WARNING: Many governments strongly dissuade any travels to Baghdad because of the extremely dangerous security situation, very high threat of terrorist attack and very high threat of kidnapping. In 2012 and 2013 insurgent activity has increased considerably with a number of large-scale coordinated attacks against the Government of Iraq and civilians killing and injuring thousands of people in Baghdad and elsewhere in Iraq. , .
Baghdad (Arabic: بـغداد Baġdād) is the capital of Iraq.
Once one of the greatest centres of learning and culture in the Islamic world, Baghdad has a long and illustrious history. Once a favored destination on the 'hippie trail' and packed full of sights; since the coalition invasion of 2003, Baghdad has since become one of the most dangerous cities on Earth.
There are flights from Istanbul to Baghdad Al Muthana International Airport every day at 03.15. From Munich there are four flights every week, you may also fly from Vienna. Cities in the Middle East such as Abu Dhabi, Amman, Beirut, Damascus, Dubai, Cairo, Manama and Tehran all have good flight connections with Baghdad.
Gryphon Air has flights from Kuwait; however, there are strict regulations on who may use the service since they arrive and depart from the military wing of the airport. Of course, for military personnel and others traveling on official business sanctioned by the United States, the US Air Force offers flights from neighboring countries. All flights are subject to suspension for reasons ranging from insurgent attacks on the airport to sandstorms.
A nightly train service is available from Basra departing at 7PM, arrival time is 6:40AM the next morning. Delays are however very common. Prices range between 10,000 IQD for a couchette to 25,000 IQD for first class. There is also an irregular service from Fallujah. As of now (Summer 2011) there are no trains running between Baghdad and Mosul, for some time now they have been said to start running "soon".
The preferred method of transportation is helicopter. If helicopter transport is not available, use of a fully armoured car or Rhino (armoured bus) is recommended. Within the International Zone (formerly known as the Green Zone) there is a free shuttle bus service by KBR. You can also walk to many destinations in the International Zone or use a bicycle.
A commuter service connects the city with the southern suburb of Doura.
Al-Faw Palace (قصرالفاو). Also known as the Water Palace for it's locatation besides the Tigris river. Used as a military base for US troops.edit
Baghdad Zoo (حديقةحيواناتبغداد). The largest zoo in the country, opened in 1971. It was destroyed in the 2003 war but has quickly recovered. There are, however, few larger mammals to see.(l33.314845,44.376417)edit
Swords of Qādisīyah (قوسالنصر), (Inside the Green Zone). A huge pair of triumphal arches celebrating the alleged victory over Iran. Also known as the Hands of Victory. It marks the entrances to a former parade ground.edit
Monument to the Unknown Soldier (صرحالجنديالمجهول). Inspired by the glorification of a martyr from the Iran–Iraq War. The Monument represents a traditional shield (dira¹a) dropping from the dying grasp of an Iraqi warrior. The monument used to house a museum which is now mostly empty. Ask the Iraqi soldiers who guard the monument for permission.edit
Al-Shaheed Monument (نُصبالشهيد), (East side of the Tigris river, near the Army Canal). Another monument dedicated to the Iraqi soldiers who died in the Iran-Iraq war. The monument consists of a circular platform 190 meters in diameter in the center of an artificial lake. A museum, library, cafeteria, lecture hall, and exhibition gallery are located in two levels underneath the domes.edit
National Museum of Iraq (المتحفالعراقي). Covering the history of Mesopotamian culture, this museum housed a huge collection before the Iraq War. Today, many pieces have been looted and the museum is only open on special occasions.edit
Umm al-Qura Mosque (جامعأمالقرى). A mosque built to commemorate the 'victory' in the 1991 Gulf War, the minarets are shaped like barrels of guns and SCUD missils.edit
The Al Kadhimain Shrine in the northwest of Baghdad is one of the most important Shi'ite religious sites in Iraq. It was finished in 1515 and the 7th Musa ibn Jafar al-Kathim and the 9th Imams Mohammed Al-Jawad were buried there.
One of the oldest buildings is the 12th century or 13th century Abbasid Palace. The palace is part of the central historical area of the city
WARNING: Employment arrangements are always made in your home country. Do not come to Iraq on your own to look for work. People have been killed attempting this!
There are several ways to work in Iraq as a foreigner. For U.S citizens the most obvious is the United States Military  which still maintains personnel here. Next are the government contractors, such as the construction company KBR . Many contractors hire personnel with prior military experience to return to Iraq, persons with military experience or fluent in Arabic are especially sought after. Lastly, there are civilian government agencies in Iraq. USAID  and the United States Department of State  send their own personnel as well as contractors to Iraq.
The agencies above are all relevant for U.S citizens; citizens of other countries with a presence in Iraq can apply for work through the respective agencies in their home country.
Souqs and Bazaars are mostly located downtown, off the iconic but now tired Rashid street between Martyrs (Shuhada) Bridge and Ahrar Bridge.
Coppersmith Souq, where copper is still beaten in the old traditional way into pots and pitchers of all shapes and sizes. Shops spill over with copperware for household or decorative uses, to suit all tastes. Primitive, austere, elaborate, highly ornate - take your pick.
Shorjah market place, one of the most important trade centers of the city. Chock-full of household wares, the place is aromatic with the smell of coffee, tea, spices and traditional soap, and bustles with movement and noise.
Mutanabbi Street (Arabic: شارع المتنبي) is the historic center of Baghdad bookselling, a street filled with bookstores and outdoor book stalls. It was named after the 10th century classical Iraqi poet Al-Mutanabbi. This street is well established for bookselling and has often been referred to as the heart and soul of the Baghdad literacy and intellectual community. Was closed after a carbomb in 2007 but been open again since 2008. There is a big statue of Mutanabbi at the end of the street closest to the Tigris shore.
Rugs and DVDs are available to buy. Inspect the quality of rugs carefully: Some are cheap Chinese made rugs, and many are extremely overpriced. Also, many DVDs - especially from street vendors - are bootlegs of varying quality.
Restaurants and cafés are notorious target for suicide bombers making eating out a quite dangerous activity. However, safety is much better among the restaurants inside the Green Zone. The Zone is also the place for finding American fast-food in the Middle East: Here, you may feast at Burger King, McDonald's, and Subway.
Baghdad International Airport Hotel (فندقمطاربغدادالدولي), . Just a three star hotel, but with quite a hefty price. Located on secure grounds at the airport and often used by people visiting on business.$225 for a standard room, lower rates when staying longer. edit
Hotel Ishtar, Saadoun Street, ☎ +964-(1)-8889500. A hotel in central Baghdad.From $50. edit
The easiest way to stay safe in Baghdad is not to go there in the first place, except for official reasons. Movement within Baghdad is difficult and entry into the International Zone, a.k.a. Green Zone, requires a pass or that you be accompanied by authorized officials. Iraq is a war zone and even if you're from a country which is part of the coalition, you will not be granted entry into the IZ without authorization. Most ex-pats and business travelers to Iraq hire a security detail which constantly monitors the security situation within Iraq and around Baghdad. Travel outside the IZ is extremely dangerous. Roadside and car bombs are detonated every day in Baghdad. Many Iraqis are armed. Markets and popular gathering places are frequent targets of bombers. As a foreigner you are more likely to be targeted for kidnapping. Kidnappings are often financially motivated. These threats are not restricted to Americans or women. If you want to travel to a safe place around Iraq, go to the Iraqi Kurdistan.