Adana is a very old city, founded way back in 6000 B.C. During the time it was part of a region called Cilicia and was, by turn, homeland to the Pheonicians, Chaldeans, Assyrians, Hittites, Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantines, Abbasies, Seljuks, and finally the ottomans. Now in the centre of huge Cilician Plains and on the banks of Seyhan River, Adana is the fourth largest city in Turkey with a population of over 1.5 million. It's not much known as a tourism destination, though, especially when compared with its southern and western neighbours. However, that being said there are a number of sites of interest in the surrounding countryside.
Modern Adana consists of two quite separate sections: cramped old city centre and newer, mostly high-rise suburbs overlooking the Seyhan dam to north of the old centre, usually called Kuzey Adana or Yeni Adana (i.e. "North Adana" or "New Adana", respectively).
Flights arrive at the Adana Sakirpasa Airport (IATA: ADA, ICAO: LTAF)  located in the city outskirts. It's a fairly short cab ride to city center and is served frequently by dolmus.
Trains are a slower way of reaching here, the İçanadolu Mavi Tren departs Haydarpaşa station in Istanbul nightly at 11:50PM, arriving in Adana the next evening around 6:40PM. Journey time is just about 19 hours. Ankara is also served by an over-night sleeper named Çukurova Mavi Tren, taking around 12 hours. However, a new high-speed service is beeing built and travel time from the capital Ankara will be greatly reduced in the near future. As for international connections, it is no longer possible to travel here from Syria as the once-weekly train from Aleppo is now halted indefinitely.
As with the rest of the country, another common way of getting here is to use the buses. They arrive here frequently from Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir, and several other cities around Turkey. Journey time from Istanbul is around twelve hours, fares starting at 50 TL. Inter-city bus companies includes Varan , Ulusoy , and Metro . Make sure you get off at the right station as most buses also stop at a station in the suburbs, about 4 km west of city centre. Getting off at the wrong station may be frustrating, but not an disaster since a local bus connects them. The bus station in city centre lies close to the Hilton hotel.
Driving to Adana is an option; from Ankara, the national capital, there is highway all the way (European road number: E90) but distances are long. The motorway O-21 will connect the two cities, but it doesn't reach any further north from Niğde for the time being. However, even if there is no motorway for about half of the route from Ankara, the current highway has seperated directions all along it, anyway. Once you have passed the pass of Cilician Gates (Gülek Boğazı) through the Taurus Mountains into the Cilician Plains, take O-51 eastwards.
Driving by the lake and seeing the beautiful view is one of the things you can do while in Adana. Most of the locals spend their evenings drinking beer by the lake.
You can visit ancient cities around Adana, such as Magarsus, Ayas, Commana, Castabala, and Misis.
You can go to Akyatan Lagoon or Kapuzbasi Waterfall.
You can swim (in Karataş on the Mediterranean coast, south of Adana).
You can go to Aqualand (wave pool, lazy river and various slides).
There are 3 saunas in downtown (Yeni Sauna, Bizim Sauna and Sirin Sauna). Entrance fee is 10 euros, and massage costs a further 10 euros. Also you can go to more traditional Turkish baths.
Ziyapaşa Blvd, (Located several blocks west of the Sabanci mosque / central park area.). Take a stroll down the pleasant and peaceful, tree-lined Ziyapaşa Blvd in "New" Adana and enjoy the nice restaurants and cafes and shops. The Özsüt Coffee shop is always packed. There is also a nice Starbucks, Robert's Coffee, and Caribou Coffee. Several good restaurants include The North Shield pub and Chef's. edit
Adana has four malls (Optimum, Galleria, M1 and Carrefour). Optimum Outlet and M1 Shopping Centre are the largest. Optimum was opened in mid 2011 and is the newest. M1 and Optimum share many of the same stores where you can find almost all of the world class brands. (Real Hypermarket, Praktiker, Media Markt, Zara, Mudo City, Cinebonus, Tepe Home, Toys R'Us, Gap, US Polo)
Sokun Karting (do), 100. Yil Blv. no:5 next to Mimar Sinan Theatre, ☎ 03224581929. 8 min.. One of the lngest go kart track of Europe. Suitable for personal go kart parking. This track also provides group activities such as group challenging racing, BBQ parties, full day parties. 10 TRY. (,1250 m.)edit
Cafe Ora is located on Baraj road, very close to bus station, place also has a bar on second floor. You can have a bici bici (traditional Adana sweet) for 3 TL there.
Mado's — a sweet shop located on Cemal Paşa. More high class than your regular street vendor and a little pricey, but delicious food. You should eat special Turkish ice cream. Mado shops are located on Türkmenbası, Cemalpasa, Kurttepe, Toros Street, Carrefour Mall and M1 Mall.
The North Shield, Ziyapasa, ☎ (0.322) 458 62 62. Excellent pub fare. Very british/american with a cozy/modern feel. Best beer selection in Adana. Has an upstairs and outside seating as well. edit
Starbucks — There are 4 Starbucks Coffee shops in Adana (Ziyapasa Avenue, M1 Shopping Centre, Cukurova University Campus, and New Adana), in addition to one in Incirlik.
The North Shield — Located on Ziyapasa avenue, generally a quiet atmosphere that is good to take a few friends too.
Istanbul Bar — In Cemalpasa. A cool, chill out bar with groovy music with a wide selection of unusual but fun cocktails! Open until the last customer leaves.
Pickup Rock Bar — Downstairs in the Cemalpasa area, this bar usually has live Turkish bands covering American rock on weekends. Closed early in the week, on the days that it is open, you can get in until late in the morning. Crowds usually start showing up around 11:30PM, the time the band starts playing. Efes on tap can be bought here for 6 TL a pint.
Nargile Bar — A downtempo place located in New Adana, this is more for a young working class. Many of the patrons are between 20 and 30, and for the most part are out of university. Live turkish music is played here almost every night, and Tuborg Green can be bought on tap for 4.50 TL a pint. Hours are generally 4PM to 3AM.
Hilton Adana is the tallest building in town situated close to the Seyhan river and city center. Looks quite strange in a not that big town to have such a huge Hilton Hotel. Prices from 100 € (internet) up to whatever.
Seyhan Hotel and Sürmeli Hotel are other 5 star hotels in Adana.
There are some very cheap hotels near the big mosque, Konya and Garajlar Hotel. At Konya Hotel normally the price is 20 TL (30 TL with Air-con), but if you insist, they can give you a small room with a less price. The rooms are clean but there is no heater. In Garajlar Hotel price is 15 TL, but you will have to pay for the bath (5 TL).
Unver otel, Cakmak cd. 27039 sk. no.13 (Tahtalı cami sk.) Adana, ☎ 03223631911, . a clean hotel in center. reasonable/budget price. single room 20TL/usd.10 with shared shower. english speaking staff. free wifi. (October 2013)edit
Sheraton Adana Hotel, Hacı Sabancı Bulvarı, Adana (Across the river from the Central Park and the Sabancı Mosque), ☎ +90 322 237 1717, . Awesome and one of the nicest hotels in Adana. Brand new hotel located across the central park/mosque, the Sheraton has reasonably priced rooms and excellent views of the Adana Mosque. The SPG Platinum club level is on the 10th Floor and has excellent views. There are 2 restaurants and also a separate bar. Connected to the hotel is a nice gym that is not affiliated with Sheraton. A short walk south from the Sheraton is a large modern mall.$$. edit
Karatepe — ruins of a Hittite city in the pine woods near a dam lake northeast of city.
Anavarza — ruins of a small Roman town with a ruined bath turned museum about 30min north of Yilan Castle. You can also hike up the lengthy stairway to reach a large Crusader castle atop a high rock outcropping overlooking the ruined city.
Yılan Castle — Crusader-era castle on the top of a rocky hill surrounded by endless flat plains east of city, on the road/railway to Osmaniye. Take a minibus from Adana to Ceyhan and ask for Yılan Kale, on your way back just wait for one again.
Misis Mosaic Museum — On the historical Silk Road, at a distance of 26 km. from Adana. 5 TL, but ın September 2012 fee-free.