Dothan is a city in southeastern Alabama, serving as the county seat of Houston County, and the chief city of the western Wiregrass region, an area encompassing portions of southeastern Alabama, southwestern Georgia, and the panhandle of Florida. Its population according to the 2010 census was at 65,447, making it the largest metropolitan area in southeastern Alabama.
Dothan began as "Poplar Head", a stop along the main trail that ran through this portion of the state during the early nineteenth century. It was incorporated in 1885, and renamed after the village mentioned in Genesis 37:17, which reads "let us go to Dothan". The city quickly became a hub for local agriculture and industry, especially the peanut business, and its annual National Peanut Festival (since 1938) reflects this heritage. Dothan has long proclaimed itself the "Peanut Capital of the World", as approximately one-quarter of the peanuts grown in the U.S. are grown within 75 miles of the city. Movie Gallery, a national movie rental chain, has its national headquarters here.
Dothan has a humid subtropical climate, with hot, sticky summers and generally mild winters. Snowfall is rare, and when it does come, it seldom accumulates to any great degree or remains for very long. Summer temperatures easily reach 90-100 degrees or more, while the average winter temperature is 59 degrees. Also, high summer temperatures, mixed with high humidity, can make many summer days uncomfortable.
Dothan has one commercial airport, located northwest of the city in the tiny village of Napier Field. Once served by DC-9 jets during the 1970's (Southern Airways), it is now serviced by Atlantic Southeast Airlines, a subsidiary of Delta Air Lines, currently flying CRJ-200 jets to and from Atlanta International Airport. Dothan Regional Airport offers a full range of airport services and amenities; for further information, visit their website at Dothan Regional Airport .
There is no passenger rail service to Dothan. The nearest Amtrak station is in Birmingham. Chipley, Florida contained an Amtrak station prior to the landfall of Hurricane Katrina, but damage to the tracks in northwestern Florida forced its closure, together with all Amtrak stations on that route east of New Orleans. As of June 2009, the station has not yet reopened, though there is talk of reestablishing this portion of the "Sunset Limited" route.
Dothan is served by Greyhound Bus Lines. The station is located at 285 S. Foster St., phone number is 334-792-1191. Further information and hours of operation, etc. may be found at Dothan Greyhound Station .
U.S. Highways 231, 431 and 84 all intersect in Dothan, as do several state highways. No interstate service currently exists in this part of Alabama, but the three highways named above are all four-laned for several miles beyond the Dothan city limits. U.S. 231 is four-laned all the way north to Montgomery, and all the way south to Panama City. The city is encircled by a four-lane bypass, known as the "Ross-Clark Circle."
There is no public transit system in Dothan, so getting around will require a car or bicycle, or walking. Traffic on the Ross-Clark Circle can be quite heavy, especially during "rush hour" and around lunchtime.
- US Army Aviation Museum  - Located on Ft. Rucker, which lies just north of the town of Daleville about twenty miles north and west of Dothan. Many people do not realize that military avation existed long before the creation of the Air Force in 1949; all military aircraft used in World War II, for instance, were either Army, Navy or Marine Corps aircraft, with the majority being Army airplanes. This museum pays tribute to the history of Army avation, with sizable displays of Army aircraft--fixed-wing and rotary--from the earliest twentieth century to today. A variety of life-sized dioramas, films and interpretive material are available. Admission is free. Be aware that Ft. Rucker is a "closed post"; guards at the post gates will require identification to enter, even for museum visitors.
- Dr. George Washington Carver Monument , located at the National Peanut Festival Fairgrounds . This monument honors the African-American genius whose creative work resulted in hundreds of new products created from peanuts, sweet potatoes and other plants native to the South. Most of these were derived from peanuts, which are the principle agricultural product of the Wiregrass region--of which Dothan is the principle city.
- Dothan Area Botanical Gardens  - Enjoy the old Southern-style of gardening, and see what works in the Wiregrass. A tranquil, paved nature trail meanders through a beautiful rose garden, through herbs, daylilies, camellias, azaleas, past a peaceful pond, Victorian gazebo and a demonstration garden.
- Dothan Opera House , built in 1915, represents the elegance of turn-of-the-century southern life. Theatre performances, spectacular concerts, symphonies, ballet performances, and many other cultural events are regularly held in this landmark. Tours are available upon request.
- "Joseph" statue at Millennium Park is a ten feet tall cast bronze sculpture, located in the historic downtown area. It depicts the Bible verse, "For I heard them say, Let us go to Dothan" (Genesis 37:17), which inspired city founders in 1885 to change the name of the town from Poplar Head to Dothan.
- Landmark Park Agricultural Museum and Starlab Planetarium  is the official agriculture museum of the State of Alabama. Visit a 1900s farmstead, complete with farmhouse, outhouses, and farm animals. Stroll the boardwalk and nature trail, see a planetarium show, have a picnic, tour Phase I of the Alabama Agricultural Museum, or catch one of the park's many special events. In the Planetarium, night skies are shown as they appear in season. Constellations are displayed as they relate to mythology. The park also has a new playground. A pavilion near the playground is available for park visitors and children's parties. A recently completed barn is available for rental for large events.
- Houston-Love Memorial Library  - Located at 212 W. Burdeshaw Street in downtown Dothan across from the main post office.
- Maria's Vineyard  - Nestled in a grove of oak and pecan trees, the Vineyard offers a casual place to host an event either outside or inside in the Vineyard House.
- Peanut Monument  at the Visitor Information Center helps to proclaim Dothan as the "Peanut Capital of the World".
- Peanuts Around Town  is a public art project organized by The Downtown Group consisting of five feet tall peanut sculptures that are decorated in various fashions and displayed around Dothan.
- Porter Hardware  is the oldest operating hardware store in Alabama. Opened in 1889 by E.R. Porter and J.D. Murphree and located at 136 East Main Street, Porter Hardware is still operated today by Mr. Porter's descendants. The interior and exterior of Porter Hardware remains virtually unaltered and it maintains a large inventory of hardware and hard-to-find items.
- Wiregrass Festival of Murals  is an ongoing project of historic murals painted by nationally and internationally acclaimed muralists on the walls of buildings in the downtown historic district. Guided tours are available upon request.
- The Lampman Antiques and Lighting  A Lighting store with a large variety of chandeliers, clocks, sconces, and many other antiques. The Lampman also offers lamp and clock repair.
- Wiregrass Museum of Art  includes five galleries feature changing exhibitions of visual and decorative arts in the historic building. Also features ARTventures, a hands-on exhibit for children and a gift gallery for shopping.
- World's Smallest City Block is located at the intersection of North Appletree, Museum, and Troy streets in Dothan. This land triangle features a stop sign, a yield sign, a street sign, and a granite marker placed by the Camellia Garden Club on May 1, 1964 stating that the block is the World's Smallest City Block.
- Adventureland Theme Park  is an elaborate mini-theme park that is family-oriented. It includes two 18-hole miniature golf courses with waterfalls, lagoons and elaborate landscaping, a figure-eight go-cart track with a double underpass bridge and Indy-style karts, bumper boats, batting cages, a Max Flight roller coaster simulator, a large arcade and snack bar.
- Eastgate Park  is a country estate, complete with lodge and meeting facilities. It includes fishing lakes, a two-mile (3 km) walking trail, sand volley ball, swimming pool (for private parties only), picnic area and lighted tennis courts. Additional amenities are under development.
- Featured Players Theatre  Founded in 2005, the Featured Players Theatre is Dothan's new home for live entertainment. Originally located at 158 S. Foster St. in downtown Dothan, Featured Players moved in 2009 to 137 N. Saint Andrews St. Featured Players has live plays for adults five times a year and a Children's Theatre, which produces plays four times a year. When not performing plays, Featured Players has a "coffee-house" style set-up with open mic nights and acoustic folk rock artists. Featured Players is open every Friday and Saturday night for your entertainment needs.
- Press Thornton Future Masters Golf Tournament has been held annually since 1950 in early July. More than 600 junior golfers participate in this part of the Junior Grand Slam of Golf hosted by the Dothan Country Club.
- Highland Oaks Golf Course  is part of Alabama's Robert Trent Jones Golf Trail and was proclaimed by Golf Digest as the 7th best public course in the US. This world-class 36-hole facility offers three championship 9-hole courses, plus a 9-hole Par 3 course. The Clubhouse includes a pro shop, dining room, lounge and meeting room.
- Water World  includes ocean-size waves in the giant wave pool and twisting water slides.
- Dothan's Westgate Tennis Center  promises the highest standards of play and the greatest comfort for spectators. Amenities include 16 lighted full-size clay tennis courts, a control center, observation deck, shade shelters and large courtyard.
- Kiwanis Park , located on Westgate Park land fronting Whatley at the intersection with Deerpath, has playgrounds and a picnic pavilion with a water fountain and restrooms. There are also walking trails.
- Solomon Park , located in the Garden District at the corner of Choctaw and Redwood streets, has the shadiest playground in Dothan, a real godsend in hot weather.
- Patti Rutland Jazz  , is a professional contemporary jazz and hip-hop dance company located in Dothan. This company produces two full-length jazz and hip-hop theatrical dance productions yearly (one in late February and one in early June) at their home in the Cultural Arts Center, as well as at Dothan's historical landmark theatre, the Dothan Opera House. Patti Rutland Jazz operates as a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization whose core mission is to offer the dancers in its company to the Wiregrass Region as teachers so that under-served kids might take dance classes for free. This mutually-beneficial program hopes to make Dothan a destination for, as well as a source of, future professional dance talent in the United States.
- Wiregrass BMX is a BMX racing track that is located near the Westgate Park. It hosts local state and national races between February to November.
- National Peanut Festival  - Occurs annually in November. The festival hosts competitions in different areas for all ages. A large midway, entertainment by nationally known recording artists, and the largest parade in the area are featured attractions.
- Wiregrass Commons Mall  is the only mall in the SE Alabama region. It has over of shopping and over 50 retail stores. The mall also has a food court. Anchors for the mall are JC Penney, Parisian (now Belk's) and Dillards.
- Dothan Pavilion  is a shopping complex that consists of retail stores, restaurants, local shops, and a movie theatre.
- InnPlace Dothan , 3053 Ross Clark Circle, +1 334-794-6601, .Located just seven miles from Dothan Regional Airport, InnPlace Dothan presents sensible accommodations for the Dothan, Ala., visitor. InnPlace Dothan is just steps from the city center and offers over 2000 square feet of flexible meeting and event space. Guestrooms at InnPlace Dothan include coffeemakers, ironing boards and hairdryers.
- Troy University in Dothan 
- Wallace Community College 
- Bethany Divinity College and Seminary 
- Dothan High School 
Be advised the summertime heat from June through September can be oppressive. It is not unusual for highs to be in the 90s or even the low 100s. Combined with very high humidity levels, it is nearly impossible to stay outdoors for very long. Make sure you have plenty of water!
One by-product of the heat and humidity is near-daily thunderstorms in the summer that can turn severe in an instant. Southeastern Alabama, like other areas of the South, is extremely prone to tornadic activity when weather conditions are right. In the event of severe weather, tune in to local radio or television, and be aware of the appropriate tornado shelter for the particular place you are staying (very few cellars or basements exist in this area, due to its close proximity to the Gulf of Mexico and the corresponding high water table).
Water Moccasins, a poisonous land snake found throughout the southeastern United States, are common in the Dothan area. While your chances of encountering one are rare, you should nevertheless be aware of your surroundings if walking through any wet or low-lying area, or near any streams, lakes or other water sources. Rattlesnakes, Copperheads and Coral Snakes are also found in this region. Should you be bitten by any of these species, seek medical attention immediately.