Baker Island is an uninhabited, unorganized and unincorporated territory of the United States - one of the smallest U.S. Minor Outlying Islands. It is in the Micronesian region of the Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and Australia.
The US took possession of the island in 1857, and its guano deposits were mined by US and British companies during the second half of the 19th century. In 1935, a short-lived attempt at colonization was begun on this island - as well as on nearby Howland Island - but was disrupted by World War II and thereafter abandoned. Presently the island is a National Wildlife Refuge run by the US Department of the Interior; a day beacon is situated near the middle of the west coast.
Equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun.
Low, nearly level coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef. Treeless, sparse, and scattered vegetation consisting of grasses, prostrate vines, and low growing shrubs; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife.
 Get in
Public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators.
 By plane
There is an abandoned World War II runway of 1,665m, completely covered with vegetation and unusable.
 By boat
There is one small boat landing area along the middle of the west coast.
 Get around
[add listing] See
A cemetery and remnants of structures from early settlement are located near the middle of the west coast.
[add listing] Buy
There is no economic activity on Baker Island.
[add listing] Sleep
There are no accommodations on Baker Island.
 Stay healthy
There are no natural sources of fresh water on Baker Island.