Santa Ana de Coro, referred to as Coro, was the first capital of Venezuela, is the oldest city in the west of Venezuela (1527) and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Through Gran Colombia's independence from Spain, Fransisco de Miranda won Coro's port, La Vela, the first place to raise Venezuela's tricolor flag. Coro is an unconfirmed indigenous word for 'wind.'
Travel by bus is 7 hours from Caracas. As bus stations and bus travel in Venezeula are for the more adventurous tourist, air flight to Falcon is far more common.
There are regular flights from Caracas to Punto Fijo (LSP) and Coro (CZE). José Leonardo Chirino Airport (IATA: CZE, ICAO: SVCR) is located directly north of Coro and south of Los Medanos (sand dunes). Punto Fijo is an hour away and a more regular arrival destination from Caracas, Aruba, and Curacao.
There are no passenger trains in the whole of Venezuela.
There are 4 main roads leading to Coro. Via Valencia and Moron there is a 4-lane highway from Caracas. From the north you can get in via the 4 lane autopista from Punto Fijo. From Maracaibo there is a good quality 2 lane highway. The road from Barquisimeto in the South through Sierra San Luis is in bad state recently.
Numerous night buses to Caracas depart at 10:30 pm and 11:00 pm, price: Bsf. 800 for a sleeper (buscama). From La Bandera Terminal of Caracas there is only one night bus which leaves at 8.00 p.m. and arrives around 4.00 a.m., costs 800 Bsf(2$US unofficial, 4$US official, June 2015). To get to the 'old town' from the bus station, either use a taxi or walk. Leaving the bus station, turn right on the main street, walk for several minutes until you reach big crossroads with direction plates for 'Centro historico', where you turn left and enter Calle Zamorra. The walk is 5-7 minutes.
For tourists, day trips and bilingual drivers are best. The few hotels and hostels offer day trips to the peninsula and further for approxiamently 300 BsF.
Some of Venezuela's best colonial architecture and cobbled streets are found in Coro, all around the historic town center. Los Medanos are shifting sand dunes rising 30 meters within within walking distance of central Coro. A mini-Sahara, the dunes are the only desert-like area in Venezuela. Do not travel too far into the dunes as you may lose orientation or approached by locals warning you.
Do feel privileged if you travel to Coro; it is a national tourist destination. However, even located within 30+ kilometers of Aruba and Curacao, Coro does not receive foreigners too often. Coro does play a small but important piece in Venezuelan history.
On Saturdays, most restaurants are closed after 4 pm - try to eat something before, otherwise you may go to bed hungry!
It is worth the little travel to go into the Sierra San Luis. There are several posadas up there that offer great views over Coro. While sitting on the terrace of, for instance, Casa de Campo, you can see over Lake Coro, the city (especially beautiful by night) and with clear weather, all the way to the Paraguana Peninsula.