Şarköy District is a string of towns and villages on the coast and just inland on the hills, sandwiched between the rolling hills of Mt Ganos to north and the Sea of Marmara to south, in the south of Eastern Thrace, northwestern Turkey.
Also known as the Thracian wine coast, Şarköy District is a reasonable day-trip while in the vicinity (e.g., Tekirdağ), and is good to take a dip in the sea, or to shop for local wines.
Until 1920s, when the governments of Turkey and Greece agreed on a population transfer (in which Greeks of Turkey were to be expelled to Greece while Turks of Greece were to be expelled to Turkey), most of the district's population was consisting of local Greeks. Since then, the district is populated by Turks originally from Greek Macedonia and their descendants.
Mt. Ganos (Ganos Dağı, also known as Mt. Işıklar, Işıklar Dağı, and Mt. Tekir, Tekirdağ, which grants the nearby city of Tekirdağ its name, in modern Turkish), a range of low-lying hills which rise to 945 mt at its highest (although hardly impressive by world standards, this is the second highest point of Turkish Thrace, which mostly consists of flatlands), forms the northern border of the district, its foothills some distance inland from the coast always being within the sight of bare eyes. For much of the history, local Greek Orthodox populations considered it holy, providing yet another name for it, Heraion Oros, which literally translates "the holy mountain". As a result, ruins of many monasteries can be seen, dotting the coves and hills all over the mountain.
Much of the rural landscape of the district is covered by olive- and vineyards, the latter of which provides 40% of Turkey's total wine production. Shrimp is also another local product, fished from numerous dalyans, those clumsy-looking wooden piers streching out to the sea, always topped by a small hut on it. These structures are unique to the area, and are said to basically have the same conformation since the ancient times.
Şarköy District is named after its capital and biggest town, Şarköy (pop. 17,000). From west to east, the communities are as follow:
You will notice that the more east you go, the remoter, less crowded, and less urban it is along the district.
Thanks to the protective shield offered by Mt Ganos from the cold continental winds running down from the Balkans, the district enjoys a micro-climate, which is more reminiscent of a Mediterranean climate than the continental climate experienced elsewhere in Thrace—the olive trees, which are a species typically flourishing in Mediterranean climate, are here for a good reason. In short, it's always warmer (and comfortably so) than elsewhere in Thrace in winter (though expect no Antalya here—it does snow in most winters, although lighter than the rest of Thrace); summer conditions are similar with other nearby places, but the summer showers common in the north are less likely in this district (albeit, only slightly).
Unless you are heading there specifically for a swim, spring (e.g., April, when fruit trees all over the place are in full bloom) and autumn (October, time for grape harvest, and when the weather is extremely pleasant and sunny enough) months tend to be loveliest time to visit.
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