The European microstates are a handful of very small sovereign states on the European continent and the surrounding islands. Most of them are in Latin Europe, except for Liechtenstein. Many of these countries are excellent for shopping, as they are tax havens.
There are also a handful of dependencies in Europe. These entities are geographically separated and might have their own government, but are nonetheless under sovereignty of another state and fall outside of that state's integral area.
Akrotiri and Dhekelia (United Kingdom) — British overseas territories, military bases on the island of Cyprus, administered by United Kingdom
Faroe Islands (Denmark) — self governing island nation between the United Kingdom and Iceland
Gibraltar (United Kingdom) — a British exclave overlooking the narrow strait between Iberia and Africa
Guernsey (United Kingdom) — an island in the English Channel, also includes several smaller islands
Jersey (United Kingdom) — the largest of the Channel Islands, off the coast of France
Isle of Man (United Kingdom) — a large island between England and Ireland, famous for its lack of speed limits
These are contemporary geopolitical entities, that wish to be recognised as sovereign states but do not have complete worldwide diplomatic recognition. Travellers have to deal with the authorities of these states if they want to travel to or through them and for all practical purposes have de-facto control of their territories.
Abkhazia (Georgia) — a disputed, Russian backed breakaway republic in the Caucasus
Kosovo (Serbia) — a self-declared independent republic recognised by many Western nations
Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijan) — a disputed de-facto independent territory near the Armenian border
Northern Cyprus (Cyprus) — Turkish-backed de-facto republic on the island of Cyprus (de facto not a part of the EU)
South Ossetia (Georgia) — a disputed, Russian backed breakaway republic in the Caucasus
Transnistria (Moldova) — a de-facto independent republic on the banks of the Dniester River
Micronations are small entities that resemble independent nations or states but are unrecognised by world governments or major international organizations.
Christiania (Denmark) — a district of Copenhagen, formerly a military zone, that has been squatted since 1971, and remains today an autonomous community (with its own laws that, among other things, include legalisation of cannabis, but prohibition of harder drugs) of about 850 people, calling itself Freetown Christiania (Danish: Fristaden Christiania)
Sealand (United Kingdom) — a sea fort which declares itself to be the smallest independent 'country' in the world
Seborga (Italy) — a village in Italy which has discovered it's never been conquered by Italy and now it claims itself as a sovereign state
Užupis (Lithuania) — a district of Vilnius that declared itself the "Independent Republic of Užupis" on April Fools Day 1997, and maintains its own flag, currency, president, constitution (which declares, among other things, that a "dog has a right to be a dog"), and a "standing army" of 17
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