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Mindong phrasebook

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The Mindong (闽东 Mǐn dōng; Eastern Min) dialect, often called Fuzhou Hua (福州话 Fúzhōu huà; Fuzhou speech), is spoken in the region around Fuzhou and also has a large number of speakers in the northern coastal areas of Fujian province. It is also spoken on the Taiwan-controlled island of Matsu. There are dialectal variations; the Mindong dialects in Fuzhou and Fu'an, which are only about 4 hours apart by car, are not mutually intelligible, though the Fuzhou dialect is considered to be the prestige dialect of Mindong.

In Malaysia and Singapore, it is a fairly common language and is known as Hokchiu (the Mindong word for Fuzhou).

There are also some speakers of Fuzhou Hua around the world. Fujian province has always been outward-looking, involved in trade and a source of emigrants. For the last twenty years or so, the Fuzhou region has been the main source of illegal Chinese immigrants worldwide, and Fuzhou hua can now be heard anywhere from a Tapei brothel to a New York restaurant.

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Common diphthongs[edit]

Phrase list[edit]

Basics[edit]

Common signs

OPEN 
CLOSED 
ENTRANCE 
EXIT 
PUSH 
PULL 
TOILET 
MEN 
WOMEN 
FORBIDDEN 


Hello. 
你好. (nü hou)
Hello. (informal
. ( )
How are you? 
 ? (ni eho meh ?)
Fine, thank you. 
. (ngui eho ar )
What is your name? 
 ? (ni mian nor mian ?)
My name is ______ . 
ngui mian hor ______ . ( _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
. (zin hor kien min ni )
Please. 
. (chian, lai )
Thank you. 
. (kan sia )
You're welcome. 
. (huang nging nee )
Yes. 
. (si )
No. 
. (eni )
Excuse me. (getting attention
. ( )
Excuse me. (begging pardon
. (tui pu chii )
I'm sorry. 
. (tui puh chii )
Goodbye 
. ( )
Goodbye (informal
. ( )
I can't speak name of language [well]. 
[ ]. (ngui meh hiu kon [hok chiu ua ])
Do you speak English? 
 ? (nii ek hiu kon ing uh meh?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
 ? (uh nen jin ner eh hiu kon ing uh meh ?)
Help! 
 ! (kiu mian ngo !)
Look out! 
 ! (chii yii or !)
Good morning. 
. ( )
Good evening. 
. ( )
Good night. 
. ( )
Good night (to sleep
. (tuon man kon min )
I don't understand. 
. (ngui meh hui ee )
Where is the toilet? 
 ? (poon ka n tue tuon / tei ?)

Problems[edit]

Leave me alone. 
. ( .)
Don't touch me! 
 ! ( !)
I'll call the police. 
. (ngui kio ma lak .) (Malaysia
Police! 
 ! (Ma lak or!)
Stop! Thief! 
 ! ! (nia chek or! !)
I need your help. 
. (Kiu mian na or ) - "save my life"
It's an emergency. 
. ( .)
I'm lost. 
. (ngui meh pek tuo .)
I lost my bag. 
. (ngui li pou-pou mor wo .)
I lost my wallet. 
. ( ngui li jien pou mor wo.)
I'm sick. 
. (ngui paan nguo .)
I've been injured. 
. (ngui siong nguo .)
I need a doctor. 
. (ngui ai kan ee len .)
Can I use your phone? 
 ? (chian jio nii li tien hua la, eh lei meh ?)

Numbers[edit]

(ik )
(ni )
(san )
(si )
(ngu )
(lerk )
(chik )
(pek )
(gou )
10 
(sek )
11 
(sek ik )
12 
(sek ni )
13 
(sek san )
14 
( sek si)
15 
(sek ngu )
16 
(sek lerk )
17 
(sek chik )
18 
(sek pek )
19 
(sek gou )
20 
(ni sek )
21 
(niek ik )
22 
(niek ni )
23 
(niek san )
30 
(san nek )
40 
(silek )
50 
(ngulek )
60 
(lerksek )
70 
(chiksek )
80 
(peksek )
90 
(goulek )
100 
(suo pa )
200 
(lam pa )
300 
(sam pa )
1,000 
(suo chien )
2,000 
(lan chien )
1,000,000 
(suo pa wan )
1,000,000,000 
(suo pa ee )
1,000,000,000,000 
(suo wan ee )
number _____ (train, bus, etc.) 
( hor ma)
half 
(puan )
less 
(chiu )
more 
(seh )

Time[edit]

Chian ghao

now 
chian ghao / ji buang
later 
di nian / di lang ngar
before 
taul lin
morning 
zha lao / zha yi
afternoon 
ah lao
evening 
paon man
night 
mum mao / mang muong


Clock time[edit]

one o'clock AM 
( )
two o'clock AM 
( )
noon 
( )
one o'clock PM 
( )
two o'clock PM 
( )
midnight 
( )

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s) 
hun chiun
_____ hour(s) 
chiun
_____ day(s) 
nhia
_____ week(s) 
liah why
_____ month(s) guhao
_____ year(s) 
( )

Days[edit]

today 
ghin naun
yesterday 
jaow nih
tomorrow 
min naun
this week 
ji yah liah why
last week 
sing laoh liah why
next week 
ah lia why
Sunday 
liah why
Monday 
phia e
Tuesday 
phia ni
Wednesday 
phia san
Thursday 
phia sie
Friday 
phia ghuao
Saturday 
phia lheight

Months[edit]

January 
e ghuah
February 
ni ghuah
March 
san ghuah
April 
csie ghuah
May 
ghu ghuah
June 
lheight ghua
July 
( )
August 
( )
September 
( )
October 
( )
November 
( )
December 
( )

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors[edit]

black 
( u)
white 
(pak )
gray 
( )
red 
( oing)
blue 
(lang )
yellow 
( uong)
green 
( chang)
orange 
( )
purple 
( )
brown 
( kor)

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

How much is a ticket to _____? 
( )
One ticket to _____, please. 
( )
Where does this train/bus go? 
( )
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
( )
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
( )
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
( )
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
( )

Directions[edit]

How do I get to _____ ? 
( )
...the train station? 
( )
...the bus station? 
( )
...the airport? 
( )
...downtown? 
( )
...the youth hostel? 
( )
...the _____ hotel? 
( )
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
( )
Where are there a lot of... 
( )
...hotels? 
( )
...restaurants? 
( )
...bars? 
( )
...sites to see? 
( )
Can you show me on the map? 
( )
street 
( )
Turn left. 
( )
Turn right. 
( )
left 
( )
right 
( )
straight ahead 
( )
towards the _____ 
( )
past the _____ 
( )
before the _____ 
( )
Watch for the _____. 
( )
intersection 
( )
north 
( )
south 
( )
east 
( )
west 
( )
uphill 
( )
downhill 
( )

Taxi[edit]

Taxi! 
( )
Take me to _____, please. 
( )
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
( )
Take me there, please. 
( )

Lodging[edit]

Do you have any rooms available? 
( )
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
( )
Does the room come with... 
( )
...bedsheets? 
( )
...a bathroom? 
( )
...a telephone? 
( )
...a TV? 
( )
May I see the room first? 
( )
Do you have anything quieter? 
( )
...bigger? 
( )
...cleaner? 
( )
...cheaper? 
( )
OK, I'll take it. 
( )
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
( )
Can you suggest another hotel? 
( )
Do you have a safe? 
( )
...lockers? 
( )
Is breakfast/supper included? 
( )
What time is breakfast/supper? 
( )
Please clean my room. 
( )
Can you wake me at _____? 
( )
I want to check out. 
( )

Money[edit]

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
( )
Do you accept British pounds? 
( )
Do you accept Euros? 
( )
Do you accept credit cards? 
( )
Can you change money for me? 
( )
Where can I get money changed? 
( )
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
( )
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
( )
What is the exchange rate? 
( )
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
( )

Eating[edit]

A table for one person/two people, please. 
( )
Can I look at the menu, please? 
( )
Can I look in the kitchen? 
( )
Is there a house specialty? 
( )
Is there a local specialty? 
( )
I'm a vegetarian. 
( )
I don't eat pork. 
( )
I don't eat beef. 
( )
I only eat kosher food. 
( )
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
( )
fixed-price meal 
( )
a la carte 
( )
breakfast 
( )
lunch 
( )
tea (meal
( )
supper 
( )
I want _____. 
( )
I want a dish containing _____. 
( )
chicken 
( )
beef 
( )
fish 
( )
ham 
( )
sausage 
( )
cheese 
( )
eggs 
( )
salad 
( )
(fresh) vegetables 
( )
(fresh) fruit 
( )
bread 
( )
toast 
( )
noodles 
( )
rice 
( )
beans 
( )
May I have a glass of _____? 
( )
May I have a cup of _____? 
( )
May I have a bottle of _____? 
( )
coffee 
( )
tea (drink
( )
juice 
( )
(bubbly) water 
( )
(still) water 
( )
beer 
( )
red/white wine 
( )
May I have some _____? 
( )
salt 
( )
black pepper 
( )
butter 
( )
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
( )
I'm finished. 
( )
It was delicious. 
( )
Please clear the plates. 
( )
The check, please. 
( )

Bars[edit]

Do you serve alcohol? 
( )
Is there table service? 
( )
A beer/two beers, please. 
( )
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
( )
A pint, please. 
( )
A bottle, please. 
( )
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
( )
whiskey 
( )
vodka 
( )
rum 
( )
water 
( )
club soda 
( )
tonic water 
( )
orange juice 
( )
Coke (soda
( )
Do you have any bar snacks? 
( )
One more, please. 
( )
Another round, please. 
( )
When is closing time? 
( )
Cheers! 
( )

Shopping[edit]

Do you have this in my size? 
( )
How much is this? 
( )
That's too expensive. 
( )
Would you take _____? 
( )
expensive 
( )
cheap 
( )
I can't afford it. 
( )
I don't want it. 
( )
You're cheating me. 
( )
I'm not interested. 
(..)
OK, I'll take it. 
( )
Can I have a bag? 
( )
Do you ship (overseas)? 
( )
I need... 
( )
...toothpaste. 
( )
...a toothbrush. 
( )
...tampons. 
. ( )
...soap. 
( )
...shampoo. 
( )
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
( )
...cold medicine. 
( )
...stomach medicine. 
... ( )
...a razor. 
( )
...an umbrella. 
( )
...sunblock lotion. 
( )
...a postcard. 
( )
...postage stamps. 
( )
...batteries. 
( )
...writing paper. 
( )
...a pen. 
( )
...English-language books. 
( )
...English-language magazines. 
( )
...an English-language newspaper. 
( )
...an English-English dictionary. 
( )

Driving[edit]

I want to rent a car. 
( )
Can I get insurance? 
( )
stop (on a street sign
( )
one way 
( )
yield 
( )
no parking 
( )
speed limit 
( )
gas (petrol) station 
( )
petrol 
( )
diesel 
( )

Authority[edit]

I haven't done anything wrong. 
( )
It was a misunderstanding. 
( )
Where are you taking me? 
( )
Am I under arrest? 
( )
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
( )
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
( )
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
( )
Can I just pay a fine now? 
( )

Learning more[edit]

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