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Bat Trang

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Bat Trang is a village in North Vietnam.

Understand[edit]

Bat Trang is about 16 km south east of Hanoi from the center. Bat Trang is a accient ceramic village ( 1000 years old ). History of Bat Trang village 1010 , King Ly Thai To moved the capital to Thang Long , Thang Long became the political center of the Republic of Vietnam . Due to the development needs of the city , many merchants, craftsmen from where to find the Thang Long industrial practice and up . Bo Bat Some potters migrated out here and they Nguyen Ninh Trang pottery set , called the White Earth Ward ( Ward White Earth ) . was later renamed Bat . The birth and development of Thang Long has a strong impact on economic activity of the surrounding villages , including the village of Bat Trang . This particular area has a lot of white clay , a good material for the production of pottery . The next round of migration has turned from a Bat Trang ceramic village has become a normal famous pottery center was chosen to provide the court tributes to the Ming Dynasty .

Century 15-16 Mac's policy towards the business during this time is open , do not advocate " restrained trade " before the economy as goods whose distribution conditions are more favorable , thus , Bat Trang products are widely circulated .

Bat Trang ceramics have many products the Mac is clearly written in intelligent manufacturing , the name of the person ordering and production . Through this document proving that the order includes a number of senior officials and nobles wear princess costumes , pro- Duke short code , Ngoc Lien Da Mac Nations , the U.S. State Lady .. . The order spread out over a large space includes district covered the northern plains and the northern Central Coast .

Century 16-17 After the end of the geographical discoveries 15th century , many developed countries of Western Europe to Eastern spill . Countries Portugal , Holland , England , France ... established companies , building bases in the East for trade . Activity of maritime trade in Southeast Asia have a long history of capital becomes more vibrant , attractive countries in the region in Asian trading system and the global market is developing.

Once established , the Ming (China ) prohibits private undertakings with foreign trade for the export of the famous ceramics China has restricted facilitate Bat Trang pottery market expansion in Southeast Asia . When the Ming (China ) abolished the policy of isolation ( 1567 ) but still banned exports of some raw materials and commodities important to Japan , was created for trade relations between Vietnam and Japan feature special development , thereby Bat Trang ceramics are imported into Japan .

1644 Qing (China ) restore policy against crossing with foreign trade , until 1684 after liberate Taiwan . During that time , a number of export items of Vietnam , including Bat Trang pottery of China is not competitive should have conditions to thrive .

15-17 century was a period of strong development of ceramic industry Vietnam exports , which in the north are two important centers and the famous Bat Trang and Chu Dau - Xa ( the Minh Tan Thai Tan , Nam Sach district , Hai Duong province ) . At that time , Thang Long (Hanoi) and Pho Hien (now Hung Yen province ) is the second largest urban center and is also harmful for foreign trade prosperity of Tonkin . Bat Trang luck and great advantages is located by the river II ( Red River ) in the middle of Long Street and Constitution , the waterway linking the city and the gateway to the outside world . Chinese trading ships , Japan , Southeast Asia and the Western countries , Vietnam pottery is sold to Japan and many countries in Southeast Asia , South Asia .

The Western companies , especially the Dutch East India Company , the trading method " from India ( East ) to India " , bought ceramics Vietnam market sales to Southeast Asia and Japan The .

At the end of the 17th century & early 18th century The export trade in pottery and Vietnam in Southeast Asia are rapidly declining because after Taiwan was liberated ( 1684 ) and Qing Dynasty abolished crossing policies prohibit trade with foreign countries . Since then , high-quality ceramic Chinese flooded the markets of Southeast Asia and Vietnam pottery is not competitive enough . Japan, after a period of closure to protect the precious materials such as silver , copper , has been promoting the development of domestic industries such as silk , sugar , ceramics ... that previously had to buy foreign products .

18-19 century Some Western countries into industrial revolution with the new goods to large consumer markets . The economic situation together with limited foreign trade policy of the government Trinh Nguyen in the 18th century and of the Nguyen Dynasty in the 19th century made ​​the external trade relations of Vietnam and the export decline pottery diminished . That is why some pottery village production interruptions ( such as Chu Dau ceramic village - Xa ) . Bat Trang ceramics have been affected yet , but retains vitality thanks to a broad consumer market with domestic appliances , worship , decoration and building blocks are essential for all classes society from nobles to civilians . In this phase , Bat Trang pottery declining exports , but Bat Trang is still a manufacturing center known traditional ceramic in water.

19th century to present During the French colonial period , the Bat Trang pottery but with a number of ceramic enterprises and foreign goods competing but still maintain normal operation .

With full facilities , labor Bat Trang is tested , practical , creative based on hard work and diligence has created a generation of skilled ceramic solid . The well-known artists such as Bat Trang Dao Van Can , Nguyen Van lodge , Le Van The , Le Van Cam , Nguyen Van Loi , Pham Thi Minh Chau Tran , ... trained many young potters kilns provide a new opening in the province .

After 1986, Bat Trang pottery village with large shift towards a market economy . The cooperatives in turn dissolved or transformed into joint-stock companies , large companies were established , but much remains the production and dissemination are small units of production per household . Bat Trang Commune has become a major pottery center .

Currently, Bat Trang products increasingly rich and diverse . In addition to the traditional items , the Bat Trang pottery also produced many new products to meet consumer demand in Vietnam as the kind of cups , dishes , vases ... new type of building material , the type insulators ... and the products exported by foreign orders . Bat Trang products available on the domestic market and are exported to many countries in Asia and Europe

Get in[edit]

By Motobike[edit]

Bat Trang is nearby Hanoi, many Vietnamese's visit Bat Trang to travel or buy some ceramic at the week by motobike. You could hire a motobike for a trip. Across Long Bien street.

Private car or Taxi[edit]

There are some place to visit in Bat Trang village, but it's too much for a day there. So you could hire a car for a city tour and Bat Trang is one of place to visit. ( See some car rental company: vietnamairporttransfer.com, or avis.vn..). You also call to Mai Linh taxi to get there.

By Public Bus[edit]

The No.47 bus from Long Bien to Bat Trang. you could take the bus from your location to Long Bien then take bus to Bat Trang.

Get around[edit]

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Contact[edit]

Get out[edit]

  • Hanoi the capital of Vietnam




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