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Caernarfon

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Wales : North Wales : Gwynedd : Caernarfon
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Caernarfon castle

Caernarfon is a Royal town in Gwynedd, North-West Wales. Caernarfon is famous for its breathtaking castle and as a stronghold of the Welsh language. The castle and fortified complex is recognised on UNESCO's World Heritage List as one of the finest examples of late 13th century and early 14th century military architecture in Europe. It is one of the best places in the world to hear a living Celtic language, with over 80% of the local population speaking Welsh.

Caernarfon provides a good base for visiting other places of interest in North Wales. A few miles’ drive from Caernarfon is Snowdonia National Park which plays host to the highest mountain in Wales, and Anglesey, home of Beaumaris Castle, the last and largest of the castles to be built by King Edward I in Wales.

Other nearby places worth visiting include: Conwy, Llandudno, the Isle of Anglesey, Bangor, and the castle at Harlech.

Opposite the castle, the Caernarfon Tourist Information Centre, Oriel Pendeitsh, Castle St, 01286 672232 ().  edit, makes a great port of call, offering free local advice for getting the most out of a visit to Caernarfon and its surrounding areas.

Get in[edit]

The historic town of Caernarfon is easily accessible by car, air, rail, bus and sea.

By car[edit]

The roads are good, with Bangor and the A55 expressway around 15 minutes away. Liverpool and Manchester airports are around 2 hours, Dublin about 3 hours (including fast ferry) and Cardiff around 4 and a half hours.

From London allow 5 hours for your journey. Exit the M6/J20 onto M56. Follow signs for Queensferry / North Wales onto A55. Exit A55/J9 onto A487 then follow signs for Caernarfon onto the A487 for 7 miles.

Note: All day parking is available behind the castle at a reasonable price, with other car parks more ideally suited to short-term parking.

By air[edit]

Caernarfon Airport is less than 6 miles away and has a terminal open for private aircraft. Liverpool John Lennon airport is just 90 miles away via the M56, A55 and A487. Manchester airport is 98 miles away via the M56, A55 and A487, approximately one and three-quarter hours' drive.

By rail[edit]

The nearest train station is Bangor, with trains from Chester, Crewe, Manchester, London Euston, Cardiff, and Holyhead (connecting to Dublin ferry). From London Euston (Virgin Trains) takes about 3 hours.


By sea[edit]

Caernarfon is easily reached from Ireland via the port of Holyhead, and an excellent road network. Take the A55 leaving J9 (first exit after crossing Britannia Bridge) onto A487 then follow signs for Caernarfon onto the A487 for 7 miles. Foot passengers, onward travel is available from Holyhead to Bangor by train and takes 30 minutes, and then Bangor to Caernarfon by bus 20 minutes.

By bus[edit]

From London (via Chester) or Cardiff, National Express operates a daily service to Caernarfon, with numerous pick up points along the way.

The town is also served by local bus routes, mainly from other North Wales towns. There are buses every 15 minutes from Bangor (nearest train station) - just check out Arriva Bus route 5. The route takes about 30 minutes, so getting to Caernarfon by public transport is definitely an option.

Local bus companies include Express Motors, Silver Star, KMP Llanberis, Arriva Cymru and Sherpa Buses (for Snowdonia).

Caernarfon's central bus station is called Penllyn.

See[edit][add listing]

  • Caernarfon Castle [1], admission £4.90, concessions £4.50, family £15, opens 0930 (except Su in winter 1100), closes 1600 winter, 1700 spring / autumn, 1800 summer, last admission half an hour before closing, closed 24-26 Dec, 1 Jan - an impressive work began in 1283 by England's King Edward I as his planned seat of power in his subjugation of Wales. Like Beaumaris, this castle was quite functional, although never 100% completed.
  • Galeri & Doc Victoria [2][3] - Set alongside the beautiful harbour of Caernarfon, it includes a creative arts centre, a minute or two by foot from the town walls. It has a bar, cafe and restaurant, art exhibition, hosts concerts, films and events and is packed with small arty companies.
  • Segontium [4] - Site of a historic Roman fort.
  • Welsh Language - Caernarfon is probably the best place to see, hear and speak the Welsh language. Over 80% of the population speak Welsh, so it is an ideal place to practice a few sentences or just to soak up the authentic Celtic heritage.

Do[edit][add listing]

  • Welsh Highland Railway [5] - Caernarfon's the starting point for the Welsh Highland Railway, offering a journey on one of the world's most powerful 2' gauge steam locomotives through the fabulous scenery of the Snowdonia National Park.
  • Walk around the mainly traffic-free streets of the walled town and along the Menai Straits. Guided tours are also available throughout the year by the North Wales Tour Guide Association.
  • Visit Bocs Arts Centre [6]
  • Visit Caernarfon Castle
  • Visit Galeri Arts Centre [7]
  • Visit Oriel Pendeitsch
  • Cycle along the traffic-free routes along the Menai and South almost to Cricieth. Bikes can be hired in Caernarfon from Beics Menai.
  • Gypsy Wood Park [8] - An outdoor attraction well worth a visit on a sunny day. Its a relaxing attraction, with the UK's largest miniature G Scale garden railway and a great family day out for children who love animals.
  • Redline Indoor Karting [9] Tel 01286 669515 - A purpose built indoor karting track, popular with locals and tourists alike. The perfect option for all weather family fun. Viewing Area Refreshments. Cibyn Industrial Estate. Llanberis Road. Sat Nav LL55 2BD
  • Learn Welsh on a residential course at the Nant Gwrtheyrn Language and Heritage Centre, situated in a spectacular coastal location around half an hour's drive from Caernarfon.
  • Caernarfon Golf Club [10] - great place if you fancy a few rounds, with very reasonable green fees.

Buy[edit][add listing]

Caernarfon has some nice independent shops in the pleasant streets of the walled town. Palas Print sells books, music and coffee, with a good Welsh language selection.

There is also a nice small clothes and accessories shop. Na Nog on the square is an option for presents with a local flavour, like childrens clothing with a Welsh theme. For a larger choice of shops, head to Bangor, Llandudno or perhaps Conwy.

Eat[edit][add listing]

There are a decent amount of places to eat within and around the old town walls, in particular the small streets nestled along the western town wall. There are also a few places on the town square. Serving hours can be odd, and without good planning you could end up hungry. However there are still places which serve food all day, including the Black Boy Inn and Anglesey Arms.

  • Anglesey Arms - Great setting on sunny day, with good hearty food and stunning views of the Menai Strait.
  • Y Castell - Hotel on Y Maes (town square) formerly known as 'the Castle', refurbished and serving excellent food all day and evenings.


Cafes in Caernarfon include:

  • Crempogau-Just Pancakes - friendly service, offering the best pancakes in town!


Takeaways in Caernarfon include:

  • Bella Pizza Offering good, resonably priced pizzas just down the road from the Celtic Royal. Vaguely friendly service.
  • Lee's One of the best Chinese takeaways in Caernarfon.

Drink[edit][add listing]

Drinking is a popular option for nights in Caernarfon. There is a decent selection of small pubs in and around the walls.

Sleep[edit][add listing]

Hotels & Inns[edit]

  • Black Boy Inn, Northgate Street (LL55 1RW), 01286 673604 (), [11].  edit. Situated within the medieval town walls, very close to the Castle. It is one of oldest Inns in North Wales and has recently been restored. The Inn has a unique character and atmosphere. Each bedroom has an en-suite bathroom. Reservations are strongly recommended as it can get busy.
  • Celtic Royal, Caernarfon, 01286 674477 (), [12].  edit A large hotel in Caernarfon's city centre, it's also one of the more expensive establishments. This fills up in the summer months, so make sure you have reservations beforehand, although you may get lucky. This hotel is also a few blocks outside of the old town walls and a short jaunt away from the castle.

B&Bs, Hostels and Self Catering Cottages[edit]

An array of accommodation options are dotted in and around the Caernarfon area comprising B&B's, Hostels and quality assured Self Catering facilities ranging from modern flats, purposely converted units on farm complexes to fully residential traditional Snowdonia farmhouse cottages.


  • Snowdonia Cottage Breaks, 01286 830327 (), [13].  edit Large delightful Wales Tourist Board 'Excellent' accredited traditional Snowdonia Farmhouse. Self Catering Family and Group Accommodation with views to Mount Snowdon and the Sea.

Get Out[edit]

A number of World Heritage Sites and stunning castle towns lie less than a few miles drive away from Caernarfon, making it a great base for exploring North Wales:




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