Dover has been a permanent settlement since at least the time of the Romans, who were the first to record its presence, giving it the name Dubris. It also marked the start of Watling Street, a major Roman road. The Roman lighthouse built on the present-day site of Dover Castle is one of the oldest buildings in Britain.
Today Dover is a major port town facing into the English Channel and, at just 21 miles from the French port of Calais, it is the closest port to continental Europe on mainland Britain. It is most famous for its white chalk cliffs which have been celebrated in song.
National Express operates a regular coach service (number 007) to&from Dover Eastern Docks and Pencester Road, to London Victoria Coach Station. It has intermediate stops at Canterbury, some north Kent towns, and local stops in south-east London. It is much cheaper than the train service.
Due to its proximity to continental Europe, Dover is one of the busiest cross-Channel ports in the United Kingdom, with 18 million passengers passing through its gates every year. Regular ferry services operate from Dover to Calais and Dunkirk. As of February 2013, three operators run cross-Channel ferries: these are P&O Ferries , DFDS Seaways  and MyFerryLink .
The ferries between Dover and Calais typically cost around £12-18 each way if you are on foot or bicycle, around £80 for a car, but big discounts are available for bookings in advance or with special offers.
Other routes are present within the UK and might be cheaper.
Stagecoach East Kent  are the main bus operator in the Dover area. Maps, Timetables and Fare information are available on their website. Stagecoach run both urban, rural and inter-urban local buses, including regular buses to Deal, Folkestone, Canterbury and further afield.
Dover is small enough that much of it can reasonably be explored on foot.
The main shops are in King Street, Cannon Street and Biggin Street.
There is a cliff-top 6km walk from near the Eastern Docks to St Margaret's Bay.
Dover Castle - known as the "Key to England", the castle has 2,000 years of history contained within its walls, including a Roman lighthouse, a Saxon church and a Norman keep. Below ground a series of casements and tunnels have been dug into the chalk. From these tunnels Operation Dynamo (the Dunkirk evacuation) was planned.
Battle of Britain Memorial - A very touching memorial dedicated to the men who fought and died in Britain's most desperate hour. Vintage airplanes are also on display.
Roman Painted House well preserved ruins of a Roman townhouse that includes a hypocaust heating system and mosaic fragments.
Bronze Age Boat 3,500 year old wooden boat preserved in mud. After its chance discovery it was lifted and placed in a special gallery in Dover Museum.
Grand Shaft Triple staircase constructed in Napoleonic times to enable quick troop movements between Townwall Street and the abandoned Western Heights fortifications.
The New Inn, Canterbury Road, Etchinghill, +44 1303 862026, . A 16th century coaching inn, country pub and very popular restaurant just a short drive from Dover (junction 12, M20). Fantastic reputation for fine cuisine, open seven days a week for lunches and evening meals. Terrific food, real ale, oak beams & cosy atmosphere.
Curry Garden Restaurant, 24 High Street, Dover, Kent, +44 1304 206357. Opening Hours: 12 noon-3PM, 6PM-Midnight, 7 Days A Week including Bank Holidays. Dover's Oldest and Finest Indian Cuisine, situated on the main high street, close to the town hall. A Take Away Menu is available, offering 10% discount on all orders over £15 collected from the premises. Great special take away offer of 1/2 Price Take away, every 2nd Sunday of each month, on cash and collect orders only.Good selection of dishes on the menu.
Marine court Brewers Fayre (Dover), Marine court, ☎ 0870 990 6516. Located on Dover's Seafront with views of Dover ,The Marine Court Restaurant provides a quality environment for you to enjoy a great meal and modern Pub Food edit
Dino's, 58 Castle Street, ☎ 01304 204678, . 12pm-2pm, 6pm-10pm. Small but popular Italian Restaurant directly in the centre of town serving authentic Italian food. One of the better restaurants in town.edit
The Cricketers Pub, Crabble Avenue (From Dover town centre, go up the one way system to Buckland Brige, turn left at first traffic lights and then first left into Crabble Avenue. The pub is opposite Dover Rugby and Football grounds), ☎ +44 1304 206396, . M-W 3-12 Th-Su 12- 1.00PM. The Cricketers is a friendly village pub catering for all ages, situated in the village of River, located opposite the crabble cricket and rugby pitches, and home of Dover football club. The Cricketers has been an important focal point for the community for over 100 years.edit
Cinque Ports Arms (the cinq port arms), Clarence Place Western Docks Dover Kent CT17 9DQ England (situated in the heart of dovers western docks being the only pub is very simple to find), ☎ +44 1304 203907, . If you're looking for great dover pub food, you've come to the right place. Sit back, relax and enjoy a great choice of dover pub sandwiches, dover pub jackets and dover pub snacks - all freshly prepared to order.edit
St Margaret's Bay is just a few miles east towards Deal. This bay breaks up the white cliffs with a small hillside village, a scenic beach, lots of parking and some eateries (including the Coastguard Pub, the closest pub to the continent). On a nice day, the afternoon sun lights up the white cliffs on the French side of the channel quite clearly.