Ashkelon is one of the oldest cities in Israel and has history that goes back more than 5,000 years. Ashkelon is especially famous for its history as one of ancient Philistines' major cities and in the biblical story of Samson.
The ruins of many civilizations such as the Canaanites and Byzantines are located underneath the city. Many artifacts that have been recovered in archaeological digs are on display around the city. Good samples can be seen in the national park and in Afridar center.
The city has been part of Israel since the 1948 independence war. Since then, the city has become a center for several waves of Jewish immigrants ("olim"). Newcomers from Iraq, Morocco, the ex-USSR and Ethiopia are the majority population. Since most of them came with little or no money, the city's socio-economy status has generally been low. In recent years, its seaside location has attracted wealthier populations. But the occasional rockets that have been launched towards Ashkelon from Gaza in recent years have put a new damper on its growth. On the south-facing windows of newly constructed apartment buildings, you can see sliding metal covers designed to minimize the damage caused by bombardments.
Note that the beach line in Ashkelon is by far cleaner than the ones in the central region of Israel, and there are few lovely hotels along it.
Trains run from Ben Gurion airport, Tel Aviv, Haifa, Beer Sheva and Jerusalem (exchange is needed) to a station on the outskirts of Ashkelon. Buses run from the central bus stations of Tel Aviv, Haifa, Jerusalem, and Beer Sheva, to a central bus station located in the center of town.
It is also possible to dock at the marina in case you have a yacht.
There are few lines of buses working every day from morning until midnight and covering most parts. The fare is ₪4 per ride.
Taxis by agreed fares (negotiable, usually between ₪20-23 anywhere inside Ashkelon) or meter.
You can walk across the entire city in less than 2 hours.
There are 3 shopping malls: Giron - Located just next to the CBS is the oldest, smallest and most active. The city hall and culture hall are also very close.
Huzot - in the north, very close to Migdal is the largest and the only one with a cinema.
Lev - located in the poor Shimshon (Samson) neighborhood is a weird combination of a shopping mall, grocery stores and even a market that runs on every Tuesday.
Cosmos area located just outside the city on the road to/from Tel Aviv - Something like a scattered shopping mall. Located very close to the train station.
Migdal - see above.
Hanitzahon restaurant at Migdal's walking street - considered to be one of the best in Israel, not cheap.
There are many Shawarma and Falafel vendors, much like anywhere else in Israel. The locals tend to favor Flafel Boaron at Migdal.
Beer Hole at the Khan in Migdal.
Hanasi 1 - busy bar that attracts many young locals. Located on Ha'nasi st. 1, Afridar center.
Many bars and clubs are located at the Marina area. Tend to be packed during weekends (Thursday to Saturday).
Two bars are working on the beach between the marina and the national park: Hofman and Ananas, they are more active during the summer.
Few clubs are working in Delila beach and there's also nice but smoky pool house there.