weekends. 'Running a brothel' is also illegal, so 'massage parlours' and brothels can be and are 'busted' by the police. If you are in a brothel/'massage parlour' which is raided by the police you may be taken into custody and asked questions you don't want to answer. Avoid such places.
For more information, contact Police Scotland. There is one Non-Emergency number 101 to contact the police wherever you are in Scotland for matters that don't require immediate police attention. For emergencies, dial 999.
The UK's National Health Service (NHS) will provide emergency treatment for anyone in the UK, irrespective of whether they reside in the UK. In a medical emergency, dial 999 or 112. These numbers are free of charge from any telephone. For advice on non-emergency medical problems, you can ring the 24 hour NHS 24 service on 08454 242424.
If you should fall ill or have an accident, then the two closest hospitals to the centre of the city with an Accident & Emergency (A&E) department are as follows:
Glasgow Royal Infirmary is on the north east corner of the city centre (just to the north of Glasgow Cathedral). The location of the hospital is well signposted on all major roads, and is just off Junction 15 of the M8 motorway.
The Western Infirmary is in the heart of the West End on Dumbarton Road (Nearest Subway: Kelvinhall), adjacent to Glasgow University and Kelvingrove Museum.
If you are travelling with a laptop then you will find broadband internet access in the rooms of most, but not all, medium to high end hotels. If this is important to you, check before booking. Alternatively, there are many Wi-Fi hot spots in and around Glasgow and WiFinder provides a register.
There are also several places that offer web and other internet access if you are travelling without a laptop. These include:
Yeeha Internet, 48 West George Street (30 seconds from Queen Street Station), +44 141 332 6543.
i-Cafe, 15 Gibson Street (2mins from Woodlands Rd, West End), +44 141 339 3333.
Glasgow Coffeeshop (SYHA) -- 8 Park Terrace, 2 internet terminals available in the basement cafe of Glasgow Youth Hostel, non-residents welcome +44 141 332 8299.
The Goat is a nicely appointed bar which also offers free & unlimited wi-fi access & has a laptop available for loan. Excellent bar food also available. Argyll St. Near Kelvingrove Gallery & the Museum of Transport.
Offshore Coffee Shop, Gibson Street, beside the River Kelvin in the west end. Offers free wireless access and has good coffee. There is also an art gallery in the basement.
Starbucks on Buchanan Street and other locations has free WiFi
Visit Loch Lomond and climb the nearby Ben Lomond (the most southerly Munro) for great views. It is a 40 minute drive on the A82 road from the West End, and trains to Balloch (on the southern shore of the loch) leave Queen Street (Low Level) every half hour. Tarbet and Ardlui on the northern part of the loch are accessible via the West Highland Railway from Queen Street (High Level).
Take a boat trip outside the city, either on a powerboat  or on the Waverley (the last seagoing paddle steamer in the world) . Both of these services go to many destinations throughout Scotland.
Take a seaplane trip to Loch Lomond, or even further afield 
Edinburgh, Scotland's capital city, is 46 miles to the east of Glasgow and is easily reachable by train or by bus.
The historic city of Stirling lies 28 miles to the north east of Glasgow - best known as the spiritual home of Scottish national heroes William Wallace and Robert The Bruce. A natural gateway to the Central Highlands, the city’s famous castle is well worth a visit. Trains leave every half hour from Queen Street (High Level) railway station, and is easily reached by car or bus via the M80 motorway.
Walk the West Highland Way from Milngavie (an upmarket suburb of Glasgow) all the way to Fort William. The scenery on the latter half of the walk is absolutely breathtaking and takes you through the heart of Glen Coe, generally regarded as one of the most beautiful areas of Scotland. Reachable via train from Queen Street (Low Level).
The Ayrshire coast towns of Largs, Ardrossan, Saltcoats, Troon, Prestwick and Ayr are typically old fashioned holiday seaside resorts. Whilst most Glaswegians themselves have long abandoned them in favour of package holidays to the Mediterranean, they all have an individual charm of their own. South Ayrshire is the spiritual home to Scotland's literary hero and national "bard", Robert Burns. All are easily reachable via regular train services from Central Station.
Take a day-trip to the Isle of Arran. It is possible to obtain train/ferry combo tickets to reach this destination. The Isle of Arran is known as "Scotland in Miniature" due to the fact it contains many features of mainland Scotland in microcosm. Brodick Castle is home to beautiful gardens and has a path connecting to path up Goatfell, the highest point on Arran which offers stunning views of Brodick bay during the summer (Castle is located at the north end of Brodick, student discount available). The island is also littered with sites of archaeological and historical interest including many circles of ancient standing stones. Take one of the circle island buses to see it all, watch your time though- know the last bus and ferry of the day. There is a beautiful bay with a castle in the middle on the northeast in a village called Lochranza.
Take a day trip on the paddle steamer Waverley . You can catch the Waverley at the Broomielaw on the banks of the River Clyde, just a short walk from the city centre.
Owned by the National Trust for Scotland Greenbank House and Gardens  make for a pleasant day out in one of Glasgow's leafier suburbs. It's a 30 minute walk from Clarkston railway station (catch the train from Central Station (high level)). The gardens have proven to be an inspiration to gardeners throughout the world.
A short (30-40min) bus journey West-bound down the M8 towards Houston is a good day out. Houston is a traditional Scottish village steeped in history (and is nearby to both traditional leather tanning town Bridge-Of-Weir and upmarket Kilmacolm, home to many local celebrities), but its main draw is the Fox & Hounds Pub, home to Houston Brewing Company . You'd be amazed how many Glaswegians have made this same short journey to sample the ale and traditional Scottish beers of Houston! Several brews are available all year round, with seasonal specialties on tap depending on the month. Tours of the small but well respected brewing operation are available. This is one of Central Scotland's most well regarded brewing communities, and well worth a trip. Houston is well served by two bus companies, but watch out as the service back into Glasgow is around 11PM.
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