Bir is a town in the eastern end of the Kangra District in Himachal Pradesh with a friendly, relaxed Indian population and a large Tibetan (Khampa) community. It is home to several educational institutions, monasteries, and nonprofit organizations (NGOs), and is becoming a popular off-the-beaten-path destination for meditation courses, volunteering, and ecotourism.
Bir is a small mountain town in northern Himachal Pradesh with a large, well-established Tibetan community. Set against the backdrop of the Dhauladhar Range of the Indian Himalayas, the town is picturesque, although the rubbish-strewn roadsides and waterways of the Tibetan Colony (down the hill from Bir proper) are an unfortunate contrast to its golden roofed temples, and to the greenery of Upper Bir (Bir Proper) and the surrounding villages. The Tibetan Colony is actually in the village of Chowgan. Bir proper, sometimes referred to as "Indian Bir" or "Upper Bir", is the small market and surrounding farming community located in the foothills above Chowgan.
The founding of Bir: Local accounts indicate that Bir was first settled by immigrants from Bengal around 1600 C.E. These families settled in Bir proper. Other groups migrated in much more recently, starting in the early 20th century C.E. 
The Tibetan Colony: In 1966 the third Neten Chokling (1928-1973), an incarnate lama of the Nyingma lineage of Tibetan Buddhism, brought his family and a small entourage to Bir. With the help of foreign aid Neten Chokling purchased over 200 acres of land and established a Tibetan settlement where 300 Tibetan families were given land to build houses. At this time Chokling Rinpoche also started building in Bir a new Neten monastery and disciples who had followed him into India formed its first sangha. When the third Chokling Rinpoche passed away in 1973, his eldest son, Orgyen Tobgyal Rinpoche (b 1951), assumed responsibility for completing his father’s vision. The fourth Neten Chokling incarnation was born in 1973 in Bhutan and brought to Bir at a young age where the family of the third Chokling took him under their wings. In 2004 full responsibility for Pema Ewam Chögar Gyurme Ling Monastery in Bir was passed to the fourth Neten Chokling. The monastery, now a place of study and practice for over 120 monks, served as the setting for Khyentse Norbu’s 1999 feature film “The Cup.” 
Other Tibetan Buddhist monasteries in Bir include: Palyul Chökhorling Monastery (Nyingma) under the guidance of Rigo Tulku Rinpoche; Bir Dirru Monastery / Bir Sakya Lama Society under the guidance of the 15th Gyalsay Tulku Rinpoche and the 14th Dungyud Rinpoche; and Drikung Dozin Theckcho Ling Monastery (Drikung Kagyu) under guidance of Ontül Rinpoche.
A variety of information on the Bir-Billing area is available at the Bir Portal (BirHP.com), a community-supported online guide for visitors and residents of the greater Bir area.
From Dharamshala: There are direct buses to Bir Road/Upper Bir leaving at 6am & 2pm from Lower Dharamshala. Or you can take a bus to Palampur, then to Baijnath. From Baijnath there are buses every half hour to Upper Bir - for Bir Colony ask them to drop you at Chowgan crossroads, then you have to walk about 1km. Or get off at Bir Road junction and get a taxi (Rs50-60).
From Delhi: From the Inter-state Bus Terminal (ISBT), take bus to either Baijnath or Bir Road - the latter is closer, but many buses only go as far as Baijnath. There are two overnight buses leaving Delhi. Both depart mid evening and arrive early morning.
There is a morning train from Pathankot to Ahju, which is only 3kms from Bir. Trains from Delhi arrive at Pathankot an hour before the toy train leaves. The ride is long, tiring and often crowded but the stunning scenery more than compensates for any inconveniences.
Taxis are usually available in the Upper Bir bus stand and in the main intersection of the Tibetan colony.
Buses ply the main north-south Bir Road fairly regularly, connecting the Bir Road turnoff from the NH20 (the highway) to Upper Bir. The closest bus stop for the Tibetan Colony is at Chowgan Chowk, on Bir Road about a 10-minute walk east of the colony.
The historical center of Bir is in Upper Bir (Bir proper, sometimes referred to by the Tibetan community as "Indian Bir").
The Bir Tibetan Colony (often simply called "Colony" by locals) is at the west end of the village of Chowgan, about a 20-minute walk (or five-minute taxi) below Upper Bir.
Sherab Ling Monastery is a 50-to-70-minute walk (or 15-minute taxi) from Chowgan, or slightly longer from Upper Bir.
The village of Ghornala, a small, quiet area home to the Dharmalaya Institute (on Dhanaari Hill), a Sikh meditation retreat centre, and a few cottages, is about midway between Bir and Sansaal. From Upper Bir, it's about a one-hour walk or 15-minute taxi to Ghornala (and slightly longer from Chowgan or the Tibetan Colony).
Chökyi Lödro College of Dialectics (formerly Dzongsar Institute). A center for higher Buddhist philosophical study with about 600 monks in nearby Chauntra.
Palpung Sherab Ling. A Karma Kagyü Tibetan Buddhist Monastery located in woodlands between Bir and Baijnath, headed by the 12th Tai Situ Rinpoche and also host of frequent visits from Mingyur Rinpoche.
Dharmalaya Institute. An eco-campus for compassionate living, set on a hill with breathtaking views overlooking Bir and the valley, offering programs in sustainable living and contemplative practice, and creating green jobs for local villagers. Normal visiting hours are 11:00am to 12:00pm and 3:00 to 4:00pm, Monday through Saturday (closed Sundays and holidays). Must contact via website before visiting, as campus is sometimes closed to visitors due to silent meditation retreats and other special programmes.
Paraglide from the mountaintop at Billing, but if you take a tandem flight check that the pilot is carrying a reserve parachute & ask him to show you the age sticker of his glider, if it's more that 7 or 8 years old, think again, there is no maintenance programme or safety check on the equipment. Paragliding in Bir and vicinity is the subject of Jim Mallinson’s entertaining feature length documentary DVD “Temples in the Clouds” (AIM Television 2008).
Volunteer, . The Dharmalaya Institute offers volunteer and service-learning opportunities for short- and long-term visitors. Activities include earthen building (traditional adobe and bamboo eco-construction), organic farming, tree planting, permaculture landscaping, etc. The best times to volunteer are October-December and March-June, but work can be done year-round for those who don't mind the cold of winter and the rain of the monsoon season. Volunteers must apply on their website before going.Variety of accommodation on sliding scale. (32.058,76.715)edit
Meditate, Dhanaari Hill, Bir-Sansaal Road, Ghornala Village, VPO Bir (HP) (See website for directions and visiting hours), . The Dharmalaya Institute hosts weekly sitting meditation groups and talks. These group meditation and discussion sessions, which follow the curriculum of the Tergar Meditation Community, are open to everyone regardless of background or experience level. They are free of charge, with donations welcome but not required. (Seasonal: see http://dharmalaya.in/meditation-programmes/ for details and contact them via website before visiting to be sure you go at the right time.)Variety of accommodation on sliding scale. (32.058,76.715)edit
Buddhism. Deer Park Institute (located on the former campus of the Dzongsar Institute) offers courses and workshops to explore various aspects of Buddhism and other classical Indian wisdom traditions. Most classes are taught in English and are free of charge. Accommodation is available on site.
Dharmalaya Institute is an eco-campus for volunteering (earthen building, organic gardening, language instruction), meditation, yoga. Dharmalaya is an Indian charitable society 'devoted to education, service, and compassionate living, with a practical focus on sustainable village development, contemplative service-learning, and immersive ecotourism'. Dharmalaya hosts service-learning programs and meditation retreats, providing opportunities for long-term volunteers and students to do karma yoga (mindful service work) for various charitable projects to benefit the local community and the natural environment. Programs include natural earthen building, green job skills training for local villagers, organic farming, vernacular eco-architecture, and a tree-planting project. Accommodation is available in either private rooms, dormitories, or comfortable tents, with several traditional adobe buildings are under construction (in 2013-2016). Must contact before visiting.
Guna Institute offers a five-year Tibetan Translators Degree Program under the guidance of Dzigar Kongtrul Rinpoche.
Upper Bir: post office, a chemist (pharmacy), and a few basic general stores
Chauntra (east of Bir): basic kitchenware
Jogindernagar, Baijnath, and Palaumpur: a few pharmacies, hardware stores, shops with decorative items, drugstores, shops with basic domestic appliances. For more choice in clothing and appliances and for garden nurseries go to Palampur.
Dharamshala is the place to buy books, textiles, jewelry, Tibetan Buddhist items, fresh bread, fancy sweets, and junk food.
Bhawani Guest House, ☎ (+ 91)1894268025 9857460215 9418015525 (firstname.lastname@example.org). A nice place in Upper Bir (Bir Proper) with homely environment having nine luxurious rooms with attached bathrooms, 24 hot water, great Indian food on order.Rs 300-Rs700 for double bed rooms. edit
Chokling Guesthouse, Near chokling Monastry P.O. bir Teh Beijnath.Distt Kangra.H.P, ☎ +918894232589 +918894112325. checkout: 12pm. Pleasant rooms (16 doubles) with attached bathrooms (solar heated showers )Quiet environment and Restaurant FacilitiesDouble room Price starts from Rs 250. edit
Dharmalaya Institute, Ghornala Village, Bir-Sansaal Road, . Dharmalaya is set on a hillside with breathtaking views over Bir and the Kangra Valley, with accommodation for volunteers and program participants only, in either private rooms or comfortable tents or dormitory, with traditional adobe buildings. Currently under construction (in 2011-2015) but already hosting volunteers and interns. Serves great vegetarian, mostly organic food. Must contact via website before visiting.see website. edit
Dzongsar Guesthouse, ☎ 91 (1894) 251-787. An eight room guest house. Big, cold rooms - sometimes solar heated water for showers. No restaurant.Rs.250 for double bed room, Rs.200 for single bed room. edit
Emaho Guesthouse, ☎ 91 (1894) 268-197; 9816212678. Recently renovated so all rooms have attached bath , no longer very cheap. edit
Palden Guesthouse. Electric heated showers. Nice hostess and husband. Very clean. Fast food joint also with Wi-Fi facility.Rs.250 for double bed room, Rs.200 for single bed room. edit
Bir Resort Hotel, ☎ 91 (1894) 268-367; 9810685753 (email@example.com). Electric heated showers.Restaurant facilities,12 bedrooms,www.birresorthotel.com. Rs.400 for double bedrooms. edit
Hotel Surya Classic (Surya), chougan bir baijnath, ☎ +919418046580, . A nice place with 14 luxurious rooms with 24 hot water and WiFi internet in every corner of the hotelRs 700. edit
The water in Bir is usually uncommonly clean, but it's still worth taking precautions. It comes from a spring in the mountains above any village, it's usually drinkable except during the monsoon when the groundwater can pollute the system, but it's wise to boil or filter it year-round because contamination can happen during storage or in the pipes. Boiled/filtered water is available in some restaurants.
Check the date on the bottles of soft drinks in all places, including shops.
Acupuncture & traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) from Dr. Norbu, near the main intersection in the Tibetan colony. Also does cupping and moxabustion. Clinic open 10a-1p Mon-Sat (more or less). Tel: +91 98823.37181. Very good with sprains & back pain.
Bhawani Panchkarma Centre: Holistic Ayurvedic Treatment centre providing herbal treatment and various rejuvenating packages Rediscover your own unique identity with Ayurveda contact Dr Manan Soni Ayurvedacharya 919857460215 9459203257 email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Government doctor at crossroad to Chauntra.
Homeopathic clinic: Shantideva Homeopathic Research Institute (SHRI), in the Tibetan Colony, run by a homeopathic doctor from the US who treats local patients for free.
Men-Tsee-Khang: traditional Tibetan herbal medicine.
Tibetan government clinic: Allopathic medicine, including low-cost vaccinations (e.g. Hepatitis B).
Veterinary clinic (extremely cheap)
Western medical clinic (low-price vaccinations, e.g. rabies, tetanus), Upper Bir.
Shiva Temple – Located in nearby Baijnath and dating from 1204 CE, the temple is a beautiful example of the Nagara style of early medieval North Indian temple architecture. The temple is dedicated to Shiva as Vaidyanath, ‘the Lord of Physicians’. Said to be the location of one of the 12 jyotirlingas.
Tashijong – another Tibetan settlement with a lay community of about 400 people and a Drukpa Kagyu monastery (established by the 8th Khamtrul Rinpoche) with about 140 monks near Palampur.
Dharamshala and McLeodGanj, the seat of the His Holiness the Dalai Lama, are two-and-a-half to three hours from Bir.