Buyeo was previously known as Sabi, one of the ancient capitals of the Baekje Dynasty, established in 18 B.C. and pre-eminent in the region for more than 700 years until 660 CE. Buyeo is located southwest of Gongju and west of Daejeon.
The town is small enough to be walkable. The bus terminal is located right dead center of the town, and most of the major sights are located about 2 or 3 "blocks" away from the terminal, making the town a very walkable place.
Buso Mountain Fortress, (부소산성, Busosanseong), located north of the rotary north the bus terminal. Busosanseong is a park showcasing the ancient fortresses through wooden-covered paths around the park. Some of the prime sights are: Samchungsa Temple (where they honour three servants from China), Yeongillu Pavillion, Soldiers' Huts, Banwolli Pavillion (with the best sights of the town of Buyeo below), Gungnyeosa Shrine, Sajaru Pavillion, Nakwaam Rock (where legends have it that 3,000 women threw themselves to death below into the river after their empire was invaded by Chinese forces), and Goransa Temple (it is said that drinking a cup of the spring water at the temple would make you three years younger.) ₩1500, 08:00-17:00 (winter), 08:00-18:00 (Feb-Nov).
Jeongnisima Temple and Museum, located in the eastern part of downtown area on Gongnam-ro, 5-10 minutes walk east from the bus terminal; a complex with the ruins of the lotus pond, Buddha statue and a 1,500 years old five-storied pagoda, with a museum on-site showing some of the history of the Baekje Dynasty in Buyeo. There is an impressive 65% scale model of the temple grounds surrounded by a gate and perimeter walls, located inside the museum. It appears that they are undergoing excavation of the site, and possibly rebuilding the entire site again. ₩1500, 09:00-17:00 (winter), 09:00-18:00 (Feb-Nov).
Buyeo National Museum, located at Geumseong-ro 1, about 2 or 3 blocks southeast of Jeongnisma Temple. Exhibition halls housing artefacts discovered through archaelogical diggings, most spanning through the Sabi era of the Baekje Dynasty. Over 13,000 items in museum. free admission (complimentary ticket but pre-booking required), M-F 09:00-18:00, Sa-Su 09:00-19:00 but Saturdays between April and October" 09:00-21:00.
Seodong Park (Gungnamji Pond), an interesting park, where the grounds are mostly covered by pond water in lotus shape. One can walk on stone paths, or one of the numerous pathways around the pond with a pavillion in the centre, connected by a long wooden bridge. They claim that this was one of the first man-made parks in Korea. On a site to the east closer to the Hwaji Mountain, there is a monument dedicated to 5,000 soldiers. Free admission.
Baekje Historical Park, located on the northern side of the river on Hapjeong-ri 575, in Gyuam-myeon, a re-made historical 'theme park' consisting of a royal palace, temples, historical museums and traditional villages. There is also Baekje Historical Museum onsite. ₩9,000. Open 09:00-18:00 (09:00-17:00 winter).
Baekje Royal Tombs Park at Neungsan-ri, abt. 4 km east from Busosanseong Fortress on Neungsan-ri 16-1: site with seven tombs of the Baekje Royal families. There is a Baekje Gobun Museum with exhibitions about the tombs. ₩1,000, 08:00-18:00
There are city tours offered every Sunday, and on second and fourth Saturday of the month, from March to December starting at 10 am. Reservations and inquiries can be made by calling the Chungnam Tourist Information Center at 041-830-2330.
2nd and 4th Saturdays the tour will explore the Jeongnimsa Temple, Seodong Park, Baekje Historical Museum, hear Korean classical music and finish up at Busosanseong Fortress.
1st, 3rd and 5th Sundays the tour will go to Seodongyo Theme Park, Seodong Park, Jeongnimsa Temple, Baekje Historical Museum and Busosanseong Fortress.
2nd and 4th Sundays the tour also includes the city of Gongju. Sites visited are: Jeongnimsa Temple, Seodong Park, Busosanseong Fortress, Gongju National Museum, Gongsanseong Fortress and King Muryeong's Tomb.
Besides Busosanseong Fortress, there are a few other places where one can go walking. Most of the summits are around 100 metres tall:
Mt. Busan: located across Baengma River to the northwest. Home to Daejaegak and Cheongnyongsa Temples, as well as Mt. Busan Pavillion closer to the top of the mountain.
Geumseongsan: there are trails leading from the town (just north of the Buyeo National Museum) towards the the summit and the Baekje Royal Tombs. Some of the places to see are: Jowangsa Temple, Tagsudae Pavillion and Beacon Mound closer to the top of the mountain.
The area between the bus terminal and Jeongsima Temple has a large number of motels and hotels. To identify whether a place is a motel or not, there will usually be neon signs on the top of the building, with the Korean alphabets 모텔. Another way to tell is if there is a bowl with steam coming out of it.
Muryangsa Temple: located at Mt. Mansusan, this is the largest temple in Buyeo. There are important cultural properties listed on the site, such as Geungnakjeon Hall, Five-storied Pagoda, etc... There are several hiking paths through the mountains around the temple).
Ssalbawi and Suribawi rocks: interesting rock formations near Muryangsa Temple.
Seongheungsanseong Fortress and Daejosa Temple - a 10-metre-high standing Buddha stone , one of the largest single-rock Buddha images that were popular during early Goryeo period.
Seodongyo Theme Park: location of reproduced Baekje town built for a Korean television company, SBS. SBS filmed their "Seodongy," which is a period drama about the Baekje empire. The set has an area of 30,000 m² and includes a village from that period complete with King's Palace, Science institute and Queen's Place.
Three storey stone pagoda in Jangha-ri.
Cheongmasanseong Fortress and hiking trails through the mountains