Freiburg im Breisgau, or more commonly "Freiburg" is known as the "Jewel of the Black Forest." By German standards it is a major city in southwest Germany, situated on the edge of the Black Forest. When ordering train tickets and similar items online, be careful not to confuse Freiburg (im Breisgau) with Freiburg (an der Elbe) or Fribourg in Switzerland.
Lying in a secluded wine-rich corner of the German state of Baden-Württemberg, Freiburg is a laid-back, beautiful university city. Known throughout Germany for Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg, good weather, and vineyards, Freiburg is considered by Germans to be a desirable place to live.
Due to its secluded location at the border triangle of Germany, France, and Switzerland, and being fairly removed from any other larger German cities, locals will frequently go shopping in France and Switzerland for their respective native products and go to museums and theaters in Basel or Zürich. One can find a strong local patriotism, which shows itself in the anthem of Baden (a former independent state), which can be heard more often than the national anthem.
Although Freiburg itself is not a major tourist destination or a large city, it can serve as a relatively inexpensive base from which to explore much of central Europe. Thanks to its excellent connections via rail and road to the outside world, Freiburg can easily allow to travel to all of Switzerland, Germany, Austria, the Benelux countries, and France with little trouble and at good prices. If you plan on an extended stay or travel to these destinations, it can be a welcoming base to return to after each segment of your journey, with more than enough to entertain you for a few days while you stay in Freiburg.
The closest airport with a good selection of international destinations is the "Euroairport" Basel/Mulhouse/Freiburg (IATA: BSL, MLH, EAP), although it has much fewer connections than the airports in Frankfurt or Zürich. Buses run frequently from Basel airport to Freiburg. Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden airport (IATA: FKB) is also close to Freiburg and has some international flights to various cities through RyanAir, Air Berlin, and a few other discount airlines. It is a short, 40-minute train ride to the north of the city, but you will have to connect by bus at the train station, which will add extra time to your journey. You will need to plan ahead to make the trip easier, and Deutsche Bahn's website  can give you approximate connection times with bus services; fortunately the buses to the airport make change. Another possible airport is Stuttgart (IATA: STR), which has less convenient train connections but is much closer than Frankfurt.
Most visitors to Freiburg will probably arrive via Frankfurt Airport or Zürich airport, both about a 2-hour train ride away with direct connections. InterCityExpress (ICE) trains leave in the direction of Freiburg almost every hour from the Fernbahnhof (long-distance train station) in Frankfurt Airport. Just follow the signs once you arrive and buy your ticket at the Deutsche Bahn Reisezentrum (DB Travel Center). Most trains travel directly to Freiburg, although a few require a train change in Mannheim. Booking ahead online can result in substantial savings; the train ticket from Frankfurt Airport to Freiburg starts from €29, although the ticket requires the passenger to use the specific train selected during booking. If you purchase in advance, you will need the paper ticket and the credit or debit card used to purchase the ticket. If your plane is late, you will have to buy a new ticket at the standard price! A standard, full price, one-way ticket from the DB office at the Fernbahnhof to Freiburg is €62.
Freiburg Hauptbahnhof is situated close to the inner city. Frequent connections run to the north towards Frankfurt and south to Basel, with fast ICE trains leaving in each direction each hour. Again, planning ahead can get cheap fares of €29 each way. From the Hauptbahnhof, you have direct access to the Tram (streetcar) which runs directly overhead the main station and offers an easy route into the city. The Hauptbahnhof is also within easy walking distance of the inner city and several good hotels. Main direct destinations include:
Frankfurt and Frankfurt Airport (Flughafen), 2 hours
Local and regional trains can be good for day trips or for traveling to nearby cities. In the main station ask for the Ländertickets or the Regio tickets. Such tickets can be used by a group of up to 5 persons in the RB, RE and S-Bahn trains as well as for local transport. They are a much cheaper alternative for a group of travelers going to cities nearby or going for a day trip.
Freiburg is connected to the German autobahn system via autobahn A 5, running along the Rhine Valley from south to north, starting at the Swiss border. It also is accessible through the Black Forest via federal highway B 31. To France it takes about 30 minutes by car. To Switzerland it is about 40 minutes. Heidelberg is a 1.5 hour car ride to the north, using A 5. Lake Constance is reachable in two hours via B 31.
It's not recommended, if you are coming from north to get off at Schauinsland petrol station. But if you get stuck there you can walk to the next village (Hochdorf) and take the bus 25 or 36 to Freiburg to reach the center within 40 min. Try to find someone in Mahlberg, Baden Baden or Bruchsal who is going straight there. The motorway doesn't go directly through the city so drivers are unlikely to go 15 km extra just to drop you off in the city if they want to continue their trip. If you are coming from the south you can get off at the Breisgau service station. There shouldn't be a problem with finding someone who is going into town.
Another, though not the best solution, is to get off at exit 61 Freiburg Nord of A 5. The driver can easily make a U-turn and get back on the motorway here (if it's not a truck). There's not really much room to stop, so you'll have to ask people stopping on the red light, most of them will be going to the city. Better don't go there if you're not alone, as you'll have to hop in very quickly.
The best way to get around Freiburg is by use of public transportation and walking. Freiburg has an excellent, but slightly expensive, bus and tram system.
The public transportation network is operated by several companies, but ticketing is unified among the local RVF transportation association. Tickets can be used on all buses, trams, and local trains in the area. The RVF area is divided into three zones on which the ticket price depends. A single ride is €2.20 for Zone A (Freiburg city area), €3.80 for Zone A/B and €5.40 for Zone A/B/C. You can buy a pack of eight tickets for €15.40 valid within Zone A from the VAG Pluspunkt shop, located near the Martinstor downtown. In the shop you can also pick up tickets using a point system: 20 points cost €13.70 and in each direction you will use 3 points in Zone A, 5 points if you cross into Zone B, and 7 points if you cross into Zone C. You will most likely only use the tram and bus systems in Zone A for the majority of your stay. If you come for a short stay or a weekend, buy a Regio 24 ticket which will give you 24-hour unlimited travel within Zone A for one person for €5.50 and up to five people for €9.90. The Regio 24 is also available for 2 or 3 zones. These tickets will allow you to use all of the public transport within Freiburg, and you are also allowed to take the DB Regio trains that service the greater region. Timetables and tickets can be found on the VAG Freiburg website .
Biking is another convenient way of getting around, and Freiburg's sidewalks and streets have dedicated bike lanes. Many of Freiburg's citizens use their bikes and you can easily get a real feel for the city this way. Bikes can be rented at various shops, the most convenient for tourists being the Mobile at the main railway station (Hauptbahnhof).
Most of Freiburg's important sights are situated close to each other in the inner city. You can cross the inner city by walking in about 10-15 minutes or by riding the tram. Although passengers are rarely controlled, riding without a valid ticket (Schwarzfahren) incurs a €40 fine. Passengers without tickets my be forcibly restrained and removed from the train. The same applies for regional trains, which are controlled about 25% of the time. Those repeatedly caught without a valid ticket can face court orders, as it is considered a criminal offence.
If you have rented a car or drive to Freiburg, you will be able to quickly access most areas with your car. Be aware that parking is relatively expensive but there are many garages available where you can park and then walk to nearby destinations. Like most European cities, use of automobiles is limited in some parts of the inner city, and bike riders must walk their bikes.
Münster cathedral is Freiburg's biggest sight in the city, one of the oldest and most beautiful in all of Europe. The gargoyles are not to be missed - be sure to study every corner of the Münster. Make the effort to climb the stairs to the top of the tower for the fabulous views (€1.50). Every day in the morning until 13:00 Mon-Fri and 13:30 Saturday, there is a market on the square surrounding the church. Visit on Saturday morning, as it then will be the biggest and nicest. Vendors are pleasant and sell local produce and goods. Buy a Bratwurst mit Brötchen (Bratwurst in a bun) or Currywurst for around €2.20. It will be an inexpensive, authentic, and delicious lunch or snack.
Bächle are small canals with crisscross the streets of the inner city. These canals were once meant as a way to fight fires in medieval Freiburg. The locals say that if you accidentally fall or step into one, you will marry a Freiburg resident.
Schwabentor. One of two remaining old city gates.
Martinstor. The other old city gate, which is well known locally for the McDonald's next door which has placed its logo on the gate.
Altes Kaufhaus, located at the square surrounding the Münster.
Rathäuser. The historic and current city halls are about a five minute walk from the Münster.
Augustinermuseum – The new Augustiner Museum houses a renowned art collection with works ranging from the Middle Ages up to the Baroque period, as well as paintings from the 19th century.
Naturmuseum und ethnologische Sammlung (Museum of Natural History)
Seepark. A man-made lake and a popular escape from the urban housing estate of Betzenhausen. Complete with beer garden and a restaurant, Seepark is popular with families and those planning a walk around the stunning green-belt area.
Botanic garden.  Open daily 8-18 h, Greenhouse: Mo-Thu: 12-16 h, Sun and holidays 14-16 h.
Hike up the Schlossberg to get to the tower on top of it. Takes about 30 minutes from the historic city center and offers you an amazing view of the Black Forest, Freiburg, the Kaiserstuhl and the Vosges mountain range in France. The first platform (Kanonenplatz) is only half the distance/time.
Take the Tram 2 then bus 21 to the Schauinsland cable car. At the top you can enjoy great views as far as the Swiss Alps. It doesn't run in bad weather, though. It's also possible to hike up Schauinsland from the start of the Schauinslandbahn station. But make sure that the weather is forecasted to be good, and allow 3 to 5 hours for the uphill hike, and around 1 to 2 hours for hiking down.
If possible, rent a mountain bike and discover the vast network of trails and roads through the city forest as well as the Black Forest. There are several bike parks and special downhill parcours as well, which is why Freiburg (and the Black Forest) is commonly known as Germany's mountainbike top spot. Road racing is popular as well due to the flat Rhine Valley.
Have a beer at Feierling, just off Augustinerplatz. until 23:00. Try the house beer at Feierling, an amazing fresh wheat beer only available there. It's around €2.60 for a small glass, and one can also purchase a 2L bottle for €10, which is €5 to fill at any time - you can take it home and bring it back as often as you want. The beer garden is nice in summer, and when the weather is good hundreds of people gather in nearby Augustinerplatz (many with the 2L bottles) to drink and socialise.€2.60-€15. edit
The University of Freiburg is one of the most famous German universities. Founded in 1457, it attracts 22,000 students to Freiburg, giving it the flair of a student town. This is a good destination to study in Germany as an exchange student or for language classes. Additionally there are several other schools which contribute to the student image of the city. The biggest of these is the Pädagogische Hochschule Freiburg, located in Littenweiler to the east of the city.
There is also a Goethe-Institut in Freiburg, where foreigners can learn German.
As in most other German cities, the inner city is the place to go shopping. There you will find everything from H&M to shops selling Armani.
Two department stores and several other stores are located on Kaiser-Joseph-Straße, with smaller independent shops in the many back-streets and alleyways. Outside of the city centre one can find several large supermarkets, such as Real, E-Center and Kaufland.
The large farmers' market at the Münsterplatz at the foot of the Münster cathedral is where Freiburgers buy their locally produced flowers, fruit and vegetables as well as enjoy a traditional Wurst (German sausage) as a snack. Every weekday (until early afternoon) and Saturday morning, the Münsterplatz is a bustling market of commerce.
Grocery stores: Migros, located in the basement of Karstadt at the north end of Kaiser-Josef-Straße, is the largest one, but expensive. Rewe, located at Fahnenbergplatz, and Aldi, in the basement of Schwarzwald City, are among the cheapest. Kaufland to the north of the city on Waldkircher Strasse has an impressive range. Treff discount supermarkets are also excellent for the budget conscious.
Due to the large city centre-based university, many large bookstores can also be found in the heart of Freiburg, selling both new books and second-hand.
Kartoffelmarkt (potato market), situated close to the Stadttheater (city theatre) has a couple of stalls selling alternative hippie-style clothing, jewellery and accessories every weekday morning.
Three Italian restaurants situated just outside the inner city have acceptable pizza from €2 up. They are called Firenze, Milano and Bella Italia. The once famous Laubfrosch changed its strategy and now is more exclusive.
For fast food, check out the area around the Martinstor (sometimes known as McDonald's-Tor because of the McDonald's sign defacing the historic landmark). In that area, you will also find many other fast food places, ranging from Chinese to Turkish, as well as some cafés.
A very interesting and cheap place to eat is the Markthalle also close to the Martinstor. During the day, various small stores from all around the world offer cheap but good dishes. Check out the Indian place. It has good curries.
The Brennessel, Atlantik and Walfisch are places where you can eat a lot for a very cheap price. The Brennessel features a daily spaghetti special from 18-19.30 (€1.80 a plate).
The Afghan Ecke is a very popular place with locals in Freiburg, located at Siegesdenkmal.
Euphrat located near the university has good Turkish Döner, and an excellent vegetarian selection.
Mensa Drei (Niemenstraße 7) has good currywurst. You can choose how hot (scharf) on a scale of 1-9 (although they will let the adventurous order off the menu too). €5,50 for currywurst, pommes and coke.
Tacheles (Grünwaldstrasse, Tel 0761 3196669) claims to have 300 varieties of schnitzels, which each come with a small salad and choice of side dishes.
Kartoffelhaus(Basler Straße 10, Tel: 0 76 1 7 20 01) is a charming, cosy restaurant whose specialty is the potato... imagine it in many wholesome yet creative forms; they are all good. There's a particularly wonderful ambience in winter when it's freezing outside. Prices are fair and service is excellent. Open daily 11:30 - midnight.
Harmonie (Grünwälderstraße 16-18, Tel: 0761 2025676) offers a mix of regional and mediterranean food at a reasonable price, including Brägele, Wurstsalat, Spätzle, Schäufele and others. A nice souther ambience and the cinema nextdoors make it a great place to start off the evening.
The restaurant of the Colombi Hotel is Freiburg's only one with a Michelin star.
Other expensive restaurants include the Greifenegg Schlössle, situated next to the Kastaniengarten and offering an excellent view over the city to accompany dinner, as well as Hotel Zum Bären on Salzstrasse and Enoteca near Schwabentor.
The Kastaniengarten (beer garden) lies perched on the slope of the Schlossberg, overlooking both the city and the valley leading into the Black Forest. On nice summer days, this is the best location to relax over a cool beer, and enjoying the views of the Munster, the old city gates and the inner city. Additionally, in good weather conditions you can see as far as the Vogesen, named after the mountain range in France. To get there, head to the Schwabentor, one of the old city gates, then cross the bridge on its left and head up the mountain a bit.
Grace is a stylish bar in the city center, also serving lunch and dinner. Maria is serving for a student clientele nearby.
The Feierling brewery in the heart of the Altstadt close to the Augustiner Kloster has excellent selfmade beer and is famous for it among the locals. In summer it also has an enjoyable beer garden outside. However, for the experience of the beer garden, go to the Kastaniengarten. For good beer, Feierling is the best option.
ElPi (German phonetic transcription for LP) is Freiburg's most secret "not so secret" student disco. Very hard to find (close to Schwarzwald City shopping center) and usually crowded especially by first and second year students, it offers a classic rundown rock club atmosphere with decent rock/alternative/electronic music and cheap drinks (1,50€/beer until midnight). Only for university students.
Drifters is a nice location for House music. It is situated in the same building as the club Cräsh, a hang out for alternative people, which turned from a more punk into a metal place.
Waldsee is a nice location a bit out of the way. It features "Rootdown" once a month and "Montage", both nice clubs for electronic music. It is excellent during the summer months, as the location offers open space next to a lake. Wonderful menu for warm snacks too.
Jazzhaus is one of Freiburg's most popular spots, featuring the best in live music, both international and local. There is something to suit everyone, from classical to reggae to cabaret. The regular theme nights are also a hit: "Funky Dance Night" and "Sister Zone" (women only) are favourites, not to mention the 60s, 80s and 90s nights.
The Strandcafe is a cafe run by a female-collective. Thursday night there is a bar from 9 pm till 1 am. From Monday till Thursday its open from 10 am till 6 pm. On Friday & Saturday it s open from 2:30 pm till 6 pm and Sunday it s closed. It's located in the "Grether"-Area, an alternative living-and working project close to the inner city. Its much cheaper then other bars in Freiburg and there is no obligation to consume. Very calm.
The StuSie is the bar of the student village located at tram stop "Am Bischofskreuz". Cheap and good Beer, Cocktails... Shot-night every Wednesday and decent breakfast on Sundays. Many international students. It's currently close and noone knows if it will reopen.
The KTS is an instituted left-wing autonomous center in the south of the city. Many concerts, parties, meetings, political organisations...
In the summer check out the Sternwaldwiese, an area in the Wiehre, where many people make campfires and party all night. Bring your own beer and watch your backpack. Another good place to meet local folk is the Augustinerplatz located next to the Feierling-brewery. Bring your own beer or buy it from the pubs around.
The Atlantik is a bar everybody should have seen when visiting Freiburg. Food, beer, rock music and people that hang out in this place since 20 years. Located behind the Schwabentor.
Another Rock-Bar with fewer students and more carpenters is the Walfisch in the Wiehre.
The Mu-dom Bar is a student-run bar in the neighborhood of Stühlinger. Located in the basement of a former hospital, the space once served as a morgue. Cheap prices and international folk. They have started checking IDs at the door, you must be a student with a valid student ID card (ISIC or Albert-Ludwigs Universitaet) to enter.
The Isle of Innisfree is an Irish pub (one of three in Freiburg) in the heart of the Altstadt that claims to have been entertaining Freiburg since 1992, due partly to the fact that live music can be found there twice weekly, Scottish dancing takes place once a week as do regular bingo championships (Sunday) and quiz nights (Monday). Student night is Tuesday and live football are shown on the large screen during major events in the football calendar. The bar is run by a mixture of Irish, British and American staff so English language is not a problem. Not an easy bar to find as it is situated in the basement of a shopping center...
O'Kelly's is a good Irish pub in Freiburg and is actually the first Irish pub to open in Freiburg in 1990. Is at Milchstraße 1, right behind the Theater Freiburg and the University Library (UB1). O'Kelly's is a cozy, typically Irish pub with low ceilings, a warm atmosphere, and fresh, homemade Irish and German food. Live music can be enjoyed F-Sa evenings and all major sporting events are shown on the big screens, from Irish TV and German TV. Every M night at 9PM there is the O'Kelly's Pub Quiz, run by Moe, that includes a multimedia round on the big screens. Teams come back week after week and fight hard to win free booze. They also show NFL and NCAA games on Saturdays and Sundays.
El Bolero and Cafehaus both have a lovely and seculded outdoor seating area which is popular in the summer, located just off of Martinstor at the Holzmarkt.
Cohibar, located next to the University Library (Stadttheater stop) has the best cocktails in town, with (limited) outdoor seating in the summer.
If you're looking for camp grounds, try Hirzberg. The owners are extremely friendly and helpful. They have a good knowledge of things to see in the city and local walks in the Black Forest.
We also tried camping Hirzberg. But our experience is bad. The owners were unfriendly, the space was very small and showers were dirty! The toilets also didn't have any toilet paper. So we went to the other camp ground, Camping Moeslepark and spent there 6 days. Much better, very friendly (a young couple running the campground), in the Black Forest and close to the city. 
If you don't want to stay in the expensive Jugendherberge in the suburbs, there is a cheap and very good alternative, the Black Forest Youth Hostel, which is also much closer to the city center. You can cook in their kitchen, however they don't provide breakfast. You should also be prepared to pay in cash...
Hotel Schemmer, conveniently located just blocks away from the train station, is a clean and very affordable stay. Breakfast included in every room. About a 8 minute walk from the city center.
Hofgarten Hotel B&B Freiburg is only 10 minutes by car from the old town and Muenster Cathedral, the city centre, the main station and the pictorial Glottertal. The nearest bus stop is only 50m from the guesthouse. The rooms are tastefully and individually furnished and all of them are equipped with shower/WC, cable-television, wireless-lan and telephone. Some rooms also have a balcony. They offer a delicious breakfast buffet with regional ingredients. You get a nice doubleroom for only 45 Euro/person/night incl. breakfast.
Hotel Rheingold is a four star hotel just opposite the train station. Its tidy rooms are a bit on the worn side but the staff is very helpful and friendly. There's a garage underneath the hotel, where guests get reduced rates. A doubleroom costs 139 Euros a night at peak times, breakfast included.
Hotel Best Western Premier Victoria has been classified as the most ecological hotel in the world. Their electricity is generated from solar panels and from wind turbines, while their heat is from sustainable woodchips furnace. It is a pleasant family-run hotel a stone throw away from the train station. You will pay about 115 Euros a night - not cheap but worth it.
The Colombi Hotel is the most luxurious hotel and only five-star in Freiburg. It is situated on the edge of the town centre and overlooks Colombi Park. It is a short walk from the main railway station and features a renowned restaurant.
In comparison, Freiburg is quite a safe place and there is not much to worry about in Freiburg. However, always take the same precautions as you do traveling anywhere else. Pickpocketing is not very common, but can occur especially in the summer months. Freiburg has a good police presence, even some French and Swiss officers are in the town center in the summer months. The main police station, the Polizeidirektion Freiburg, is located at Heinrich-von-Stephan-Str. 4, 79100 Freiburg The telephone number is +49-761-8820. The ot
Some parts of Freiburg are not as safe as the whole city in general. The area around the tram stop Runzmattenweg and Bissierstrasse should be avoided at night, and the district of Weingarten can be quite rough at times. However, even these "hotspots" are very safe in comparison to bigger cities such as Frankfurt or Berlin.
Staufen: With its castle ruin and nice old city, Staufen is a pretty, small German town. Note that the devil took the real-life Faust (known from Goethe's Faust) in one of the local hotels. So watch out for any weird guys with horns. Staufen lies about 20 minutes by car south of Freiburg.
Vogtsbauernhof: By car (B33 trunk road from Offenburg in the direction of Villingen-Schwenningen or vice versa) or by rail (the Black-Forest route from Offenburg in the direction of Konstanz or vice versa to Hausach station, then 30 minutes on foot) a beautiful outdoor farm life museum, demonstrating 400 years of Black Forest domestic life.
LooserLand Hike in the Kaiserstuhl, it's lovely. Go and check a so called Strausse
Colmar: Situated across the border in France, Colmar is a beautiful small city. Many locals from Freiburg like to take visitors there for a quick taste of France, as it is only about 1 hour by car. In the summer, take the back roads for glorious views of sunflower fields.
Alsatian villages: gorgeous, unspoilt villages in the Alsatian wine region: Riquewihr, Ribeauville, Haut Königsberg.
Titisee, a touristy Black-Forest town, lying in the margins of the lake Titisee.
Schluchsee, a bigger and less-known lake in the Black Forest. To get there take a Regional Bahn Train from Freiburg Main Station (Hbf) towards Seebrugg. This train travels normally once an hour, and the trip takes around one hour.
Take one of the wonderful Black-Forest tracks like Feldberg or Schauinsland. The nearest train station to Feldberg is Hinterzarten. Schauinsland can be reached by local buses travelling from Freiburg in the direction of Günterstal.
Take the Aerial tramway of Schauinsland, which travels for 3.6km over the Black Forest, reaching a place with a very nice panorama.
During the summer months there are 'Weinfeste' in many towns celebrating their wine.
There are night trains to Italy and Amsterdam. Main destinations include Florence, Rome, Milano. In Italy you can also get connections to the south of France fairly easily. Within 15 hours you can get from Freiburg to Nice, Monaco or Cannes. However, the fastest way to get to Nice is by airplane. You can get a low-budget flight with easyjet from Basel Airport. Normally, this is even cheaper than travelling by train.
Cross the Black Forest and head to Lake Constance. Ride a bike around it.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!