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Cameroon

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West Africa : Cameroon
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A house in Cameroon
Location
Cameroon in its region.svg
Flag
Flag of Cameroon.svg
Quick Facts
Capital Yaoundé
Government Unitary republic; multiparty presidential regime (opposition parties legalized in 1990)
Currency communaute financiere africaine franc (XAF)
Area 475,440km²
Population 17,340,702 (July 2006 estimate)
Language 4 major African language groups, English & French official
Religion indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%
Country code +237
Internet TLD .cm

Cameroon is in West Africa. It borders Nigeria to the west, Chad to the northeast, the Central African Republic to the east and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo to the south.

While Cameroon is not the largest country in Africa, in some ways it's as large as Africa itself. Known as "Africa in miniature" it features French and English speaking portions, Muslim and Christian dominated regions, the tallest mountain in West Africa and terrain that includes rain forest, desert plains, mountains and high plateau.

Understand[edit]

Cameroon is a diverse and multi ethnic country. American tourism is rare; most of the country's tourists come from Europe (predominantly Belgium).

History[edit]

The territory of present day Cameroon was first settled during the Neolithic period. Portuguese sailors reached the coast in 1472. Over the following few centuries, European interests regularised trade with the coastal peoples, and Christian missionaries pushed inland. In the early 19th century, Modibo Adama led Fulani soldiers on a jihad in the north against non-Muslim and partially Muslim peoples and established the Adamawa Emirate. Settled peoples who fled the Fulani caused a major redistribution of population.

The German Empire claimed the territory as the colony of Kamerun in 1884 and began a steady push inland. With the defeat of Germany in World War I, Kamerun became a League of Nations mandate territory and was split into French Cameroun and British Cameroons in 1919. The French carefully integrated the economy of Cameroun with that of France and improved the infrastructure with capital investments, skilled workers, and continued forced labour.

The British administered their territory from neighbouring Nigeria. Natives complained that this made them a neglected "colony of a colony". The League of Nations mandates were converted into United Nations Trusteeships in 1946, and the question of independence became a pressing issue in French Cameroun. France outlawed the most radical political party, the Union des Populations du Cameroun (UPC), on 13 July 1955. This prompted a long guerilla war. In British Cameroons, the question was whether to reunify with French Cameroun or join Nigeria.

On 1 January 1960, French Cameroun gained independence from France under President Ahmadou Ahidjo, and on 1 October 1961, the formerly British Northern Cameroons became a part of Nigeria, while the formerly British Southern Cameroons united with its neighbour to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon.

People[edit]

Climate[edit]

Varies with terrain, from tropical along the coast to semiarid and hot in the north. If you are going during the summer, plan on lots of rain every day. It might be cold up in the mountains, especially at nights.

Holidays[edit]

January 1: New Year's Day

January 1: Independence Day

February 11: Youth Day

May 1: Labour Day

May 20: National Day

August 15: Assumption

October 1: Unification Day

December 25: Christmas Day

Regions[edit]

Cities[edit]

  • Bamenda (English speaking)
  • Buea (English speaking)
  • Douala — the largest city and main centre of trade in Cameroon. (French speaking)
  • Ebolowa (French speaking)
  • Garoua (French speaking)
  • Kribi (French speaking)
  • Limbe (English speaking)
  • Ngaoundere (French speaking)

Other destinations[edit]

Get in[edit]

Most people will need a visa except citizens of Mali, Chad, Central African Republic and Nigeria, and it is very advisable to obtain it before arriving.

Travel Warning WARNING: Cameroon has shut down borders with Central African Republic (August 2013)

There any many types of visa: airport transit visa for airport transit; visitor visa for visiting friends and family in Cameroon; business visas for work-relating activity in Cameroon; tourist visa for tourism purposes; student visa for studying abroad and learning at the universities; employment visa for taking up work in Cameroon; and permanent residence visa, which is issued if you a marry a Cameroonian.

What you will need to get the visa:

For all visas:

  • A yellow fever vaccination certificate, regardless of what country you're from. You must also show this to the authorities at the airport once arriving in Cameroon.
  • The application form and 2 passport-size photographs.
  • The application fee (ex: In March 2011, this was US$141 for citizens of all countries except the visa waiver countries mentioned above).
  • Your passport with at least six months remaining before expiration.

Then, depending on whether you are requesting a Visitor Visa or a Tourist Visa, you will need:

For a Visitor Visa:

  • A letter of invitation (for a visitor's visa) and a reservation confirmation from your hotel (for a tourist's visa). If you need a visitor visa, the person you're visiting must create the letter invitation, and get it approved and stamped by the local authorities before sending it to you. The letter must state that you have a place to stay during your trip (e.g. the home of your hosts). If you're staying in a hotel, a hotel reservation will suffice.

OR

For a Tourist Visa:

  • A consular letter from your bank stating your current balance. It must be signed by the bank for it to be valid.
  • A reservation confirmation from your hotel.

Check the Cameroon Embassy website in your country of residence (or closest) for more up-to-date information. Map of embassies and other diplomatic missions of Cameroon [1]

By plane[edit]

Cameroon can be reached via:

Sometimes airport staff try to help with the luggage in order to get extra euros/dollars from travellers.

There is also an official airport tax (10.000 CFA) for outgoing flights.

By train[edit]

By car[edit]

By bus[edit]

By boat[edit]

It is probably possible to travel by boat from the island of Bioko(Equatorial Guinea).

Get around[edit]

Tour Operators in Cameroon:

  • BERUDEP Is a local organization that offer volunteer opportunity for responsible travellers. They do have very experienced guides and can arrange for CAR RENTAL at a local price.
  • Heritage Tours Cameroon Heritage Tours offers experienced guides and activities that range from eco-tourism to safari-tourism to cultural tourism and to volunteer activities and homestays. Heritage Tours can arrange tours through Cameroon’s equatorial rainforests in search of the pygmies and gorillas, through the plantations and cultural manifestations of Cameroon diverse ethnic groups to the north to explore Cameroon pristine Safari parks. Heritage Tours offers free tourist information: Heritage Tours holds a database of local information with up to date prices, opening and closing times, seasonal activities etc.
  • SunnFeeling Tours [2]

By plane[edit]

Camair-Co [3] is currently operating as a national carrier and on domestic flights.

By train[edit]

Train service, Camrail [4], exists from the capital, Yaoundé, to the port city of Douala and the northern city of Ngaoundéré. While bus service is quicker and more reliable to Douala, the overnight train is the best mode of ground transport to the north. Check for current schedules and pricing.

By bus[edit]

Between the major cities you can get a ride on modern, comfortable buses, sometimes with air conditioning. Away from the larger centres you will most likely end up on the ever present Toyota bush taxis. These are slightly elongated Toyota minivans that can hold up to 20 people (or more if necessary) along with their luggage piled up on top. Safety can be a concern with dangerous roads, overworked/drunk/hungover drivers and poorly maintained vehicles the norm. However, other than extending your stay an extra day or 2 in bad weather your options are limited.

Note that buses rarely leave at a set time. Instead, they wait until they are full and then depart. For buses later in the day, sometimes they never fill up. When this happens, the operator will normally set you up with a bush taxi to take you to your destination. If you do not want to take the bush taxi and are persistent enough, the operator will normally refund your money. The point is that you should leave plenty of time to get to your destination, because sometimes the wait will take hours and you are never guaranteed a departure.

By car[edit]

Rental cars are available although very expensive. As paved roads are rare away from the major cities of the west and northwest areas of the country, a 4 x 4 is a necessity when travelling to the east or central areas of Cameroon. The roads in the north are paved between cities and even the dirt roads tend to be in decent condition due to the lack of rain.

Talk[edit]

French and English are the official languages in Cameroon although there are over 276 recognized languages in Cameroon.

The Northwest and Southwest provinces are anglophone although in some areas pidgin English is more common. The rest of the country is predominantly francophone although almost all areas will also have local languages.

See[edit][add listing]

Visit the Limbe Botanic Garden, Benedictine Museum of Mont Febe, National Museum of Yaounde and the Kribi. These are famous attractions in the city of Yaounde, meant for tourists.

Do[edit][add listing]

Buy[edit][add listing]

Local handicraft in Marché de Fleurs (Douala - Bonapriso quarter)

Fresh fish and prawns in Youppe village close to Douala (early morning)

Cash machines - Visa cash machine withdrawals are possible in many banks - for example, SGBC - which can be found in most major cities. Cash machines to the Mastercard/Maestro/Cirrus network are nonexistent. cash machines to Master card are available with the SCB bank. Cash advances are NOT available as of December 2007.

Costs[edit]

Unless you are in stores and restaurants, you must bargain for everything. Offer 20-50% of the first price requested.

Eat[edit][add listing]

There are plenty of good restaurants:

  • Bonapriso quarter: Sorento, Bistrot Latin, Peche Mignon, Bombay Masala (Indian, Oriental), Oriental Garden (chinese), Alladin (lebanese), Paradise (nice English bar), Piccolla Venezia (italian), Ovalie (classy, expensive), Le Bouchon Lyonaise (French), Le BOJ (French), Le Cabanon
  • Bonanjo quarter: Chez Wou (chinese), La Cigalle
  • Akwa quarter: Le Senat (great jazz in the evening), White House (local), Mediterrannee (greek, good pizzas), La Fourchette (French), Le Foyer du Marin aka German Seamen's Club (german)
  • by the waterfront: Le Mangrove (fresh fish & prawns), Le Dernier Comptoire Colonial (last sclaves trading post)

If you are on a very low budget, try Chez Kali in Bonapriso (towards the Energy Club - fitness). Safe food at very low price. Mont Febe, Hilton Hotel and hotel le depute in Yaounde, Atlantic Beach Hotel, Mirama hotel, Guest House hotel and Park hotel in Limbe, 3813 in Tiko, Miss Bright in Buea and Meridien hotel Douala.

Drink[edit][add listing]

Hut in the small village of Bana

Always check “best before” when buying a bottle - some drinks are way out of date.

Avoid drinking tap water, even in restaurants. Bottled water can be found most anywhere at reasonable prices. Expect to pay 400 cfa for 1.5l in the major cities, more in more remote areas.

Coca-Cola is available everywhere. For something different try one of the flavourful TOP sodas. They are much sweeter than most European or North American sodas but they are very tasty.

Cameroon is rich with choice when it comes to good beer due to its past as a German and later French colony. Bottled Guinness can be found everywhere although in the heat, try one of the excellent lighter beers such as Castel, Beaufort, Mützig, Isenbeck, Satzenbrau or 33. These are inexpensive and excellent in the heat. Castel Milk Stout is an excellent choice for those who like darker beer. Outside of the cities you will sometimes be hard pressed to find them chilled (due to a lack of electricity).

Sleep[edit][add listing]

Hotels in the major cities will range from 6000 cfa up to and in excess of 50 000 cfa. Clean and safe rooms can usually be found for under 11 000 cfa.

In more rural areas prices vary wildly depending on demand and local economy. It is not uncommon to find comfortable accommodations for 2000-3000 cfa per night.

Camping:

Unless you are with a guide on a trek it is not recommended that you camp due to security concerns.

Learn[edit]

University of Buea campus

Work[edit]

Volunteer opportunities

Stay safe[edit]

Violence is rare, but just be smart about wearing any jewellery or anything else that would make you stand apart from the rest. Take a taxi after dark if you're unsure of the area. Be aware that Boko Haram, a Nigerian jihadist group, operates with other Islamists and Salafists in the north of Cameroon and they have kidnapped Europeans, Canadians, Americans and other westerners there. Boko Haram is a jihadist group and may implement very harsh forms of sharia law including amputation for theft. Church-goers should not proselytize to Muslims, form in groups which are too large due to suicide bombings, and alcohol consumption should not be done in public. They usually travel on motorbikes and pick-up trucks. An offshoot with links to al-Qaeda, the Ansar Muslimeen fi Biladi Sudan which translates as "Protection of Muslims in Black Lands", also carries out attacks and harsh sharia-compliant punishments.

Stay healthy[edit]

Yellow Fever certificates are required for travel to Cameroon.

Malaria is common, especially in the central and southern parts of the country. The risk is much lower in the mountains of the Northwest Province and the arid areas on the Extreme North. Prophylactics are recommended because of the severity of some strains of malaria in the country.

Other tropical diseases are also common, including dysentery, bilharzia, hepatitis, and giardia occur. There are occasional outbreaks of cholera in Yaounde and Douala, but rarely affect travelers.

There are several good quality hospitals in the country. Most are located in Douala or Yaounde, but Kumbo has two very good private hospitals as well.

Contact[edit]

Internet access point

To make local and international calls you need to buy a pre-paid SIM card. Check if your cell phone has a compatible GSM standard (Africa/Europe) - if not, in addition to a SIM card you probably need to buy a new phone. "MTN" and "Orange" are two major telephone companies in Cameroon.

You can find Internet access all over the place, but the speed might be slow.

National post service is considered to be unreliable.

  • Cameroon Tourism (Montréal) [11] -Tourism office in North America.

Respect[edit]

It is disrespectful to shake hands with your left hand. Use only your right. If you have something in your right hand or your right hand is dirty or wet, it is polite to extend your wrist for the person to shake with his right hand. Should both of your hands be occupied, it is polite to touch wrists.





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