Arthur's Pass National Park
Arthurs Pass National Park  is a major national park in the center of the South Island New Zealand. The park is a popular stop from the TranzAlpine train and has hikes both long and short. Arthur's Pass village is a small village within the park and is the location of the train station, motels, cabins and a few places to eat.
Arthur’s Pass National Park was established in 1929 and was New Zealand’s third national park and the first one in the South Island.
Arthur's Pass was first surveyed in 1864 by Aurthur Dudley Dobson to establish which pass was most suitable to build a road to the Goldfields of 'West Canterbury' in Hokitika. The road was built and opened in 1865 with stage coaches operating until 1923 when the Otira rail tunnel was opened. It has a significant place in the history of New Zealand. The rail tunnel was the longest tunnel in the British Commonwealth. The rail line and road to Arthur's Pass were considered to be major accomplishments which opened up the west coast of NZ to settlement.
The landscape is typical of the Southern Alps of New Zealand.
Forests On the east side of the main divide (which divides streams and rivers flowing into the Tasman Sea or the Pacific Ocean), the predominant forest cover is made up of different varieties of beech. The most common is mountain beech, but silver, red and black beech can also be found. The west side of the main divide predominantly has mixed podocarp forest, on account of the heavier rainfall.
Mountains The mountains are primarily composed of graywacke and rise to approximately 1,600 to 2,000 metres. The higest peak is Mount Murchison at 2,400 metres. The mountains receive heavy snowfalls in winter, but are generally snow-free in summer, apart from small glaciers, such as the Crow, on the flanks of Mount Rolleston.
Rivers Several large rivers flow out of Arthurs Pass. On the eastern side of the divide, they tend to become large alluvial rivers. The best, and largest, example of this is the Waimakariri. On the western side, the rivers tend to be more rugged and have a larger number of gorges. Travel through these river systems can be very difficult.
Flora and fauna
Located in the mountains of the South Island, Arthur's Pass can be colder than elsewhere in New Zealand due to its high elevation. However, this should not stop you from visiting the park anytime of the year, as long as you are adequately prepared for the temperature. In the spring and autumn, mornings and evenings can be brisk. Winters can be a wonderland of snow.
It is possible to make a day trip of Arthur's Pass if coming from Christchurch. The train drops you off around 10:15am, then continues on to Greymouth, then turns around and heads back to Arthur's Pass around 4:15pm and back to Christchurch. Best way to see Arthur's Pass if your time is limited; however an overnight of at least one night is recommended.
From Christchurch at 3.00pm (ch-ch airport 3.15)and arrives in Arthur's Pas about 5.15pm and can be caught to travel to Greymouth arriving at 7.00pm.
Entry to the park and village is free.
Arthur's pass is a small village built along the highway 73. You can easily walk to anywhere in town. Note that highway 73 is one of only three crossings to New Zealand's west coast. Vehicles will drive along at speed. When walking please stay on the sidewalks.
If you plan to camp, try to bring what you need from outside of Arthur's Pass. The village is quite small and selection of groceries and other supplies is limited and prices somewhat higher.
Bring your own food if you want to cook your own meals! Everything in the village is very overpriced and the cafe sells a few basic food items at three times the supermarket prices.
You basically have three options for eating in Arthur's Pass National Park village.
Some B&Bs also offer breakfast or other meals; make arrangements with the innkeeper.
All of the restaurants listed above are fully licensed to serve drinks. The Wobbly Kea has happy hours on Tuesday and Friday nights.
There is a DOC campground just across the road from the Visitor Center. Suitable for both campervans and tents, there is some grassy spots to pitch a tent. There is a indoor shelter with cold running water and bathrooms. $6 a night.
If you are walking alone or just want to be careful you are advised to fill out a ticket stating your route and itinerary and leave it at the office in town. Wardens check these nightly. You do off course have to return to remove it on schedule to prevent a search and rescue. Its usually best to let someone else know as well.
If you plan on doing substantial overnight hiking around Arthur's Pass or elsewhere in New Zealand you should consider investing in a radio beacon transmitter. The Arthur's Pass visitor's center has information about renting or buying a transmitter as well as instructions on how to use them.
Avalanches can be a concern during wintertime hikes. Familiarize yourself with avalanche safety and warning signs if you are hiking high in the mountains in winter.
A police station is located about 450 meters east from the visitor's center.
The Arthur's Pass post office is probably the world's smallest manned post office, with service hours from 10:00am to 10:30am daily.
Arthur's Pass Web Scape is a non-commercial community site which lists all information about Arthur's Pass in one place. Highly recommended.