Aomori is divided into three main regions, each with their own dialect.
Aomori is the northernmost terminus of the Shinkansen (bullet train). Local and express trains also run throughout the prefecture.
JR and various local carriers offer numerous buses to, from, and throughout the prefecture.
123bus  is another company which provides daily night time bus services between Tokyo and Aomori. 123bus has online booking service in English.
Besides the obvious seafood (especially scallops), Aomori is famous for its apples.