Frascati is one of the Castelli Romani, historic hill towns founded by the Latins before Rome existed, 21 km to the South East of Rome. Originally called Tusculum and situated slightly further up the 'hill'. Here history meets legend. Many historical references tell the story that during the Odyssee, Ulysses met Cyrce on the Tirrenian coast and was seduced by her. Their son Telegonus is said to have founded the city of Tusculum, today's Frascati.
Frascati is a small relaxed town perfect for a getaway from the metropolis of Rome. World famous for its white wine, Frascati has a slower pace of life, cleaner air, and a far more casual feel than the nearby capital. It was considered an ideal summer retreat by the Ancient Romans, later by the nobility of the Renaissance and Baroque periods, when Popes and Pope's nephews and the aristocracy built many fabulous villas in the city, employing the same artists and architects to design them that were being commissioned on not just palaces in Rome, but also in the Basilica of St. Peter's, and even later visited by those who came to Italy on the Grand Tour. From about the beginning of 1700, rich families in England, Germany and France, used to send their sons to a tour in Italy and normally visited Venice, Florence, Rome and the area around, Naples with Pompei and Ercolano, and sometime going as further down as Sicily. This was called the "Grand Tour" in England, the "Voyage d'Italie" in France and the "Italienische Reise" in Germany. Non only young students, but also experienced artists, painters, writers, sculptors, decided to take a tour over Italy, given the many artistic beauties that this country built over many centuries of history. One of the tour stops was Rome and the Alban Hills (Castelli Romani), Frascati being the most notorious. And here they celebrated the place. For example the german poet Wolfgang Goethe writes about Frascati: "The place is delicious, the town lies on one hill, or better on a mountain, and to the drawer, at each step a new wonderful landscape appear. You can see Rome down, and further away the sea, on the right the Tivoli mountains, and so on. Since already two days we walk around these places, and we find always something new and enchanting. As soon as the waitress has left on our table the oil lamp and said good night, we all together examine our daily drawings". They also experienced the genuine Mediterranean food and the delicacy of the Frascati wine. These tours contributed to spread the fame of Frascati Wine across Europe.
In 1943, Frascati, the seat of the German Fieldmarshall Kesselring, was heavily bombed by American B17s. Around half of its buildings were destroyed by a total of 1300 bombs. Many people died in that air strike and in a second air strike on January 22, 1944, the day of the battle of Anzio. The city was liberated from German occupation on June 4, 1944.
Although you probably won't notice it from a casual visit, Frascati is an important scientific center. It hosts Italy's National Institute for Nuclear Physics, as well facilities of the European Space Agency, and The Spaceguard Foundation, which aims to protect the world from collision with objects in space.
Just 21km from Rome, Frascati is easily accessible by public transport or in your own car. It is also very convenient to the Ciampino airport now used by a number of the budget airlines like Ryanair  and EasyJet .
Frascati is famous for its villas, in particular Villa Aldobrandini, which dominates the town. These villas were built in the 16th Century by the Roman aristocracy as status symbols and for social activities. Most have been restored since being damaged in World War II but the cost of maintaining such buildings these days is horrendous.
However the whole area is a wealth of D.O.P. food produce.
Frascati lies on the eastern edge of the Castelli Romani, a generic name for the area to the south of Rome, Notable cities in the area are Castel Gandolfo where the Pope has his summer residence and Marino.