Bologna  is a historical city, with around 380,000 inhabitants. Although it is well known by Italians, it is less so among foreign visitors. Little English is spoken by its residents. It is the capital and largest city of Emilia-Romagna (a region in northern Italy). Bologna is famed for the oldest university in the Western world, lively student population, exquisite food, typical brick terracotta-roofed architecture and porticos, theatre and nightlife.
Bologna is famous for its cuisine (la cucina Bolognese). It is also viewed as a progressive and well-administered city. It is considered second only to Venice in beauty by many Italians and certainly has one of the largest and best preserved historic centers among Italian cities. Its architecture is noted for its palette of terracotta reds, burnt oranges, and warm yellows, hence the name of Bologna la rossa (Bologna the red). The extensive town center, characterized by miles of attractive covered walkways, known as "porticos," is one of the best-preserved in Europe.
Bologna is the seat of the oldest university in continental Europe, founded in 1088. A significant portion of its population consists of away-from-home university students. In common with other Italian university towns, it is in parts marred by excessive graffiti on its historic palaces.
The strategic location of the city molded its history. Inhabited since the X Century B.C. -during the Iron age-, it was fortified by the Celts and became a municipality under the Romans. The presence through the centuries of the Huns, Goths, Lombards, Franks, Austrians and French, have each left traces which are still visible on the city today.
Bologna has struggled for freedom autonomy, having been dominated by emperors, kings, and the Church. It was ruled by the Pepoli and Bentivoglio families, and was a papal fiefdom. The papal power made it a city of the Guelphs, while many of its residents supported the anti-papal Ghibellines. Bologna had the first city council in Italy, and was, with the Liber Paradisus law in 1256, one of the first cities in the world to abolish slavery. This political activity was rooted in the lively environment surrounding the Alma Mater, as the university was known.
Bologna was the home of such personalities as Father Martini, a collector, composer and master of counterpoint who was a notable and complex protagonist of European music of the thirteenth century. Among his students were Johann Christian Bach (son of J.S Bach) and the young W.A Mozart. During the nineteenth century the Philharmonic Academy drew important personalities such as Rossini, Verdi, Brahms, Wagner, Puccini and Liszt.
Bologna was named a Creative City of Music for UNESCO in 2006. Music is performed throughout the city: in the Teatro Comunale(the Opera Theatre), by the Orchestra Mozart youth orchestra, founded and directed by Claudio Abbado, and in clubs and inns where jazz is regularly played. There are open-air concerts and music can be heard at the Conservatory, the Opera School, and hundreds of music associations operating within the territory.
Bologna's scientists have included Galvani and Marconi. Native or visiting painters and artists have included Morandi, Guido Reni, Guercino, the Carraccis, Leonardo (one of the legends about the Mona Lisa tells that this was where he painted his famous masterpiece), Giotto (there was a chapel in Piazza XX Settembre entirely painted a fresco by Giotto which was destroyed when Bologna was fighting against the Pope), Cassini (who made the world’s longest sundial, now located inside Basilica S. Petronio) , and Michelangelo (on the arc in Basilica S. Domenico can be found his sculpture of an angel holding a candelabra). Napoleon re-arranged the urban plan of the city and Carlo V was crowned emperor in Bologna's Basilica S. Petronio.
When to visitEdit
Bologna is at its best from March/April to October, when it is warm and there is much outdoor sipping and dining, or just sitting in squares such as Piazza Santo Stefano and Piazza Maggiore. However, during July and August it may be particularly hot. In August, as is the case in much of Italy in the summer, many shops and restaurants are closed for the summer vacation.
Winter can be cold, but Bologna is beautiful the two weeks before Christmas. January and February often feature cloudless blue skies, but the clear weather is often the coldest: you will need a coat, scarf, hat and gloves.
Bologna's closest airport is Guglielmo Marconi (Bologna) International Airport (IATA: BLQ) , just a few minutes from the city center, served by taxi and a special bus line called the Aerobus. A taxi from the airport to the center costs about €15. An Aerobus Ticket costs €6, and it stops outside the main terminus building. The ticket is also valid during 1 hour on the other busses in Bologna. Bus 54 goes towards the west suburbs of Bologna, and will get you on to the 'main' routes. Another bus stop is about 10 minutes walk from the airport (bus stop name: Birra - other side of the elevated motorway, follow the road out of the airport, turn right at the first roundabout and straight through the second roundabout) and you can board bus 81 and 91 which have an end stop at Bologna Central Train Station. Bus tickets are valid for 60 minutes travel and cost €1,5. Go to the website of the local bus company, ATC, and you will find maps that show all routes including the airport.
- Ryanair  flies to Bologna Gugliemo Marconi. British Airways and Turkish Airlines have 2 or 3 flights per day (depending on season) from/to London Heathrow  and from/to Istanbul Ataturk  respectively.
- Marconi Airport also has numerous international connections available, including nonstop flights to Amsterdam, Brussels (National), Charleroi (Brussels South), Copenhagen, Dublin, Edinburgh, Istanbul, Lisbon, London, Madrid, Moscow, Paris, Prague, Vienna, Warsaw (Modlin), Wroclaw and Zagreb (limited dates; in 2011 only from September onwards).
Due to its central location and geography, Bologna has emerged as the main rail transport hub of northern Italy, making it very well-connected with other major Italian centers. From the 14th of December 2008 the new high speed railway line is available from/to Milan, shortening the journey to 65 minutes. Bologna is also 37 minutes from Florence, 2 hours 20 from Rome, 2 hours from Venice, 1 hour from Ferrara, etc. The new high speed train line between Rome and Bologna is now fully available and can make trips much faster.
There is also an overnight sleeper service from Paris Bercy to Bologna. Departs Paris 6:52PM in the evening, and arrives Bologna at 6AM. Return departs Bologna 10:30PM arrives Paris 9:06AM.
The city is at the junction of the A1, A14 and A13 highways, and so is easily accessible from anywhere in Italy. Most traffic from Milan would exit the A1 and take the Tangenziale, but beware this road at rush hour because it is horrendously packed. Expect to use 2 hours from the A1 exit to the Tangenziale to the center at certain peak times over summer busy weekends, especially at the beginning and end of August.
Bologna is like any big city, parking is difficult but there are many fine parking lots. Parking in historic downtown  is available, many are open 24 hours.
Layout of the cityEdit
Looking at the map of the city (it is possible to get a free one at the Tourist Information Center in Piazza Maggiore), the first thing to do to orient yourself is to find the Due Torri landmark in the center of the free map. The center of the city is surrounded by the Viali, a circular road easily recognizable. The northeast quadrant of the map is the university district (which unlike US campus is an integral part of the city and not a separate compound). The two southern quadrants of your city map are residential sections of the city, and not common tourist areas. However, walking outside the city center, further to the south, you will come upon hills and the Giardini Margherita, the largest park of the city.
Plan your travelEdit
A great place to start planning how to get around Emilia-Romagna region and Bologna city using buses and trains is on: .
The ATC company is in charge of the buses in Bologna. Useful information can be found on their website: . Tickets may be purchased prior to boarding the bus, or on the bus where there are ticket machines. If you see 2 machines on a bus (usually Red and Yellow) the Red one will sell you a ticket (1,5 EUR, valid for 1 hour) and the Yellow one will validate a 'season' or multi trip ticket. Information and ticket centers are available in central locations (railway station, coach station, city center). Useful bus maps are available there. These main ticket centres often sell multi trip tickets at a discount (eg €10 worth of travel for €8.50). You can also purchase tickets in many shops (newspaper sellers, tobacconists, cafes).
Bikes are most popular amongst the people of Bologna. They are available for hire on various location around the city (one near the train station). You can ride on the many bike trails and on the side of the road. Be sure to lock them safely with a good lock, as they get stolen all around town, especially around the University.
Bologna is a great place around which to travel on foot, as getting around the city is very simple with clear street signs. It is also a great way to find hidden gems such as Pizzerias packed with Italians (so you KNOW you reached the right place). Be a bit careful when crossing roads, the city centre swarms with scooters and small motorcycles (cars banned during the day) and they ride them everywhere.
Museums and art galleriesEdit
Museum Card (Carta Bologna dei Musei), Bologna's museum card, is available for either one (€6) or three days (€8). The museum card gives you access to the city's main museums and discounts to some others. It is available at museums and tourist offices.
- Archaeological Museum (Museo Civico Archeologico), Via dell'Archiginnasio 2, ☎ +39 51 2757211, . Tu-F 9AM-3PM, Sa-Su and holidays 10AM-6:30PM. This building, an old hospital, houses a comprehensive collection of antiquities including Egyptian civilization (mummies and sarcophagi), iron age Villanova culture, artifacts from Etruscan Velzna, funerary art, terracotta urns, ancient vases and items from Roman times. Do not miss the bronze Certosa jar which is over 1,500 years old. Adults 5€, students 3€. edit
- Jewish Museum (Museo Ebraico), via Valdonica 1/5, ☎ +39 051.2911280 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +39 051.235430), . Su-Th 10AM to 6PM, F 10AM-4PM. Tickets sold until 5:15PM (3:15PM Friday). Closed Saturdays and on Jewish holidays. Located in the area of the former ghetto, this museum covers the history of Bologna's Jewish population. 5€. edit
- Gallery of Modern Art of Bologna, via Don Giovanni Minzoni 14. Open 10:00-18:00 Tuesday–Sunday, Th 10AM - 10PM, closed on Mondays. A nice collection of modern art, if you want a break from the more classical pieces that abound in Italy. edit
- National Picture Gallery (Pinacoteca Nazionale di Bologna), via Belle Arti 56, ☎ +39 (0)51 421 1984, . Containing the city's most important art, it offers an interesting panorama of the Emilian and Venetian painting from the XIII to the XVIII century. A must: the works by Giotto, Raffaello, Parmigianino (Madonna col Bambino/Virgin Mary with Baby and the Saints Margaret, Girolamo and Petronio), Perugino, Tiziano and Tintoretto (Visitazione/Visitation and Saints Joseph and Zacharias). Open: Tu-Su – 09:00 to 19:00 free for children under 18. edit
- The University Museums, via Zamboni. There are a number of interesting, small museums at the University in the Palazzo Poggi. These include:
- The Museo Navale (Naval Museum) – 18th-century model warships (some very large) and collections of early maps 8.30-17.30 - closed Sat. and Sun. Admission free;
- The Museum of Military Architechture – models of Bologna's fortifications Mon. to Fri. 8.30-17.30 - closed Sat. and Sun. Admission free;
- Museo Ostetrico (Obstetric Museum)
- The Museo Aldovrandi – the collections of the Renaissance naturalist Ulisse Aldovrandi;
- Museo europeo degli Studenti - MeuS – the Museum of european Students is about the history and culture of university students from the thirteenth to the twentieth century. Closed on monday; Admission free. Don't mis this when you are interested in student life. It' s unique.
- Museo della Specola, . Occupies the Specola, the astronomical tower built in the beginning of XVIII-century over Palazzo Poggi. The material exposed illustrates the evolution of the astronomic instrumentation through the centuries. Tours begins at the following hours for groups of 15 people maximum. June 24 till July 31 and from August 22 till September 18 from Monday to Sunday: 10:00; 11:30; 14:00 closed August 1 to 21; Sep.19-Dec.31 from Monday to Sunday: 10:00; 11:30; 14:30; 16:00. Free admission.
- Museo di Antropologia – Via Selme 3, B. Bones, and artifacts of prehistoric Italians. Open: M-F – 09:00 to 13:00. Closed: Saturday and Sunday, and all week in July and August. Free admission.
- Museo di Mineralogia, Piazza di Porta San Donato. Rocks, precious stones, rare minerals and meteorites. Open: M-Sa – 09:00 to 13:00 Closed: Sunday
- Museo di Anatomia Patologica, Via Massarenti. Studies of human and animal deformities. Open: M-F 09:00 to 17:00, Saturday 09:00 to 13:00. Closed: Sunday. Free admission.
- Museum of Giorgio Morandi, Piazza Maggiore 6 (in the city hall), . Tu-F, 09.00 - 15.00, Saturday and Sunday 10,00 - 18,30. Full price entrance €4, discounts available. Opened in 1993, the museum houses most of the works by the Bolognese painter Giorgio Morandi.
- Communal Collection of Fine Arts (Collezioni Comunali d'Arte), Piazza Maggiore 6 (In the city hall) Tel. +39 (0)51 2193631/2193526,. Tu-F 9-15 Sa,Su, and holidays 10-18,30. Closed mondays. The painting collection offers works belonging to various historical periods. Special attention should be given to the paintings by Giuseppe Maria Crespi (Ritratto del cardinale Lambertini- Portrait of Cardinal Lambertini), Ludovico Carracci (S. Caterina in Carcere – S. Catherine in Prison), Guido Cagnacci (Cleopatra e Lucrezia), Francesco Hayez (Ruth).
- Museo Internazionale e Biblioteca della Musica di Bologna Strada Maggiore, 34 - Palazzo Aldini Sanguinetti Tel. +39 (0)51 2757711, +39 (0)51 221117, . The international museum and library of music of Bologna. From Jan 1 to May 31: Tu-Su 10AM-5PM; From June 1 to July 14: Tu-Th 10AM-1:30PM, F-Su 10AM-5PM; From July 15 to September 15: Mo-We+Fr 9:30AM-4PM, Th 9:30AM-10PM, Sa-Su 10AM-6:30PM; From Sept 16 to Dec 31: Tu-Th 10AM-1:30PM, F-Su 10AM-5PM; CLOSED Mondays, Jan 1, May 1, Dec 25.
- Philharmonic Academy (Accademia Filarmonica) via Guerrazzi 13, tel: +39 (0)51 222997 fax: +39 (0)51224104, . The Philarmonic Academy of Bologna was established in 1666. Since then it has become a reference point for the city musical life and its fame has spread throughout Europe. Here are preserved the works of many illustrious students, including Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s (1770) and autographed documents by Puccini, Verdi and Beethoven.
- Modern Art Gallery «Raccolta Lercaro», via Riva di Reno 57, tel: +39 (0)51 472078 fax: +39 (0)51 476802, . Opening/Closing Time: W-Sa 4AM-7PM; Su 10AM-1PM, 4PM-PM. It houses about 2000 works by Italian and foreign artists with special attention to the sculptures by Manzù, Messina, Rodin and Giacometti.
- Museo delle Cere Anatomiche, via Irnerio 48, . Opening/Closing time:M-F 9AM-1PM. Small museum containing wax anatomical models from the 17-18th centuries.
- Ducati Museum, via Cavalieri Ducati, tel: +39 (0)51 6413111  Opening/Closing Time: M-F guided tours at 11AM and 4PM; Sa 9AM-1PM. Closed during Easter and Christmas holidays and in August. It represents the evolution of the Bolognese motorcycle firm. An exposition of motorcycles, period materials, projects, mechanical components, pictures and videos.
- Museo Civico Medievale Via Manzoni, 
- Museo Di Fisica Via Irnerio;
- Pinacoteca Nazionale Via Belle Arti;
- Museo Dello Studio dell'Ottavo;
- Museo Marsili Via Zamboni;
- Museo Indiano Via Zamboni;
- Collezione Cospi Via Zamboni;
- Museo Delle Cere Anatomiche Via Zamboni;
- Museo Delle Navi;
- Piazza Maggiore  Large pedestrian square located in the monumental center of the old part of the city, surrounded by the Basilica of San Petronio, the City Hall Building, the portico dei Banchi and the Palazzo del Podestà.
- Via Rizzoli One of the main streets of Bologna. It is a meeting point and strolling area. It opens up to Piazza di porta Ravegnana, where the two towers rise.
- Fontana di Nettuno (Fountain of Neptune) - Piazza del Nettuno. A fountain built in 1563 by Tommaso Laureti of Palermo later embellished by Jean de Boulogne (called Giambologna). It is considered to be one of Bologna’s symbols.
- Corte de' Galluzzi It can be accessed through a vault from Piazza Galvani, in front of the Archiginnasio. An area with strong Medieval tones.
- Portico Walk to San Luca Walk through the historic 666 Porticos, leaving from the Porta Saragozza at the end of Via Saragozza.
- University Quarter - Via Zamboni. Full of bars and cafés. The University of Bologna is Europe's oldest university , founded over 900 years ago.
- Torre degli Asinelli (Tower of the Asinelli) and Torre dei Garisenda (Tower of the Garisenda) - Piazza di Porta Ravegnana. The main symbols of Bologna. Torre degli Asinelli (built between 1109 and 1119) is 97.20 metres tall (330 feet), with 498 steps and an incline of 1.3 meters (4 feet). Torre dei Garisenda (closed to the public)is 47 m (162 feet) tall and has a lean of over 3m (10 feet). Both were built in the 12th century. Open: daily, 09:00 to 18:00 €3 to climb Torre degli Asinelli.
- Palazzo Comunale, Piazza Maggiore 6, Tel: (0)51 203 111. Bologna's city hall, with a very rich collection of Renaissance paintings, sculptures and antique furniture, is a 14th-century palace. Don't miss its enormous main staircase, which was designed to be used by horse drawn carriages. Tu-Su - 10:00 to 18:00 children under 14 get free admission.
- Tombe dei Glossatori (The Glossatori tombs), Piazza San Domenico e Piazza Malpighi. Named for the lawyers who used to add glosses (notes) to documents. The tombs, which date from the end of the 13th century, are home to many of Bologna's famous scholars.
- Santuario della Madonna di San Luca (St. Luke's Basilica), Colle della Guardia (Guardia hill). Built in mid-18th century, offers a panoramic view of the City, and can be reached by walking along] the 666 arches of its unique portico. It has a peculiar layout, being of a round shape. A widely city-known icon, the Madonna di San Luca, is held there.
- I Portici (The Arcades). Visitors can walk under the typical arcades of Bologna for a total of 38 km. The Portici were originally built by order of the town authorities to house temporary visitors. They had to be wide enough that a man could lie down under them to sleep.
- Basilica of San Petronio, Piazza Maggiore Bologne, tel: 051/231415. Opening/Closing Time: Weekdays 9.30AM-12.30PM, 2.30PM-5.30PM; Holidays 2.30PM-5PM. The Basilica houses an invaluable number of treasures such as the sundial by Cassini and Guglielmini, which indicates the exact period of the current year at all times, the "S. Rocco" by Parmigianino and the marvelous Bolognini Chapel. From the left nave of the basilica, the visitor can gain access to the Museum where many bas-reliefs are collected.
- Basilica of San Domenico, 13 Piazza di San Dominico, tel: +39 051 6400411. Open: daily, 07:30 to 13:00, 15:30-19:30
- Santa Maria della Vita, 10 Via Clavature, tel: +39 051 236245 Open: M-Sa, 07:30-19:30, Su, 16:30-19:00. This Church contains "The Lamentation", a life-size terracotta group sculpture, Renaissance masterpiece by Niccolò Dell'Arca.
- The Lamborghini Museum , this famous car maker in Italy has been producing some of the most sought-after luxury sports cars in the world for decades. There is a bus you can take from Bologna to the center of Sant’Agata Bolognese, which is a five minute walk from the museum location. The ATB 576 bus (direction Crevalcore) departs from the main bus station in Bologna and takes roughly 50 minutes to get to the “S. Agata Bolognese Chiesa Frati” stop in Sant’Agata Bolognese, which is five minutes on foot from the museum.
Parks and GardensEdit
Many parks were former private gardens of nobility.
- Giardini Margherita (Margherita Gardens), Viale Gozzadini. Bologna's main park created in 1875. The chalet converts to a nightclub in the summer evenings. Open: daily 06:00 to midnight.
- Parco Montagnola, Piazza VIII Agosto. Public park since the 17th century. Much of the current landscaping dates from the early 19th century. The pond in the center of the park was added in 1888. Open: daily 07:00 to midnight.
- Orto Botanico (Botanical Gardens), Via Irnerio, 42 Tel: (0)51351280. Created in the mid-16th century for medicinal herbs. Currently the second largest park in the city the Botanical gardens are home to over 5,000 plant species. Some of the highlights include a full-grown sequoia, and a greenhouse for cacti and carnivorous plants. Open: M-F - 08:30 to 15:00, Saturday 08:00 to 13:00.
- Villa delle Rose, Via Saragozza, 228/230 Tel: (0)51 436 818. Donated to the city in 1916, the gardens were originally owned by the Cella family. The 18th-century Villa delle Rose, which was the Cella's residence, hosts art exhibitions throughout the year. Open: Tu-Su 15:00 to 19:00.
- Villa Guastavillani, Via degli Scalini, 18 Tel: 051 239 660. Designed and built by Tomasso Martelli in the 16th century. Open: M-Sa - 08:00 to 14:00.
- Villa Spada, Via Casaglia, 1 Tel: 051 614 5512. On the grounds of the Palazzo Ravone an 18th century villa, it was opened to the public in 1970. Open: April to September - Tu-Su 07:30 to 22:00; October to March - Tu-Su 07:30 to 18:00.
- Parco Cavaioni, Via di Casaglia. A large park featuring meadows, fields, wooded areas, and a lake. Open: April to September - 06:00 to midnight, October to March - 07:00 to 18:00.
- Certosa - Via della Certosa, 18, Tel: (0)514 12606. Bologna's main cemetery, with beautifully carved tombstones, built over the ruins of an ancient Etrusan necropolis. Open: daily 07:00 to 18:00.
- Bologna Fiere, Via della Fiera, 20, ☎ +39 051.282.111 (email@example.com), . an Exhibition Centre near Bologna, that among other things have an International Automobile Exhibition every year edit
- Cook Italy, Via Marsala 16 (central, nr corner with Via Oberdan), ☎ +39 349 0078 298, . Get behind one of those huge Bologna doorways and spend a day cooking with Carmelita of Cook Italy, the longest established Bologna cooking-school. Very central location and Carmelita also customises the menu, that way you get to cook and eat the traditional Bologna meal of your dreams! edit
Events and FestivalsEdit
There's a great film festival with restored silent and sound films throughout July in Piazza Maggiore. In the past, these have included especially Italian and French film, animation shorts from Annecy, archive footage of Bologna (e.g. of its liberation by British and American troops) and modern classics such as The Third Man, Raging Bull, Apocalypse Now and The Pianist.
- Girl With a Pearl Earring (The myth of the Golden Age from Vermeer to Rembrandt. Masterpieces from the Mauritshuis), Palazzo Fava - Via Manzoni 2 (city center, off Via Indipendenza, 5 minutes walking from Piazza Maggiore), ☎ bookings and info: +39 0422/429999 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: 0422/308272), . Mon-Thu: 9AM-8PM; Friday and Sunday: 9AM-9PM; Sat: 9AM-10PM. One of the most important cultural events in Bologna and Italy for the 2014. From February 8th to May 25th you will have the chance to see Jan Vermeer's Girl with a Pearl Earring among other masterpieces. edit
Motor Show Bologna & The Car MuseumsEdit
There are many exciting events that are worth taking part of during your stay in lively Bologna. If you plan on spending the onset of the winter holidays in Bologna, you can complete your vacation with a visit to the Motorshow Bologna  and to the museums that showcase the automobile masterpieces of Italy. Please note that the 2013 edition of Motorshow has been cancelled and will probably be back in 2014.
And just nearby lies the three museums you must visit in order to do this. These are the Ducati Museum, the Lamborghini Museum, and the Ferrari Museum or Galleria Ferrari. To fully appreciate the Ducati Museum you can join guided tours by obtaining advanced reservations. The museum is open daily except on Sundays and holidays. To enter, you will need to join a tour, you can choose from the 11AM or the 4PM schedule. The tour of the museum and factory costs 10 euro. Next, you can make your way to the Lamborghini Museum, which is in the area that connects Bologna with neighboring city Modena. It lies at about 21 miles from Bologna and can be easily driven to. The museum was established in 2001 and aims to celebrate one of the most expensive Italian cars in the world. To complete your unique museum-hopping, head over to Ferrari Museum or Galleria Ferrari. The museum is situated in Maranello, a town just outside Modena and located around 34 miles from Bologna. Although the museum is part of Ferrari’s headquarters, it has its own building separate from the Ferrari factory. Of the three museums in your itinerary, the Ferrari Museum is the oldest, dating back to 1990. The museum spans an amazing 2,500 sq/m and is divided into four sections, namely the Formula One collection, the special exhibits, the technological innovation exhibit, and the photo exhibits.
The Formula One collection displays the extraordinary race cars that have played a monumental role in making Ferrari the most famous automobile maker in the world. One of the most remarkable cars is the first Ferrari 125 S that was built in 1947 and won a race in the same year. And to give you a glimpse of what F1I racing is all about, you can check out the Fiorano test track next to the museum where you might even see a Ferrari racing past.
Bologna is an Italian hub for rock, electronic and alternative music. There are almost a hundred concerts every year by international bands. Unfortunately many of these locations have moved outside the city center. The main places to check out are The Estragon and Link .
- Estragon, via Stalingrado 83, ☎ +39 051 323490, . a big ex-industrial hangar, features dj-sets and concerts by international rock bands almost every night. edit
- Livello 57. Now only seldom open. It mainly features raves and techno gigs in an industrial, darkish atmosphere. edit
- TPO, Via Casarini 17/5, (email@example.com), . Another occupied location that mostly features experimental music festivals and rock concerts. edit
- XM24, Via Fioravanti 24, . an occupied ex-agricultural market where Punk-hc, rock and electronic concerts are often featured. A very cheap place, great if you don't mind the punk atmosphere. Every Thursday from 17.30 is the organic market. There is also self-managed workshop to repair bikes. it's open on Wednesdays and Sundays from 18 to 22. edit
- The Link, via Fantoni 21, (firstname.lastname@example.org), . recently moved outside the city, is a large, 2-floor club that features mostly avant garde electronic, techno and hip-hop gigs and dj-sets. A little book shop, mainly on "alternative" subjects, can be found inside edit
- Il Covo, viale Zagabria 1, ☎ +39 051 505801 (email@example.com), . the most renowned indie rock club, features rock concerts by a number of interesting bands, but it is quite small and expensive. edit
- Kindergarten, Via Calzoni 6, ☎ +39 338 773 6242, . next to the "Fiera", is a recently opened club that features techno, and sometimes punk and new wave concerts. edit
The key to shopping in Italy is to look in every little shop as you walk around, paying attention to price tags. Please take note that the hours listed usually specify a closure in the afternoons. There is no one place to get the perfect pair of shoes or the perfect ties or the perfect anything: you have to look all over, but this is half the fun. If you can't find what you want at the price you want to pay for it, keep looking, chances are you will find something somewhere else that will work perfectly.
Don't miss the chance to buy local food, such as hand-made pastas and gorgeous cheeses, from any of the hundreds of small vendors and shops to be found in the city. At least half the experience of visiting Bologna is the gastronomic pleasure!
If you have money to spend (a lot perhaps ...) you have to go in 'Galleria Cavour' , near 'Via Farini' with a lot of chic high fashion shops and trendy outlets (Armani, Gucci, Yves Saint Laurent, Versace ... etc ...)
Another "shop street" is "via San Felice" near "via Ugo Bassi" with a lot of small shops that made artigianal dresses (sugarbabe), artshop (elzapoppin), art galleries and (as usual) shoes and dresses shop.
There are many choices for where to eat, as Bologna is generally considered to be the gastronomic centre of Italy, the Food Capital. It is difficult to find a truly poor meal as the Bolognese, like most Italians, use fabulous quality local produce with sparkling ingenuity.
- Trattoria Del Rosso in Via Augusto Righi 30 Located in the historic center of Bologna, the bread basket of Italy, Trattoria Del Rosso serves “piatti della tradizione Bolognese” – “Traditional Dishes of Bologna” – seven days a week! Owned and operated by chef Stephano Curvucci.
- Gamberini in Via Ugo Bassi does the best pre-dinner Aperitivo in town, great cakes too. Closed Thursday afternoon and Sunday evenings. Gilberto in Via Clavature does a good Aperitivo on Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays between 7 and 9PM.
- Da Leonida in Vicolo Alemagna is hard to fault, with its excellent food and service at fair prices.But service can be slow ... it could take you a while to get your bill..
- Via Oberdan has the excellent restaurant Teresina which has both fish and meat menus. Also located on Via Oberdan: the unique Cafè, Terzi with single estate coffees, and La Salumeria Bruno e Franco, which is probably Bologna's best deli.
- Enoteca Italiana" in Via Marsala at Via Malcontenti, has twice been voted best in Italy. Great for a stand up sandwich ( Pancetta with Balsamic or a Mortadella Panino) and an excellent glass of the wine of your choice.
- For down to earth home style cooking try: Da Gianni in Via Clavature, Mariposa in Via Bertiera, Meloncello in Via Sargozza.
- For good service, good wine list and fine food at a price try Camminetto D'Oro in Via de Falegnami or Cesarina in Piazza Santo Stefano.
- For more contemporary stylish dining try the excellent and good value Marco Fadiga Bistro in Via Rialto or Casa Monica in Via San Felice.
- Via del Pratello has lots of bars and restaurants/osterie for young people. There's lots to choose from here. Walk past, look at the menus. It is located towards the middle of the 'western' part of the map. Fantoni with its checkered red and white table clothes and scribbled menus, is much frequented by students and serves fantastic fish secondi and an excellent ragu'. Via Mascarella/Largo Respighi is another zone with a lot of Osterie.
- The Diana on Via Indipendenza is probably the most famous restaurant in the city but now it is a pale shadow of what it once was, though still high on old world atmosphere. Elderly Bolognese, tourists and businessmen dine here. The traditional regional cuisine like Lasagne Bolognese, Tortellini in Brodo and Tagliatelle with Ragu are the best choice here and the service is top notch. The daunting bolito misto is still a favorite and 35 Euros will add heaps of shaved white truffle to any dish. Diana is a favorite of Mario Batali but has fallen out of favour with many locals.
- Il Pappagallo at the top of the street leading into Piazza Santo Stefano was a famous haunt of the stars during the '60s and '70s and still attracts an exclusive clientele. Its mix of traditional Bolognese fare and nouvelle cuisine gives the Diana a run for its money. Many other restaurants offer the same food for a lot less, but you get a lot of space between the tables here and the historic building is impressive if that is what you want.
- Once upon a time good ice cream (gelato) could only be found at Antica sorbetteria in Via Castiglione. Among current contenders for the Bologna's Best Gelato title is Stefino Via Galliera 49/B, not far from the railway station. Try the wonderful pistachio ice cream and try almond "granita", though this is better at the recently opened Grom on Via D'Azeglio. The other place for superb pistachio and chocolate and many unique ice cream flavors, like Parmigiano with Pears or Fig and Almond or Watermelon and Jasmine, is Il Gelatauro, in Via San Vitale, considered one of the best gelaterie in all Italy. The newly opened Cremeria in Piazza Cavour is giving everyone else a run for their money with many excellent flavor combinations.
- Via San Vitale also features L'Antica Bologna, a chic but good and not particularly expensive bar and patisserie. Good Italian coffee is served too.
- If you want reasonably priced but good Italian food, go to to Matusel (Via Bertoloni 2) in the University (north-east of the center) zone (next to Via Zamboni ) and offer a good and tasty meal for as cheap as 10 euros, coffee included. Matusel is renowned for good fish dishes. Also, Trattoria del Rosso in Via Righi 30 is a similar place, not far from Piazza 8 Agosto.
- Many gourmets swear by the simple Bolognese food of the down to earth, reasonably-priced Trattoria Tony in Via Augusto Righi, just 1/2 block off Via Independencia--truly excellent.
- L'antica Trattoria Spiga on Via Broccaindosso is a bit hard to find, but make the effort; it has a very good risotto and wonderful traditional Cucina Bolognese (which does not include risotto).If you are blessed to visit on a Wednesday,don't miss out on the day's special, a platter with crescente bread served with cold cured meats and cheeses for savory and nutella and jams for dessert. As with most places in Bologna, be prepared to know a little Italian. L'Antica Osteria Romagnola in Via Rialto is very pretty and does good food but refuse the abundant (and expensive) antipasto or have that and just one other course.
- Go to Zanarini on Piazza Galvani,1 for a lunch. Best Terrace in town. Stylish waiters serve quality food. A 0,75 l bottle San Pelligrini only costs 2,50 EUR. Good value for your money.
- Osteria La Matta (meaning the crazy woman) on Via Zucchini 9 is a hidden gem quite close to the university quartet. The staff and menu are 100% local, with dishes like tortellini, tortelloni and tagliatelle al ragù, all strictly handmade and delicious. The staff is friendly and funny, prices are good for value, it's a great place to enjoy a quiet dinner or melt with the busy office people who are regulars to La Matta at lunchtime.
Consider visiting the many pubs and clubs of Via Zamboni (university zone); some, such as "The Irish Pub", popular with students and foreigners, give happy hours on Tuesday/Wednesday. "Al Piccolo" down the road in Piazza Verdi is another famous student haunt, a live DJ playing techno into the early mornings. Otherwise, the Via Pratello has many bars and is the center of the city's alternative scene. Worth a look in particular is "Mutanye", whose owner is reputed to have been part of the Red Brigade in his youth, hence the many soviet posters. Via Mascarella, in the northeast area of the city, has plenty of nightspots, among them two jazz clubs. And finaly check out themany bars and pubs host music contests and concerts, from rock to jazz to "liscio", the traditional folk songs in Emilia-Romagna.
- Cluricaune Irish Pub (the irish), via Zamboni 18b (few meters from the towers), ☎ 051 263419, . One of the most famous pubs in the city center, packed with students. edit
- Celtic Druid Pub, via Caduti di Cefalonia 5 (off via Rizzoli, on the other side from Piazza Re Enzo/Piazza Maggiore), ☎ 051 227518, . Nice irish pub in the city center, good selection of beers and whiskeys. edit
- Bar Wolf, via Massarenti 118, ☎ 051 342944, . Just outside the city center. Live music. Good beers and sandwiches. edit
- Old Bridge Pub, via Emilia Levante 27 (Near Mazzini station), ☎ 051 490608, . Mon - Thu: 19:00 - 02:00 Fri - Sat: 19:00 - 03:00 Sun: 19:00 - 02:00. Another one of the oldest pubs in Bologna. Nice and lively atmosphere. edit
Bologna has a very good live music scene and there are some places you should check if you’re looking for jazz, blues, rock and much more while eating or drinking.
- Cantina Bentivoglio, via Mascarella 4 (beginning of via Mascarella from via Belle Arti, opposite to Bravo Caffe), ☎ 051.265416 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: 051.225811), . Here you can listen to live jazz while eating traditional cuisine and drinking good wines (it’s a winery after all). edit
- Bravo Caffe, via Mascarella 1 (close to Cinema Odeon), ☎ +39 051 266112; +39 333 5973089 (email@example.com), . Another famous one in the city center. Live music (jazz, blues, soul, funk, etc). edit
- Take Five, via Cartolerie 15, (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Quite new, but it has rapidly become one of the best jazz clubs in town. edit
- Ai Vini Scelti, via Andrea Costa 36/b (just outside the center from Via del Pratello), ☎ 051 614 2396, . Mon - Wed: 09:00 - 13:30, 16:30 - 21:30; Thu: 16:30 - 21:30; Fri - Sat: 09:00 - 13:30, 16:30 - 21:30. considered one of the best in Bologna, providing everything from a quick aperitivo to proper wine-tasting. edit
- Golem - Caffè d'Arte, Piazza San Martino 3b, ☎ +39 051262620 (email@example.com, fax: +39 0512968042). trattoria and wine bar on Piazza San Martino, has a relaxed atmosphere and is great for people watching. Reasonable prices, excellent wines, and a small appetizer bar make it ideal for a long evening of good drink with friends or family. Also, the gnocchi with crab sauce is superb, although you might want to avoid it if you're squeamish about crab parts. edit
Bologna has always been famous for its hospitality: its welcoming service is very effective and makes Bologna a perfect place for tourists. Bologna cultural heritage as well as its wine and food makes it an ideal destination to spend a weekend or a holiday different times of the year.
- B&B Stazione Bologna (B&B Stazione Bologna), Via Amendola 12, ☎ 051 19982460 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Is in a building located in the center of Bologna near the train station. you will find comfort, a clean and hospitable place with whirlpool and WI-FI €40-130. edit
- Alberta D Bed & Breakfast, Via Sant'Isaia 58, . Charming rooms (2) recently renovated, comfortably furnished, free WiFi, centrally located and close to public transportation and shops. €50-160. edit
- Collegio Universitario S. Tommaso d'Aquino a Bologna, Via San Domenico, 1, ☎ (051)6564811 (fax: (051)6486508), . Hotel is a part of San Tommaso's college but should be available for booking to everyone. Pro: Good location, cheap, free and high-speed Wi-Fi. Contra: Reception is not 24 hours! It is closed from 1AM till 7AM (8AM during weekends), you will not be able to enter the hotel after 1AM - it is possible to extend it for €20-30 till 2AM-3AM respectively, but only in advance; very poor breakfast - just coffee, juice, cereals and cakes. €50 for 1 person; parking is €10 (extremely hard to find a parking place on the nearby streets) but you're not allowed to enter the city center, including the area where hotel is located, by car before 8PM. edit
- il Nosadillo, via Nosadella 19, ☎ +393737157621/+390517162926 (email@example.com). Beds in shared rooms with a private locker for each guest, access to Kitchen & public Computer, Breakfast, free WiFi and map of the city. In the heart of historical city center. Easy access to public transport. 24-30€ per night. edit
- Ospiti da Fabrizio (Guest House), Via Sant'Anna 20, . Charming flat (60 mq) with Italian characteristic style, comfortably furnished in every detail, including free WiFi, placed in an old Bolognese courtyard. Close to public transports and shops. Nice and cheap alternative to hotels and B&B. 30/50/60 € for 1/2/3 person. edit
- Residence alle Scuole, Via Scuole, 3 - 40057 Granarolo nell'Emilia, ☎ +39 051 6021887 (fax: +39 051 602 14 92), . Relaxing country 3 star hotel near Bologna. All 14 rooms and suites have satellite TV, telephone, air conditioning, private bath and free internet connection. Double €70, breakfast included. edit
- Residence Ariosto, Via Marsala 11, ☎ +39 051 0952779 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . Elegant suite and apartments comfortably furnished in every detail, placed in the center of Bologna. Close to public transports and shops. edit
- Amadeus Hotel, Via Marco Lepido 39, ☎ +39 051 403 040, . The Amadeus Hotel is near the Bologna airport, in the city's nearest suburban area. 99 rooms. About 15 minutes by car or bus from the central station. edit
- B&B Bologna nel Cuore, Via Cesare Battisti 29, ☎ +39 (0)51 269442 (email@example.com), . checkin: 5PM-8PM; checkout: 10:30AM. Two bedrooms and two studios. An intimate and stylish bed & breakfast located in an ancient building in the historic center of Bologna. Doubles from €90, singles from €60. edit
- Room&Breakfast Le Stanze del Carro, Via del carro 11, ☎ +39 (0)51 7162926 (firstname.lastname@example.org), . checkin: 3PM-7:30PM; checkout: 11AM. Cosy and family run bed and breakfast in the heart of Bologna (few metres from the 2 towers). Historical building, 3 Rooms, 2 apartments, terrace. Breakfast, Elevator, Free WiFi and Maps. Homey atmospere and friendly staff. Doubles from €79, singles from €59. edit
- Beatrice B&B Bologna, Via Indipendenza 56, ☎ +39 (0)51 246016 (email@example.com), . Three rooms each with a private bathroom. B&B is in an elegant apartment attic with elevator in the Center of Bologna, next to the Railway Station, University, and all bus lines. A rich breakfast is served by friendly owners. Doubles from €70, singles from €50. edit
- Hotel Fiera, Via Stalingrado 82, . A very nice hotel in the Merchant district with 99 rooms. If you are lucky enough to get a room with a balcony, you will be rewarded with an outstanding view of the Appenines in the distance. Friendly staff, and a very nice little restaurant. Breakfast here is lovely. If you want a place on the outskirts from which to plan your stay, you could do much worse, but at a significant distance from the center, public transport is a must. All rooms have a minibar at very reasonable prices. Very clean rooms. Prices vary wildly based on date; Singles & doubles €38-240. edit
- Hotel HC3 Bologna, Via dell'Arcoveggio 46/4, ☎ +39 051 373632 (fax: +39 051 361429), . HC3 is a 4 star hotel in Bologna near the City Fair and just a few minutes from downtown. It features 37 full optional rooms, free wi-fi internet connection, modern gym and a comfortable meeting room. Peculiar to the hotel is courtesy coffee around the clock available for free on every floor. edit
- Hotel Imperial, Via del Gomito, 16 40127, ☎ +39 051.327183 (fax: +39 051.4187076), . A 3 star hotel with meeting rooms, wellness center and gym, a good choice for business travelers or for a relaxing holiday. Located near a bus no.25 stop, which takes you straight to the railway station. doubles from € 50. edit
- NH Bologna Villanova, Via Villanova, 29/8. 40055 Villanova di Castenaso. Bologna, ☎ +39 051 604311, . This beautifully modern hotel is located just a few minutes from the city centre and within easy access of the airport. The staff are friendly and helpful, this 4 star hotel is perfect for a business or leisure stay. Rooms from 59€. edit
- Paridise Hotel Bologna - Vicolo Cattani 7 - 40126 Bologna, Italy  Tel: +39 051 231792 • Fax +39 051 234591. Central 3 star hotel of Bologna with 18 single, double and triple bedrooms with private bath, shower, TV and free Wi-Fi access. Double rooms’ rates starting from 95 Euros, breakfast included.
- Hotel Porta San Mamolo, Vicolo del Falcone 6-8, ☎ +39 051 583 056, . Much-loved small Hotel, lauded for its lovely staff, comfortable and prettily decorated rooms, and central but quiet location. edit
- Hotel University Bologna, Via Mentana, ☎ +39 051229713, . The University Hotel is located close to the “Universitá degli Studi”. Three star hotel, 22 rooms. Jan €60-78; Feb €70-78; Mar €92-250, June €59, Jul €65, Aug €65, Sep €65-92, Oct €70-92; Nov €70-170, Dec €64-105. edit
- B&B Ca del Borgo, Via del Borgo di San Pietro 1, ☎ ++39 3397188867/+39 051224496. In the heart of the historic center of Bologna, friendly and homely atmosphere, located on the top floor of a building of the '500. Strategic position to reach in just a few minutes walk to the major sights, the station and Fiera District. Easy access to public transport. The price for the double (twins beds) room, with personal bathroom, is 100 euro (use for single room 60 euro). Breakfast, WiFi and map of the city included. edit
- Grand Hotel Baglioni, 8 Via Indipendenza, ☎ +39 051 225445 (fax: +39 051 234840). A grand large fairly elegant hotel doubles from € 565. edit
- I Portici Hotel Bologna, Via Indipendenza 69, Bologna, ☎ +39 051 41285 (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +39 051 4128584), . I Portici Hotel is a 4-star luxury property. It is in the hearth of town, walking distance from the main train station, the city centre shopping area and near by to Bologna fair exposition area. (44.501977,11.344655) edit
- Il Convento dei Fiori di Seta, Via Orfeo 34/4, . A stylish little hotel that has been fitted into a small restored church. edit
- Day Trips by Car or Train - Head out for the day to Ferrara, Rimini, Ravenna, Faenza, Cesena, Reggio-Emila or Modena to name but a few.
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