Gamla (Hebrew:גמלא) is a Nature Reserve and Archaeological Site in the Golan Heights.
'Gamla' means a "camel" in Aramaic, the name of the hill top location clearly taking its name from a resemblance to a camel's hump.
Gamla was the capital of the Golan Heights in the 1st century. In the year 66, along with other Jewish cities in the region, it launched a rebellion against Roman rule. After a siege the city was conquered, and its inhabitants were either killed or threw themselves from the cliff at the edge of the city. Nowadays the city has been partly excavated, and fortifications as well as a synagogue can be seen.
Flora and fauna
Turn off the Sea of Galilee road at Gamla junction and then take Route 869 to Daliyot junction, turning north after about 2 km. A signposted dirt road leads to the reserve.