Catch a train from Gossau or Saint Gallen (about 40 min). The train station for the Appenzellerbahn is separate from the normal trains as the track width is different.
The entire Region of Appenzell has a very developed infrastructure and one can reach all villages by car. In wintertime roads can be covered with snow or ice so adjusting speed to road conditions is important.
The Appenzellerbahn is the major private train company operating in the area. The network is quite extensive and frequent trains run from Appenzell to different villages in the area. Villages that aren't served by train are always connected by bus so getting around in the area by public transport is really easy.
There are several cablecars to local mountains and while they offer a nice excursion in their own right, they can also serve as a mode of transport for hikes in the area.
Enjoy the lovely pre Alpine mountain scenery. The entire Canton of Appenzell is dotted with typical Appenzell farming houses and hiking trails. Since the area doesn't have steep mountains, besides the Alpstein range, there are also a lot of easier hiking options available. As is usual in Switzerland hiking routes are very well sign posted and one can easily find his way.
Several villages, such as Appenzell, Urnäsch, Gais, Heiden and Trogen all offer beautiful local architecture and local museums provide an insight to the history of the region.
In the Alpstein range there are several cable cars running to some of the local peaks. The highest one is Säntis, 2502 metres above sea level. A restaurant with terrace offers spectacular views over the entire Region of Northeastern Switzerland and into neighbouring Germany and Austria.
Appenzell has a lot of local products that are renowned in all of Switzerland. It's most famous is its cheese.
Appenzell cheese can be bought in different strengths and has a unique flavour due to its treatment in a special herbal brine. The cheese belongs to the most popular brands within Switzerland.