Aguascalientes means hot water in Spanish; the name comes from the abundance of hot springs in the area. Located in central Mexico, Aguascalientes borders the states of Zacatecas and Jalisco and is located about 537 km northwest of Mexico City. There are five trditional neighborhoods in Aguascalientes. Those neighborhoods are La Estacion, La Salud, El Encino, Guadalupe, and San Marcos(where the annual San Marcos Fair is held). Aguascalientes was founded in 1575. The city is very Spanish in nature and is known for its pottery, embroideries and woven goods. Aguascalientes, Mexico is the capital city of Aguascalientes the state. Historically, the Spanish chose this city as an outpost to guard against the Chichimec Indians who once resided in the area. It was an outpost against the Indian tribes until 1857 when a state of republic was created under the same name as the state, Aguascalientes. In 1910 through 1920 the city of Aguascalientes was a major rail junction between Mexico City and the silver mines of Zacatecas.
Natives call Aguascalientes "the perforated city" or La Ciudad Perforada due to its intertwining passages, or catacombs beneath it that the pre-colonial Indians carved from rock. Their origin and reason is unknown and is presently not open to the public.
The climate in Aguascalientes is warm and dry year-round. Rainfall season is from May until November, although rain is very seldom here. When it does rain it's fierce and brief in the late afternoon leaving the evenings cooled off and dry.
Central Camionera, The bus station is on the south side of the first ring, 3 miles from main square. A bus ride from Mexico City will usually take about six hours. There is an overnight bus that runs from Mexico City to Aguascalientes that leaves around midnight and arrives in Aguascalientes around 6am. This type of bus trip is perfect for those who just want to spend a full day in Aguascalientes.
Luxury services ETN  and Primera Plus  both service Aguas.
Local buses MX$6 run from outside the bus station into the centre. Look for "Centro" on the windshield, meaning they go downtown.
From AGU - Aguascalientes Airport there is ground transportation available to take you to your destination.
Rent a Car - Since Aguascalientes is very accessible by road so renting a car is yoor best option to see all the historic sites and architecture that Aguascalientes and its surrounding areas has to offer.
Taxi - Taxis are also a smart option for getting around in Aguascalientes. You can arrange a taxi from your hotel although street cabs are usually much cheaper. Also, if you speak Spansih you're in luck! Your ability to speak Spanish will give you an advantage when negotiating a price with the taxi driver. Check that the driver turns on his metre. Most places in the city can be reached for MX$40 or less.
All taxis in Aguascalientes have meters. There is no negotiating on price. It does not matter what language you speak, the meters are set - and are very reasonably priced.
Museo Jose Guadalupe Posada - People of Mexico consider Posada the founder of modern art in Mexico. Since his death nearly a century ago, José Guadalupe Posada's work has steadily gained popularity with art lovers and Día de los Muertos celebrators alike. He is especially known for his calaveras images of whimsical skeletons. "La Catrina," is one such image. While the illustration of the high society woman is one of Posada's most highly regarded pieces, it's also arguably the most recognizable image of the Día de los Muertos celebration.
Museo Nacional de la Muerte the national museum of death. Celebrating the Mexican tradition of day of the dead with many beautiful works ranging from pre-hispanic period to today. Many people visit Aguas for this museum alone.
Museum of Aguascalientes - built out of pink quarry. It ha a collection of 20th century arts including the works of Saturnio Herran, who was born in Aguascalientes. Herran's arts include portraits of the everydady citizen painted with a high degree of sensitivity toward his subjects. His work is very similar to art nouveau.
If your'e really interested in sights and architecture there are a blunder of places to see in Aguascalientes. First you can take a walk through the beautiful Parque de San Marcos, and then continue on to the gorgeous Palacio de Gobierno with its central courtyard and murals. This is the most outstanding colonial building in Aguascalientes. On the west side of the main square lies the 18th century baroque cathedral. This cathedral is filled with gorgeous paintings by colonial painter Miguel Cabrera. More interesting places to see include:
The Government Palace - Built of tezontle stone and gorgeous with its Neoclassical facade of red
The Municipal Palace - Built out of pink quarry
El Jardin de los Palacios (Palace Gardens)- A lovely fountain is on display here to honor the artist Jesus F. Contreras who was the creator of two of the relief sculptures decorating the square. Interesting to know is that Contreras sculptures represent the God of hunting "Camaxtli" and the God of Abundance "Centeotl."
La Plaza Patria - Holds spectacular views of an iron tower built in 1808.
These places are easily accessible by car:
El Tunel Porterillo, a walking and hiking trail runs through the Huejucar Canyon. There is also the Plutarco Elias Calles Dam and the Jocoque Presa which is ideal for water skiing, and fishing as well. The Ejido Ecoturistco El Ojote is a perfect place for someone who is very into adventure-sports. These exciting recreational sports include rock climbing and rappelling.
San Marcos Fair or in Spanish Feria de San Marcos , . The oldest and largest state fair in Mexico begins annually around mid-April and ends in early May. One of the largest fairs in Mexico, attracting millions of visitors for the Casino, the bullfighting, cockfighting and nightlife. The San Marcos Fair also has nightly fireworks, amusement rides,art, theater, dance, commercial and industrial exhibitions, concerts,rodeos, and of course a variety of cuisine. This is the most busy time of year for Aguascalientes. Local schools close for a period of time during the fair as well as local offices.
Centro Deportivo Ojo Caliente Spa On the East side of town featuring thermal pools, saunas, steam baths, squash, and tennis courts.
Camping and the Outdoors WIth only a short distance from the city of Aguascalientes tourists and locals can go camping in the mountains of El Pinal, Guajolote, Laurel, and Sierra Fria. The best sites to hike and climb are at Antorcha, Laurel, La Ardilla, and Los Gallos. A few kilometers outside of Aguascalientes is where the best fishing occurs. The Jocoqui, El Llanero, and Abelardo Rodríguez Reservoirs are the best places for sport fishing. IN the surrounding areas in places such as El Tunel Porterillo, a walking and hiking trail runs through the Huejucar Canyon. There is also the Plutarco Elias Calles Dam which is ideal for fishing as well. The Ejido Ecoturistco El Ojote is a perfect place for someone who is very into adventure-sports. These exciting recreational sports include rock climbing and rappelling.
Ecotourism Aguascalientes also has beautiful natural scenery in which people can walk through. Visit the Parque Ecológico Héroes Mexicanos in Aguascalientes which is wonderfully abundant of natural scenery.
Golf If you like to golf, Aguascalientes has two golf clubs. The Country Club Pulgas Pandas has a 6,420 yard long course, while The Club Campestre de Aguascalientes has an 18 hole course with a 7,535 yard long course.
History Aguascalientes is a colonial town full of history. If history is one of your main interests the Teatro Morelos should be on your list of stops. Here is where the supporters of Carranza, Villa and Zapata, gathered after defeating Victoriano Huerta upon drawing up a program for the government which led to the Revolutionary Convention and the Plan of Ayala. It was represented by men such as Alvaro Obregón, Felipe Angeles, and Francisco Villa. The Teatro Morelos is where Eulalio Gutiérrez was appointed president in 1914 also.
There are many nightclubs/bars in Aguascalientes. But don't head there early. Locals usually begin to show up at the bars around 11pm. They don't leave or even start dancing until 5am through 7am. So if you want to drink and party like a local do not head home early!
If you want to party visit Aguas during la Feria de San Marcos . The city transforms into the largest open-air cantina in Mexico, with an abundance of places selling cocktails (M$50) or 2L beers (also M$50). You are also able to buy beer in cans, bottles, 16 oz and 1L varieties. Usually drinking on the street in Mexico would be problomatic, However, during the the Feria many enterprising people open public bathroom, all costing M$5.
Clubs and a Casino also open specially for the Feria.
Lukas Hostel, Valentin Gomez Farias #541 Barrio Guadalupe (visit website at http://www.lukashostel.com), ☎ +52 (449) 9 179 123, . checkin: 24 hours; checkout: noon. Lukas Hostel is an international hostel in Aguascalientes. They are right downtown between the Plaza and the Jardin de San Marcos. They offer dormitory beds and private rooms. As of May, 2009, the rates are 100 pesos per person per night for a dormitory bed and 250 pesos for one or two people in a private room. Rates go up during the Feria de San Marcos and other times. Check the website for updated information. They cater to classic backpackers and to groups and university conferences but they are open to all travelers. They offer a full kitchen, terrace with hammocks, free coffee tea and purified water and more. 100 pesos. edit
Aguascalientes Marriott Hotel, Boulevard Zacatecas Norte S/N,Col Trojes de Alonso, ☎ 52-449-1394060, . Strategically located close to the city's industrial area, cultural, commercial and entertainment districts. edit
Hostal la Bicicleta, Venustiano Carranza, Zona Centro, Aguascalientes, Mexico, ☎ +52 44 916 5750. checkin: 24 hours; checkout: noon. Hostal la Bicicleta has dorms and rooms for rent. It's located about 2 blocks from the Jardin de San Marcos in the heart of El Centro. They hava a full kitchen, free coffee tea and purified water and more. It is next to a very busy bar/club area so don't expect it to be quiet. On the Thursday/Friday/Saturday, the hostal is also a bar. The owner is very friendly and helpful if you speak some Spanish.100 pesos-250 pesos. edit