Cagayan de Oro, abbreviated CDO, CDOC, CdeO or Cag. de Oro is known as the "City of Golden Friendship". It's the provincial capital of the province of Misamis Oriental and the "Gateway of Northern Mindanao" lying along the northern coastline on Mindanao island in the southern part of the Philippines.
It serves as the regional hub being the most populous, highly-urbanized city in Northern Mindanao (Region X). According to the 2007 Census, the city has an estimated population of about 553,996 people.
Cagayan de Oro has a tropical climate. The average temperature whole year round is 28°C (82°F). The highest recorded temperature in the city was 39°C (102°F) on June 1998. Cagayan de Oro receives an even amount of rain through out the year. The driest month is April, while July is the wettest. Wet season in the city starts in June and ends in November. Drier season starts in December and ends in May. However the difference in seasons is not very noticeable in the city, there are sunny and rainy days throughout the year and the rain is usually strong but brief (you will notice the season if hiking or driving on dirt roads in the highlands inland from Cagayan de Oro as it gets muddier). The city is outside the typhoon belt.
Roman Catholicism is the city's dominant religion, represented by almost 80% of the population. There are also a large number of Iglesia Filipina Independiente, Adventists, Iglesia ni Cristo, Protestants and Muslims in the city. Recently, the Basilica of the Black Nazarene in Quiapo Church has also decided to move the replica statue of the Black Nazarene to Nazareno Parish Church, so that Nazarene devotees from Mindanao do not have to travel to Quiapo Church in Manila for their annual pilgrimage.
The city celebrates its foundation day every 28th of August, hence it is under the patronage of Señor San Agustin. Kagay-an Festival  is held every 26th to the 28th of August in celebration of Cagayan de Oro's patron, Señor San Agustin. The highlights of the Kagay-an Festival are the Agro-Trade Fair, Miss Kagay-an, Higaonon Street Dancing, Golden Float Parade and Halad sa Lambagohan. There are also cultural shows, competitions and celebrity concerts.
English is a popular language in Cagyan de Oro and you can read local news from magazines like PhilStar. Checking out recent news from Cagayan de Oro, before leaving, can give you an image of what may be going on when you arrive.
Bisayan is the city's main conversational language. English is mainly used for business, written text and is widely used by the academic community. Most of the Kagay-anons are also fluent in Tagalog because of Tagalog language imperialism in the electronic media. Other languages in the city include Higaonon, Spanish, Ilongo, Maranao, Waray. It is very easy as a visitor to travel, shop and meet people using only English.
Cagayan de Oro is accessible by land, air and water. In most cases you can expect a safe journey.
(Lumbia Airport, once the second busiest on Mindanao, has been defunct as a civilian facility since being taken over by the Philippine Air Force in June 2013.)
Arrival Area of Laguindingan International Airport (despite the name, there are currently only domestic flights)
Laguindingan Airport (Cebuano: Tugpahanan sa Laguindingan, IATA: CGY) is 46km (29 mi) north-west of Cagayan de Oro and also serves the city of Iligan, as well as the provinces of Misamis Oriental and Lanao del Norte and the rest of the region of Northern Mindanao in the Philippines. It's still often called Cagayan de Oro Airport and has flights from Cebu, Manila, Davao, and Iloilo. Airlines such as Philippine Airlines, and budget carrier Cebu Pacific use it.
An air-con Magnum Shuttle can take you to Limketkai mall for ₱200.
Cagayan de Oro Port is a modern International seaport situated near the estuary of Cagayan de Oro River, it has an anchorage depth of 18 meters and is around 400 meters from the shoreline. It serves regular boat trips to and from Manila, Cebu, Tagbilaran, Bacolod, Iloilo. The port has two authorized cargo-handling operators and is one of the busiest seaports in the Philippines.
Goldenbridge Shipping Inc (032-420-5467, 032-420-5468) and Ocean Jet (032-255-7560; 032-255-0115) operate one daily ferry from Jagna on Bohol. It departs at 1:30pm and arrives in Cagayan de Oro at 6pm (with a stop at Camiguin Island at 3:30pm).
Cagayan de Oro is quite sufficient when it comes to land transportation. You can easily roam around the city by any means of land transport. There are three integrated bus and jeepney terminals, which offer regular land trips:
- Agora Integrated Bus Terminal offers regular land trips to and from Gingoog, Bukidnon, Kabacan, North Cotabato, Butuan, Surigao (in the Caraga region), Davao, Tacurong and Balingoan (ferry going for Camiguin). Recently, the terminal is on a huge renovation.
- Eastbound-Gusa Jeepney Terminal offers regular land trips to and from eastern towns of Misamis Oriental, Camp Philips, Libona and Manolo Fortich in Bukidnon.
- Westbound-Bulua Integrated Bus and Jeepney Terminal offers regular land trips to and from western towns of Misamis Oriental including Laguindingan and El Salvador, Iligan, Marawi, Oroquieta, Ozamiz, Dipolog, Pagadian, Zamboanga and some parts of western Mindanao.
From Davao, one bus every 30-60min, 7-10h duration depending on weather/trafic/road construction, multiples stop including lunch+diner break, 500p Aircon/390 w/o.
Bus station is inside city market, few (mid/expensive) hotels nearby, jeepney R2 to Pesoria for town center.
Bus, jeepneys, taxis, multi-cab and the motorela (similar to Thailand's tuk-tuk) are the main mode of land transportation within the city. White and yellow colored air-conditioned taxis with meters installed, and car rentals are also available. As a visitor DO NOT agree to a flat-rate taxi fare unless you want to pay triple the meter rate, insist on meter only ("meter-plus 50" for an airport or late-night pick up). Motorellas are slow but you don't have to wait long for them to fill with passengers. They travel set routes, but will give you custom service for a negotiated price. Jeepneys are perfectly safe during the day and cost only a tenth of a taxi ride. If it doesn't take you where you meant to go, then you can take one to a large hub, where you can continue with another one. Try to find a full one, since an empty one will wait for more passengers. At night you may have to be careful with the drunks, since robberies do happen. Keep your cell phone and camera in your bag and your bag in your lap.
- MacArthur Memorial Marker is located at the edge of Cagayan de Oro Port, the monument commemorates two historical events.
- San Agustin Cathedral is a Gothic inspired church with centuries old stained glass windows.
- Gardens of Malasag Eco-Tourism Village or , located in a reforested area in Malasag Hill. This 7-hectare village has replicas of tribal houses in the region and a panoramic view of Macajalar Bay. It is owned by the government and managed by the Philippine Tourism Authority. The views are well worth the short drive up the hill from the main highway (turn-off near Marco Hotel).
- Vicente de Lara Park is situated in front of the Provincial Capitol of Misamis Oriental with age-old mahogany trees that provide a therapeutic canopy for the promenades. The park is a popular jogging area during the morning. This is also the site of the Press Freedom Monument and a Sculpture of the Province of Misamis Oriental.
- Gaston Park, named after a former Mayor of Cagayan de Oro. It is located near the San Agustin Metropolitan Cathedral and Archbishop's Palace. This was the site of the first Spanish settlement established in 1622. The park, noted for its water-dancing fountain, is a favorite place to unwind for many Kagay-anons, especially during Sundays.
- Plaza Divisoria (Golden Friendship Park) built in the early 1900's as a town divider (Divisoria) or fire breaker after a great fire that almost burned down the entire town. It is now a park dedicated to local and national heroes.
- Macahambus Hill, Cave and Gorge is an underground cave with a 130-foot circular gorge. The ravine is thick with various species of plants and huge trees. It is the site of the historical battle between Kagay-anons and American soldiers during the Philippine-American War (1900).
- Museo de Oro, located within the campus of Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan, it exhibits artifacts dug from Huluga Cave, and a repertoire of Bukidnon and Maranao cultures that have survived the ravages of time.
- Cagayan de Oro Tourism Showhouse showcases the products from Cagayan de Oro and the province.
- La Castilla is a museum of Philippine household heirlooms and antiques. This is the Rodolfo and Elsa Pelaez family memorabilia administered by the Liceo de Cagayan University.
- Museum of Three Cultures is a newly opened museum located in the campus of Capitol University. It houses a gallery of Maranao antiquities from Tugaya, Lanao del Sur; a gallery of ethnohistory which shall display Cagayan de Oro history, Butuan archaeological artifacts, lumad arts and crafts from the Higaonon and Manobo cultures, and a treasure of Christian lowland artifacts of Northern Mindanao; and finally an art gallery and coffee shop that shall promote the local visual arts of Mindanao.
- Divisoria Night Café and Night Market, set up every Friday and Saturday nights. Divisoria streets is closed to traffic and fills with delicious food stalls and cheap pitchers of beer, and most importantly thousands of people shop and enjoying a cheap night out. Haggle over a pair of imitation Adidas then relax at a plastic table with a huge piece of grilled tuna and beer with ice cubes and watch the crowd go by.
- Catanico Falls is concealed by huge boulders, the rapids, cascading falls and natural pool of Barangay F.S. Catanico.
- Kagay-an Resort, formerly Lawndale Spring in the Taguanao area, is usually packed with families and groups on weekends lounging in the cold springs.
- High Ridge is on a hilltop in Aluba area. High ridge has been open to the public for outdoor picnics and a scenic view of Cagayan de Oro.
- Monigue Cave is in Barangay Mambuaya this city; the cave entrance is flowing water from underground stream.
- Macahambus Adventure Park is in Barangay Lumbia.
- Plaza de Los Heroes is a memorial park dedicated to the heroes of the Three Battles of Cagayan de Oro during the Philippine-American War. It is located along Mastersons Avenue in Upper Carmen.
- Whitewater Rafting a 14 rapids along Cagayan de Oro River. The rainy months of September and October are good for intermediate and professional levels (rapids range from class 3 to 4). The rest of the year especially during the dry season is good for novice or amateur rafters. Check White Water Rafting portal .
- Whitewater Kayaking it's more fun and intense. You'll love it from put-in to take-out.
- Macahambus Adventure Park rappel and zip-line across trees a hundred feet above ground.
- Mapawa Nature Park ideal for horseback riding, biking, zipline and nature trekking.
- Cock-Fighting look for the arena along the National Highway in Gusa. The steep-walled concrete arena thunders with hundreds of shouting fans placing bets, as carefully bred and trained roosters in beautiful fighting form do what they're born to do. WARNING: seeing these magnificent and spirited creatures transformed into a limp piece of chicken by the flash of a steel blade may make you become a vegetarian. If not, the losing birds are for sale by the kilo and are rumored to have a distinctive flavor.
- Movies the screens are huge, people walk in and out at all times, bring your own full meal to eat in the seat.
- Videoke coin-operated video karaoke machines found in virtually every roadside bar in and around the city. Don't even come to the Philippines unless you know the words to at least one song you're willing to get up and sing like it's your one big shot at fame. The playlist is extensive (from Beatles to Nirvana with plenty of Bon Jovi and Gloria Gaynor in between) so no excuses.
- Virtual Cache Hunting...adds an extra dimension to the Tourist Attractions in the province.
- Shop, as the shopping capital of the Northern Mindanao region. Just visit the city to shop and enjoy the mall facilities; with numerous of department stores, supermarkets, retail stores and modern public markets.
- Folk Museum of Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan, Xavier University Campus. Learn about enchanting aswang, kapre and other Filipino folklore in this museum. edit
- Limketkai Center  - the biggest commercial complex in Mindanao. The one in Cagayan de Oro is well equipped and modern.
- SM City Cagayan de Oro - Mastersons Ave., cor Gran Via St. Has many stores and is easy to reach, since it's nearest to the airport.
- Robinsons Cagayan de Oro - Rosario Crescent and Florentino St. in Limketkai Complex.
- Centrio Mall - C.M Recto Ave., cor. Corrales St.
- Gaisano City Mall - C.M Recto Ave., cor. Corrales Ext.
- Gaisano Suki Club - Capt. Vicente Roa St., cor Yacapin St.
- Divisoria Night Café and Market is set up every Friday and Saturday evening along the streets of Plaza Divisoria (Golden Friendship Park) are filled with stalls selling bags, shoes and other trinkets.
- SaveMore - Kauswagan Highway
- Shopwise - Within Limketkai Complex
- Puregold - Claro M. Recto Avenue
- Ororama Supercenter – J.R Borja St., Cogon.
- Cogon Public Market and Commercial Complex
- Carmen Public Market and Commercial Complex
What to buy
Below listed are Cagayan De Oro's native delicacies.
- Jamon Cagayan de Oro (Pork ham) sold by Slers, Oroham and Pines.
- Chicharon (Pork rind or skin) sold by Slers.
- Fely's Homemade Cheese Sticks
- Fely's Homemade Assorted Flavored Peanuts
- Cashew Nuts from Lumbia district.
- Lechon Manok a rotisserie chicken sold roadside, salty but delicious. They're everywhere, quality varies, buy from the one with the most customers in line.
- Lechon Baboy a whole pig roasted over coals on a bamboo spit, stuffed with lemongrass. Ask a local friend how to arrange one day in advance. Much cheaper in Cagayan de Oro than in Manila.
- Malunggay Pastel Bread.
- Turrones de Mani
- Oro Shawarma the best shawarma of CDO! They have stores located along Hayes St. in Divisoria, Gaisano Mall, Shopwise, Centrio, SM.
- Bigby's Café - SM City Cagayan de Oro and Rosario Arcade, Limketkai Center. Western-style dishes.
- Mang Inasal - Barbequed chicken with rice. Costs about 100PHP per meal, which is great value for the money. Very popular, so you may have to wait for a table.
- Café Laguna- Robinsons Cagayan de Oro. Fine dining and Filipino cuisine.
- Candy's - Rosario Arcade, Limketkai Center. Western-style dishes.
- Country Side Steakhouse, Limketkai Center. Grilled beef or steak.
- Dadang's Seafoods Restaurant, Km.3 National Highway, Kauswagan. phone="(088) 858-6670" Filipino seafood cuisine.
- Inilog/Pautog Grill Grilled foods and unlimited rice servings.
- Kagay-anon Restaurant - Limketkai Center. Filipino cuisine and ostrich meat.
- La Tegola, Archbishop Hayes St. Italian restaurant, quiet and comfortable. A favorite of foreign visitors wanting a great Italian meal and a good bottle of wine.
- Divisoria Night Café and Market Every Friday and Saturday evening along the streets of Divisoria are filled with stalls selling grilled foods.
- Vienna Kaffehaus Don A. Velez St. European and western-style dishes.
- Philtown Hotel - It's a hotel, but its restaurant have very good food!
- Roadhouse, SM City Cagayan de Oro for fine dining. edit
- La Vetta Wine Bar and Restaurant, Rosario Arcade, Limketkai Center (beside Kagay-anon Restaurant), ☎ 856-1207. 10:30AM-11PM. Classy ambience combined with French Mediterranean cuisines. The Executive Chef is from Switzerland. mid-price. edit
- Sentro 1850, Don A. Velez St. (near Divisoria), ☎ (08822) 731-850. 11AM-10PM. Great foods ranging from Asian to Western-style dishes. mid-price. edit
- CDO Bazaar & Night Café - Paseo del Rio Complex
- Brewberry Café, Don A. Velez St. (beside Sentro 1850). edit
- Sentro 1850 (Eat), Don A. Velez St. (near Divisoria), ☎ (08822) 731-850. 11AM-10PM. Great foods ranging from Asian to Western style dishes. edit
- Coffee head quarters, C pacana street (Velez near the VIP Hotel), ☎ 852 4021. 8am-10pm. laid back relaxing coffee shop with good choice of hot and cold drinks plus a range of snacks including Missy Bonobon and in-house delicacies. Clean hygienic, decent soft furnishings with FREE WIFI makes for a great hang out edit
- GHQ BAR, C Pacana Street (Velez st close to VIP Hotel). 9pm to Close. Adult themed entertainment bar with 6 VIP rooms. The preferred choice for professional clientelle. edit
- Taza - Limketkai Center. Locally owned coffee shop.
- Kofitricks Café  - Yacapin-Velez Sts. A Coffee shop, and Pinoy and Indian cuisine (Wi-Fi zone).
- Coffeeworks - Corrales St., beside Xavier University
- Starbucks - Limketkai and Centrio
- Figaro - Limketkai
- Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf - Limketkai
- Loreto's Grill and Restaurant - Tomas Saco St., Nazareth.
- Pulse Formerly Xcite, it is in front of the Dynasty Court Hotel.
- The Beat Disco club adjacent to Pulse.
- Backyard - Chaves St.
- Karumata - Dolores and Pabayo Sts. When you're sick of the DJs and the bands playing cover tunes, there are serious artists and original musicians in Cagayan de Oro, and you might share them a beer that you won't see at the shopping malls and beach resorts.
- Zaks Retro Bar - Velez St.
- Lifestyle - An entertainment hub along Corrales Ext. right beside Budgetel.
- Grand Central - Another entertainment hub in Chavez St., Divisoria.
- D'MORVIE SUITES - Corner of Capistrano and Yacapin St. - Rate - 200/400 12/24 Hours
- Parkview Hotel Divisoria plaza. from 350 a night
- MASS SPEC Hostel -Tiano Bros. St.from 250 a night
- Y.M.C.A. Hostel - Julio Pacana St. from 300 a night
- Golden Pension House 
- Rosarios Place Business hotel Corrales avenue. Phone 09177950116. air.con single/double rooms with own bathroom and cable tv.395/450 anight
- WinGrace Dormitory 
- Beatrice Inn. Capistrano Street. a.c single/double rooms with own bathroom and cable tv.380/450
- King william Inn.Cruz Tall Street. a.c rooms with own bathroom and cable from p330.
- Budgetel, Corrales extension, Cagayan de oro city (in front of capital university, jeepney ? from Agora bus terminal), ☎ (088)856-4200/856-4300 (email@example.com). checkout: checkout 12h, in 2pm. aircon, free wifi, shared or attached bathroom, western toilets, free breakfeast for private room. attached treehouse restaurant 80p/breakfeast. dorm 250/n, private room s/d 600/900, familly room 8-10pax 2400/3000p. edit
- Victoria Suite, Tirso Neri st, Divisoria, Cagayan de Oro city, (firstname.lastname@example.org), . free wifi, aircon. s/d 650/850+. edit
- Hotel Ramon, Tirso Neri, Burgos st. Aircon, wifi, laundry service. s/d from 200 12 hours+. edit
- DDD Habitat Inn, Pension house, J. Serina St, corner Vamenta Blvd, Carmen, Cagayan de oro city, (email@example.com). Aircon, tv, hot shower, free wifi in lobby. room starts 800p/d. edit
- Seda Centrio, C.M. Recto corner Corrales Avenue, ☎ (6388) 3238888, . All rooms have executive work desk, mini-bar, coffee and tea making facilities, and in-room safe. Some of its facilities and services are restaurant, lounge, meeting rooms, gym, adult/children pool, in-room massage, currency exchange, parking, safety deposit boxes, airport and city transfers, laundry and dry cleaning. Rates start at 3450.00 PHP. edit
- Pryce Plaza, Carmen Hill, Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines, 9000, ☎ (+63) (88) 858 4537, . Pryce Plaza is located at Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines. It offers 80 air-conditioned rooms and suites, all of which have Mini-bar, Cable TV, and IDD phone with extension in the bathroom. Some of its amenities include elite spa and fitness club, swimming pool, and restaurants (Cafe Cagayan, Compadres Bar, Josefina's Seafood & Grill, and Japanese Corner) .While staying here, you can visit some interesting places like La Castilla Museum, Migtugsok Falls, and Macahambus Hill Cave. Best rates on official website start at PHP 3,700.00. edit
- Ridgeview Chalets, Xavier Estates, Fr. Masterson Ave., Upper Balulang, 9000 Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines, ☎ (63)(88)8587946, . Located within the Xavier Estates complex in Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines, Ridgeview Chalets affords guests with a private escape but still takes them within proximate distance to the hub's sights and conveniences. Every room has air conditioning, pocket refrigerator, mini bar, cable TV, and high-speed Internet access. Some of its amenities are fitness room, game room, restaurant/café/bar lounge, and an outdoor swimming pool. Best rates on official website start at PHP 1,850.00. edit
- Hotel Koresco, Pueblo de Oro Golf Estates, Rev. Masterson Avenue (Hotel Koresco's location is right inside Pueblo de Oro Golf and Country Club, 5 minutes from Lumbia Airport and 15 minutes to the city proper.), ☎ 63 (88) 8589749 to 55, . All rooms are equipped with air conditioning, cable television, minibar, refrigerator, international direct dialling service, hot and cold shower. Some of its services and facilities are gift shop, ambrosia restaurant, room service, wake-up call, daily guest room maintenance, karaoke, massage service, spa and E-games. Rates start at 3,600.00 PHP. edit
- Miami Inn  - Vamenta Blvd., Carmen.
- Mountain Suite Business - Kimwa Compound, Tablon.
- Middleton Aparttelle - Lirio Ext., Carmen.
- Philtown Hotel 
- Country Village Hotel - Villarin St., Carmen.
- Kingston Lodge  - Mastersons Ave., Upper Carmen. Only 5 minutes from Lumbia Airport, it sits adjacent to Pueblo de Oro Golf Course and lies opposite Xavier Estates Sports and Country Club. Phone number: (088) 858-5696. Price: PHP 1,120.00
- Gardens of Malasag Eco-Tourism Village is a unique and beautiful place, please read description in the "See" section above.
- House of Java  Homestay with privacy, in the heart of the city.
- The Malasag House  Unique in The Philippines, European style Bed & Breakfast, relaxing with stunning view.
- Pryce Plaza Hotel - Carmen Hill.
- De Luxe Hotel - Capt. Vicente Roa St., Cagayan de Oro City. .
- Mallberry Business Suites Hotel - Florentino St., Limketkai Center.
- Dynasty Court Hotel - Archbishop Hayes cor. Tiano Bros. Sts.
- The VIP hotel, Don A. Velez st, Cagayan de oro city, (firstname.lastname@example.org), . free wifi, include breakfeast. room starts 1950p/d. edit
- Marco Hotel - Alwana Business Park, Cugman.
- Chali Beach Resort and Conference Center - Zone 3, Cugman.