Bandhavgarh National Park is located in Madhya Pradesh state of India. This park is among the best national parks of India where Asian tigers can be easily viewed. Area of this park is of around 448 sq km.
Bandhavgarh Hill, at the height of 811 meters above the sea level, is located at the centre of the park. This hill is surrounded by sloping valleys.
The state of Rewa owes its origins to the foundation of a state dating to 1234 by Vyaghra Dev, a descendant of the Vaghelas of Gujarat. He married the daughter of the Raja of Ratanpur, bringing Bandhogarh (now known as Bandhavgarh ) into the family as her dowry. The legendary fortress of Bandhogarh fell into Mughal hands in 1597, almost by accident. At the death of Maharaja Virbhadra Rao in 1593, his minor son succeeded and was sent to Delhi for his own safety, the emperor took advantage of his absence to send one of his loyal nobles as temporary governor. Once he had taken control of the fort, the Maharaja’s nobles and officials were expelled and the fort annexed by the Mughals. On his return to his remaining domains, H.H. Maharaja Vikramaditya was forced to establish a new capital at Rewa, from whence the state took its name.
Times have changed. You now ride elephants to shoot tigers with your Nikon instead of your rifle, and there remains something very evocative about riding through the Jungle on the look out for those black and orange stripes! 2
The "jungle" is mostly sparse and dry undergrowth with large areas of woodland. The Park is set around the "castle" - a huge outcrop of rock with a massive plateau top. The whole area is very dry and dusty. Covering 450 sq km, Bandhavgarh is situated in Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh among the outlying hills of the Vindhya range. At the center of park is Bandhavgarh hill rising 811 meters above MSL. The lowest point in the park is at Tala (440 meter above MSL). Bandhavgarh is densely populated with other species. Bandhavgarh is sided with great cliffs and eroded rocks and on its highest point stands "Bandhavgarh fort" thought to be some 2,000 years old. Around the fort are numerous caves containing shrines and ancients sanskrit inscription.
Although Bandhavgarh is a relatively small park in the last few years this former game reserve has become one of India's most prominent National Parks. The major reason for all the interest is Bandhavgarh's high density of tigers (The Bagh), which roam the mixed forests of in search of an easy kill. It was the preferred hunting place for the Kings of Rewa. The density of tiger population at Bandhavgarh is the highest known in India--60 Tigers at 450 sq km area in Bandhavgarh National Park. This is also White Tiger country. The last known as captured by Maharaja Martand Singh in 1951. This White Tiger "Mohan", is now stuffed and display in the place of Maharajah of Rewa. The tigers (The Bagh) have not only bolstered the local population by breeding successfully, they have also brought international media attention to the park and the plight of the Royal Bengal Tiger.
While the Star Attraction is the tigers but there is a host of other wildlife; 22 species of mammals and 250 species of birds. Leopards and sloth bears are the other two extremely rare animals, seen only by chance. Other wildlife includes spotted deer, samba, Langur and Red faced Monkeys, Jungle Cats, Bengal Fox, Mongoose, Striped Hyena, Bandicoot Rat, Asiatic Jackal, Wild Boars, Nilgai, Chausingha, Chinkara, Indian Bison and of course, the "domestic" elephants.
The vegetation along streams and morasses is rich in bird life, and include the oddly named "Changeable Hawk Eagle" and storks. More common ones are little grebe, egret, lesser teal, white eyed buzzard, black Kite, crested serpent eagles, Black Vulture, Egyptian vulture, common peafowl, red jungle fowl, dove, parakeet, king-fisher, Indian roller and the Indian National bird the Indian peacock.
Reptilian fauna include cobra, krait, viper, rat snake, python, turtle and a number of lizard varieties including varanus.
The vegetation is chiefly of Sal forest in the valleys and on the lower slopes bamboo is found throughout the park.
Bandhavgarh experiences climatic conditions that vary to opposite extremes. In winters, the bitter cold forces the visitors to put on multiple layers as protection against the biting cold. Early morning rides can be in temperatures that dip about four, once you take the wind chill factor into consideration. In the summers, it changes drastically to the opposite. It now feels uncomfortable to even sometimes put on the cotton t-shirt.
The temperature in the winters varies from 4 to 20°C between November and February. In the summers, the temperatures move to the other extreme and can go up to 48 degrees centigrade. Towards late summer, it is also advisable to carry some protection, for yourself and for your camaras, from rain. Bandhavgarh has an average annual rainfall of 1200 mm. The rains here give very little prior warning and and it is preferable to be prepared for your own protection, as well as for your equipment. These rains, however, bring good respite from the blistering heat. A single shower can make temp eratures fall from 45°C to 30°C. The main monsoon season mostly begins only once the park is closed from 1st July to 15 October.
The closest train station is Umaria. Sleeper trains run from Delhi and Agra. Umaria is a jeep ride from Tala, the village at the main gate to Bandhavgarh.
Tala (Bandhavgarh) is well connected to Katni, which is one of the major railway junctions nearby. Generally it takes 2-2.5 hrs and you can easily get vehicles to and from the station (jeeps or similar vehicles) waiting at the exit of the Umaria railway station.
There is a park permit fee on top of the cost of hiring a jeep, and any elephant rides are extra. Any safari organised with your lodge normally includes all the jeep and park fees, although elephant rides are still extra. You don't have to pay in the jungle but normally pay later at your lodge, although taking a little cash to tip the elephant rider is a good idea.
No of vehicles allowed in the park from October 2012
- Tala zone - 40 (25 in Morning, 15 in Afternoon)
- Maghadhi zone - 40 (25 in Morning, 15 in Afternoon)
- Khitauli zone - 31 (20 in Morning, 11 in Afternoon)
- Pachpedi zone - 60 (30 in Morning, 30 in Afternoon)
- Parasi zone - 60 (30 in Morning, 30 in Afternoon)
- Gajwahi zone - 60 (30 in Morning, 30 in Afternoon)
Jeep Safari Charges:
* Total for Indians -
- Rs. 6500.00 for Tala Zone per Jeep Safari.
- Rs. 5000.00 for Maghadi Zone per Jeep Safari.
- Rs. 5000.00 for Khitauli Zone per Jeep Safari.
- Rs. 4500.00 for Pachpedi Zone per Jeep Safari.
- Rs. 4500.00 for Parasi Zone per Jeep Safari.
- Rs. 4500.00 for Gajwahi Zones per Jeep Safari.
* Total for Foreigners -
- Rs. 8500.00 for Tala Zone per Jeep Safari.
- Rs. 6500.00 for other Zones per Jeep Safari.
- * "Wednesday Evening" is Holiday of Bandhavgarh National Park from 16th of October 2012.
- * Panpatha Zone is closed from 16th of October 2012.
- * Cheshpur Water Fall Jeep Safari Cost - Rs. 5,000.00 for 6 People.
* Elephant Safari for Whole Day -
- Rs. 80,000.00 per elephant for 1 Whole Day for 4 people.
New Year, Holi, Diwali are peak season times. Its recommended to book park permits, jeep and hotel well in advance during that period.
Tala is a tiny village at the entrance to Bandhavgarh with one or two shops and an internet cafe. The lodges are located within a few minutes walk of the village. Travel into the park is by Jeep, again normally provided in the price by the lodges.
The wild animals are not the only attraction in the park. On at least one safari your driver will take you up the mountain where there is a line of ancient caves, and a huge 10th Century statue of a reclining Vishnu. It is also possible to head to the far side of the park to the elephant enclosure where the elephants are kept. Often this is where the young elephants are and it is a great photo opportunity.
- Baghel Museum, (100 metres from the park). his museum houses many precious and beautiful belongings of the King of Rewa. The King maintained Bandhavgarh National Park as his destination for hunting. There is a stuffed white tiger in the museum amidst certain personal belongings of the King of Rewa. edit
- Bandhavgarh Fort located in the centre of 32 hills present in the park. The fort's cliffs are 2625 feet (800 meters) high, 1000 feet (300 meters) above the surrounding countryside. There are many caves in the fort and in the hills adjacent to the fort. These caves belong to the prehistoric period. The fort still belongs to the Maharaja of Rewa and permission is required to visit it.
- Climbers Point: This point ensures the view of amazing natural beauty with the view of beautiful Sal trees. This is a wonderful place to take some rest and give peace to mind and body.
- The Shesh Shaya The statue of Lord Vishnu in laying position with umbrella of "Shesh Nag" along with "The Shivling" and "The Brahma" are situated there. The origin of the River "Charan Ganga" is also from the foot of "Lord Vishnu". That is of the 10th century.
- Cheshpur Water Fall This fall is situated 50 Km. from Bandhavgarh. This is a natural waterfall in Johila river. This is ideal for picnic.
- Jwalamukhi Temple The temple of the Godess Jwalmukhi is situated there. This is situated on the bank of the "Charan Ganga" river. This is 11 Km. from Bandhavgarh. This is from the 10th century.
- Fossil National Park Fossil National Park is situated 110 Km from Bandhavgarh. This national park has plants in fossil form that existed in India anywhere between 40 million and 150 million years ago.The Fossils National Park is an area that spreads over 274,100 square metres. Such fossils are found in three villages, which lie outside the national park. The standing, petrified trunks of trees have been identified as Gymnosperms, Angiosperms, Monocotyledons and palms. There are certain Bryophytes also. There is some doubt about whether the fossils are from the late Jurassic or the early and mid-Cretaceous age. This is because when the breakup of the single land mass Pangaea occurred, it was split by the continental drift into Laurasia and Gondwanaland somewhere between the Jurassic and Cretaceous ages. India formed a part of Gondwanaland. Interspersed with the plant fossils are to be found the fossils of molluscs. These are about 40 million years ago. The fossils look like ordinary rocks.
- White Tiger Safari, Mand White Tiger Safari in Rewa, which was once home to this rare breed of the big cats. "The world's first White Tiger Safari at Mand, Mukundpur Forest, Govindgarh near Rewa (M.P.) where the first white tiger was spotted by erstwhile ruler Maharaja Martand Singh in 1951 from Sidhi forest area (it was named as Mohan). Powerful roar of white tigers in Madhya Pradesh's Vindhya region as the world's first White Tiger Safari in Rewa, which was once home to this rare breed of the big cats. 
The zoological park already existing in Mukundpur will now be known as "Mukundpur Zoo and Mohan White Tiger Safari" while the breeding centre of White Tigers will be named after Maharaja Martand Singh.
- Jeep safari The Jeeps all head to the main gate before it opens to collect a guide who joins the Jeep for the safari, and you then head off into the Jungle. Visitors to Bandhavgarh are allowed into the park twice each day for 3-hour Jeep safaris, once at dawn, and again in late afternoon. These are times when animal activity is most visible. The commonly used safari vehicles are open 4WD Gypsy's. The Jeeps stick to well worn tracks but the Park covers a large area and you'll often end up on your own. Most of the wildlife is seen from the Jeeps, but the star attraction - the Tigers - are tracked each morning by elephant. If they are found the Jeeps dash towards them. If they are visible from the track the Jeeps bustle around trying to get the best view or, alternatively, your driver enters you in a queue for an elephant ride to see the Tigers in the bush. The Safari lasts about 3 hours before the park closes at lunch time. There is a second slightly shorter Safari in the afternoon which lasts until dusk. You cannot travel in the Park without a Jeep and a guide.
- Elephant Treks Elephant are used every morning by the forest department for Tiger - tracking. If a Tiger is found then the elephant will take you directly to the Tiger from a nearby jeep/car. A forest department guide must always accompany you with a naturalist from our side (optional). This guide/naturalist will be able to direct you and point out wildlife.
- Jain Bhojanalaya at Bandhavgarh - If you needed pure veg. food/restaurant at Bandhavgarh you can get it at "Jain Bhojanalaya" at Golbro Tiger View Resort Campus, which is situated in front of National Park, Very near to Tala Gate No.1, near the petrol pump, Tala, Bandhavgarh. Cost is very economical.
- Orchid Restaurant, The Wildflower Resort, Ranchha Road, Tala, Bandhavgarh National Park, District Umaria, ☎ 09425157718, . A multi-cuisine restaurant serving choicest dishes from varied cuisines to the visitors of Bandhavgarh since 2008. The prices are most reasonable and taste is something to remember. Constructed in colonial hunting lodge style with huge windows that blends the place with the surrounding hills and forest. A huge fire place in the centre gives it a unique character. edit
Always use packed mineral/drinking water. There is no nightlife here at all. Remember to take plenty of water on every safari.
Once you've paid for the Jungle Package at a Lodge you will struggle to spend anything at all in Tala. Elephant rides are extra but not expensive at all (2005 = 300 Rupees per person per ride) and the only thing you buy in the lodges are those cool evening beers.
- Wildflower Souvenirs, The Wildflower Resort (@ The Wildflower Resort), ☎ 09425157718, . 9:00 AM. A fantastic collection of gifts and souvenirs including art objects, paintings and wildlife related books are available for visitors at quite reasonable prices. edit
- Golbro Tiger View Resort (GTV Resort), (near the petrol pump, in front of Bandhavgarh National Park, 32 km from Umaria), ☎ 07627265314, . checkin: 24 hours; checkout: 12 noon. A.C. and non A.C. rooms, Camp Fire, Swimming pool, Cycle, Table Tennis and other Indoor Games, Aqua Massage (jacuzzi), jungle jeep safari, Cheshpur Water Fall Safari, taxi and car rental, restaurant. 1,500-6,000. edit
- Wild Haven Resort, Bandhavgarh National Park (Ranchha Road, adjacent Taj Mahua Kothi), ☎ +91 9415010437, . A resort for the true wild-lifer. The focus here is on providing simple, clean comfort. Rs 2000 to Rs 3500 per day for a couple, inclusive of meals. edit
- Tiger Heaven Resort, Bandhavgarh (By Air The Nearest airport is Jabalpur, located 200 Kms form the resort. By Train Umaria railway station is the nearest railway station, 37 Km away from the resort .), ☎ +91-717020-380, . edit
- Bagh Sarai Resorts, Bandhavgarh National Park (in Parasi village), ☎ +91 1145871493, . An eco-conscious wildlife project, uniting conservation, communities and sustainable tourism. Private bungalow in the jungle. edit
- Nirmal Chhaya Nature Resorts  is a luxury and affordable hotel & resort. Main features are AC & non AC Deluxe Rooms, Luxury Suite, swimming pool, AC restaurant, bar and permit room.
- Syna Tiger Resort, Bandhavgarh National Park (Village Tala), ☎ 09165510660, . checkin: 12noon; checkout: 12noon. On the very edge of the park. US$430. edit
- Tiger Trails Resort, (close to Tala village adjoining the park boundary), ☎ +919424368754, . checkin: 12 pm; checkout: 11 am. Wildlife resort on the fringes of the park. A private lake offers good birding on the campus offering AC & non-AC cottages with private sit outs. Naturalists accompany guests on safaris, nature treks & bird watching sessions. Also on offer are wildlife film shows, bonfires, BBQ dinners, tribal dances. Rs 2250 onwards. edit
- Van Vilas Bandhavgarh Resort, Village Kuchwahi Dist.Umaria MP (Tala Road), ☎ 07627 280737, . checkin: 24 hrs; checkout: 12.00 PM. 3 star accommodation (suites and cottages). They organise tiger safaris. edit
- White Tiger Lodge (MP Tourism Resort), A-205, Godrej Coliseum (Behind Everard Nagar), ☎ +91-22-6150 6363. Lodge and bungalow with both AC and non AC rooms. Rs 2290-3890. edit
- The Wildflower Resort, Ranchha Rd (turn left from the Police Station Tala and follow the road signs), ☎ 08959094549, . checkin: 12:00; checkout: 11:30. A luxury jungle resort with hand-crafted Queen Anne’s design furniture. Bathrooms and private gardens, massages and Ayurvedic spa treatments 2500-6500. (23.734734,81.000524) edit
- Kings Lodge, Village - Rancha, P.O.-Tala Dist.- Umariya , (M.P.), ☎ 08800637711, . checkin: 12:00; checkout: 12:00. Kings lodge is nestled between 2 Sal forested hills of Bandhavgarh National Park in a large natural forested estate of 8 hectares in Rancha village. The lodge is in the heart of wild country and only ten minutes drive from the Tala gate of the national park. The Bandhavgarh lodge has 10 cottage rooms and 8 stilt cottage rooms with en-suite modern bathrooms spread across a natural forest offering great ambiance and privacy. 150 $ onward. edit
- Tree House Hideaway, Village Vijarhia, Bandhavgarh, Dist: Umaria. Madhya Pradesh, India., ☎ 08800637711, . checkin: 12:00; checkout: 12:00. The 5 exclusive Tree houses are spread in a dense jungle of 21 acres merging into the jungles of finest tiger reserves of the world. It is not uncommon to spot animals from the privacy of ones balconies which overlook the tiger reserve and the Bandhavgarh Fort. Designed in a fetching fusion of traditional jungle living and contemporary design, the tree houses are self contained and perfect getaway for a couple that is fanatical about privacy.The bedrooms are furnished with understated accessories in natural and earth tones. 200 $ onward. edit
Not only is it hot but also very dry and dusty. If you are visiting in the October-February period, do not forget to carry warm clothes because it gets pretty cold here in winter (lowest has been 0 degrees Celsius).
Jeeps can easily be booked through the respective hotel you have booked to travel to which ever train station you need. Umaria is the closest. Katni is two hours by car and has good rail connections to Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi and Chennai.