Aegean Turkey (Ege Bölgesi) is in Turkey. It occupies western part of the country, including the western coast (Aegean Sea coast) across a wide arch of Greek islands and some places more inland.
Aegean coast of Turkey is lined by a succession of modern cities with palm-lined avenues and liberal attitudes, towns with old quarters that are filled with elegant turn of the 20th century neo-classical architecture, and ruins of what were once major powers of the Mediterranean in ancient times; all backed by fertile valleys and hills, sides of which are dotted with picturesque villages and large oliveyards—which help to make Turkey one of the biggest producers of olive oil in the world. It's little wonder that much of ancient art and philosophy—from Aristotle to Homer, many were citizens of cities along this coast—was developed in this land of wine and honey, which has a favourable climate year round.
Turkish is the native language in the region. But as tourism is one of the main industries of this region, finding someone who can communicate in English or German to a lesser degree is generally not a problem.
This is the region with the highest concentration of ancient city ruins in Turkey. At every 10 or so kilometers, you’ll come across with another ancient city. Some, such as Ephesus, still exhibit much of their former glory, while many others are nothing more than a pile of collapsed marble columns at first sight, awaiting excavation. Even most of still-inhabited cities and towns (such as Izmir, Bodrum, Bergama to name a few) are merely modern versions of ancient cities. It’s hard to find a city younger than 3000 years old in this region.
If the sea, sun, and ancient cities here are not enough, why not moving on southeast to Mediterranean Turkey?