Galkacyo is located in Central Somalia, and remains one of the most developed cities in the region.
The city has a north/south divide and a small airport, which has been the center of controversy for many years. During the time of the Italian occupation, the city was referred to as Gallacaio, and later, as Rocca Littorio.
Galkacyo is also home to several media outlets. These include Radio Gaalkacyo (formerly Radio Free Somalia), which is affiliated with the Puntland government and with the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF), as well as Radio Codka Nabadda, Radio Daljir, Radio Hikma and Radio Codka Mudug, the latter of which is affiliated with the the Galmudug sub-region and the former United Somali Congress (USC).
Districts: Galkacyo consists of the following districts: