Bratislava  or Pozsony in Hungarian and Pressburg in German, is the capital and largest city in Slovakia. It has a population of almost 415,000 and is the administrative, cultural and economic centre of the country. Before 1919, it was known as Prešporok in Slovak.
Bratislava has a very pleasant medieval inner city with narrow, winding streets, a hill-top castle next to the river Danube, and many historic churches and buildings to visit. The old town is centered on two squares, Hlavne namestie (main square) and Hviezdoslavovo namestie (Hviezdoslav square, named after a famous Slovak poet). Of a rather different architectural character are some of the communist-era buildings found in the modern parts of the city; a prime example is Petrzalka housing estate, the biggest Communist-era concrete block housing complex in Central Europe, which stretches on endlessly just across the river. Move further east and there are plenty of rural places to explore. Farms, vineyards, agricultural land, and tiny villages are situated less than 50 kilometres to the north and east of Bratislava.
Today, Bratislava and its surroundings form the most prosperous region (NUTS-2 Region) in Central and Eastern Europe, with a per capita GDP of around 186% of the EU-27 average and it is the fifth most prosperous region in EU.
After the fall of the Great Moravian Empire, Slovakia became part of the Kingdom of Hungary from the 10th century until the end of the First World War when the Treaty of Trianon created Czechoslovakia, a country which Slovaks are widely proud of - for example, some Czechoslovakian representatives, such as Alexander Dubček and Gustáv Husák, were ethnically Slovak.
Between 1939 and 1944, Slovakia was a German-controlled state. Then, it was conquered by the Soviets to recreate a new Czechoslovakia, but one that would be pro-Soviet and Communist this time.
This lasted until the fall of Communist rule in Czechoslovakia, during the Velvet Revolution of 1989. In 1993, peaceful differences between Czechs and Slovaks when rebuilding their nation after the fall of Communism led to the dissolution of Czechoslovakia into two separate and independent nations: the Czech Republic, and of course Slovakia (Slovak Republic). To this day, Slovaks and Czechs have generally friendly relations, and the two nations cooperate together frequently on international issues.
Bratislava was the capital (1536-1784), the coronation city (1563-1830) and the seat of the diet (1536-1848) of the Kingdom of Hungary for many years. Since 1960, it has been the capital of the federal state of Slovakia within Czechoslovakia and, since 1993, it has been the capital of independent Slovakia.
Although today, Bratislava's population are mostly Slovaks, from the 13th to the early 19th century, the majority ethnic group in the city were the Germans, who remained the largest ethnic group until the First World War (in 1910, 42% were German, 41% Hungarian and 15% Slovak out of a total population of 78,000). Hungarians formed another important group in the city in the 19th century, but after the First World War, many Germans and Hungarians left for Austria and Hungary respectively, and the remaining Germans were expelled at the end of World War II.
Bratislava Milan Rastislav Štefánik Airport
Bratislava Airport (ICAO: LZIB, IATA: BTS)  The airport is the largest in the Slovak Republic. The vast majority of scheduled flights are operated by the budget airline Ryanair , which flies to ca. 15 destinations in the United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Spain, Italy and Belgium. Additional carriers are Danube Wings  flying to Kosice, Rijeka, Split and Zadar; Czech Arlines  to Prague and Kosice; Norwegian Air Shuttle  to Oslo and Copenhagen; UTair  to Moscow, Air Onix  to Kiev and Sun d'Or  to Tel Aviv (seasonal flights). Direct bus services operating in approximately hourly intervals connect the airport with Vienna airport and the city of Vienna (travel time to Vienna is ca. 80-90 minutes).
Be aware that the staff might take some regulations especially seriously. For example, you will not be allowed a small handbag/laptop bag AND hand luggage. If you are flying by Ryanair and have check-in luggage, do not let the small size of the airport fool you. Arrive at the airport well in advance of your flight, as the queue can get very long.
After leaving the terminal, do not expect any shuttle bus, but a regular public transport. Use bus No 61  (or N61 at night) for a direct connection to the terminus Main Railway Station (Hlavná stanica)  or change at Trnavské mýto to get to the city center (in order to get to the tram stop, use the underpass and the exit marked "Centrum" (city center)); take any tram in the direction towards center. You can also wait one more stop and exit at Racianské mýto, where trams also travel to the city center and there is no underpass to cross. City centre is 15-20mins stroll south from Main Railway Station. Bus drivers don't sell tickets in Bratislava (see "Get around" below) so you need to get tickets in advance. Use the vending machines at the bus stop but note that you will need euro coins as the vending machines don't take notes (there are also two big red ticket machines in the terminal building close to arrivals, which accept banknotes). You can also buy tickets in the tourist and exchange offices in the terminal, but they have only limited working hours. Be aware that the airport shops and kiosks are not very helpful when it comes to changing bills into coins. A screen in the arrivals hall displays actual departure times of next public transport buses and buses to Vienna.
There is no direct connection between the airport and the main bus station. Bus 96 goes to Slovinská (about 11 minutes). Get out and take trolleybus 205 to Autobusová stanica (Bus station), which is about 10 stops and 14 minutes from Slovinská.
Taxis are inexpensive, usual price when ordering taxi by phone for whole 9km journey from airport to city centre should be not more than €15-20, if hailed on street expect double prices €20-30, always make sure taxi driver use taxi meter, if he refuses don't get in the taxi. Avoid unofficial black taxis which will overcharge you. Public transport buses are cheaper - a single ticket to the city centre (validate the ticket in the marking machine immediately after getting into bus; valid for 60 minutes from the moment of validation; transfer to other public transport lines allowed) costs €0.90.
Vienna International Airport / Wien Schwechat
Vienna International Airport (ICAO: LOWW, IATA: VIE)  is located ca. 40 km (25 mi) from Bratislava, near to the town of Schwechat in Austria, after which the airport is named. The airport is the home base of the flag-carrier Austrian  and the budget airline Fly Niki . Most European airlines and a significant number of international airlines have direct connections to Vienna from their respective hubs. A quick summary of transport options:
Brno Airport has a very small albeit good selection of destination offerings. Budapest and Prague airports are about a 4-5 hour journey but can mean substantial savings on intercontinental trips, especially to New York City or Beijing.
Most international trains stop at the main train station (Bratislava hlavná stanica) that has a good connections to buses. To get to the city center from the central train station, take Bus line 93 (exit 2nd stop "Hodzovo nam." next to the presidential palace or 3rd stop "Zochova" and go through the underpass by foot into the center) or Bus line X13 (exit 3rd stop "Namestie SNP" right by the pedestrian zone). The other principal station is Bratislava-Petržalka, situated in a residential district, south of the river Danube. The station serves as a terminus for some of the trains from Vienna. Bus 80 (direction: Kollárovo námestie) departs from outside the station building or use the underground passageway in the station hall then hop on any of the buses that leave from the opposite side of the road. Buses 91 and 191 (direction: Nový most), 93 and 94 (direction: Hlavná stanica and Vazovova respectively) all go directly to city centre. DO NOT take a taxi from the taxi line outside the train station, or you will be fleeced. Even if the taxi driver claims to go by the meter, they will later show you a sheet showing a tariff of 20-30 euros for leaving the train station, even if the distance traveled is a kilometer or two.
Coach lines connect Bratislava with all of Slovakia, a high number of Czech cities and a number of EU destinations, including London, Paris and daily buses also depart to Budapest, Prague. The most frequent international coach connection by far is Vienna though, with three lines running every hour from Vienna's Sudtirolerplatz near Hauptbahnhof via Vienna International Airport: Blaguss  has tickets sold by the driver priced at €9.00, with stops in central Bratislava (beneath Nový most bridge) and Bratislava Airport. Slovak Lines  has buses that stop at the Coach Terminal and Bratislava Airport, for a cost of €7.70. The tickets can be purchased from the driver or booked online ). RegioJet buses are by far the cheapest and go for as little as €1, but normal price is €4 (April 2016) each way. RegioJet buses start/terminate at Mlynské nivy in Bratislava and at Ernst Happel Stadium in Vienna, with stops at Vienna Airport and Nový most in Bratislava. Seats can be prebooked online or at ticket windows (one is conveniently located at the Bratislava train station). A trip from/to Vienna takes 1½ hours.
The Central Coach Terminal (Autobusová stanica) is at Mlynské nivy, at the eastern border of the city centre. To get to/from the main railway station (Hlavná stanica), take trolleybus No 210. If you need to get to/from the city centre, take trolleybus No 205 or 202 (the terminus is behind the Tesco department store at Kamenné námestie) or buses No 50 (geting on/off at Šafárikovo námestie, close to the banks of the river Danube) or 70 (getting off at Nový most, the New Bridge).
The bus terminal has a left-luggage office where you can store your bags for ca. €1 per item per day. There is also a bakery, a bar/canteen, a newspaper kiosk and several shops on the upper floor.
In 2017, a massive reconstruction of the Coach Terminal will start, the bus service will be temporarily moved to the location on the opposite side of the street. The reconstruction should be finished by the end of 2019 and the Central Coach Terminal will be in the basement of shopping centre.
Regular tourist boat lines operate on the Danube from spring through fall on routes from Vienna. You can find routes and schedules here .
Since 2006 it is possible to get to Vienna using a high speed ferry boat  as well, yet the rates are higher compared to other means of transport. A one-way ticket from Vienna to Bratislava by Twin City Liner costs about €25-30 (whereas a return train ticket is less than €15). The Twin City Liner's boats travel at 60 kmph and the journey takes about 1 hour 15 minutes from Vienna to Bratislava and about 1 hour and 30 minutes from Bratislava to Vienna (almost as much as the train). Unlike the train though, which stops at stations distant from the center (about 2-3 km), the boat stops are in the very centres of both Vienna (Schwedenplatz) and Bratislava (Novy Most).
By kayak and canoe
Danube river is getting very popular for multi-day tours. Some people do their paddling all the way from Germany to Black Sea (more than 2516 km / 1563 mi), also known as TID. Bratislava is well developed for paddling. There are several paddling clubs at "Karloveske rameno" at river km 1872, near "Stary most" at r.km 1868. Free camping is possible along river shore; good places are around km. 1872 right, 1864-60 left.
Bratislava lies on the border of two other countries and has a relatively good road system. The town can be accessed by motorways (i.e. limited access highway) from northern Slovakia and Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary as well as Austria. As a result, you can pass the town without having to leave the motorway at all. Similar as in Austria or Czech Republic it's required to have a sticker (vignette) on your windshield to drive on motorways. Stickers can be bought at any regular gas station - it's recommended to stop at the first gas station after crossing the border. Cheapest vignette costs €10 and it is valid for 10 days.
After entering the city, a parking information system is in place to lead you to the next free parking spot. In the center of town you either can use one of the paid underground garages or buy a parking card from vendors in yellow vests and try to find a free spot in the streets. The former is recommended on weekends as finding a parking place in the one-ways can turn into a real head breaking puzzle. If you do find a spot in the street and it's a weekday between 8AM and 4PM, a parking card may be necessary. You need them in the center of the city only, parking on the streets is free otherwise. You can purchase parking cards from vendors in yellow vests or in newsstands; they cost €0.80 and are valid for 60 minutes.
It may be a good idea to leave the car at the Aupark parking lot which also serves as a "Park and Walk" facility for tourists (note that the indoor parking facilities as well as parts of the outdoor parking lot are closed from 11PM to 10AM, the rest of the parking space is free to use 24/7). You can leave your car here and walk through the park and across the Danube to the city center, which is a 10 minute stroll, or just use public transportation. It is not recommended to leave the car in residential areas outside of the city center to avoid paid parking, as foreign cars may attract car thieves. Please make sure that Aupark's parking lots are open only from 10:00AM
Renting a car is also an option, especially if you are visiting destinations outside of Bratislava. All major rental companies have a stall at the airport but most have a city office as well.
Bratislava has nice surroundings for biking and an international bike route leads along Danube river (EuroVelo 6). The route from Austria via Bratislava down to Hungary is well marked but the town itself has not many biking routes and they are mostly ignored by car drivers. There are milions of ways though to bike in the Carpathian hills and along the rivers Danube and Morava.  Read some more in "Do" below.
Generally, Bratislava is a walking city. The center is very small and cosy and you can easily walk from one side to another in a few minutes. The city center is a pedestrian area, however, be aware of cyclists and occasional cars.
If you need to travel outside of the center, use the trams or trolley buses if you need to get from one point to another quickly. Bratislava has a rather good public transportation system although some of the vehicles are quite old, especially during peak hours older buses can be seen. Buses tend to be the slowest means of transportation. Stops normally don't need to be requested unless stated otherwise - request stops are marked "zastávka na znamenie" at the bus stop sign as well as on electronic information displays in most buses/trams. Bus doors are usually opened by the driver, except for the new buses; tram and trolleybus doors usually have to be opened by yourself by pushing a green or yellow button at the doors.
There are three main tickets you might want to use when traveling by public transport within Bratislava city borders. The short route ticket costs €0.70 and is valid for 15 minutes. It is a transferable ticket, but keep in mind that the waiting time for the next connection might be long and the ticket can run out, so you will have to stamp another if the line you change to runs late. While you can use this this ticket as a transferable, it makes sense mostly when you do not need to change lines and travel short trips within the the city centre. The second type of ticket is the half hour ticket, valid 30 minutes. It costs €0.90, which you can use for any number of travels within the specified time period. The 60 minutes ticket costs €1.20 and is valid within Bratislava zones 100 and 101 as well as one outside zone. When traveling in the city, only the travel time of a single ticket is taken into account, not the list of zones. If you are staying for a holiday, consider buying one from a choice of longer term tickets valid for 24, 72 and 168 hours (1, 3 and 7 days) for €3.50, €8.00, and €11.40 respectively. For traveling just outside Bratislava, you will need a ticket with more zones, depending on your destination.
You must validate your ticket in the validation machines on the bus/tram immediately after boarding (via any door). When it comes to proving that you have not exceeded the time stated on your ticket (e.g. 15 minutes on a 15-minute ticket), official schedule times are decisive - not actual travel times (do not give in to unfriendly ticket inspectors claiming the contrary). You can find out the scheduled travel times in the left-most column of the schedules, left of the stop name or via the internet (see below).
Bus, tram and trolleybus drivers in Bratislava do not sell tickets, therefore you need to obtain a ticket prior to entering a bus or a tram. There are ticket vending machines at most stops in the town. No bills or credit cards can be used at the machines (which can be quite frustrating if you need to buy a longer term ticket). SMS tickets are also available, but only if you send a text message from a cell phone with a Slovak SIM card, which rules out all short-term foreign tourists. If you purchased a return ticket in Vienna, it also serves as a pass for all public transportation and does not need to be validated.
Besides vending machines, tickets are also sold in many newsstands and - very conveniently for travelers arriving by train, late in the evening or at weekends - in railway stations at the ticket counters (ticket counter 16 at the main railway station). You can also purchase tickets for public transport in every tourist information bureau . Try asking for the Bratislava City Card  which combines a 1 to 3-day ticket with various discounts and is available at information bureaus.
There are 3 main interchange points in the close city center where you can get a bus or tram to nearly anywhere else:
Main tram, bus and trolley lines operate from 4:30AM until approximately 11:30PM. If you need to travel by bus at night, go to the main railway station which is the main night line interchange point or use the bus stops at Presidential palace (Hodzovo namestie). All night lines have common departure times from the main railway station at 11:30PM and then every 60 minutes for every line and outbound direction until 3:30AM. Some lines have an extra outbound departure at midnight. When traveling by night lines, please remember that every stop needs to be requested. Also note that especially around midnight on Fridays and Saturdays, the buses tend to be very crowded on some lines as young people return from clubs.
You can get all relevant information about public transportation in Bratislava (including schedules, maps and an online route planner) at imhd.sk . Although this is not the site of the transportation company, it always contains official and up-to-date data.
If necessary, it is also possible to walk to Petrzalka station from the city (some 25 minutes). The path is clearly marked now but note that Petržalka is just a little more than the biggest block flats housing estate in Central Europe. Head for the bridge with the UFO-like looking tower atop it (Most SNP). Once you reach the bridge, you will notice that there is a walkway running along the underside of it, for pedestrians. Once on the other side of the Danube river, follow the right hand-side of the bridge with a walkway made of red paving. This will lead you to the station. Alternatively, you can walk through Bratislava's equivalent of the Central Park called Sad Janka Kráľa and visit the Aupark Shopping Mall at the park. Once exiting Aupark on the other side, turn right and follow the street to get to the pavement mentioned above. The route is very safe during the day, but for typically western-looking tourists, it might be dangerous at night (although not more than in any other European "panelák" (see above) housing estate). Take a guide, if needed. If you want to walk from the station to the city, turn right outside of the station building and follow the path described above in reverse direction.
Do not take a taxi from the taxi line outside the bus or train station (or any taxi from the street for that matter), or you will be fleeced. Even if the taxi driver claims to go by the meter, they will later show you a sheet showing a tariff of 20-30 euros for leaving the station, even if the distance traveled is a kilometer or two. A good price per kilometer is around 0.80 to 1 euro, a great price is about 0.50 euro.
Locals will always call a taxi service and order the cab for pick up (believe it or not, that's the cheapest way to get a cab). You can Google a taxi service in Bratislava (known ones are: FunTaxi, HappyTaxi, Trend, etc). It's very likely the dispatcher won't speak English, in this case you can use local apps such as HopIN, Liftago (both available on Google Play and iTunes) or Uber and order it without much fuss. If all else fails, ask a local to call you a cab.
Take a stroll through the centre of the town. Bratislava has one of the smallest historical centers around but the charm is more concentrated. The streets have been completely renovated over the last ten years, bringing life back here. Since then a multitude of cafes, bars and restaurants of all kinds have opened here, accompanied by a few souvenir shops and fashion stores. On warm days almost every cafe has an outdoor seating section in the street, bustling with life and giving the city a unique cozy feeling.
When it comes to sightseeing, Bratislava Castle generally is a must and is already opened after the reconstruction. You can visit also Slavin memorial for some really astounding views of the city. It's a calm and romantic spot but beware, it can get really windy up there. The City Museum located in the Old Town Hall offers visitors climbing up the steep stairwells of the clock tower or seeing the town's historical dungeons, an exhibition that was quite outdated but still scary in 2008.
In summer, you can also visit Bratislava Zoo , providing a nice walk between the animal enclosures, the latest addition being some rare white tigers. The facilities of the zoo are slowly being renovated to attract more visitors and the zoo is a favourite for families on sunny days. A DinoPark has been constructed near the last part of the zoo where you can look at interesting prehistoric facts and large models of dinosaurs. You can also go to the Botanical Gardens of Comenius University (Botanická 3, take trams No 1, 4, 5, 9 or 12 to stop Botanická záhrada) for quiet and peaceful strolls in this green space.
For a relaxed afternoon in the park, head either to Sad Janka Kráľa park (on the right bank of the river Danube and next to Aupark shopping centre), the oldest public park in central Europe, relax at the embankments on both sides of the river or head to Horský park (Forest Park) north off Slavin memorial for a civilized stroll through the forest. There's a small café here as well as a pub, the latter mostly populated by students from the nearby campus. For a more outdoorsy experience, hop on bus No 203/213 to Koliba and walk up to Kamzík (takes about 30 minutes uphill - if you are there, definitely visit the last buffet on the left ("Bufet Kamzik") for some old school buffet meals and "Kamzicek" - mulled wine with some spirits to warm you up) or try the newly renovated facilities of Partizánska lúka and Snežienka, all with extensive picknicking areas and loads of fireplaces for grilling. The area is several kilometers long and you can either walk here from the terminal station of bus No 212 (Vojenska nemocnica) or take a bus to Patronka and use bus No 43 driving up the area and back every 15-30 minutes (depending on time of day/year as well as weather). Only cars with a permit can enter the area but there is a parking lot at the entrance, close to a bus stop. However during weekdays the parking is often full quite often - nearest parking is Tesco HM Lamac (approx 700m from there). Snezienka's grass fields and the top of Kamzik hill are connected with a chairlift, operating (weather permitting) Thursdays through Sundays and on holidays, the price for one ride being approx. €3.
In December, be sure to indulge in the scents and flavours of the traditional Christmas Market in front of Old Town Hall and on the Hlavne namestie (main square). The market - compared to the ones in Prague and Vienna - is smaller, but has a much friendlier, almost family-like atmosphere and feels much more traditional and less overtly commercialized than others in the region. The people of Bratislava love to meet here for a drink and a bite to eat; try the 'varene vino' (mulled wine).
Bratislava is the home of the world famous Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra  so if you love classical music, you should consider attending one of the concerts in the historic Reduta building. For more cultural indulgence, the Slovak National Theatre  offers a wide selection on ballet, opera and theatre performances. Although most of the activities have been moved to a city-district-in-the-making on the banks of the Danube, some performances are still being held in the historical theatre building, which gives them a unique feeling but a higher price tag as well. The old theatre building is right in the middle of the city at Hviezdoslavovo namestie. The new theatre is accessible by bus No 88 from the Coach Terminal at Mlynske nivy (get off at Landererova) or by buses No 50, 70 and 78 (stop is called Wüstenrot). None of these stop directly at the theatre though, so you should count on a 5-10 minute walk from the bus stop to the theatre. You cannot miss the building as it is of unmistakably communist megalomaniac design covered in white marble. The entrance is facing the Danube so you need to walk around the building to get in. Note that the riverside is currently being developed and the whole area is one big - although very clean, hats off - construction site and will remain that way at least until end of 2009.
For museum-goers, Bratislava is the place to go, with some bigger and loads of small museums around town (see a listing here ). The most recommended ones are:
It is situated in the Heydukova Street Synagogue, which is the only synagogue in Bratislava. Constructed in 1923-1926, it is a Cubist building designed by the Bratislava-based Jewish architect Artur Szalatnai-Slatinský and is listed as a national cultural monument. Orthodox in orientation, the synagogue still serves as an active Jewish house of worship. The Jewish Community Museum with a permanent exhibition “The Jews of Bratislava and Their Heritage” is installed upstairs and during the summer season is open to the public up till September, every Friday 1 till 4pm and every Sunday 10 am till 1pm.
For a taste of visual arts, pay a visit to the National Gallery  at the embankment between Starý most and Nový most with permanent collections of Slovak and European medieval art pieces, although the temporary exhibitions tend to be far more interesting. Bratislava City Gallery  is also a good pick to see displays of historical fine arts, paintings and sculptures along with interesting temporary exhibitions. If you like modern art better, pay a visit to the Danubiana Art Museum  on the southern edge of Bratislava. A bus service (#90) has recently been set up which runs from the Slovakian National theatre and terminates at the art museum however the times are infrequent so it is best advised to check the timetable first. There is currently no machine or vendor to purchase a bus ticket for the return journey so buy an extra on your way to the museum.
Every year in the weekend around 24 April Bratislava celebrates a festival called "Bratislava for All", giving locals and visitors alike the possibility to visit most of the facilities governed by the city for free or a reduced fee, this including most of the museums and galleries. In May, the city's museums and galleries keep their gates open to visitors until late at night, this being called the "Night of Museums and Galleries".
If sports are your thing, know that ice hockey is the national sport of Slovakia. The local hockey team, HC Slovan Bratislava. HC Slovan has been playing since 2012 in the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL). Matches are played frequently throughout each year beginning in September and concluding in the spring of the following year. Home games are played at Slovnaft Arena (also known as Ondrej Nepela Arena or Orange Arena), Odbojárov 9. Many Slovaks are passionate about both watching and playing ice hockey. The stadium can be reached easily by public transport. Many other sports are also played in Slovakia such as football, volleyball, or tennis. Football is the second most favorite sport in Slovakia. Many players play in international teams all over the world such as Marek Hamšík in SSC Napoli. The most beloved football team is Slovan Bratislava. Since Peter Sagan took part in the world famous Tour de France, cycyling has become another favorite sport for the Slovaks that they like to watch and support. Slovaks also like to engage in some more adventurous sports activity such as bungee jumping from the Lafranconi bridge  or target shooting in Bratislava  and in it's vicinity.
Over the last two decades, many foreigners have been moving to Bratislava to study and work at the many international companies that created new jobs. After work, many expatriates and their Slovak friends hang out at casual events where everybody speaks English and enjoys the evening together. For travelers to Bratislava, joining these usually free events is an excellent and fun opportunity to meet local people and learn from them about what one should see or do in Bratislava next day.
A few recommendations are:
Bratislava Language Exchange Meeting, where people from different countries get together at tables and teach each other a foreign language.
Toastmasters Club Bratislava, a speech club where people practice their public speaking skills.
Bratislava Expat Meetup and Internations Meetings for the more business-oriented crowd that seeks to expand their network while having a glass of Martini in a stylish sky bar.
International Students Parties, where the foreign exchange students dance the night away and knock out their brains.
Upcoming events can be found in this calendar of international events .
There are multiple universities that have courses and classes for foreigners, too. You can also study Slovak language for foreigners at one of the universities or at private school.
You can also find some basic phrases listed here with a pronunciation: 
Slovakia is a member of the European Union, therefore, any citizen of a European Union, European Economic Area country or Switzerland can work and live there without restrictions.
The most popular website to search for a job is profesia.sk.
Tourists seeking duty-free goods should be warned to make their purchases before returning to the airport as duty-free goods available in the departure lounge are roughly double the cost of identical goods purchased in local supermarkets.
Shop in the large and expanding shopping centers:
Drink and eat in one of the many restaurants in Old Town, or take a short walk from city centre to Danube promenade, where you can also choose from various restaurants in Riverpark or Eurovea. As everywhere else in the world, "Typical local restaurants" located near the tourist spots and in the busiest streets downtown are aimed at overpricing tourist for mediocre (at the best) food - use common sense to distinguish tourist trap from a normal eatery. There are more places in Bratislava, opened in recent years, that aim for fresh and quality gastronomy with touch of traditional, but also modern cuisine. Prices are very reasonable compared to other popular tourist locations in Europe.
Luckily it is no longer that hard to find Slovak restaurant among all the Italian, Chinese, Mexican, Indian and other eateries as it was few years ago. Bryndzové halušky (small, spaetzle-like dumplings with sheep's cheese called bryndza and topped with pieces of meat) is the national dish of Slovakia and recommended to try. Potent garlic soup (but perhaps not on a date) and Slovak white wine (due to its cooler climate, Slovakia's reds pale in comparison with some of Europe's other offerings), schnitzels, goulashes and other typically Central European foods. Fresh vegetables are more common here thanks to the large amount of land given over to agriculture. If you are looking for a real Slovak meal, head either to the
Of course, junk food can be found in Bratislava, too. Try Bratislava's special form of junk food - a richman which is a big bread roll filled with cabbage and cheese and/or meat with mayonnaise. Richman stands can be found on Kamenné námestie, in front of the Tesco building, and in Safarikovo square. You can also try a sub sandwich from one of the many cafeterias in the city, a good one is found in Šafárikovo namestie. Another excellent cafeteria is on Zelená Ulica between Ventúrska Ulica and Hlavné námestie. A big sandwich, a bageta (from the French baguette) with cheese, ham and eggs would cost you about €1.50. McDonalds and Subways are also present.
Another specialty in Bratislava (but also available in other regions of Slovakia) is treska. It is a cold salad made of Codfish with mayonnaise. There are vegetables like onions and carrots in the salad too. It has a very distinct taste, somewhere between sour and bitter - you should try it! You can buy it fresh in most "Lahôdky" shops, which means something like "delicacies", but generally stands for old-fashioned fast food shops - they sell salads, soups, etc instead of hamburgers or French fries. Treska tastes very good with rolls. If you like the taste of Treska, you can also buy it packed to take home.
If you're low on cash and want to self-cater, there's a huge Tesco supermarket on Kamenné námestie (at the junction of Štúrova and Špitálska) directly in the city. You could easily have lunch consisting of a couple of bread rolls, ham, cheese, fruit and maybe a cake or two, for three or four Euros. New American-type shopping malls with big cinemas and of course food courts within reach of the center are Eurovea - right on the river bank, with nice surroundings (just 3minutes walk from centre- from Safarikove names tie) and Aupark on the opposite bank of the Danube (next to Sad Janka Kráľa park, some 10 minutes from St. Martins's Cathedral) and Polus City Center on Vajnorská Street to the north of the city (some 10-15 minutes from the city by tram).
Another option to have a cheap meal (4 to 5 Euros) is to go into one of many restaurants in Bratislava that serve daily menus (Mon-Fri usually 11:30 to 14:00). For a fixed price you will get a soup and a main meal (usually you get to choose the meal out of 3 to 5 options), drinks are rarely included. It is hard to recommend a good one - just go where you see most locals having their lunches and you'll have a chance to get a good lunch too.
If you feel like something healthy there are several places serving fresh made salads (in the centre as well as near office building - quite busy during lunch). However be prepared that the salad will cost you more than a full meal.
You can get a nice view and can meet some local celebrities at the übercool and very expensive UFO restaurant and disco  on top of Nový most bridge.
In December, don't miss the Christmas market in front of the Old Town Hall. The traditional foods of the Christmas market are roasted pork or chicken sandwich burgers ("ciganska pecienka") with mustard and onions, potato pancakes ("loksa") with various fillings ranging traditionally from plain ones with goose fat, with garlic or goose liver to poppy seed, nut or chocolate. Bread with pork fat and onions is also popular. Also there are a few stands which offer specialities from other european countries. You can wash down the food with a cup of red or white mulled wine or a small cup of honey wine, also tea with or without rum is available, as well as grog or other "hot mixed drinks" like the Červený medveď (red bear).
Try Kofola, a Slovak & Czech soft drink with a similar colour to Coca Cola, but lower in sugar and caffeine (and carbonation). Some places serve "draft Kofola" which indeed is draft from a barrel in a way similar to beer (until recently it was actually co-produced by a Bratislava brewery). Some Slovaks say draft Kofola is even better than the bottled version and that it is best enjoyed outside in the sun, for example after a hike or a bike or rollerblade ride. Kofola is a popular alternative to beer if you want to hang out but don't want to drink alcohol. Vinea is another genuine Slovak soft drink made from grapes, offered in "white" (green grapes), "red" and "rose" varieties (red grapes). A rather sweet and maybe not-so-tasty "soft" version without carbon dioxide is also available.
There are quite a few Slovak beer brands, e.g. Zlatý Bažant, Šariš, Smädný Mních and Topvar. Stein beer is a local Bratislava variety which until very recently was brewed practically in the city centre. There are five micro-breweries offering beer in Bratislava: Meštiansky Pivovar, Richtár Jakub, Patrónsky Pivovar, Starosloviensky Pivovar, and Zámocký Pivovar.
If spirits are more your thing, perhaps you will enjoy Slivovica, a fruit-plums brandy of high quality that is associated with Slovakia.
The best pubs offering Slovak beers can be found in the Old Town: Kristian in Michalska street, Bar Parada in Hviezdoslavovo square, or AeroPressoDepresso in Venturska street. All of them are quite cheap (about €1 per half-liter glass of beer).
Larger clubs in Bratislava include Loft , KC Dunaj , Duplex  and SubClub , the latter a former nuclear bunker located under Bratislava Castle. There are many smaller bars with dancefloors closer to the centre, such as Radost  on Obchodná Street, next to the Slovak Pub.
Although some cafes are considered gay inclusive, there are several bars, clubs and saunas dedicated to the gay and lesbian crowd in Bratislava, all of them in the city center, close to the Presidential Palace:
Accommodation prices usually do not include city tax. For the year 2012 the city tax is €1.65/person/night. Students up to age 26 and youths up to 18 do not need to pay city tax.
When making international calls, you need to dial 00, then the country code of the country you are calling. The international code of Bratislava is +421 2, the national one is 02. You don't need to use any of these when making local calls. There mostly are cardphones in phone booths, coin phones are located e.g. in front of the telecoms office (T-Centrum) on Namestie SNP (Dunaj department store) or at Kolarska ulica. You can purchase phone cards at most newspaper kiosks and in any of the T-Centers.
Phone numbers beginning with 090, 091 or 094 are mostly mobile numbers. All of Bratislava is covered with a GSM network, the operators being Orange, T-Mobile and O2. In parts of Bratislava (mostly up on the hills), mobile phones sometimes switch to Hungarian or Austrian providers, so it is better to check the network name before dialing. For best mobile roaming rates, check .
If you have a laptop or smart phone, you can use multiple wireless hotspots throughout the city. There is a free-to-use wireless internet available (SSID: fo_magistrat) in the city center (Hlavné námestie, Františkánske námestie, Primaciálne námestie). Most of the cafes, restaurants and hotels also provide Wi-Fi access free of charge, just ask at the bar or at the reception.
Some of the newest public transport buses (the red ones with five doors) have an free on-board Wi-Fi.
Alternatively, you can buy a cheap 3G SIM card from Orange, T-Com or O2 with prices ranging from 6 EUR (O2, 2G / unlimited) up to 20 EUR (Orange, 3G / 5 GB of data). There's a new network called "4ka" ("The Four") which is the cheapest of all carriers (you can get up to 15GB for only 10 EUR), but its coverage is also quite limited, although sufficient if you only stay in downtown Bratislava. You can buy "4ka" sim cards at any post office. Sim cards in Slovakia are not limited to residents, however you will be asked to provide proof of ID upon purchase.
For longer stays, it is recommended to rent an internet service from one of the providers such as Orange (fiber, up to 100 Mbit/s / up to 25 EUR per month), UPC (metallic or fiber, up to 100 Mbit/s / up to 30 EUR per month) or T-Com (DSL or fiber).
Bratislava is generally very safe by Western standards: it is quite small and the crime rate is low. There is a significant police presence in the city, especially the historical parts, and it is generally not a problem to walk through the city at night. Use common sense when walking alone at night. Stay away from larger loud male groups and you should be fine. If some problem occurs, it is recommended to call the police (dial 158 or 112 (but the first number is faster)), they will come quickly. There are many of them deployed in city centre in late night. Parks may be abandoned at night and should therefore be avoided. Use caution when entering pedestrian crossing and check if the cars are slowing down. Under Slovak law, drivers are obliged to give way to pedestrians on a crossing, but the practice is often different.
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