Aizawl is the capital of the state of Mizoram in India. It is the largest city within the state, as well as the centre of its important government offices, the state assembly house, and the civil secretariat. The city is located north of the Tropic of Cancer in the northern part of Mizoram and is situated on a ridge 1132 metres (3715 ft) above sea level, with the Tlawng river valley to its west and the Tuirial river valley to its east. In the summer the temperature ranges from 20-30˚C, and in the winter 11-21˚C.
This 112-year-old citadel-like city, with its timber houses is set on a ridge at approximately an altitude of 4000 ft above sea level. The city is spread over several mountain ridges with most houses built on 30-40%+ inclines. Aizawl is a religious and cultural center of the Mizos. Aizawl lies just north of Tropic of cancer.
With a population of approximately 300 000, it has cloudless blue skies, dewy mornings and sunlit days. These help to ensure the enjoyment of unforgettable holiday pleasures practically all year round. Even the monsoon months are pleasant and gentle.
There are three means of getting into Aizawl: buses, Sumos or aircraft.
Buses run between all the capital cities in the North East states, Guwahati and Silchar being the main routes. Sumos are large cars (10 seats) which also run on the major routes.
Two airlines currently service Lengpui Airport, Jet Airways and Air India with flights from/to Kolkata & Guwahati. You will need to hire a taxi to get to Aizawl.
Aizawl lies on a mountain ridge, so roads run more or less parallel to the mountain side along elevation contours. This means if you need to go vertically up or down it may be faster to take a foot path than to go by road. The mountainous landscape also means that the cost of driving a relatively short A-to-B distance can be quite expensive and this is reflected in bus and taxi rates. Nonetheless, foot paths are steep and the city is quite large, so to go any significant distance you will need a car (Aizawl was not really designed as a walking city).
There are numerous buses routes that connect the various localities and most will run through the town centre (Dawrpui - North to South and Civil Hospital South to North). Bus fares vary and best is to ask the conductor though a relatively short trip of 1 km cost around Rs 5 (Jan 2012). One thing to note is that there are no buses that run between the airport and the city.
There are nearly 5000 taxis licensed to ply the roads in Aizawl and are readily available. Rates are extremely high compared to the rest of India. Though there are official published rates, no taxi runs by these rates. The main contention from taxi drivers is that 1 km uphill costs more to run than downhill and with inclines being frequently 30% or more. A relatively short distance of 1 km will cost you around Rs 40. A taxi to or from the airport will cost you around Rs 800 (July 2012) to/from the central areas of Aizawl. However, the price is liable to go up if petrol prices rise or if a landslide blocks the main road (requiring a longer alternate route).
There is a taxi firm called Sure Taxis that offers a radio taxi service and they find, negotiate rates on your behalf and dispatch taxis to your location and they don't charge anything to you. They also offer rental cars (comes with a driver) such as Altos, Boleros and Scorpios. Their numbers are: 0389 232 2833 & 0389 232 1494
The lingua franca of Mizoram is Mizo, a language of the Tibeto-Burman group. It will therefore be unrecognizable for most anglophones. Many of the younger people can speak a few words of English, and government or university-affiliates are often fluent. But communication with most of the local people will be difficult without an interpreter. Mizo phrasebooks and pronunciation guides are hard to find, and trying to figure out pronunciations online can be frustrating to say the least. But here is an attempt to give you the pronunciation for a few words:
Hello: 'Chee - bye'
Goodbye: 'Mung - cha'
Thank you: 'Ga - low - may'
Sir: 'Ka - poo'
Ma'am: 'Ka - pee'
Alcohol is banned in Mizoram so there are no bars of any description. Bar culture and night life are inexistent so there aren't any places to have a casual non-alcholic drink. Moonshine or other alcohol can be obtained, but it will probably not be of great quality.
There are two cafes both part of a Zote Bakery outlet. One is in Dawrpui near the church and another in Electric Veng. You may also find a few Cafes near Hotel Regency. One of them is called Jojo's. Don't expect a wide range of drinks, it's either milky tea or milky coffee out of a Nescafe machine.
Of course, you can enjoy locally produced Zawlaidi Wine. Ask for Zawlaidi shop and buy yourself a bottle. There's on at Lalbuaia Shopping complex, opposite to Hotel Regency. The Amendment of the MLTP Act allows selling of this locally produced wine.
Riak Maw Inn, K. Lalhluna Building, A-25, Zarkawt Main Street, Aizawl, Mizoram - 796007. Clean efficient hotel conveniently located near the offices of Sumos from Silchar and the Millenium Center, close to all facilities. Extremely good value. The owner is most helpful and knowledgeable about Mizo life and culture. Food is available and includes typical Mizo dishes. Phone: 0389-2306976 (international callers add India country code +91) Email: email@example.com Website  
Reiek has a model Mizo village. Entry ticket is Rs. 20/- for adults and Rs. 10/- for children. Ask the ticket clerk for someone to show you around, otherwise you won't understand the exhibits––there is no extra charge for such a guide. In December, especially at Christmas time, this place is full of festivities with live music shows atop the mountain, and there is a small stage built especially for the festivities.